BIBLIOGRAPHY, the Moses-series
Bibliography on Moses, Egypt, & Ancient Astronomy
  0:  Index with sub-index of Bibliography
  1:  Specialist Literature About Moses
  2:  Ancient Writers About Moses
  3:  Textversions of the Bible
  4:  Biblical Research, Exegesis, etc.
  5:  Rabbinical Writings: Talmud, Midrash, Aggada
  6:  Samaritan Texts
  7:  Kenites, "Qainites", Midianites, and Sinai Peoples
  8:  Royal Rituals, Mythology, Religion, and Anthropology
  9:  Egyptology / Palestinian Studies / Archaeology
10:  The Sinai Inscriptions
11:  Ancient Astronomy and Star Mythology
12:  Chronology and Astronomical Dating
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Ove von Spaeth
History and Knowledge:
Rediscovery, Insight, Renewal


      Standard abbreviations for the following international scientific works and journals:

      AJSL     : American Journal of the Semitic Languages and Literatures, (Chicago U.P.).

      ASAE   : Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte.

      ATD     : Das Alte Testament Deutsch, (Göttingen).

      BASOR : Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, (Jerusalem / Baghdad).

      BMMA : Bulletin of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York).

      CAH     : The Cambridge Ancient History, vols. 1-12, 3rd edition (Cambridge 1969-1988).

      IDB      : The Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, vols. 1-4, (Nashville 1962) + Suppl. (1976).

      JAOS    : Journal of the American Oriental Society.

      JARCE  : Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt.

      JBL       : Journal of Biblical Literature, (Philadelphia).

      JEA      : The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, (London).

      JNES     : Journal of Near Eastern Studies, (Chicago U.P.).

      JSOT    : Journal for Study of The Old Testament, (Sheffield).

      HTR     : Harvard Theological Review, (Harvard U.P., Cambridge, Mass.).

      LA        : Lexicon der Ägyptologie, (Eberhard & Helck) Band 1-7 + Suppl. (Wiesbaden 1975-1992).

      PSBA    : Proceedings of The Society of Biblical Archæology, (London).

      PW       : Pauly-Wissowa's Real-Enzyklopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, Band 1-84, (Stuttgart 1894-1980).

      RGG      : Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, Band 1-7, (Tübingen 1960).

      VT        : Vetus Testamentum, (Leiden).

      ZÄS      : Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, (Berlin).

      ZAW    : Zeitschrift für die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft.
ZDMG  : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, (Leipzig).


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Bibliography intro

The sources stated in the texts can also be found in the bibliography, which has been extended with secondary and background literature - and is the so far most comprehensive collection of books, articles, and other non-fiction texts about Moses. The collection has been used for all the 5 volumes of Ove von Spaeth's series on research of the historical Moses.

The supplementary sources in the Bibliography, especially about Egyptology, anthropology, history of religions, archaeology, and astronomical dating are contributing to a necessary interdisciplinary, general survey - and establishing a major co-ordinated connection in a greater scale than otherwise possible.

Last update of the presented Bibliography: January 2005



OBS! Search in several possible areas, e.g. about Egyptology subjects: See also in royal mythology and chronology.

        Standard abbreviations for international scientific works and journals   218

         1:   Specialist Literature About Moses:

               a)     Special works; Monographs   222

               b)    Biographic and Bibliographic Surveys   223

               c)     From Professional Magazines: Articles, Essays, Comments   213

               d)    Freud and others about Moses; and Documentary fiction   230

               e)     Regarding the 'Moses' name    231

               f)     Rabbincal Writings, regarding Moses' age   231

         2:   Ancient Writers About Moses:

               a)     Included in Ancient Works 231

               b)    Treatises and Comments to Ancient Sources   232

               c)     Ancient Writers About Moses, e.g. Quoted From Other Ancient Writers  232
               d)    Other Ancient Sources about Moses (Qumran-texts, the Quran, etc.)    

         3:   Textversions of the Bible   232

         4:   Biblical Research, Exegesis, etc.    233

         5:   Rabbinical Writings: Talmud, Midrash, Aggada    236

         6:   Samaritan Texts   236

         7:   Kenites, "Qainites", Midianites, and Sinai Peoples   237

         8:   Royal Rituals, Mythology, Religion, and Anthropology   237

         9:   Egyptology / Palestinian Studies / Archaeology:  

               a)     Egyptology   245

               b)    Especially About Hatshepsut, Senmut, and Tuthmosis I, II and III   247

               c)     Egypt and the Biblical Texts    250

               d)    Palestinian Studies   251

               e)     History of Strategy / Ancient Warfare   252

        10:  The Sinai Inscriptions   253

        11:  Ancient Astronomy and Star Mythology   255
12:  Chronology and Astronomical Dating   259




1: Specialist Literature About Moses



Assmann, Jan:  Moses the Egyptian: The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism, Harvard U.P., Cambridge, Mass., (and London) 1997.

Aziz, Philippe:  Moïse et Akhenaton, les énigmes de l'univers,  Paris 1980.

Bock, Emil:  Moses: From the Mysteries of Egypt to the Judges of Israel, (transl.), 1986.

Davis, John J.:  Moses and the Gods of Egypt, Studies in the Book of Exodus, Grand Rapids (Michigan) 1971.

Ebers, Georg:  Ägypten und die Bücher Moses. Sachlicher Commentar zu den ägyptischen Quellen in Genesis und Exodus, Leipzig 1868.

Greenberg, Gary:  The Moses Mystery; The African Origins of the Jewish People, Birch Lane 1990.

Hobeth, Aris M.:  Moses in the Twelfth Dynasty Egyptian Literature,  Xlibris Corp., 2002.

Noerdlinger, Henry S.:  Moses and Egypt. Documentation for "The Ten Commandments", (Cecil B. DeMille), Los Angeles 1956.

Osman, Ahmed:  Moses, Pharaoh of Egypt: The Mystery of Akhenaten Resolved, London 1990.

Völter, Daniel:  Jahwe und Moses im Licht aegyptischer Parallelen, 2. ed., Leiden 1918.

- -  :  Moses und die aegyptischen Mythologie, Leiden 1912.

Werding, Hans:  Moses war Tutenchamun. Versuch des biblische Geschichte mit der altägyptischen zu synchronosieren, (Nachdruch) 1994.


a II:  MOSES AND EXODUS  (see also groups: 1c,II and 4,II, and 12,III)

Auld, A. Graeme:  Joshua, Moses and the Land. Tetrateuch-Pentateuch-Hexateuch in a Generation Since 1938, Edinburgh, 1980.

Coats, George W.:  Rebellion in the Wilderness;: The Murmuring Motif in the Wilderness Traditions of the Old Testament, Nashville/New York 1968.

Daiches, David:  Moses: The Man in the Wilderness, London 1975.

Gunn, David M.:  The Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart: Plot, Character and Theology in Exodus "Art and Meaning: Rethoric in Biblical Literature" (ed. David J.A. Clines & David M. Gunn & Alan J. Hauser), JSOT Supplement Series, 19, Sheffield 1982.

Pearlman, Moshe:  Aus der Wüste brachen sie auf: Auf den Spuren des Moses, Freiburg im Breisgau, 1973.

Schmidt, Werner H.:  Exodus, Sinai und Moses, Erträge der Forschung, Band 191, Darmstadt 1983.



Davies, W.W.:  Codes of Hammurabi and Moses, 1905, repr. Kessinger Publ., 2003

Grimme, Hubert:  The Law of Hammurabi and Moses, (transl. W.T. Pilter) London 1907.

Jeremias, Joachim:  Moses und Hammurabi, Leipzig 1903.

Kessler, Brad, & John Collier:  Moses the Lawgiver, New York 1998.

Maimonides, Moses:  The Reason of the Laws of Moses, (ed.) J. Townley (1827), repr. 1975.

Nowack, W.:  Der erste Dekalog, Göttingen 1917.

Philips,Anthony.:  Ancient Israel's Criminal Law, Oxford 1970.



Allis, O.T.:  God Spake by Moses, London 1951.

Buber, Martin:  Moses. The Revelation and the Covenant, (deutsch, Zürich 1948), Oxford (1946) 1988.

Burns, Rita J .:  Has the Lord Indeed Spoken Only Through Moses?: A Study of the Biblical Portrait of Miriam, Society of Biblical Literature, Dissertation Series 84, Atlanta (Georgia) 1980/1987.

Bäschlin, Karl:  Moses. Der Verkünder des "Ich bin", Bern 1962.

Duvernoy, C.:  Moses. Die grossen Religionsstifter, (hgg. P. Kamnitzer), Paris/Gütersloh (o.J.: ca. 1975) Köln 1977.

Freud, Sigmund:  Drei Abhandlungen: Der Mann Moses und die monotheistischen Religion - see: group 1d.

Micheaud, Robert:  Moïse, histoire et théologie, Paris 1979.

Priestley, Joseph:  Comparison of Institutions of Moses With Those of the Hindoos and Other Ancient Nations, (1779), repr. Kessinger Publ., 2003.

Sellin, Ernst:  Mose und seine Bedeutung für die israelitisch-jüdische Religionsgeschichte, Leipzig 1922.

Wellek, Rene (ed.):  The Divine Legation of Moses Demonstrated, 4 vols., 2d ed., 1978.


a V:  MOSES' POEM  (see also group: 1c,V)

Budde, Karl:  Das Lied Moses, Deutn. 32, Tübingen 1920.


a VI: THE BIRTH OF MOSES  (see also group: 1c,VI)
Cassuto, Umberto:  A Commentary on the book of Exodus, (trans. from Hebrew by Israel Abrahams), The Hebrew University, Magnes Press, Jerusalem 1967.
Cohen, Jonathan:  The Origins and Evolution of the Moses Nativity Story, (Numen Books Series, 1992) Studies in the History of Religions, 58, (Brill) 1993.
Nebesky-Woikowitz, Réné:  Oracles and Demons of Tibet. The Cult and Iconography of the Tibetan Protective Deities, Tiwari's Pilgrims Book House, Kathmandu 1993, pp. 104-107.



Anglicana, Lyra:  The Burial of Moses, London, 1864.

De-Benedetti, Salvatore:  Vita e morte de Mose, Pisa 1879.

Kushelevsky, Rella:  Moses and the Angel of Death, Studies on Themes and Motifs in Literature, vol. 4, 1995.

Matlock, Gene D.:  Jesus and Moses are Buried in India,Birthplace of Abraham and the Hebrews!, (1971), repr. Iuniverse.Com, 2000.

Olson, Dennis T.:  Deuteronomy and the Death of Moses: A Theological Reading, Overtures to Biblical Theology, 1994.



Kautzch, E. (Übers. u. Herausg.):  Liber Profetiae Moysis / Assumptio Moysis, "Die Apokryphen und Pseudoepigraphen des Alten Testaments - in Verbindung mit Beer, Blasz, Clemen..." (1-2), Tübingen 1900, pp. 311-331.

Nyssensus, Gregor (Gregor of Nyssa):  Der Aufsteig des Moses, ("De Vita Moysis"), Übstz. Manfred Blum, (English, "Gregory of Nyssa: The Life of Moses", 1979), Freiburg im Breislau 1963.

Rosenfeld, M.:  Der Midrash Deuteronomium Rabba Par. IX und XI, 2-10, über den Tod Moses, vergleichen mit der Assumptio Mosis, (mit einem Anhang über den Tod Moses in der hebräischen Poesie des Mittelalters), Berlin 1899.

Selvon, Sam:  Moses Ascending, London 1989.



Christen, Robert J., & Harold E. Hazelton (eds.):  Monotheism and Moses, (D.C. Heath) 1969.

Hölscher, Gustav:  Die Propheten. Untersuchungen zur religionsgeschichte Israels, Leipzig 1914.

Meeks, Wayne A.:  The Prophet King: Moses Traditions and the Johannine Christology, Supplements to Novum Testamentum, vol. 14, Leiden 1967.



Abraham, Meyer: Légende juives apocryphes sur la vie de Moïse, Paris 1925.

Gaster, Moses:  The Asâtîr. The Samaritan Book of the "Secrets of Moses", London 1927.

Jellinek, A.:  'Chronik des Moses' (Divrei ha-Yamin le-Moshe Rabbenu) Beit ha-Midrasch, 1-2, (Leipzig 1853, 1877) 1938.

Rosmarin, Aaron:  Moses im Lichte der Agada, Inaugural Dissertation: Die Bayerischen Julius-Maximilians-Universität zu Würtzburg, New York 1932.

Strugnell, John:  Moses Pseudoepigrapha at Qumran: 4Q375, 4Q376 and Similar Works, Archaeology and History in the Dead Sea Scrolls: The New York University Conference in Memory of Yigael Yadin (ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman), Sheffield 1990.

Wünsche, August:  Der Midrash Shemot Rabba des zweiten Buches Moses, Leipzig 1882.



Allison Jr., Dale C.:  The New Moses: A Matthean Typology, 1994.

D'Angelo, Mary Rose:  Moses in the Letter to the Hebrews, Society of Biblical Literature, Dissertation Series 42, Misoula 1979.

Heine, Ronald E.:  Perfection in the Virtuous Life: a Study in the Relationship Between Edification and Polemical Theology in Gregory of Nyssa's De Vita Moysis .

Johnson, Alan F.:  Jesus and Moses: Rabbinic Backgrounds and Exegetical Concerns in Matthew 5 as Crucial to the Theological Foundations of Christian Etics, "The Living and Active Word of God", Studies in Honor of Samuel J. Schultz (ed. Morris Inch & Ronald Youngblood), Winona Lake, 1983.

Stockhausen, Carol Kern:  Moses' Veil and Glory of the New Covenant. The Exegetical Substruc-ture of II Cor. 3,1-4,6, Analecta Biblica, vol. 116, Pontificio Instituto Biblico, Roma 1989.

von Wellnitz, Marcus:  Christ and Patriarchs - New Light from Apocryphal Literature and Tradition: Adam, Moses, Abraham, Noah, Bountyful (Utah) 1981.



Clericus, J.:  Moses prophetae libri quattuor; Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri et Deuteronomium, Tübingen 1733.

Coats, George W.:  The Moses Tradition, JSOT Supplement Series, 161, Sheffield 1993.

Dorion, J.H.:  Moïse dans la tradition biblique, grecque, latine, et égyptienne, 1898-1899.

Droge, Arthur J.:  Homer or Moses? Early Christian Interpretations of the History of Culture, Hermeneutische Untersuchungen zur Theologie, Band 32, Tübingen 1989.

Gager, John G.F.:  Moses in Graeco-Roman Paganism, Society of Biblical Literature, Monograph Series, vol. 16, Nashville / New York 1972.

Gaster, Moses (trans.):  Sword of Moses. An Ancient Book of Magic, An ancient Hebrew / Aramaic book of magic (ca 10th ce?), repr. of The Royal Asiatic Society's Journal, London 1896, (Kessinger Publ.), 2003.

Halévy, M.:  Moïse dans l'histoire et dans la légende, Paris 1927.

Mellinkoff, Ruth:  The Horned Moses in Medieval Art and Thought, California Studies in History and Art, 14, Berkely, Los Angeles 1970.

Rowley, Harold Henry:  From Moses to Qumran, Studies in the Old Testament, London 1963.

Warburgton, W.:  The Devine Legation of Moses, 1-3, London 1738.



Aurelius, Erik:  Der Fürbitter Israels. Eine Studie zum Mosebild im Alten Testament, (Disputats, Lunds Universitet 1988) Coniectanea Biblica; Old Testament Series 27, (Almqvist & Wiksell) Stockholm 1988.

Barzel, Hillel:  Moses: Tragedy and Sublimity, "Literary Interpretations of Biblical Narratives" (ed. Kenneth R.R. Gros Louis et al.), Nashville, 1974.

Beegle, Dewey M.:  Moses, the Servant of Yahweh, Grand Rapids (Michigan) 1972.

Beer, Georg:  Mose und sein Werk, Giessen 1912.

Bock, Emil:  Moses : From the mysteries of Egypt to the judges of Israel, (Transl. by Maria St Goar, Inner Traditions International publishers, 1986), see: Bock, Emil:  Moses und sein Zeitalter, (1935) Stuttgart 1961. 

Bock, Emil:  Moses und sein Zeitalte, Beiträge zur Geistesgeschichte der Menschheit, (Reihe 1: Das Alte Testament und die Geistesgeschichte...), Band 2, (1935) Stuttgart 1961.

Bork, Paul E.:  The World of Moses, Nashville 1978.

Campbell Jr., E.F.:  Moses and the Foundation of Israel, Interpretation, 29, 1975, pp. 141-154.

Coats, George W.:  Moses: Heroic Man. Man of God, JSOT Supplement Series, 57, Sheffield 1988.

Daiches, David:  Moses: The Man and the Vision, New York 1975.

D'Humy, Fernand Emile:  What Manner of Man Was Moses?, New York 1955.

Doane, Pelagie:  The Story of Moses, Philadelphia 1958.

Fleg, Edmond:  La vie légendaire de Moïse, (deutsch, "Mose", Kuppenheim 1948; English, "The Life of Moses", transl. Stephen Haden Guest, 1995), Paris 1926.

Foulke-Ffeinberg, F.X.:  Moses and His Masters, Edinburgh 1990.

Gelin, Albert (ed.):  Moïse, l'homme de l'alliance, Cahiers Sioniens 8, 1954 (deutsch, "Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung", hgg. F. Stier & E. Beck, Düsseldorf 1963), Tournai 1955.

Gressmann, Hugo:  Mose und seine Zeit. Ein Kommentar zu den Mose-Sagen, Forschungen zur Religion und Literatur des Alten und Neuen Testaments, NF 18, Göttingen 1913.

Grewel, H.:  Mosesgeschichten, Handbuch für den Religionsunterricht, 9, 1971.

Huffnagel, Wilhelm Friederich:  Moseh, wie er sich selbst zeichnet in seinen fünf Büchern Geschichte, Frankfurt a.M. 1822.

Kirsch, Jonathan:  Moses: A Life, New York 1998.

Lauth, Franz Joseph:  Moses der Ebräer. Nach zwei ägyptischen Papyrus-Urkunden in hieratischer Schriftart zum ersten Male dargestellt, München 1868, Leipzig 1869.

- -  :  Moses Hosarsyphus Sali 'Hus-Levites a' Haron frater Ziphorah-Debariah..., Leipzig 1879.

Lehmann, Johannes:  Moses - Der Mann aus Ägypten. Religionsstifter, Gesetzgeber, Staatsgründer, Hamburg 1983.

Luker, A.M.S.:  The Figure of Moses in the Plague Traditions, Dissertation (Madison), Drew, 1968.

Martin, Jacques:  Moïse, Homme de Dieu, Paris 1952.

Martin-Archard, R. (ed.):  La figure de Moïse. Ecriture et relectures. Labor et fides, Paris 1978.

Meyer, Frederick Brotherton:  Moses, the Servant of God, Grand Rapids 1954.

Mulhall, Michael M.:  Aaron and Moses: Their Relationship in the Oldest Sources of the Pentateuch, Thesis (Dissertation), Catholic University of America, Sacred Theology, 2nd. Ser. 244, Washington DC, 1973.

Neher, André:  Moïse et la vocation juive (deutsch, "Moses in Selbstzeugnissen und Bilddokumenten", Hamburg 1964), Paris 1956.

Nyssenus, Gregorius:  La vie de Moïse ou Traité de la perfection en matière de vertu, Par Grégoire de Nysse, Introduction, texte critique et traduction de Jean Daniélou, Sources chrétiennes, No 1 ter, (1941) 3. éd., rev. et corrigée 1968.

Petterson, Olof (& Ingmar Ström & Erland Sundström & Håkan Wall):  Moses, Stockholm 1976.

Philo, Judæus:  De vita Mosis, I-IV, Loeb Classical Library, 6, London 1935.

Porter, J.R.:  Moses and Monarchy: A Study in the Biblical Tradition of Moses, Oxford 1963.

von Rad, Gerhard:  Mose, Wege in die Bibel, Band 3, (English: "Moses", London 1960), Göttingen 1940.

Schmid, Herbert:  Mose, Überlieferung und Geschichte, Beiheft zur ZAW, Band 110, Berlin 1968.

Seebass, H.:  Mose und Aaron, Sinai und Gottesberg, Abhandlungen zur evangelischen Theologie, Band 2, Bonn 1962.

Silver, Abba Hillel:  Moses and the Original Torah, New York 1961.

Silver, Daniel Jeremy:  Images of Moses, New York 1982.

Van Seters, John:  The Life of Moses: The Yahwist as Historian in Exodus-Numbers, Contributions to Biblical Exegesis & Theology, 10,  (Kok Pharos) Philadelphia/ Louisville 1994.

von Spaeth, Ove:  The Suppressed Record.- Moses' Unknown Egyptian Background, Assassinating Moses, Vol. 1, (in Danish: De Fortrængte Optegnelser. - Moses' Ukendte Egyptiske Baggrund, Attentatet på Moses, 1), Copenhagen (1999) 2nd ed. 2004.

- -  :  The Enigmatic Son of Pharaoh's Daughter. - Moses' Identity and Mystery Re-evaluated, Assassinating Moses, Vol. 2, (in Danish: Gåden om Faraos Datters Søn. - Moses' Identitet and Mysterium Revurderet, Attentatet på Moses, 2), Copenhagen 2000.

- -  :  The Vanished Successor. - Rediscovering the Hidden War Leading to Exodus, Assassinating Moses, Vol. 3, (in Danish: Den Forsvundne Tronarving. - Moses' Skjulte Krig før og under Exodus Genopdaget, Attentatet på Moses, 3), Copenhagen 2001.

- -  :  The Secret Religion. - Moses and the Egyptian Heritage in Past and Present, Assassinating Moses, Vol. 4, (in Danish: Den Hemmelige Religion. - Moses and Arven fra Egypten i Fortid and Nutid, Attentatet på Moses, 4), Copenhagen 2004.

- -  :  Prophet and Unknown Genius. - Illuminating Moses the Advanced Pioneer, Assassinating Moses, Vol. 5, (in Danish: Profeten som Ukendt Geni. - Ny Viden om Moses' Avancerede Pionergerning, Attentatet på Moses, 5), Copenhagen 2005.

Volz, Paul:  Mose und sein Werk. Ein Beitrag zur Untersuchung über den Ursprung der israelitischen Religion, (1907); 2. rev. ed., Tübingen 1932.

Völter, Daniel:  Wer war Mose?, Leiden 1913.

Weisfeld, Israel H.:  This Man Moses, New York 1966.

Wildavsky, Aaron:  The Nursing Father: Moses as a Political Leader, Alabama U.P. 1984.

Zeligs, Dorothy F.:  Moses: A Psychodynamic Study, - cf. group 1d,II.


a XIV:  MOSES AND RESEARCH  (see also groups: 1c,XVII, and 4)

Browne, E.Z.:  Let's Return to the Mosaic Autorship of the Pentateuch, New York 1942.

Cazelles, Henri:  A la recherche de Moïse, Paris 1979.

Chambers, T.W. (ed.):  Moses and His Recent Critics, New York 1889.

Hoberg, Gottfried:  Moses und der Pentateuch, Biblische Studien, 10,4, Freiburg in Breislau, 1963.

Kyle, Melvin Grove:  Moses and the Monuments. Light From Archaeology on Pentateucal Times, The L.S. Stone Lectures of Princeton Theological Seminary 1919, London and Oberlin (Ohio) 1920.

Osswald, Eva:  Das Bild des Mose in der kritischen alttestamentlichen Wissenschaft seit Julius Wellhausen, Theologische Arbeiten, Band 18, Berlin (o. J.) 1962.

Polzin, Robert M.:  Moses and the Deuteronomist. - Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, (Polzin:) "A Literary Study of Deuteronomic History", Part 1, New York 1980.

Schmid, Herbert:  Die Gestalt des Mose: Probleme alttestamentlicher Forschung unter Berücksichtigung der Pentateuchkrise, Erträge der Forschung, Band 237, Darmstadt 1986.

Schmidt, J.M.:  Aaron und Mose. Ein Beitrag zur Überlieferungsgeschichte des Pentateuch, Dissertation, Hamburg 1963.

Schnutenhaus, Frank:  Die Entstehung der Mosetraditionen, Dissertation, Heidelberg Universität, Heidelberg 1958, (se også Theologische Literaturzeitung, 85, 1960, pp. 692ff).

Smend, Rudolf:  Das Mosebild von Heinrich Ewald bis Martin Noth, Beiträge zur Geschichte der biblischen Exegese, Band 3, Tübingen 1959.

Thompson, Robert John:  Moses and the Law in a Century of Criticism Since Graf, Supplements to VT, vol. 19, Leiden 1970.

Weimar, Peter:  Die Berufung des Mose. Literaturwissenchaftliche Analyse von Exodus 2,23-5,5, Orbis Biblicus Orientalis, Band 32, Freiburg (Schweiz)/Göttingen 1980.

Wheeler, Brannon:  Moses in the Quran and Islamic Exegesis, (Routledge) 2002.


a XV:  OTHER MOSES STUDIES  (see also groups: 1c,XVII and group 4)

Allis, Oswald T.:  The Five Books of Moses, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., Phillipsburg, New Jersey, 1949.

Budde, Karl:  Das Segen Moses, Deutn. 33, Tübingen 1922.

Courtney, Richard:  The Birth of God: The Moses Play and Monotheism in Ancient Israel, American University Studies, Series Xxvi, Theatre Arts, vol. 26, 1997.

Dunlop, L.:  The Intercession of Moses. A Study of the Pentateuch-Tradition, Dissertation, Roma 1970.

Galbiati, Enrico:  Los Patriarcas y Moises, La Biblia: Historia de un Pueblo/The Patriarchs and Moses, 1983.

Holm-Nielsen, Sven, & Bent Noack & Sven Tito Achen (ed.):  Fra Moses til David: Det Gamle Testamente; Skabelse and Vandringstid, "Bibelen i Kulturhistorisk Lys", I,  København 1979-1980.

Hurston, Zora Neale:  Moses Man of the Mountain, 1991.

Kraus, Otto:  (Moses der Erfinder.) Mosche, der Erfinder der Buchstaben, der Ziffern + der Null, Zürich 1953.

Newman Jr., Murray Lee:  The People of the Covenant: A Study of Israel from Moses to the Monarchy, Abingdon 1962.

Norhnberg, James:  Like Unto Moses: The Constituting of an Interruption, Indiana Studies in Biblical Literature, 1995.

Plough, John L.:  Moses was a Right-Wing Conservative, Writer's Club Press, 2001.

Sobel, I.S.: see below: Wiesel, Elie, 1999.

Thompson, Thomas L., & Dorothy Irwin:  The Joseph and the Moses Narratives, Israelite and Judean History (ed. John H. Hayes & J. Maxwell Miller), Philadelphia, Westminster 1977.

Wiesel, Elie, & Laureate Elie Wiesel & Ilene Smith Sobel:  Moses and The Angels, Dtp, USA, 1999.

Winnett, Frederick V.:  The Mosaic Tradition, Toronto 1949.


Beegle, Dewey M.:  Moses, Encyclopædia Britannica, vol. 24, 'Macropædia', Chicago University 1986, pp. 487-490.

Ebach, Jürgen:  Mose, LA, Band 4, Wiesbaden 1982, col. 210-211.

Engnell, Ivan:  Mose, Svensk Bibliskt Uppslagsverk, band 2, Stockholm 1963, col. 140-152.

Greenberg, Moshe (col. 371-388), & Israel Abrams & Batja Bayer & Louis Jacobs & Avshalom Ronack & David Winston:   Moses,  Encyclopaedia Judaica, vol. 12, Jerusalem 1971, total: col. 371-413.

Gunkel, H.:  Mose, RGG, Band 4, (Tübingen 1912, pp. 516ff); 1930, pp. 230ff.

Heinemann, I.:  Moses, PW (Pauly/Wissowa), Band XVI,1, Stuttgart l933, col. 359-375.

Hirschberg, Haïm Z'ew:  Moses in the Tradition of Islam, Encyclopaedia Judaica, vol. 12, Jerusalem 1971, col. 402-404.

Hoffmeier, James K.:  Moses, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979-1988), 3, pp. 417ff.

Jeremias, Joachim:  Moyses, Theologishes Wörterbuch zum Neuen Testament (ed. Gerhard Kittel), Band 4, Stuttgart 1942.

Johnson, Robert Francis.:  Moses, IDB, III, 1962, pp. 441-450.

Kitchen, Kenneth A.:  Moses, New Bible Dictionary, 2. ed., Leicester (Illinois) 1982, pp. 794-799.

Kristianpoller, A.:  Moses, Jüdisches Lexikon, 4, (ed. Herlitz & Kirschner) Berlin 1930, col. 303-314.

Lauterbach, J.Z., & K. Kohler:  Moses, Jewish Encyclopaedia, vol. 9, 1905, pp. 44-57.

Meeks, Wayne A.:  Moses in the New Testament, IDB, Supplement volume, 1976, pp. 605-607.

Newman, Murray:  Moses, IDB, Supplement volume, 1976, pp. 604-605.

Osswald, Eva:  Mose, RGG, Band 4, 1960, col. 1151-1155.

Van Seters, John:  Moses, The Encyclopedia of Religion, (ed. Mircea Eliade), vol. 10, New York 1987, pp. 115-121.

Ska, Jean-Louis:  Moïse, Le Monde de la Bible, tome 41, 1985, pp. 31-34.

Wellhausen, Julius:  Moses, Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 16, 1883.


c I:  MOSES AND EGYPT  (art.) (see also groups:  8,II and 9c, and 9d)

Billing, Nils:  Moses egyptiern - en man i minnet, (reviewing Jan Assmann: "Moses der Ägypter. Entzifferung einer Gedächtnisspur", 1998), Acta Masonica Scandinavica, 3, 2000, pp. 171-183.

Kitchen, K.A.:  Moses: A More Realistic View, Christianity Today, 21, June 1968, pp. 8-11 (920-923).

McCarthy, Dennis J.:  Moses' Dealings With Pharaoh. Ex 7,8-10,27, Catholic Biblical Quarterly, vol. 27, 1965, pp. 336-347.

Rosenstrauch-Königsberg, Edith:  Var Moses en ægyptisk præst, Alef 14-15, 1993, pp. 103-110.

Schmidt, Werner H.:  Jahweh in Ägypten. Unabgeschlossene historische Spekulationen über Moses Bedeutung für Israels Glauben, Kairos, NF 18. Jahrgang, 1976, pp. 43-54.


c II:  MOSES AND EXODUS  (art.)  (see also groups: 1a,II and 4,II, and 12,III.

Coats, George W.:  Moses Versus Amalek. Aetiology and Legend in Exodus 17,8-16, Vetus Testamentum Supplements, vol. 28, 1974, pp. 29-41.

- -  :  The King's Loyal Opposition: Obedience and Authority in Exodus 32-34, "Canon and Authority" (ed. G.W. Coats & B.O. Long), to W. Zimmerli, Philadelphia 1977, pp91-109.

Eissfeldt, Otto:  Israels Führer in der Zeit vom Auszug aus Ägypten bis zur Landnahme, Studia Biblica et Semitica, Wageningen 1966, pp. 62-70.

von Goethe, Johan Wolfgang: (Moses in) Israel in der Wüste, (Goethe:) "Noten und Abhand-lungen zu besserem Verständnis des West-östlischen Divans", (April-Maj 1797) 1819, pp. 319ff.

Gross, Heinrich:  Der Glaube an Moses nach Exodus (4,14; 4,19), Festschrift für W. Eichrodt, Abhandlungen zur Theologie des Alten und Neuen Testaments, Band 59, 1970, pp. 57-65.

Horn, S.H.:  What We Don't Know About Moses and Exodus, Biblical Archaeologist Review, 3, 1977, pp. 21-31.

McCarthy, D.J.:  Moses' Dealings with Pharao. Ex. 7,8-10,27,  Catolic Biblical Quaterly, 1965, pp. 336-337.

Moran, William L.:  Moses und der Bundessluss am Sinai, Stimmen der Zeit, 170, 1961/62, pp. 120-133.

Morgenstern, Julian:  The Despoiling of the Egyptians, JBL, 86, 1949, pp. 1-28.

Ogden, Graham S.:  Moses and Cyrus. Literary Affinities Between the Priestly Presentation of Moses in Exodus 6-8 and the Cyrus song in Isaiah 44,24-45,13, VT, vol. 28, 1978, pp. 195-203.

Rendsburg, Gary A.: Moses as Equal to Pharaoh, Brown Judaic Studies, Vol.346, Rhode Island 2006, pp.201-219.
Segert, Stanislaw:  Crossing the Waters: Moses and Hamilcar, JNES, 53, 1994, pp. 195-203.

Smith, P.J.:  Yahweh und Moses in the Story of Exodus According to Ex 14, Die Ou-Testamentiese Werkgemeenskap in Suider-Afrika, 1982.

Tengström, Sven:  Mose, Sinai und Horeb, Religion och Bibel - Nathan Söderblom-Sällskapets årsbok 1994, 53. årg., Lund 1994, pp. 3-24.



Hyatt, James Philip:  Moses and the Ethical Decaloge, Encounter, 26, 1965, pp. 199-206.

Naville, Édouard:  The Law of Moses, Expository Times, London (1920) 1922.

Nielsen, Eduard:  Moses and the Law, VT, vol. 32, 1982, pp. 87-98.

Rowley, Harold Henry:  Moses and the Decalogue, Bulletin of the John Ryland's Library, 34, 1951, pp. 81-118.

Schmidt, Hans:  Mose and der Dekalog, Eicharisterion: Herman Gunkel zum 60. Geburtstage..., Studien zur Religion und Literatur des Alten und Neuen Testaments, Band 36, NF 19,1-2, Göttingen 1923, pp. 78-119.

Timpe, D.:  Moses als Gesetzgeber, Saeculum, Jahrbuch für Universalgeschichte, Band 31, München 1980, pp. 66-77.

Ulonska, H.:  Die Doxa des Moses, Evangelische Theologie, 26, 1966, pp. 378-388.



Albright, William Foxwell:  Moses in Historical and Theological Perspective, "Magnalia Dei: The Mighty Acts of God" (ed. Frank M. Cross et al.), Garden City 1976.

Arden, Eugene:  How Moses Failed God, JBL, vol. 76, 1957, pp. 50-53.

Bentzen, Aage:  Messias Moses redivivus Menschensohn. Skizzen zum Thema Weissagung und Erfüllung, Zürich 1948.

Bloch, Ernst:  Stifter, der zu der Frohbotschaft bereits selber gehört: Moses, sein Gott des Exodus, (Bloch:) "Das Prinzip von Hoffnung" 1-2, Gesamtausgabe, Band 5, Frankfurt a.M 1965, pp. 1450-1464.

Coats, George W.:  Healing and the Moses Traditions, "Canon, Theology, and Old Testament Interpretation": Essays in Honor of Brevard S. Childs (ed. Gene M. Tucker et al.), Philadelphia 1988.

Coppens, J.:  La prétendue aggression nocturne de Jahvé contre Moïse, Sephorah et leur fils, Eph. Theol. Lov. 1941, pp. 68ff.

Dus, J.:  Die Stierbilder von Bethel und Dan und das Problem der 'Moseschar', Annali dell'Instituto (Universitario) Orientale di Napoli, NS 18, 1968, pp. 105-137.

- -  :  Moses or Joshua? On the Problem of the Founder of the Israelite Religion, Radical Religion 2, 2,III, 1975, pp. 26-41.

Eissfeldt, Otto:  Jakobs Begegnung mit El und Moses Begegnung mit Jahwe, Orientalische Literaturzeitung, 58, 1963, 325-331.

Favre, P.:  Entretien de Moïse avec Dieu sur le Monte Sinaï.

Gunneweg, Antonius H.J.:  Mose - Religionsstifter oder Symbol?, Der evangelische Erzieher, 17, 1963, pp. 41-48.

Hossfeld, Paul:  Moses und Zarathustra, Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistesgeschichte, 27, 1975, pp. 330-345.

Jaros, K.:  Des Moses 'Strahlende Haut'. Eine Notiz zu Ex 34,29-30; 34,35, ZAW, 88, 1976, pp. 275-280.

König, Eduard:  Mose, der Medizinmann, ZDMG 67, 1913, pp. 660ff.

Lohfink, Norbert:  Die priesterschriftliche Abwertung der Tradition von der Offenbarung des Jahwenames an Mose, Biblica, vol. 49, 1968, pp. 1-8.

Mann, Thomas W.:  Theological Reflections on the Denial of Moses, JBL, 98, December 1979, pp. 481-494.

Morgenstern, Julian:  The Ark, the Ephod and the 'Tent of the Meeting', Hebrew Union College Annual, vol. 17, 1942-1943, pp. 153-265; - and vol. 18, 1943-1944, pp. 1-52.

- -  :  Moses With the Shining Face, Hebrew Union Collage Annual II, 1925, pp. 1-27.

Reinach, Ad.:  La lutte de Yahvé avec Jacob et Moïse et l'origine de la circumcision, REES (Repertoire d'Epigraphique Sémitique, 8. anné), Paris 1908, 338-362.

Rendtorff, Rolff:  Mose als Religionsstifter?, Theologische Blätter, 57, Leipzig 1975, pp. 152-171.

Rowley, Harold Henry:  Mose und der Monotheismus, ZAW, Band 69, 1957, pp. 1-21.

Saito, T:  Mose und der Monotheismus ZAW, Band 69, 1957, pp. 1-21.

- -  :  Der Stand der Moseforschung, Judaica, 21. Jahrgang, Zürich 1965, pp. 194-221.

Schoeps, Hans Joachim:  Moses, (Schoeps:) "Gottheit und Menschheit. Die grossen Religionsstifter und ihre Lehren", Stuttgart 1950 (Darmstadt/Genf 1954), pp. 25-42.

Wiener, H.M.:  Religion of Moses, Bibliotheca Sacra, 76, 1919, pp. 323-358.


c V:  MOSES' POEM  (art.)

Albright, William Foxwell:  Some Remarks on the Song of Moses in Dt. 32, VT, 9, 1959, pp. 339-346.

Boston, James R.:  The Wisdom Influence Upon the Song of Moses, JBL, 87, 1968, pp. 198-202.

Baumann, Eberhard:  Das Lied Mose's (Dt. 32,1-43) auf seine gedankliche Geschlossenheit untersucht, VT, vol. 6, Leiden 1956, pp. 414-424.

Cassuto, Umberto:  La cantida de Moses, Atti del XIX Congresso Internationale degli Orientalisti Roma 23.-29. Settembre 1935, Roma 1938, pp. 480-484.

Coats, George W.:  Historia and Theology in the Sea Tradition, "Studia Thoelogica", 29, Oslo 1975, pp. 53-62.

- -  :  The Song of the Sea, Catholic Biblica Quaterly, 31, 1969, pp. 1-17.

Cross, Frank Moore:  The Song of the Sea and the Canaanite Myth, Journal for Theology and the Church, 5, 1968, pp. 1-25.

Eissfeldt, Otto:  Das Lied Moses, Dtn. 32,1-43, und das Lehrgedicht Asaphs, Psalm 78, samt einer Analyse der Umgebung des Moses-Liedes, Berichte über die Verhandlungen der sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, Philologisch-historische Klasse, Abhandlung 104, Heft 5, Berlin 1958.

- -  :  Die Umrahmung des Mose-Liedes Dtn. 32,1-43 und des Mose-Gesetzes Dtn. 1-30 in Dtn. 31,9-32, 31,47, (Eissfeldt:) "Kleine Schriften", Band 3, (1954/55) Tübingen 1966, pp. 322-334.

Hay, L.S.:  What Really Happened at the Sea of Reeds?, JBL, 83, 1984, pp. 399ff.

Sellin, Ernst:  Wann wurde das Moselied Dtn. 32 gedichtet?, ZAW, NF 2, 1925, pp. 161-173.

Skehan, P.W.:  The Structure of the Song of Moses, Catholic Biblical Quarterly, vol. 13, 1951, pp. 153-163.

Stoebe, H.J.:  Mosesegen, Moseslied und Meerlied, RGG, Band 4, 1960, col. 1155-1157.

Strauss, H.:  Das Meerlied des Moses - ein "Siegeslied" Israels? (Bemerkungen zur Theologische Exegese von Ex 15,1-19. 20f.), ZAW, Band 97, 1985, pp. 103-109.

Winther, P.:  Begriff der Söhne Gottes im Moselied, ZAW, NF 26, 1955, pp. 440-48.



Ackerman, James S.:  The Literary Context of the Moses Birth Story (Exodus 1-2), Literary Interpretations of Biblical Narratives (ed. K.R.R. Gros Louis), vol. 1, Nashville 1974.

Childs, Brevard S.:  The Birth of Moses, JBL, 84, 1965, pp. 109-122.

Lacoque, A.:  La naissance de Moïse, Veritatem In Caritate 6, Hague 1961, pp. 111-120.

Meyer, Eduard:  ("Moses" in:) Die Israeliten und ihre Nachbarstämme, Halle 1906, pp. 46ff.

Rank, Otto:  ("Moses" in:) The Myth of the Birth of the Hero (Rank: "Die Mythus von der Geburt des Helden, Schriften zur angewandten Seelenkunde", Herausgeb. von Sigmund Freud, Heft 5, Leipzig 1909), New York 1952.

Redford, Donald B.:  ("Moses" in:) The Literary Motif of the Exposed Child, Numen, 14, 1967, pp. 209-228.

Wiedemann, A.:  On the Legends Concerning the Youth of Moses, Part 1 and 2, PSBA, vol. 11, 1889, pp. 29-43 & 267-282.


c VII:  MOSES IN  MIDIAN  (art.)

Abramsky, S.:  On the Kenite-Midianite Background of Moses' Leadership, Nielson Glueck Memorial Volume, (publ.: B. Mazar) 1975.

Coats, George W.:  Moses in Midian, JBN, 92, March 1973, pp. 3-10.

Gunneweg, Antonius H.J.:  Moses in Midian, Zeitschrift für Theologien und Kirche, 61, Tübingen 1964, pp. 1-9.

Nielsen, Ditlef:  Mose in Midian; (und) Am Siani, "Die altarabische Mondreligion", Strassburg 1904, pp. 125-221.

Robinson, B.P.:  Zipporah to the Rescue: A Context Study of Exodus iv 24-26, VT, 36, October 1986, pp. 447-461.



Baumgärtel, Friedrich:  Der Tod des Religionsstifters, Kerygma und Dogma, 9. Jahrgang, Göttingen 1963, pp. 223-233.

Budde, Karl:  Goethe zu Mose's Tod, ZAW, Band 50, Giessen/Berlin 1932, pp. 300ff.

Coats, George W.:  Legendary Motifs in the Moses Death Reports, The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, vol. 39, Washington DC 1977, pp. 34-44.

Haacker, Klaus, & Peter Schäfer:  Nachbiblischen Traditionen vom Tod des Moses, Josephus-studien, Untersuchungen zu Josephus, dem antiken Judentum in dem Neuen Testament. Otto Michel zum 70. Geburtstag gewidmet (hgg. Otto Betz), Göttingen 1974, pp. 147-174.

Koch, Klaus:  Der Tod des Religionsstifters. Erwägungen über das Verhältnnis Israels zur Geschichte der altorientalischen Religionen, Kerygma und Dogma, 8. Jahrg., Göttingen 1962, pp. 100-123.

Löwy, A.:  A Legend on the Death of Moses; Old Jewish Legends on Biblical Topics, PSBA, 9, 1887.

Lissner, Ivar:  The Tomb of Moses is Still Undiscovered, The Biblical Archaeologist, vol. 26, 1963, pp. 106-108.

Malter, Heinrich:  Der Tod Moses in der äthiopischen Überlieferung, Monatsschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums, vol. 51, 1907, pp. 707-717.

Rilke, Rainer Maria:  Der Tod Moses - see: group 1d.

Schwertner, Siegfried:  Erwägungen zu Moses Tod und Grab in Dtn 34,5-6, ZAW, Band 84, 1972, pp. 25-46.



Brandenburger, Egon:  Himmelfahrt Moses, "Jüdische Schriften aus hellenistisch-römerscher Zeit" (hgg. Werner Georg Kümmel), Band 5, Lief. 2, Gütersloh, 1976/1983.

Charles, R.H. (transl.):  The Assumption of Moses, London 1897.

Gaster, Moses:  The Revelation of Moses, Studies and Texts in Folklore, Magic, Medieval Romance, Hebrew Apocryphia and Samaritan Archaeology, London 1925-1928.

Rist, Martin:  The Assumption of Moses, IDB, III, 1969, pp. 450-451.

Schultz, Joseph P.:  Angelic Opposition to the Ascension of Moses and the Revelation of the Law, The Jewish Quarterly Review, vol. 61, Philadelphia 1961, pp. 282-307.

Wallace, David H.:  The Semitic Origin of the Assumption of Moses, Theologische Zeitschrift, 11, 1955, pp. 321-328.


c X:  MOSES AS A PROPHET  (art.)

Antes, Peter (ed.) :  ("Mose" in) Grosse Religionsstifter : Zarathustra, Mose, Jesus, Mani, Muhammad, Nānak, Buddha, Konfuzius, Lao Zi, (Verlag C.H. Beck), 1992.

Asmussen, Jes P.:  Hamid Dadkhah, En jødisk-persisk beretning om profeten Moses og den jødiske religion, Dansk Teologisk Tidsskrift, årg. 58, nr. 2, 1995, pp. 137-142. .

Brunner-Traut, Emma:  ("Mose" in)  Die Stifter der grossen Religionen : Echnaton, Zarathustra, Mose, Jesus, Herder-Spektrum (4669), 1998.

Duhm, Bernhard:  ("Mose" in) Israels Propheten, (1916) 2nd. ed. Tübingen 1922.

Heller, Bernhard:  Musa, der biblische Prophet Moses, Enzyklopaedie des Islam, Band 3, Leiden und Leipzig 1936, pp. 797-798.

Margalit, M.:  Numbers 12. The Character of Moses' Prophecy, Beth Mikra, 25, 1980, pp. 139-149.

Haam, Achad:  Moses der Prophet, "Moses", Berlin 1905.

Heschel, Abraham J.:  The Prophets, New York 1962.

Meinhold, D.:  Die Propheten in Israel von Moses bis Jesus, Pädagogisches Magazin, 383, Langensalza 1909, pp. 1-127.

O'Rourke, William J.:  Moses and the Prophetic Vocation, Scripture, 15, 1963, No. 30, pp. 41-48.

Penna, A.:  Mosé "Profeta e più que profeta", Bibliotheca Orientalis 12, 1970, pp. 145-162.

Perlitt, Lothar:  Mose als Prophet, Evangelishe Theologie, 31, 1971, pp. 588-608.

Schneider, Heinrich:  Moses, die grosse Mittlergestalt des Heils; Gott rettet und formt sein Volk durch Moses; Moses, Prophet Jesus Christi, Bibel und Kirche, 61, 1964, pp. 1-9.



Burkit, F.C.:  On the Blessing of Moses, The Journal of Theological Studies, vol. 35, Oxford 1934, pp. 68ff.

Cross Jr., F.M., & D.N. Freedman:  The Blessing of Moses, JBL, vol. 67, 1948, pp. 191-210.

Gordis, R.:  Critical Notes on the Blessing of Moses, Journal of Theological Studies, vol. 34, 1933, pp. 390-392.

Phytian-Adams, W.J.:  On the Date of the Blessing of Moses, Journal of Palestine Oriental Society, vol. 3, 1923, pp. 158-166.


c XII:  THE "BLOD"GROOM  (art.)

de Groot, J.:  The Story of the Bloody Husband, OTS II, 1943, pp. 10-17.

Hehn, Johannes:  Der "Blutbrautigam" Ex 4,24-26, ZAW (Band 50), NF Band 9, 1932, pp. 1-8.

Junker, R.:  Der Blutbräutigam, Nötscher Festschrift, 1951, pp. 120-128.

Kosmala, Hans:  The "Bloody Husband", VT, 12, January 1962, pp. 14-28.

Schmid, Herbert:  Mose, der Blutbräutigam, Judaica, 22. Jahrgang, Zürich 1966, pp. 113-118.



Baring-Gould, S. (ed.):  Moses..., "Legends of Old Testament Characters from Talmud and Other Sources", vols. 1-2, London 1871.

Beer, B.:  Leben Moses nach Auffassung der jüdischen Sage, Jahrbuch für die Geschichte der Juden und des Judentums, 3, Leipzig 1863, pp. 11-64.

Bin-Gorion, Micha Josef (= Micha Josef Berdiczewski):  Mose... (Gorion:) "Die Sagen der Juden", Frankfurt a.M. (1926) 1962.

Bloch, Renée:  Quelques aspects de la figure de Moïse dans la tradition rabbinique, "Moïse, l'homme de l'alliance" (ed. A. Gelin), (deutsch: "Die Gestalt des Moses in der rabbinischen Tradition", in 'Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung', Düsseldorf 1963, pp. 95-171), (Cahiers Sioniens 8, 1954), Tournai 1955, pp. 93-167.

Geyer, J.B.:  The Joseph and Moses Narrative: Folk Tale and History, JSOT, 15, 1980, pp. 51-56.

Ginzberg, Louis (ed.):  Moses... , "The Legends of the Jews", vols. 1-7, Philadelphia 1909-38.

Josephus, Flavius:  ("Moses" in) Antiquitates Judaicae, Loeb Classical Library, 1-9, London 1930-1955.

Krauss, Samuel:  A Moses Legend, Jewish Quarterly Review, New Series, vol. 2, Number 3, Philadelphia 1912, pp. 339ff.

Philo, Judæus:  Vita Mosis, cf. 1a,XIII (monographs).

Qumran-fragments, secret astrological teachings ascribed to Moses (J.T. Milik, i Revue Biblique 63, 1956, 6,1).

Rajak, Tessa:  Moses in Ethiopia. Legend and Literature, The Journal of Jewish Studies, 29, 1978, pp. 111-122.

Sellin, Ernst:  Zu dem Judasspruch im Jaqobsegen Gen. 49,8-12 und im Mosesegen Dtn. 33,7, ZAW, NF 19, 1944, pp. 57-67.

Silver, Daniel Jeremy:  Moses and the Hungry Birds, Jewish Quarterly Rewiew, 64, 1973/74, pp. 123-153.

Wünche, August (transl.):  Mose..., (Wünsche:) "Aus Israels Lehrhallen. Kleine Midraschim zur späteren legendarischen Literatur des Alten Testaments", 1.-3. Band, Leipzig 1907-1910.



Allen, E.L.:  Jesus and Moses in the New Testament, Expository Times, 67, Edinburgh 1955-1956, pp. 104-106.

Bonwetsch, N.:  Die Mosessage in der slavischen kirchlichen Literatur, NGG, Philologisch-historische Klasse, Göttingen 1908, pp. 503-607 (mit Übers. eines schlavischen Lebens Mosis).

Christe, Y., & F. Wüest:  La figure de Moïse dans l'art paléochrétien, "La figure de Moïse" (ed. R. Martin-Archard), 1978, pp. 99-127.

Daniélou, Jean:  Moses bei Gregor von Nyssa. Vorbild und Gestalt - se under 1aXIII: A. Gelin (ed.) "Moïse...", Deutsch "Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung", Düsseldorf 1963, pp. 289-306.

Démann, Paul:  Moses und das Gesetz des Paulus - se under 1aXIII: Albert Gelin (ed.): "Moïse..."; deutsch, "Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung", Düsseldorf 1963, pp. 205-262.

Descamps, Albert:  Moses in den Evangelien und der apostolischen Tradition - see: A. Gelin (ed.): "Moïse..."; Deutsch, "Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung", Düsseldorf 1963, pp. 185-204.

Herrmann, Siegfried:  Mose, Evangelische Theologie, 28, NF 23, München 1968, pp. 301-328.

Luneau, August:  Moses und die lateinischen Väter - se under 1aXIII: Albert Gelin (ed.): "Moïse..."; Deutsch, "Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung", Düsseldorf 1963, pp. 307-330.

Saito, T:  Die Mosevorstellungen im Neuen Testament, Einleitung in die Heilige Schrift, 23/100, 1977.

Schulz, F.:  Die Decke des Moses - Untersuchungen zu einer vorpaulinischen Überlieferung in 2 Cor. iii 7-18, Zeitschrift für neutestamentliche Wissenschaft, 49, 1988, pp. 1-30.

Umhau, H.:  Moses in the Christian and Islamic Tradition, Journal of the Bible and Religion, 27, 1959, pp. 102-108.

Vermès, Géza:  La figure Moïse au tournant des deux Testaments, "Moïse, l'homme de l'alliance" (ed. Albert Gelin), (Cahiers Sioniens 8, 1954), Tournai 1955, pp. 61-92.



Carmoly, E.:  La légende de Moïse, Revue Orientale, vol. 1, Bruxelles 1941, pp. 373-382.

de Caprona, P.:  Moïse dans l'islam, "La figure de Moïse" (ed. R. Martin-Archard), Paris 1978, pp. 129-141.

Cazelles, Henri:  Moïse devant l'historie, "Moïse, l'homme de l'alliance" (ed. Albert Gelin), (Cahiers Sioniens 8, 1954), Tournai 1955, pp. 11-27.

Goulet, Richard:  Porphyre et la datation de Moïse, Revue de l'Histoire des Religions, 192, 1977, pp. 137-164.

Leist, Fritz:  Moses, Sokrates, Jesus. Um die Begegnung mit der biblischen und antiken Welt, Frankfurt a.M. 1959.

Notowitch, Nicolas:  Mossa..., (Notowitch:) "La Vie Inconnue de Jésus-Christ" (English, "The Unknown Life of Jesus Christ", New York 1894, London 1895), Oldendorf 1894.

Regensteiner, Henry:  Moses in the Light of Schiller, Judaism (American Jewish Congress), vol. 43 (1), no. 169, 1994, pp. 61-65.

Tonneau, Raymond Marie:  Moses in der syrischen Tradition - se group 1aXIII: Albert Gelin (ed.): "Moïse...", Deutsch "Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung", Düsseldorf 1963, pp. 267-287.



Albright, William Foxwell:  From Patriarchs to Moses. Moses out of Egypt, Biblical Archaeologist, vol. 36, February 1973, pp. 48-75.

Barth, C.:  Mose, Knecht Gottes, Parrhesia, Karl Barth zum achtzigsten Geburtstag, Zürich 1966, pp. 68-81.

Bori, Pier Cecare:  Moses, the Great Stranger, in Bori: "From Hermeneutics to Ethical Consensus among Cultures", Atlanta 1994, pp. 155-164.

Botte, Bernard:  Das Leben des Moses bei Philo - se under 1a: Albert Gelin (ed.): "Moïse...", deutsch, "Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung", Düsseldorf 1963, pp. 173-181.

Campbell, E.F. Jr.:  Moses and the Foundation of Israel, Interpretation, 29, 1975, pp. 141-154.

Churchill, Winston S.:  Moses, The Leader of a People, (Churchill:) "Thoughts and Adventures", London 1932, pp. 283-302.

Coats, George W.:  The Failure of the Hero: Moses as a Model for Ministry, ATJ, 41, 1986, pp. 15-22.

- -  :  Humility and Honor: A Moses Legend in Numbers 12, "Art and Meaning: Rethoric in Biblical Literature" (ed. David J.A. Clines & David M. Gunn & Alan J. Hauser), JSOT Supplement Series, 19, Sheffield 1982, pp. 97-107.

- -  :  What Do We Know About Moses?, "Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology", 27/28, January 1974, pp. 91-94.

Daiches, David:  The Quest for the Historical Moses, The Robert Cohen Memorial Lecture, London 1974, pp. 5-25.

Deissler, Alfons:  Moses, Lebendige Kirche, 3, 1959, pp. 1-24.

Eban, Abba:  ("Mose" in:)  Die Geschichte des Judentums : Abraham, Moses, Aegypten, Palästina, Pilatus, Roma, etc., (Ullstein) 1986.

Eissfeldt, Otto:  Mose, (Rezension, Elias Auerbach: "Moses"), Orientalische Literaturzeitung, 48, 1953, col. 490-505.

Feilchenfeldt, Wilhelm:  Die Entpersönlichung Moses in der Bibel und ihre Bedeutung, ZAW, (Band 64), NF Band 23, 1952, pp. 156-178.

Freund, Richard A.: "Thou shalt not go thither" : Moses and Aaron's Punishments and Varying Theodices in the MT, LXX and Hellenistic Literaturetion, Scandinavian Journal Old Testament, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1994, pp. 105-125.

de la Fuente, O. Garcia:  La figura de Moisés en Ex 18,15 y 33,7, Estudios Biblicos, 29, 1970, pp. 353-370.

Gelin, Albert:  Moses im Alten Testament, Bibel und Leben, 3, 1962, pp. 97-110, (cf. A. Gelin:  Moses im Alten Testament, "Moses in Schrift und Überlieferung" (ed. A. Gelin), Düsseldorf 1963, pp. 31-37).

George, Henry:  Moses, (An Address Delivered in Glasgow Dec. 28, 1884), "Memorial Edition of the Writings of Henry George", vol. 1, New York 1898, (1900).

Gosse, Bernard:  Moïse entre l'alliance des patriarches et celle du Sinaï, Scandinavian Journal Old Testament, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1997, pp. 3-15.

Gruffydd, W.J.:  Moses in the Light of Comparative Folklore, ZÄW, 46, 1928, pp. 228-270.

Heuret, Charles:  Moïse, était-il prêtre?, Biblica, 40, 1959, pp. 509-521.

James, Fleming:  Moses, "Personalities of the Old Testament", London 1939, pp. 1-44.

Jepsen, A.:  Mose und die Leviten. Ein Beitrag zur Frühgeschichte Israels und zur Sammlung des alttestamentlichen Schrifttums, VT, vol. 31, 1981, pp. 318-323.

Jirku, A.:  Die Gesichtsmaske des Mose, Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins, Band 67, Leipzig 1945, pp. 43-45.

Kapelrud, Arvid S.:  How Tradition Failed Moses, JBL, vol. 76, 1957, pp. 242ff.

Kittel, Rudolf:  ("Mose", in) Gestalten und Gedanken in Israel, Geschichte eines Volkes in Charakterbildern, Leipzig 1925, pp. 430-441.

Meek, Theophile James:  Moses and the Levites, AJSL, vol. 56, 1939, pp. 113-120.

Meyer, Eduard:  Die Mosesagen und die Lewiten, Sitzungsberichte der Königlich preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Band 31, Berlin 1905, pp. 640-652.

Perreau, Pietro:  Leggende sulla verga di Mosé, Il Vessillo Israelitico, vol. 36, 1888, pp. 366-369, 411-413, + vol. 37, 1889, pp. 4-6.

Raglan, Lord (= Fitzroy Richard Sumerset):  Moses..., (Raglan:) "The Hero. A Study in Tradition, Myth, and Drama", London 1936.

Schreiner, Josef:  Moses, der "Mann Gottes", Bibel und Leben, 8, Düsseldorf 1967, pp. 94-110.

Smend, Rudolph:  Moses als geschichtliche Gestalt, Historische Zeitschrift 260, 1995, pp. 1-19.

Speyer, Heinrich:  Moses..., (Speyer:) "Die biblischen Erzählungen im Qoran", Darmstadt 1961.

Susman, Margrete:  Die biblische Mosesgestalt, (Susman:) "Deutung biblischer Gestalten", Stuttgart 1955, pp. 9-54.

Widengren, Geo:  What Do We Know About Moses?, "Proclamation and Presence", Old Testament Essays in Honour of Gwynne Henton Davies, London 1970, pp. 21-47.

Wiesel, Élie:  Moïse: Portrait d'un chef, Célébration Biblique: Portraits et Légendes, Paris 1975, pp. 149-177.

Wilms, Franz-Elmar:  Die Frage nach dem historischen Moses. Der Stand der Mose-Forschung, Tübingen Theologische Quartalsschrift, 153, 1973, pp. 353-363.

Zivotofsky, Ari Z.:  The Leadership Qualities of Moses, Judaism (American Jewish Congress), vol. 43 (3), no. 171, 1994, pp. 258-269.


c XVII:  MOSES AND RESEARCH  (art.)  (see also groups: 1a,XIV, and 4)

van Biema, David, (& Emily Mitchell):  In Search of Moses, TIME Magazine, 14.Dec.,1998, pp. 50-69.

Butler, Trent C.:  The Anti-Moses Tradition, JSOT, vol. 12, 1979, pp. 9-15.

Engnell, Ivan, & A. Fridrichsen (ed.):  Mosebökerna, Svensk Bibliskt Uppslagsverk, vol. 2, Stockholm 1952, pp. 324-342.

Hamburger, Käte:  Thomas Manns Mose-Erzählung "Das Gesetz" auf dem Hintergrund der Überlieferung und der religionswissenschaftlichen Forschung, in Thomas Mann: "Des Gezetz", Ullstein Buch Nr. 5017, Frankfurt a.M. 1964, pp. 57-207.

Holladay, W.L.:  The Background of Jeremiah's Self-Understanding: Moses, Samuel, and Psalm, JBL, vol. 83, 1964, pp. 153-164.

- -  :  Jeremiah and Moses: Further Observations, JBL, vol. 85, 1966, pp. 17-27.

Keller, Carl A.:  Von Stand und Aufgabe der Moseforschung, Theologische Zeitschrift, 13, 1957, pp. 430-441.

Munk, Elie (ed.):  The Call of the Torah. An Anthology of Interpretation and Commentary on the Five Books of Moses, (Munk: "La voix de la Thora", 1969), 1-3, Jerusalem 1980-1992.

Noth, Martin:  Das zweite Buch Mose, Exodus, übersetzt und erklärt, ATD 5, (English, "Exodus: A Commentary", Philadelphia 1962), Göttingen 1959.

- -  :  Das dritte Buch Mose, Leviticus, ATD, Band 6, Göttingen 1962.

- -  :  Das vierte Buch Mose, Numeri, ATD, Band 7, (English, "Numbers: A Commentary", Philadelphia 1968), Göttingen 1966.

von Rad, Gerhard:  Das erste Buch Mose; Genesis, ATD, Band 2-4, (1953) (10:) 1976.

- -  :  Das fünfte Buch Mose, Deuteronomium, ATD, Band 8, Göttingen 1964.

- -  :  Beobachtungen an der Moseerzählung Ex 1-14, Evangelische Theologie, 31, 1971.


c XVIII:  OTHER MOSES STUDIES  (art.) (see also groups: 1a,XIII, and 4)

Ahlström, G.W.:  Another Moses Tradition, JNES, vol. 39, 1980, pp. 65-69.

Coats, George W.:  The Kings Loyal Opposition: Obedience and Revolution in the Moses Tradition, "Canon and Authority in the Old Testament" (ed. G.W. Coats & B.O. Long), Philadelphia 1977, pp. 91-109.

Le Déaut, R.:  Miryam, soeur de Moïse, et Marie, mère de Messie, Biblica, vol. 45, 1964, pp. 198-219.

Gaster, Moses (trans.):  The Sword of Moses. Audient Art of Magic, Reprint of The Royal Asiatic Society's Journal, London 1896.

Greenberg, Moshe:  Moses' Intercessory Prayer (Exod. 32,11-13; 32,31-32; Deut. 9,26-29), Tantur Yearbook 1977/78, pp. 21-35.

Israel, Abrahams:  The Rod of Moses, and Its Legendary Story, Jewish Chronicle, London 1887, pp. 28-30.

May, H.G.:  Moses and the Sinai Inscriptions, The Biblical Archaeologist, 8, 1945, pp. 93-99.

Shalit, L.:  How Moses Turned a Staff into a Snake and Back Again, Biblical Archaeologist Rewiev, 9, 1983, pp. 72-73.

Stucken, Eduard:  Moses, "Astralmythen; Religionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen", Leipzig 1907, pp. 433-441.

Ubach, B.:  Le tombeau de Marie soeur de Moïse à Cadés, Revue Biblique, 42, 1933, pp. 562-568.

Walkenhorst, K.H.:  Warum beeilte sich Moses niederzufallen? - Zur literarischen Einheit von Ex 34,8f., Biblische Zeitschrift, Jahrgang 28 NF, Freiburg 1984, pp. 185-213.

Zuhdi, Omar:  (review) Gary Greenberg: The Moses Mystery, KMT 8,3 (fall) 1997, pp. 81-83.



Auerbach, Elias: Moses, Amsterdam/Heidelberg 1953 (English, "Moses", Detroit 1975).

Asch, Schalom:  Moshe, (deutsch, "Moses", Amsterdam/Zürich/Stuttgart 1951) 1951.

Baron, David, & Lynette Padwa:  Moses in Management: 50 Leadership Lessons from the Greatest Manager of All Time, PocketBooks USA, 1999.

Birnbaum, Uriel:  Moses, München 1928.

Crocker, Elizabeth:  Baby Moses, Abingdon Press, 1996.

Grant, Joan:  So Moses Was Born, London 1960.

Fast, Howard:  Moses: The Epic Story of His Rebellion in the Court of Egypt, Simon & Shuster, USA, 2000.

- -  :  Moses, Prince of Egypt, 1958.

Hart, Heinrich:  Mose, (Hart:) "Gesammelte Werke", Band 2, Berlin 1907.

Hurston, Zora Neale:  Moses, Man of the Mountain, New York 1939.

Jansen, Werner:  (Moses in:) Die Kinder Israel, Berlin (1927) 1941.

Kugler, Frantz Xavier:  Von Moses bis Paulus, Münster 1922.

Lawrence, Joan:  Scapegoat: Interpretation of Moses, London 1988.

Lester, Julius, & Paula Wieseman:  Pharaoh's Daughter: The Mother of Moses, San Diego 2000.

Mann, Thomas:  Das Gesetz, Los Angeles 1944 (English, New York 1943), (Mann:) "Gesammelte Werke", 8, 1960.

Olrik, Ingeborg:  Manden med stentavlerne, København 1971.

Rilke, Rainer Maria:  Der Tod Moses, (Rilke:) "Sämtliche Werke", Band 2, 1956, pp. 102f.

Roberts, Ursula:  A Story of Moses, London 1995.

von Schiller, Friedrich:  Die Sendung Moses, (1790), "Sämtliche Werke", 4: Historische Schriften, München 1968, pp. 737-757.

Schönberg, Arnold:  Textbuch:  Moses und Aaron. Oper in drei Akten, Mainz 1957.

Slosman, Albert:  Moïse l'égyptien, La trilogie du passé / 1, Paris 1981.

Steck, O.H.:  Moses und Aaron. Die Oper Arnold Schönbergs und der biblische Stoff, KT 56, 1981.

Visotzky, rabbi Burton L.:  (Moses in:) The Road to Redemption: Lessons from Exodus on Leadership and Community, New York (1998) 1999.



Bernstein, Richard:  Freud and the Legacy of Moses, Cambridge U.P. 1998.

Blum, E.:  Über Sigmund Freuds:  Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion, Psyche, 10, 1956-57, pp. 367-390.

Bori, Pier Cesare:  Il 'Mosè' di Freud: per una prima valutazione storico-critica, in Bori: "L'estasi del profeta ed altri saggi tra Ebraismo e Cristianismo", Bologna: Il Molino 1989, pp. 179-222.

Faessler, M.:  Le nom de Moïse et le nom de Dieu. L'interprétation Freudienne et son dépassement théologique possible, "La figure de Moïse" (ed. R. Martin-Archard), 1978, pp. 143-156.

Freud, Sigmund:  Drei Abhandlungen: Der Mann Moses und die monotheistischen Religion, Wien 1934-38, (English, "Moses and Monotheism", London 1939; transl. Katherine Jones, 1987).

- -  :  The Moses of Michelangelo, Standard Edition, 13, (1914) 1955, pp. 211-238.

Goldstein, Bluma:  Reinschribing Moses: Heine, Kafka, Freud and Schoenberg in a European Wilderness, Harvard U.P., Cambridge, Mass., 1992.

Gubrich-Simitis, Ilse:  Freuds Moses-Studie als Tagtraum: ein Bibliographisher Essay, Die Sigmund-Freud-Vorlesungen, Band 3, Weinheim, 1991.

Koehler, Ludwig Hugo:  Freud und Moses..., Neue Zürcher Zeitung, No. 667, 16. april 1939.

Levy-Valensi, E. Amado:  Le Moïse de Freud ou la référence occultée, Monaco 1984.

Paul, Robert A.:  Moses and Civilization: The Meaning Behind Freud's Myth, Yale University Press, 1996.

Rice, Emanuel:  Freud und Moses: The Long Journey Home, New York, U.P., 1990.

Robert, Marthe:  D'Oedipe à Moïse: Freud et la conscience juive, (transl. "From Oedipus to Moses", London 1977), Paris 1974.

Rosenvasser, Abraham:  Egipto e Israel y el monoteismo Hebreo: A proposito del libro Moisés y la religión monoteista de Sigmund Freud, 2nd ed., Buenos Aires U.P., 1982.

Schorske, Carl E.:  (Moses in) Freud's Egyptian Dig, The New York Review of Books, May 27, 1993, pp. 35-40.

Stemberger, Brigitte:  Der Mann Moses' in Freuds Gesamtwerk, Kairos, 16, 1974, pp. 161-225.

Yerushalmi, Yosef Hayim:  Freud's Moses: Judaism Terminable and Interminable, Yale U.P., New Haven and London, 1991.

Zeligs, Dorothy F.:  Moses: A Psychodynamic Study, "Psychoanalysis and the Bible: A Study in the Depth of Seven Leaders", New York (1974, 1986), 1988.


Albright, William Foxwell:  The Biblical Period, Oxford 1952, pp. 8ff.

Cerny, Jaroslav:  Greek Etymology of the Name Moses, ASAE, tome 41, 1942, pp. 352ff

Gardiner, Alan H.:  The Egyptian Origin of Some English Personal Names, JAOS, 56, 1936, pp. 189-197.

Griffiths, J. Gwyn:  The Egyptian Derivation of the Name Moses, JNES, 12, 1953, pp. 225-231.

Hösl, I.:  Zur Orientalischen Namenkunde: Maria - Moses - Aaron: Eine philologische Studie, Serta Monacensia: Franz Babinger zum 15. Januar 1951 als Festgruss dargebracht (ed. H.J. Kissling & A. Schmaus), Leiden 1952, pp. 80-83.

Lauth, Franz Joseph:  Moses-Osarsyph, ZDMG, Band 25, Leipzig 1871, pp. 139-148.


Seder Hadorot, ed. Warschaw, S. 77,92.

Mechilta, ed. Weiss.

Megilla .

Gersonides zu Chukkat, ed. Amsterdam, S. 227b.

Ibn Ezra zu Deutoronomium 1,2 .

Esther r. 7,11 .

Kimchi zu Josua 3,2. 



2:  Ancient Writers About Moses


Cicero:  De Divinatione, Loeb Classical Library, London 1923.

Diodorus, I & XXXIV & XXXX, Loeb Classical Library, London 1923-1957.

Eusebius (& Pamphilius):  Evangelica Praeparatio, tome 1-4, Oxonii (Oxford) 1903.

Justin:  Epitome XXXVI.

Josephus, Flavius: Antiquitates Judaicae - see: Josephus under group 1c,XIII.

- -  : Contra Apionem, Loeb Classical Library, London 1926.

Origen/Origenes Contra Celsum, (transl. Henry Chadwick), Cambridge University Press, (England), 1953.

Philo Judæus:  De Vita Mosis, see: Philo under group 1a,XIII (monografier).

- -  :  Hypothetica, Loeb Classical Library, 9, London 1951.

Pseudo-Philo:  Liber Antiquitatum Biblicarum .

Pollio, Trebillius:  Divus Claudius, (u. forf.:) "Scriptores Historiae Augustae", vol. 3, Loeb Classical Library, 263, London 1968, pp. 152-191.

Manetho:  Aegyptiaca, Loeb Classical Library, 350, London (1940) 1956.

Tacitus:  Historia V,3, Loeb Classical Library, (vol. 2), London 1931.


Haacker, Klaus:  Nachbibl. Traditionen v. Tod des Moses, Josephus-studien - see: group 1c.

Rappaport, Solomo:  Agada und Exegese bei Flavius Josephus, Frankfurt a.M. 1930.

Wacholder, Ben Simon:  Eupolemus. A Study of Judeo-Greek Literature, Hebrew Union College/Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati, New York, L.A., Jerusalem 1974.


Alexander Polyhistor.

Apion (cf. group 2a: Josephus' "Contra Apionem").

Apollonios Molon (cf. i group 2a: Josephus' "Contra Apionem" & Eusebius' "Evangelica Praep.").

Artapanos (cf. group 2a: Eusebius' "Evangelica Præparatio").

Cedrinus:  Synophis Historion (1057 e.Kr.).

Celsus (cf. group 2a: Origenes' "Contra Celsum").


Ezechielis Judaei:  Exagogae (cf. group 2a: Eusebius' "Evangelica Praeparatio").

Eupolemos (cf. group 2a: Eusebius' "Evangelica Praeparatio").

Demetrius of Phaleron.


Lysimachos (cf. group 2a: Josephus' "Contra Apionem").

Hekataios of Abdera (cf. i group 2a:  e.g.  "Diodorus" I,29 & 54).


Justus of Tiberias.

Leon of Pella.

Nicarchus (cf. Ptolemaios Chennos of Alexandria, samt Helladius).

Popeius Trogus.


Posidonius of Apamea (cf. in group 2a: "Diodorus"  e.g. I, 94 & Strabo XVI, 35,).

Pseudo-Longinus: (Sublim. IX, 9).


Qabbalah (Kabbalah) (cf.  e.g. G.Scholem:  Ursprung und Anfänge der Kabbala, 1962).

al-Quran (Moses især i: 2,48-130, 7,101-160, 10,76-88, 20,8-93, 26,9-65, 28,2-76 & 40,24-56): "The Coran, Interpreted", transl. Arthur J. Arberry, New York 1955.

at-Tabarï, Abu Jafar Mohammad Ibn Djarir:  Ta'arïkh, (Tekmilet ta'rikh at-Tabari)

- -  :  Tafsïr, (Tafsir al Qoran) - (cf. in the groups 1b & 4: Hirschberg, & in 1c: Speyer).



The bible illuminated at 4th century, Monastery of St. Catherine's, Mt. Sinai


3:  Text Versions and the Bible

Alter, Robert:  The Five Books of Moses. A Translation With Commentary, New York (W.W. Norton & Co., Inc.) 2004.

Bibelen, 1895/1907, 1931/1948 (GT/NT), Det danske Bibelselskab, Copenhagen 1907, 1948.

Bibelen, rev. ed. 1992 (GT  NT), Det danske Bibelselskab, Copenhagen 1992.

De Fem Mosebøger (new translation from Hebrew by Bent Melchior), Vol.1-5, Copenhagen 1977-87.

The Interliner Bible. Hebrew-Greek-English, (ed. & transl. Jay P. Green, Sr.), with Strong's Word Numbers, Peabody (Massachusetts) 1985.

King James' Bible, rev. Oxford 1936.The Koren Edition of the Masoretic Text: Torah, Neverim, Kertuvim, (ed. Goldsmith), Jerusalem 1983.

Septuaginta, The Old Testament in Greek According to The Septuagint, (ed. Henry Barclay Swete), Cambridge U.P. 1901.

Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia, Stuttgart 1976-77.

Mosebøgerne 1-5 med tilhørende Haftaroth, (translation from Hebrew by Abraham Alexander Wolff), Kjøbenhavn 1894.

The Soncino Chumash. The Five Books of Moses With Haptharoth, (ed. A. Cohen), Hindhead, Surrey, 1947.


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4:  Biblical Research, Exegesis m.v. (see also groups:  8, 9c, and 9d)


Craigie, P.C.:  An Egyptian Expression in the Song of the Sea (Exod.XV,4), VT, 20, 1970, pp.83-86.

Hermann, Siegfried:  Israels Aufenhalt in Ägypten (English trans. 1973), Stuttgart 1970.

Hoffmeier, James K.:  Israel in Egypt: The Evidence for the Autenticity of the Exodus Tradition, Oxford U.P. 1997.

Kitchen, Kenneth Anderson:  Ancient Orient and the Old Testament, London 1966.

- -  :  Historical Method and Early Hebrew Tradition, Tyndale Bulletin, 17, 1966, pp. 63-97.

- -  :  (Review:) J. Vergote: Joseph en Égypte, JEA, vol. 47, 1961, pp. 158-164.

Lefkowitz, Mary:  Not Out of Africa: How "Afrocentrism" Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History, Basic Books, 1997.

Spiegelberg, W.:  Aegyptologishe Randglossen zum Alten Testament, Strassburg 1904.

Yahuda, A.S.:  The Accuracy of the Bible, London 1934.

- -  :  Die Sprache des Pentateuchs in ihre Beziehungen zum Aegyptischen, (English, "The Language of the Pentateuch in its Relation to Egyptian", vol. 1, Oxford 1933), Berlin 1929.


II:  REGARDING EXODUS  (see also groups: 1a,II, 1c,II, 9c, and 12,III)

Beer, Georg:  Exodus, Handbuch zum Alten Testament, 1. Reihe, 3. Band, Tübingen 1939.

Childs, Brevard S.:  The Book of Exodus, Philadelphia 1964.

- -  :  Exodus. A Commentary, London 1974, pp. 95-101.

- -  :  A Traditio-Historical Study of the Reed Sea Tradition, VT, vol. 20, 1970, pp. 406-418.

Grønbæk, Jakob:  Juda und Amalek. Überlieferungsgeschichtlische Ervägungen zu Exodus 17, VT, vol. 18, 1964, pp. 26-45.

Hulse, E.V.:  The Nature of Biblical 'Leprosy' and the Use of Alternative Medical Terms in Modern Translations of the Bible, Palestine Exploration Quarterly, 107th Year, 1975, pp. 87-105.

Japhet, Sara:  Conquest and Settlement in Chronicles, JBL, vol. 98, 1979, pp. 205-218.

Loewenstamm, S.E.:  The Tradition of the Exodus in its Development, Jerusalem 1965.

Nicholson, E.W.:  Exodus and Sinai in History and Tradition, Oxford 1973.

Oven, E.D.:  How Not to Create a History of the Exodus: A Critique of Professor Goediche's Theories, B.A.R., Nov.-Dec. 1981.

Redford, Donald B.:  An Egyptological Perspective on the Exodus Narrative, in: "Egypt, Israel, Sinai: Archaeological and Historical Relationships in the Biblical Period", ed. A.F. Rainey, Tel Aviv U.P., 1987, pp. 150ff.

Rowley, Harold Henry:  From Joseph to Joshua, The Schweich Lectures of The British Academy 1948, London 1950.

Sarna, Nahum M.:  Exploring Exodus, New York 1980.

Shanks, H.:  The Exodus and Crossing the Red Sea, According to Hans Goediche, B.A.R., Sept.-Oct. 1981.

Wood, Bryan G.:  Did the Israelites Conquer Jericho: A New Look at the Archaeological Evidence, Biblical Archaeology Review, 16, no. 2, 1990, pp. 44-59.

Yadin, Yigael: Is the Biblical Account of the Israelite Conquest of Canaan Historically Reliable?, B.A.R., March-April 1982.



Albright, William Foxwell:  From Stone Age to Christianity, Baltimore 1940.

Allegro, John:  Qumran Qave 4, Oxford 1968.

Barlett, John:  The Bible: Faith and Evidence. A Critical Enquiry into the Nature of History, British Museum, London, ed. 1994.

Bartram, Thomas:  Alarms and Excursions in Arabia, London 1931.

Bilde, Per:  Josefus som historieskriver, Bibel and Historie 1, København 1983.

Eisenman, Robert H. & Michael Wise: The Dead Sea Scrolls Undiscovered, London 1973.

Gordon Cyrus H., & Gary A. Rendsburg:  The Bible and the Ancient Near East, 4th ed., New York 1997.

Graham, L.M.:  Deceptions and Myths of the Bible, 1997.

Johnson, Paul:  The History of the Jews. The Jewish Legacy, London, 1987.

Hirschberg, J.W.:  Jüdische und christliche Lehren im vor- und frühislamischen Arabien. Ein Beitrag zur Entstehungsgeschichte des Islam, Mémoires de la Commission Orientaliste, No. 32, Krakôw 1939.

Keller, Werner:  The Bible as History, 2nd rev. ed., New York 1981.

Kugel, James L.:  The Bible as It Was, Harvard U.P., Cambridge, Mass., 1997.

Porter, J.R.:  Pre-Islamic Arabic Historical Traditions and the Early Historical Narratives and the Old Testament, JBL, vol. 87, 1968, pp. 17-26.

Schaeder, Hans H.:  Esra der Schreiber, Beiträge zur historische Theologie 4-6, 1929-1930.

Skorechi, Karl, & Sara Selig & Shraga Blazer:  Y-Chromosones of Jewish Priests, Nature, No. 6611, vol. 385, January 2, 1997, p. 32.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Bibelforskning over for nyorientering. Et 70-punkts katalog om bibelforskning, selvst. afhandl., tillæg i: Ove von Spaeth: "Den Hemmelige Religion", "Attentatet på Moses", bind 4, København 2004, pp. 311-340. 

de Vaux, Roland:  The Early History of Israel, (transl. by David Smith) Philadelphia 1978.

Widengren, Geo:  Oral Tradition and Written Literature among the Hebrews in the Light of Arabic Evidence with Special Regard to Prose Narrative, Acta Orientalia, 23, 1959, pp. 201-262.

Windschuttle, Keith:  The Killing of History: How Literary Critics and Social Theorists are Murdering Our Past, 1998.

Whitelam, Keith W.:  The Invention of Ancient Israel: The Silencing of Palestinian History, London 1997.

Yeivin, Shemuel:  The Age of the Patriarchs, Revista degli Studi Orientali, vol. 38, Roma 1963, pp. 277-302.


IV:  BIBLICAL STUDIES AND TEXT HYPOTHESIS   (see also groups:  9c and 9d)

Barkay, Gabriel (in):  The Bible - fact or fiction, TIME Magazine, 18.Dec.1995, pp. 46-53.

Bentzen, Aage:  Introduction to The Old Testament, vols. 1-2, 5th ed., Copenhagen 1959.

Bright, John:  A History of Israel, 3rd ed., Philadelphia 1981.

Brettler, Marc Zvi:  Creating of History in Ancient Israel, London 1998.

Cullen, J.:  The Book of the Covenant in Moab: A Critical Inquiry into the Original Form of Deuteronomy, Glasgow 1903.

Dillmann, August:  Numeri, Deuteronomium und Josua; Kurzgefasstes exegetisches Handbuch zum Alten Testament, Leipzig 1886.

Friedman, Richard E.:  Who Wrote the Bible, 1997.

de Geus, C.H.J.:  The Tribes of Israel: An Investigation into Some of the Presuppositions of Martin Noth's Amphictony Hypothesis, Studia Semitica Neerlandia, vol. 18, 1976.

Glatzer, Nahum N.:  The Book of Job and Its Interpreters, Biblical Motifs, vol. 3, Cambridge, Mass. 1966.

Gordon, Cyrus H.:  Homer and the Bible, Hebrew Union College Journal, 26, 1955, pp. 43-108.

- -  :  Higher Critics and Forbidden Fruit, Christianity Today, 4, 1959-60, pp. 131ff.

- -  :  & Gary A. Rendsburg: The Bible and the Ancient Near East, 4th ed., New York 1997.

Goshen-Gottstein, M.H.:  The History of the Bible-Text and Comparative Semitics. - A Methodological Problem, VT, vol. 7, 1957, pp. 195-201.

Gottheil, Richard J.H.:  Some Early Jewish Bible Critisism, JBL, 23, 1904, pp. 1-12.

Herbener, Jens-André P.:  Ny bibeloversættelse på videnskabeligt grundlag - Introduktion, København 2001.

Herbener, Jens-André P., & Philippe Provençal:  Ny bibeloversættelse på videnskabeligt grundlag - Annoteret prøveoversættelse, C.A. Reitzel & Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Kbh. 2001.

Hyatt, James Philip:  Were There an Ancient Historical Credo in Israel and an Independent Sinai Tradition?, Translating and Understanding the Old Testament, Essays in Honor of H.G. May, Nashville 1970, pp. 152-170.

Jung, C.G.:  Die Antwort auf Job, Zürich 1952.

Kittel, Rudolf:  Geschichte des Volkes Israel, Handbücher der alten Geschichte, Serie 1, Abteilung 3, (5.-6. rev. ed.), Band 1-3,1/2, Gotha 1923-1929.

Kramer, Samuel Noah:  Sumerian Literature and the Bible, JBL, vol. 67, 1948, pp. 185-204.

Lemche, Niels Peter:  Det gamle Israel, København 1989 ("Ancient Israel", Leiden 1988).

- -  :  The Israelites in History and Tradition, Westminster/Louisville 1988.

Mohwinckel, Sigurd:  Tetrateuch-Pentateuch-Hexateuch, Berlin 1964.

Möhlenbrinck, Kurt:  Die Levitischen Überlieferung des Alten Testaments, ZAW, (Band 52) NF Band 11, Berlin 1934.

Nielsen, Eduard:  Oral Tradition, London 1954.

Noth, Martin:  Das System der zwölf Stämme Israels, Stuttgart 1930.

- -  :  Überlieferungsgeschichte des Pentateuchs, (Stuttg. 1948; Engl. trans. 1972) Darmstadt 1966.

Pedersen, Johannes:  Israel, vols. 1-4, (København 1934) 2. ed., London 1940.

Polzin, Robert M.:  Biblical Structuralism: Method and Subjectivity in the Study of Ancient Texts, Semeia Supplements, Philadelphia/Missoula 1977.

von Rad, Gerhard:  The Problem of the Hexateuch and Other Essays, (transl. E.W. Trueman Dicken), New York 1966.

Reicke, Bo:  Analogier mellan Josef-berättelsen i Genesis och Ras Shamra texterna, SEÅ (Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok), band X, 1945, pp. 11ff.

Rendtorff, Rolf:  Das Alte Testament. Eine Einführung, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1983.

Rudolph, Wilhelm:  Der 'Elohist' von Exodus bis Josua, Berlin 1938.

Rylaarsdam, J. Coert, & Linwood Fredericksen & Robert F. Faherty & Nahum M. Sarna & H. Grady Davis & Krister Stendahl & Emilie T. Sander & Robert M. Grant:  Biblical Literature and Its Critical Interpretation, The New Encyclopædia Britannica, 'Macropædia, vol. 14, Chicago 1987, pp. 754-858.

Thompson, Thomas L.:  The Early History of the Israelite People, Leiden 1992.

- -  :  The Mythic Past; Biblical Archaeology and the Myth of Israel, London 1999.

Tur-Sinai, N.H. (H. Torczyner):  The Book of Job. A New Commentary, Jerusalem 1957.

Wellhausen, Julius:  Die Composition des Hexateuchs und der historischen Bücher des Alten Testaments, 3. Auflage, Berlin (1890) 1899.

Wicke, Donald W.:  The Literary Structure of Exodus 1:2-2:10, JSOT, vol. 24, 1982, pp. 99-107.

Woods, F.H.:  Hexateuch, A Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 2 (ed. J. Hastings & J. Selbie & A.B. Davidson & S.R. Driver & H.B. Swete), London 1899, pp. 363-376.

Östborn, Gunnar:  Tora in The Old Testament. A Semantic Study, Inaugural dissertation, Lunds Universitet, Lund 1945.


The Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) as canonical text:

Beckwith, Roger T.:  Canon: Canon of the Hebrew Bible and the Old Testament, Bruce M. Metzger & Michael D. Coogan, eds., "The Oxford Companion to the Bible", New York/Oxford 1993, pp. 100-102.

- -  :  The Old Testament Canon of the New Testament Church and its Background in Early Judaism, Michigan 1985.

- -  :  Formation of the Hebrew Bible, M.J. Mulder, ed., Mikra: "Text, Translation, Reading and Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in ancient Judaism and early Christianity", Assen, 1988, pp. 39-86.

Flint, Peter:  Scriptures in the Dead Sea Scrolls: The Evidence from Qumran, S.M. Paul, R.A. Kraft, L.H. Schiffman & W.W. Fields, eds., Emanuel: "Studies in Hebrew Bible, Septuagint and Dead Sea Scrolls", In Honour of Emanuel Tov, Leiden, Boston 2003, pp. 269-304.

Ginsburg, Christian D., ed:  Torah, Neverim, Ketuvim/The Old Testament, London 1926.

Newman, Robert C.:  The Counsil of Jamnia and the Old Testament Canon, IBRI Research Report, vol. 13, 1983.

Sarna, Nahum M.:  Canon: Order of Books in the Hebrew Bible, Bruce M. Metzger & Michael D. Coogan, eds., "The Oxford Companion to the Bible", New York, Oxford 1993, pp. 98-100.



Chaim, Rabin:  A Short History of the Hebrew Language, Jerusalem 1979.

Gesenius, Wilhelm:  Hebräisches und Aramäisches Handwörterbuch über das Alte Testament, (bearb. von Frants Buhl), 17. Auflage, (Leipzig 1915) Unverän. Neudr., Berlin 1962.

Knauf, Axel:  War "Biblisch-Hebräisch" eine Sprache?, Zeitschr. f. Althebraistik, Band 3, 1990, pp. 11-23.

Koehler, Ludwig Hugo, & Walter Baumgartner (ed.): Hebräisches und Aramäisches Lexicon zum Alten Testament, Leiden 1967-1983.

Liddell, H.G., & R. Scott:  A Greek-English Lexicon, Rev. ed. with a supplement, Oxford 1968.

Meek, Theophile J.:  Translating the Hebrew Bible, JBL, vol. 79, 1960, pp. 329-335.

Ullendorff, Edward.:  Is Biblical Hebrew a Language?, Studies in Semitic Language and Civilizations, Wiesbaden, 1971.

Zerwick, M.:  Biblical Greek, (English ed., transl. & adapt.: Joseph Smith), Roma 1963.



Bowman, Raymond A.:  Old Testament Between the Great Wars. The Study of the Bible Today and Tomorrow, Chicago U.P., 1947, pp. 3-31.

Rips, Eliyahu, & Doron Witztum & Yoav Rosenberg:  Equidistant Letter Sequences in the Book of Genesis, Statistical Science, vol. 9, no. 3, 1994, pp. 429-438.

de Vaux, R.:  Ancient Israel, Its Life and Institutions, (transl.), London, New York 1961.

Yaure, L.:  Elymas; Nehelamite; Petheor, JBL, vol. 79, 1960, pp. 297-314.




5:  Rabbinical Writings


Abrabanel, Isaac:  Ma'ajnej haj-jeshu'ah, (1497), Amsterdam 1647, Stettin 1760.

Baring-Gould, S.:  Legends of Old Testament Characters..., vols. I-II, London 1871

Bin-Gorion, Micha Josef (ed.):  Sinai und Garizim; Über den Ursprung der israelitischen Religion, Berlin 1926.

Chernus, Ira:  'A Wall of Fire Round About'. The Development of a Theme in Rabbinic Midrash, Journal of Jewish Studies, vol. xxx, pp. 68-84.

Childs, Brevard S.:  Midrash and the Old Testament, Understanding the Sacred Text: Essays in honor of Morton S. Enslin on the Hebrew Bible and Christian Beginnings (ed. John Reumann), Valley Forge, Pa., 1972, pp. 45-59.

Cohen, A. (transl.):  Sotah, London 1936.

Einstein, J.D. (ed.):  Ozar Midrashim. A Library of 200 Minor Midrashin, New York 1915.

Finkelstein, Louis:  The Oldest Midrash: Pre-Rabbinic Ideals and Teachings in the Passover, HTR, vol. 312, 1938, pp. 291-317.

Freedman, H., & Maurice Simon (transl.):  Midrasch Rabbah, London 1939.

Ginzberg, Louis:  The Legends of the Jews - see: Ginzberg under group 1cXIII.

Goldschmidt, L. (transl.):  Der Babylonische Talmud: Hulin, Bekhoroth, Arakhin, Berlin 1936.

Gorion, M.J.:  Sinai und Garizim, cf. bin-Gorion, ovenfor.

Hacohen, Rabbi M.:  Haggada, New York 1987.

Hertz, J.H. (transl.):  The Pentateuch and Haftorahs, London 1935.

Mond, Rabbi Zvi:  Exodus. A Commentary, vols. 1-2, Toronto 1982-87.

Scholem, G.:  Ursprung und Anfänge der Kabbala, 1962.

Sefer ha-Yashar (cf.  e.g. I. Tishby:  Mishnat ha-Zohar, 2, 1961, pp. 657ff, - & G. Vajda: L'Amour de Dieu dans la Théologie Juive du Moyen Age, 1957, p. 181n).

Simon, Maurice, & Israel Slothi (transl.):  Baba Bathra, London 1938.

Vermès, Géza:  Scripture and Tradition in Judaism, Haggadic Studies, Studia Post Biblica, vol. 4, Leiden 1961.




6:  Samaritan Texts

von Gall, A.:  Der hebräische Pentateuch der Samaritaner, 1-4, Giessen 1914-18.

Goldberg, L.:  Das samaritanische Pentateuch Targum, Stuttgart 1935.

Macdonald, J.:  Theology of the Samaritans, London 1964.

- -  :  The Samaritan Chronicle no. 2 (Sefer ha-Yamin) - From Joshua to Nebuchadnezzar, ZAW, Band 107, Beiheft, 1969.

Montgomery, J.A.:  The Samaritans, The Bohlen Lectures for 1906, Philadelphia 1907, repr. 1968.



7: Kenites, 'Qinites', Midianits and Sinai Peoples

Albright, William Foxwell:  Jethro, Hobab, and Reuel in Early Hebrew Tradition, Catholic Biblical Quarterly, vol. 25, 1963, pp. 1-11.

Bayerlin, Walter:  Herkunft und Geschichte der ältesten Sinaitischen Traditionen, Tübingen 1961.

Beltz, Walther:  Die Kaleb-Traditionen oder Ein Beitrag zur theoretischen Diskussion in der Religionswissenschaft, Inaugural-Dissertation, Berlin 1966.

Eisler, Robert:  Das Qainszeichen der Qeniter, Le Monde Oriental, 23, Leipzig 1929.

Gabriel, Johannes:  Die Kainsgenealogie, Biblica, vol. 40, Roma 1959, pp. 409-427.

Klemm, Peter:  Kain und die Kainiten, Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche, 78. Jahrgang, Tübingen 1981, pp. 391-408.

Mazar, B.:  The Sanctuary of Arad of the Family of Hobab the Kenite, JNES, vol. 24, 1965, pp. 297ff.

Schmökel, Hartmut:  Jahwe und die Keniten, JBL, vol. 52, 1953, pp. 212-229.

de Vaux, R.:  Sur l'origine kénite ou madianite du Yahvisme, Eretz-Israel, vol. 9, Jerusalem 1969, pp. 28-32.




8:  Royal Mythology, Religion and Anthropology (see also group:  11)


Albright, William Foxwell:  Historical and Mythical Elements in the Story of Joseph, JBL, vol. 37, 1979, pp. 35-38.

Allen, James P.:  The Celestial Realm, "Ancient Egypt" (ed. David P. Silverman), New York 1997, pp. 114-131.

- -  :  The Natural Philosophy of Akhenaten, in "Religion and Philosophy in Ancient Egypt". ed. W. K. Simpson, Yale Egyptological Studies 3, Yale U.P., New Haven 1989, pp. 89-101.

Altenmüller, Hartwig:  Zur Lesung und Deutung des Dramatischen Ramssespapyrus, Jaarbericht van het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap (Gezelschap) 'Ex Oriente Lux', 19, Leiden 1965-66, pp. 421-442.

- -  :  Dramatische Ramesseumpapyrus, LA, vol. 1, 1975, col. 1132-1140.

Assmann, Jan:  Egyptian Solar Religion in the New Kingdom: Re und Amun: the Crisis of Polytheism in New Kingdom Egypt, Studies in Egyptology, London 1995.

- -  :  Ma'at: Gerechtigkeit und Unsterblichkeit im Alten Ägypten, (repr.:) 1995.

- -  :  Der Tempel der ägyptischen Späthzeit als Kanonisierung kultureller Identität, in: "The Heritage of Ancient Egypt: Studies in Honour of Erik Iversen", Copenhagen 1992, pp. 9-25.

Barta, Winfried:  Der Dramatische Ramesseumpapyrus als Festrolle beim Hebsed-ritual, Studien zur Altägyptishen Kultur, Band 4, 1976, pp. 31-43.

von Bissing, Fr.W.:  Osiris im Boot, ZÄS, Band 67, 1931, pp. 15-19.

Bonnet, Hans:  Die Bedeutung des Räucherungen im ägyptischen Kult, ZÄS, 67, 1931, pp. 20-28.

Brunner, Hellmut:  Die Geburt des Gotteskönigs, Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, Band 10, Wiesbaden 1964.

Brunner-Traut, Emma:  Die Wochenlaube, Mitteilungen des Institut für Orientforschung, 3, Berlin 1955.

Budge, E.A. Wallis:  Egyptian Ideas of the Afterlife (/the Future Life), repr. New York 1995.

- -  :  Egyptian Magic, London 1901.

- -  :  From Fetish to God in Ancient Egypt, Oxford 1934.

- -  :  Legends of the Egyptian Gods: Hieroglyphic Texts and Translations, repr. New York 1994.

Campbell, Colin:  The Miraculous Birth of King Amon-Hotep III and other Egyptian Studies, Edinburgh 1912.

Cerny, Jaroslav:  Ancient Egyptian Religion, London 1962.

- -  :  Egyptian Oracle, - see below: Richard A. Parker: "A Saite Oracle Papyrus...".

David, Rosalie:  Cult of the Sun: Myth and Magic in Ancient Egypt, London 1980.

Demaré, R.J. (ed.):  Gleanings From Deir el-Medina, Egyptologisch Uitgaven, 1, 1981.

Doresse, Jean:  The Secret Books of the Egyptian Gnostics, New York 1986.

DuQuesne, Terence:  Anubis Master of Secrets (hry-sst3) and the Egyptian Conseption of Mysteries, Discussions in Egyptology, 36, 1996, pp. 25-38.

Erman, Adolf:  Die Religion der Ägypter, ihr Werden und Vergehen in vier Jahrtausenden, Berlin und Leipzig 1934.

Eschweiler, Peter:  Bildzauber im alten Ägypten: Die Verwendung von Bildern und Gegenständen in magischen Handlungen nach den Texten des Mittleren und Neuen Reiches, Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, 137, Freiburg 1994.

Fairman, H.W.:  The Kingship Rituals of Egypt, - see below: Hooke's "Myth, Ritual and...".

Faulkner, Raymond O.:  The Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead, New York 1972.

- -  :  The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, I-II, Oxford 1969.

Festugière, A.-J.:  Corpus Hermeticum, I-IV, Paris (1945-)1950-1954.

Fowden, G.:  The Egyptian Hermes, Cambridge 1986.

Frankfort, Henri:  Kingship and the Gods, Chicago 1948.

Gardiner, Alan H.:  The Baptism of Pharaoh, JEA, vol. 36, 1950, pp. 3-12.

- -  :  The Coronation of King Haremhab, JEA, vol. 39, 1953.

- -  :  The Dakhleh Stelae, JEA, vol. 19, 1935.

- -  :  The House of Life, JEA, vol. 24, 1938.

- -  :  Professional Magicians in Ancient Egypt, PSBA, vol. 39, London 1917.

- -  :  (review) James Frazer: The Golden Bough, JEA, vol. 2, 1915, pp. 121-126.

Giversen, Søren (trans.): Den ukendte Gud, (Corpus Hermeticum), København 1983.

Grall, E.:  Isis, PW, Band IX,2, Stuttgart 1916, col. 2084-2133.

Griffiths, J. Gwyn:  The Conflict of Horus and Seth, Liverpool 1960.

Holzhausen, Jens:  Der "Mythos vom Menschen" im hellenistischen Ägypten, Theophaneia, 33, 1994.

Hooke, S.H. (ed.), & H.W. Fairman & H.H. Rowley & Geo Widengren et al.:  Myth, Ritual and Kingship, Essays on the Theory and Practice of Kingship in the Ancient Near East and in Israel, Oxford 1958.

Hornung, Erik:  The Discovery of Akhenaten and His Place in Religion, Journal of American Research Center in Egypt, 29, 1992, pp. 43-49.

- -  :  Echnaton: Die Religion des Lichtes, Zürich 1995.

- -  :  Das Totenbuch der Ägypter, Zürich und München 1979.

- -  :  Der ägyptische Mythos von der Himmelskuh, Freiburg 1982.

Iversen, Erik:  The Cosmogony of the Shabaka Text, Studies in Egyptology; Presented to Miriam Lichtheim, vol. I, Jerusalem 1990, pp. 485-493.

- -  :  Egyptian and Hermetic Doctrine, Opuscula Graecolatina Vol 27, Copenhagen 1984.

- -  :  The Reform of Akhenaten, Göttinger Miszellen, 155, Göttingen 1996.

Jacobsohn, H.:  Die dogmatische Stellung des Königs in der Theologie der alten Ägypten, Ägyptologische Forschung, Heft 8, 1939, pp. 29ff.

Junker, H.:  Die Götterlehre von Memphis, Abhandlung der Preussischen Akademie, Philologisch-historische Klasse, Num. 23, Berlin 1940.

Kerstin, Holger:  Jesus lebte in Indien, Knaur 1984.

L'Orange, H.P.:  Studies on the Iconography by Cosmic Kingship in the Ancient World, Oslo 1953.

Lucas, A.:  Notes on Myrrh and Stacte, JEA, vol. 23, 1937, pp. 27-33.

Luckert, K.W.:  Egyptian Light and Hebrew Fire, New York 1991.

Lamy, Lucy:  Egyptian Mysteries, London 1981.

Martin, Geoffrey Thorndyke:  The Royal Tomb at El-'Amarna, II, Archaeological Survey of Egypt, 39th Memoir, London 1989, pp. 45-48.

Meyerowitz, Eva L.R.:  The Divine Kingship in Ghana and Ancient Egypt, London 1960.

Morentz, Siegfried:  Die Zauberflöte. Eine Studie zum Lebenszusammenhang Ägypten - Antike - Abenland, Münster/Köln 1952.

Murray, Margaret A.:  Ancient Egyptian Legends, London 1913.

- -  :  The Cult of the Drowned in Egypt, ZÄS, Band 51, 1914, pp. 127-135.

- -  :  The Divine King in England. A Study in Anthropology, London 1954.

- -  :  Evidence for the Custom of Killing the King in Ancient Egypt, Man, vol. 14, 1914.

- -  :  The God of the Witches, London 1933.

- -  :  Nawruz, or the Coptic New Year, Ancient Egypt, vol. F, 1920-1921, pp. 79-81.

Norden, Eduard:  Die Geburt des Kindes. Geschichte einer religiösen Idee, Leipzig 1924.

Oswalt, J.N.:  The Golden Calves and the Egyptian of Deity, EvQ 44, 1972, pp. 13-20.

Padgett, Dianna: V I AMR, Becoming Manifest Transformation. A Qabalistic and Egyptian Analysis of the Formula of Creation as Found in Genesis 1-4, - ( - Tiamat Press 2003.

Parker, Richard A.:  A Saite Oracle Papyrus From Thebes in the Brooklyn Museum, Brown Egyptological Studies IV, Providence (Rhode Island) 1962.

Pettazzoni, Raffaele:  Sarapis and his "Kerberos", Essays on the History of Religions, Leiden 1954, pp. 164-170.

Pinch, Geraldine:  Magic in Ancient Egypt, British Museum Press, London 1994.

Plutarch:  De Iside et Oriside, "Moralia, 5", Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, Mass. 1962.

Pritchard, James B.:  Ancient Near Eastern Texts in Relation to the Old Testament, 3rd ed., Princeton U.P., 1969 (& 1978), p. 378f.

Ranke, Hermann:  Ägypter als 'Götterkinder', Corolla, Ludwig Curtius zum sechzigsten Geburtstag dargebracht, Stuttgart 1957, pp. 180-182.

Raven, M.J.:  Wax in Egyptian Magic and Symbolism, Oudheidkundige Mededelingen het Rijksmuseum van Oudheden te Leiden, 64, Leiden 1983.

Reeder, Greg:  Running the Heb Sed, KMT 4,4 (winter) 1993/1994, pp. 60-71.

- -  :  (review) R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz: The Temple of Man, KMT 10,2 (summer) 1999, p. 87.

Rendsburg, Gary A.:  The Egyptian Sun-God Ra in the Pentateuch, Henoch, 10, 1988, pp. 3-15.

Ritner, Robert Kriech:  The Cult of the Dead, "Ancient Egypt" (ed. David P. Silverman), New York 1997, pp. 132-147.

- -  :  The Mechanics of Ancient Egyptian Magical Practice, Chicago U.P. 1993.

Roeder, Günter:  Kulte, Orakel und Naturverehrung im alten Ägypten, Stuttgart 1960.

Sander-Hansen, C.E.:  Das Gottesweib des Amun, Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Historisk-filologiske Skrifter, Bind 1, Nr. 1, København 1940.

Schwaller de Lubicz, René Adolphe:  The Temple in Man, I-II, (transl. Deborah & Robert Lawlor), New York (1977) 1998.

Schweizer, Andreas:  Seelenführer durch den verborgenen Raum: Das ägyptische Unterweltsbuch Amduat, 1994.

Sellers, Jane B.:  The Death of the Gods in Ancient Egypt, London 1992.

Sethe, Kurt:  Dramatische Texte zur altägyptischen Mysterienspielen / Der dramatische Ramesseumpapyrus: ein Spiel zur Thronbesteigung des Könings, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Altertumskunde Aegyptens, Band 10, Leipzig 1928.

Silverman, David P.:  The Lord of the Two Lands, "Ancient Egypt" (ed. David P. Silverman), New York 1997, pp. 106-113.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Hieros gamos, independent treatise, supplement in: Ove von Spaeth: "De Fortrængte Optegnelser", Attentatet på Moses, bind 1, København (1999) 2.udg. 2004, pp. 171-183.

- -  :  Pattern, Universe and Ancient Knowledge, as presented (2000, updat. 2003, and later) as appendix in: Lynnclaire Dennis: "The Pattern", vol. 2, Lower Lake, Calif., 2001.

- -  :  Religionens tabte dimension, part 1-2, Aspiranten, Norway, (1:) at year, no 2, Nov. 2003,  pp. 6-11; - & (2:) 2nd year., no 3, Feb. 2004, pp. 6-11.

- -  :  The Knights Templar's Ancient Wisdom From Egypt - and Moses, EH-Journal, 2. year, no. 6,  Feb. 2003, pp. 34-46; - & updat. Danish version in: Aspiranten, Norway, 2nd year, no 5, Sep. 2004, pp. 11-17.

Spiegelberg, Wilhelm:  Der ägyptische Mythus vom Sonnenauge: Nach dem Leidener demotische Papyrus I, 384, (1917) repr.: 1994.

Staehelin, Elisabeth:  Zum Motiv der Pyramiden als Prüfungs- und Einweiungsstätten, Studies in Egyptology; Presented to Miriam Lichtheim, vol. II, Jerusalem 1990, pp. 889-932.

Steindorff, George:  Die blaue Königskrone, ZÄS, Band 53, 1919, pp. 65.

Strieker, B.H.:  De geboote van Horus, Mededelingen van Verhandelingen van het Voraziatisch-Egyptisch Genootschap "Ex Oriente Lux", 14 & 17 & 18, Leiden 1963-1976 .

Teeter, Emily:  The Life of Ritual, "Ancient Egypt" (ed. David P. Silverman), New York 1997, pp. 148-165.

Troy, Lana:  Patterns of Queenship in Ancient Egyptian Myth and History, Uppsala 1986.

Vernur, Pascla:  Omnia calendérique et comptabilités d'offrandes sur une tablette hiératique de la XVIIIe dynastie, Revue d'Egyptologie, 33, 1981, pp. 89-124.

van Voss, Matthieu Herma:  Horus-Kinder, LA, vol. 3, 1986, col. 52-53.

Wente, Edward F.:  Mysticism in Pharaonic Egypt?, JNES, vol. 41, 1982, pp. 163-176.

Westendorf, Wolfhart:  Horus-Auge, LA, vol. 3, 1980, col. 48-51.

Wilkinson, Richard H.:  Symbol and Magic in Egyptian Art, London 1994.


1.  Egyptian Stellar-Relating Cultus and Religions

Barta, Winifred:  Funktion und Lokalisierung der Zirkumpolarsterne in den Pyramidentexten, ZÄS, 107, 1980, pp. 1-4.

Brunner, Hellmut:  Zeichendeutung aus Sternen und Winden in Ägypten, in: (eds.) Hartmut Gese & H.P. Rüger, "Festschrift für Karl Ellifer zum 70. Geburtstag. Kevelaer", Butzon, 1973, pp. 25-30.

Faulkner, R.O.:  The King and the Star-Religion in the Pyramid Texts, JNES, xxv, 1966, pp.153-161.

Hornung, Erik:  Zur Bedeutung der Ägyptischen Dekangestirne, Göttinger Miszellen, 17, 1975, pp. 33-37.

Krupp: Edwin C.:  Echoes of the Ancient Skies, Oxford U.P. 1983.

- -  :  Egyptian Astronomy: A Tale of Temples, Tradition, and Tombs, in: (ed.) Edwin Krupp, "Archaeoastronomy and the Roots of Science", Selected Symposium Series, 71, Boulder, CO, 1984, pp. 289-329.

Lauer, Jean Phillipe: Review of Zbynek Zába: L'orientation astronomique dans l'ancienne Égypte, et la précession de l'axe du monde, Bulletin de l'Institut français d'archéologie Orientale. Kairo, 60, 1960, pp. 171-183.

Lockyer, Sir J. Norman:  The Dawn of Astronomy. A Study of the Temple-Worship and Mythology of the Ancient Egyptians, (1894) M.I.T. Press 1964.

von Oefele, Felix:  Astrologisches in der altägyptischen Medicin, ZÄS 42. Band, 1905, pp. 117-125.

Plumley, J. Martin:  The Cosmology of Ancient Egypt, in: (eds.) Carmen Blacker & Michael Loewe, "Ancient Cosmologies", London 1975, pp. 17-41.

Posener, Georges:  Sur l'orientation et l'ordre des points cardinaux chez les Égyptiens, Nachrichten der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, Phil.-hist. Klasse, 2, Göttingen 1965.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Stjernelinjer på himlen og på jorden, Stjernerne, 45. årg., feb. 2000, pp. 16-23.

- -  :  Stjernerne, Yoga Sutras og de indviede, Swedano Journal, nr. 1, 3. årg., jan. 2004, pp. 14-15.

Wainwright, G.A.:  The Sky Religion in Egypt, Cambridge 1938.

Wells, R.A.:  Sothis and the Satet Temple on Elephantine: A direct Connection, Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur, 12, 1985; - & Bulletin de la Société d'archéologie copte, Kairo, 4, 1990.

West, John Anthony:  Serpent in the Sky: The High Wisdom of Ancient Egypt, New York 1978.


2.  Egyptian Tomb-Relating Cult Tradition, especially in the New Kingdom   

Abitz, Friedrich:  Die religiöse Bedeutung der sogenannten Grabräuberschächte in den ägyptischen Köningsgräbern der 18 bis 20 Dynastie, Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, 26, Wiesbaden, 1974.

- -  :  Die Entwicklung der Grabachsen in den Königsgräbern im Tal der Könige, Mitteilungen des deutschen archäologischen Instituts Abteilung Kairo, 45, 1989, pp. 1-25.

- -  :  König und Gott: Die Götterszenen in den ägyptischen Königsgräbern von Tuthmosis IV bis Ramses III, Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, 40, Wiesbaden, 1984.

- -  :  Pharao als Gott in den Unterweltsbüchern des Neuen Reiches, Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, 146, Freiburg Universitätsverlag, 1995.

Barguet, Paul:  L'Am-Douat et les funérailles royales, Revue d'Égyptologie 24, 1972, pp. 7-11.

- -  :  Le Livre des Portes et la transmission du pouvoir royal, Revue d'Égyptologie, 27, 1975, pp. 30-36.

Barta, Winifried:  Zur Stundenordnung des Amduat in den ramessidischen Königsgräbern, Bibliotheca Orientalis 31, 1974, pp. 197-201.

Hornung, Erik:  Auf den Spuren der Sonne: Gang durch ein ägyptisches Königsgrab, Eranos Jahrbuch, 50, 198, pp. 431-475.

- -  :  Struktur und Entwicklung der Gräber im Tal der Könige, ZÄS, 105, 1978, pp. 59-66.

Kroenke, K:  Locational Analysis of Symbolic Motifs of Royal Tombs in the Valley of the Kings, Master's Thesis, University of Arizona, 1994.

Piankoff, Alexandre:  Les tombeaux de la Vallée des Rois avant et après l'hérésie amarnienne, Bulletin de la Société française d'égyptologie, 28-29, 1959, pp. 7-14.

Roehrig, Catharine H.:  Gates to the Underworld: The Appearance of Wooden Doors in the Royal Tombs in the Valley of the Kings, "Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs", Papers from The University of Arizona International Conference on the Valley of the Kings, ed. Richard H. Wilkinson, University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition, Tucson 1995, pp. 82-107.

Romer, John:  Tuthmosis I and the Bibân El-Molûk: Some Problems of Attribution, JEA, 60, 1974, pp. 119-133.

- -  &  Elizabeth Romer:  The Rape of Tutankhamun, London, 1993.

Rossi, Corinna:  Dimensions and Slope in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Dynasty Royal Tombs, JEA, 87, pp. 73-80.

Thomas, Elizabeth:  The Four Niches and Amuletic Figures in Theban Royal Tombs, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, 3, 1964, pp. 71-78.

Vandersleyen, Claude:  Who was the First King in the Valley of the Kings?, "Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs", ed. Richard H. Wilkinson, University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition, Tucson 1995, pp. 22-24.

Ventura, Raphael:  The Largest Project for a Royal Tomb in the Valley of the Kings, JEA, 74, 1988, pp. 137-156.

Wilkinson, Richard H.:  Symbolic Location and Alignment in New Kingdom Royal Tombs and Their Decoration, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt, 31, 1994, pp. 79-86.

- -  :  Symbolic Orientation and Alignment in New Kingdom Royal Tombs, "Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs", Papers from The University of Arizona International Conference on the Valley of the Kings, ed. Richard H. Wilkinson, University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition, Tucson 1995, pp. 74-81.

- -  :  The Motif of the Path of the Sun in Ramesside Royal Tombs: An Outline of Recent Research, Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities, 25, 1995, pp. 78-84.

- -  :  The Paths of Re: Symbolism in the Royal Tombs of Wadi Biban El Moluk, KMT, A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt, vol. 4, No. 3, 1993, pp. 43-51.

- -  & Nicholas Reeves:  The Complete Valley of the Kings: Tombs and Treasures of Egypt's Greatest Pharaohs, London: Thames and Hudson, 1996.



1.  Ahron, Aaron:

Aberbach, M., & L. Smolar:  Aaron, Jeroboam, and the Golden Calves, JBL, 86, 1967, pp. 129-140.

Auerbach, Elias:  Das Ahron-Problem, VT, S 17, 1969, pp. 37-63.

Cody, A., & M. Brocke:  Aaron/Aaronitisches Priestertum, TRE, Band 1, Berlin/New York 1977, pp. 1-7.

Kennett, R.H.:  The Origins of the Aaronite Priesthood, Journal of the Theological Studies, 6, Oxford 1905, pp. 165-167.

Westphal, G.:  Aaron und die Aaroniden, ZAW, 26, 1906, pp. 201-230.

Yarden, L.:  Aaron, Bethel and the Priestly Menorah, JJS, 26, 1975/1976, pp. 39-47.


2.  The Golden Calf:

Aberbach, M.:  Golden Calf, EJ, vol. 7, Jerusalem 1971, col. 709-713,.

- -  :  The Golden Calf Episode in Postbiblical Literature, HUCA 39, 1968, pp. 91-116.

- -   & L. Smolar:  Aaron, Jeroboam, and the Golden Calves, JBL, 86, 1967, pp. 129-140.

Albright, William F.:  The Golden Calf and the Cherubim, JBL, 57, 1938, pp. xviii ff.

Bailey, L.R.:  The Golden Calf, in: HUCA, 42, 1971, pp. 97-115.

Baudissin, W.W.:  Kalb, goldenes, RE (=PW),3, Band 9, 1901, pp. 704-713.

Beke, Ch.T.:  The Idol of Horeb: Evidence that the Golden Image at Mount Sinai was a Cone, and not a Calf, London 1871 (British Museum 3126 cc. 18).

Benzinger, J.:  Calf, Golden, EB(C), vol. 1, 1899, col. 631f.

Bernhard, Karl-Heinz:  Kalb, BBH, Band 2, 1962-1966.

Bin-Gorion, E.:  Goldnes Kalb, Encyklopädie Judaica, Band 7, 1931, col. 472-474.

Coats, G.W.:  The Golden Calf in Ps. 22: A Hermeneutic of Change, Horizons in Biblical Theology, 9,I, 1987.

Davenport, J.W.:  A Study of the Golden Calf Tradition in Exodus 32, Dissertation (DissAb 34343'  1973 3524-3525), Princeton, New Jersey 1973.

Demircioglu, H.:  Der Gott auf dem Stier; Geschichte eines religiösen Bildtypus, 1939.

Diestel, L.:  Kalb, goldenes, "Handwörterbuch des Biblischen Altertums, Band 1, Bielefeld/Leipzig 1893, pp. 824-826.

Dus, J.:  Die Stierbilder von Bethel und Dan..., - see: J. Dus i group 1c,IV.

Eberharter, A.:  Die Verehrung des Goldenen Kalbes, in: PastB, 41, 1930, pp. 103-109.

Eissfeld, Otto:  Lade und Stierbild, ZAW, 58, 1940/1941, pp. 190-215.

Farrar, F.W.:  Was there a Golden Calf in Dan?, Expository Times, 8, 1893, pp. 254-265.

Fensham, F.C.:  The Burning of the Golden Calf and Ugarit, Israel Exploration Journal, 16, Jerusalem 1966, pp. 191-193.

Gradwohl, R.:  Die Verbrennung des Jungstiers, Theologische Zeitung 19, 1963, pp. 50-52.

Gressmann, Hugo:  Goldnes Kalb, RGG, band 2, 1910, col. 1518.

Hahn, Joachim:  Das 'Goldene Kalb', Frankfurt a.M., 1981, (især analyse pp. 142-143 & 266).

Harrelson, W.J.:  Calf, Golden, IDB, vol. 1, New York/Nashville 1962, pp. 488-489.

Hitti, Philip K.:  (The Golden Calf in:) The Origins of the Druze People and Their Religion, Columbia University Oriental Studies, vol. 28, New York 1928.

Kennedy, A.R.S.:  Calf, Golden, DB(H), 4th ed., vol. 1, Edinburgh/New York 1901, pp. 340-343.

- -  :  Calf, Golden, "A Dictionary of the Bible" (ed. J. Hastings), London 1910, p. 109.

Kitchen, Kenneth A.:  Calf, Golden, New Biblical Dictionary, (ed. J.D.Douglas), London 1962.

Mazar, Amihai:  Bronze Bull Found in Israelite 'High Place', Biblical Archaeology Rewiew, vol. 9, No. 5, 1983 pp. 34-40.

Noth, Martin:  Zur Anfertigung des "Goldenen Kalbes", VT, 9, 1959, pp. 318-322.

Perdue, L.G.:  The Making and Destruction of the Golden Calf - A Reply, Biblia, 54, 1973, pp. 237-246.

Petuchowsky, V.T.:  Nochmals "zur Anfertigung des 'Goldenen Kalbes'", VT, 10, 1960, p. 74.

Sasson, J.M.:  Bovine Symbolism in the Exodus Narrative, VT, vol. 18, 1968, pp. 380-387.

- -  :  The Worship of the Golden Calf, Orient and Occident, Essays presented to Cyrus H. Gordon, AOAT 22, Neukirchen/Vlynn 1973, pp. 151-159.

Seebrook, William B.:  The Golden Calf of The Druzes, Asia, March 1926, New York, pp. 220-27 & 250-53.

Smolar, W.:  Calf, Golden, IDB (S), Nashville 1976, pp. 123-124.

von Soden, W.:  Stierdienst, RGG (3. Ausg.), Band 6, col. 372f.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Den gådefulde Guldkalv af Egyptens guld, in: Ove von Spaeth: "Den Hemmelige Religion, Attentatet på Moses, bind 4, København 2004, pp. 70-81. 

- -  :  Guldkalven - eksport fra egyptisk kult?, in: Ove von Spaeth: "Den Forsvundne Tronarving", Attentatet på Moses, bind 3, København 2001, pp. 117-120 & 127.

(Stager, Lawrence E., & Rachel Starch:)  A Golden Calf, Time Magazine, August 6th, 1990, p. 37.

Volbeding, J.E.:  Goldenen Kalb, AEWK (hgg. J.S.Ersch & J.G.Gruber), 1. Section, 73. Teil, Leipzig 1861, p. 241.

Wainwright, G.A.:  The Bull Standards of Egypt, JEA, vol. 19, 1933, pp. 42-52.

Waterman, L.:  Bull Worship in Israel, AJSL, 31, 1914/1915, pp. 229-255.

Weippert, M.:  Gott und Stier, Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins, Leipzig/Wiesbaden 1961, pp. 93-117.

- -  :  Stier, "Bibel-Lexikon", (hgg. H. Haag), Einsiedeln/Zürich/Köln 1968, col. 1647-1648.


3.  Other Israelite and Palestinian Cult- and Myth-Tradition:

Albright, William Foxwell:  The Oracles of Balaam, JBL, vol. 63, 1944, pp. 207-233.

- -  :  Yahweh and the Gods of Canaan: A Historical Analysis of the Contrasting Faiths, London 1968.

de Certeau, Michel:  The Tetragrammaton YHWY, 'Yehweh', in Certeau: "The Writing of History", pp. 341ff.

Day, John:  Molech:  A God of Human Sacrifice in the Old Testament, University of Cambridge Oriental Publications, Number 4, Cambridge, England 1989.

Driver, G.R.:  Canaanite Myths and Legends, Old Testament Studies, 3, Edinburgh 1956.

Eissfeldt, Otto:  Jahwe als König, ZAW, Band 46, Neue Folge 5, Giessen 1928, pp. 81-105.

Frazer, James G.:  Folk-lore in The Old Testament. Studies in Comparative Religion, Legend and Law, vols. 1-3, London 1919.

Gressmann, Hugo:  Die Lade Jahves und das Allerheiligste des Salomonischen Tempels, Berlin/Stuttgart/Leipzig 1920.

Grether, Oskar:  Name und Wort Gottes in A.T., Giessen 1934.

Hayes, John H.:  The Usage of Oracles Against Foreign Nations in Ancient Israel, JBL, vol. 87, 1968, pp. 81-92.

Heider, George C.:  The Cult of Molek: A Reassessment, JSOT Supplement Series, 43, Sheffield 1986.

Joines, Karen R.:  The Bronze Serpent in the Israelitic Cult, JBL, 87, Sept. 1968, pp. 245-256.

Kaufmann, Yehezkel:  The Religion of Israel From Its Beginnings to the Babylonian Exile, (transl. Moshe Greenberg), (1937) London 1961.

Key, A.F.:  Traces of the Worship of the Moon God Sin Among the Early Israelites, JBL, 84, 1965, pp. 20-26.

Kraus, H.J.:  Worship in Israel. A Cultic History of the Old Testament, Richmond 1965.

Lipinski, E.:  'Urim and Tummîm', VT, vol. 20, 1970, pp. 495-496.

McKay, J.W.:  Helel and the Dawn-Goddess, VT, Vol 20, 1970, pp. 451-464.

Müller, Hans Peter:  Der Begriff "Rätsel" im Alten Testament, VT, vol. 20, 1970, pp. 465-489.

Ogden, Graham, S.:  Prophetic Oracles Against Foreign Nations - and Psalms of Communal Lament, JSOT, vol. 24, 1982, pp. 89-97.

Pfeiffer, R.H.:  Images of Jahwe, JBL, 45, 1925, pp. 211-222.

Steinemueller, John E.:  Sacrificial Blood in the Bible, Biblica, Roma (Vatican), 1959, pp. 556-557.

Terrien, Samuel:  The Omphalos Myth and Hebrew Religions, VT, vol. 20, 1970, pp. 315-338.

Torczyner, H.:  Die Bundeslade und die Anfänge der Religion Israels, (1922) Berlin 1930.

Vernur, Pascla:  Omnia calendérique et comptabilités d'offrandes sur une tablette hiératique de la XVIIIe dynastie, Revue d'Egyptologie, 33, 1981, pp. 89-124.

Völter, D.:  Die Herkunft Jahves, ZAW, 37, 1917/1919, pp. 126-133.

Welten, P.:  Kulturhöhe und Jahwetempel, ZDPV, 88, 1972, pp. 19-37.

- -  :  Slange, BRL (hgg. K. Galling), 1977, pp. 280-282.

Wright, G.R.H.:  Mythology of Pre-Israelite Shechem, VT, vol. 20, 1970, pp. 75-82.



Assmann, Jan:  Moses the Egyptian. The Memory of Egypt in Western Monotheism, London 1997.

Biallas, Leonard J.:  Myths, Gods, Heroes, and Saviors, Connecticut 1986.

Bonser, Wilfrid:  Animal-Skins in Magic and Medicin, Folklore, vol. 73(-74), 1963, pp. 128-129.

Brown, Shelby:  Late Carthaginian Child Sacrifice and Sacrificial Monuments in Their Mediterranean Context, JSOT / American Schools of Oriental Research Monograph Series, Number 3, Sheffield 1991.

Brueton, Dianah:  Many Moons. The Myth and Magic, Fact and Fantasy of Our Nearest Heavenly Body, Fireside Books, 1991.

David-Neel, Alexandra:  Mystique et magiciens du Tibet, Les grands documents Plon, Paris (1929) 1968.

Dawkins, Peter:  Arcadia, The Francis Bacon Research Trust Journal, Series I, vol. 5: Festival of Unification, Alderminster/Stratford-upon-Avon 1988.

Derchain, Ph.:  Les plus anciens témoignages de sacrifices d'enfant chez les sémites occidenteaux, VT, vol. 20, 1970, pp. 351-355.

Dieterich, Albrecht:  Eine Mithras-Liturgie, Leipzig 1910.

- -  :  Mutter Erde, 3. erweiterte Auflage, Leipzig 1925.

Doresse, Jean:  The Secret Books of the Egyptian Gnostics, New York 1986.

Eisler, Robert:  Jesos Basilios, I, (Religionswissenschaftliche Bibliothek, Bd. 9), Heidelberg 1929.

Eliade, Mircea:  Histoire des croyances et des idées religieuses, tome 1, Paris 1976.

Figala, Karin:  Tycho Brahe's Elexier, Annals of Science, vol. 28, 1972.

Frazer, James G.:  The Dying God, London 1936.

- -  :  The Golden Bough. A Study in Magic and Religion, vols. 1-2, 3rd ed., repr., London 1932.

- -  :  The Scapegoat, London 1913.

Giversen, Søren:  Den Ukendte Gud, København 1983.

Granzotto, Gianni:  Christoffer Columbus, (Milano 1984) Glasgow 1986, pp. 55-57.

Grundtvig, N.F.S.:  Nordiske Sagn, København 1849.

Guthrie, Kenneth Sylvan:  The Pythagorean Sourcebook and Library, 1987.

Harding, M. Esther:  Woman's Mysteries, C.G. Jung Foundation, (New York 1955) London 1989.

Herodot(us):  Historia, 1-4, (transl. A.D. Godley), Loeb, no. 117-120, repr., London 1963-1971.

Holmberg, Uno:  Der Baum des Lebens, Annales Academiae, Serie B, tome XVI, Helsinki 1922-23, pp. 23ff.

Hopfner, Theodor:  Mittel- und neugriechische Lekane-, Lychno-, Katoptro- und Onychomantien, ('Sternen-Magie'), "Studies Presented to F.Ll. Griffith", London 1932, pp. 218-232.

Haagensen, Erling:  Bornholms Rundkirker, København (Bogan) 2003.

- -  :  Tempelherrernes skat, København (Bogan) 2000.

- -  :  & Henry Lincoln:  The Templar's Secret Island, Moreton-In-March (Windrush Press) 2000.

Iversen, Erik:  The Myth of Egypt and Its Hieroglyphs in European Tradition, 2nd ed., Princeton 1993, p. 98.

James, E.O.:  The Tree of Life. - An Archaeological Study, Leiden 1966.

Jensen, Povl Johs.:  Hermesskrifterne, "Græsk mystik", Verdensreligionernes Hovedværker, bind 8, eds. Poul Tuxen and Aage Marcus, København 1953, pp. 25-28.

Jeremias, Alfred:  Die Weltanschauung der Sumerer, Der Alte Orient, Band 27, Heft 4, Leipzig 1929.

- -  & Hugo Winckler et al.:  Mythologische Bibliothek, Gesellschaft für vergleichende Mythenforschung, Leipzig 1907-1908.

Jung, Carl Gustav:  Psychologie und Alchemie, Zürich (1944) 1972, pp. 53f and 377.

- -  :  Symbole der Wandlung, I-II, 4. Aufl., Zürich 1954.

Kepler, Johannes:  Harmonices Mundi, 1619, auf Deutsch: "Gesammelte Werke" 1982, ed. Max Caspar et al., Bayeriche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Münschen, p. 280.

- -  :  Mysterium Cosmographicum, Tübingen 1596, in English: "The Secret of the Universe", trans. A.M. Duncan, Janus-series no. 9, New York (1981) 1982, p. 203.

Kerstin, Holger:  Jesus lebte in Indien, Knaur 1984.

Keynes, John Maynard:  Essayes and Sketches in Biography, 1956, pp. 280-290.

Klinz, Adolf:  Hieros Gamos, Inaugural-Dissertation, Halle, 1933.

- -  :  Hieros gamos, PW, Pauly/Wissowa Supplement VI, Stuttgart 1935, col. 107-113.

Knight, Christopher, & Robert Lomas:  The Hiram Key, New York 1996.

Kuhn, Thomas S.:  The Copernican Revolution. Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought, (1957) 1985.

Leadbeater, C.W.:  Freemasonry and its Ancient Rites, New York, repr. 1998.

Lincoln, Henry Lincoln, & Erling Haagensen:  The Templar's Secret Island, Moreton-In-March, 2000.

Luck, G.:  Theurgy and Forms of Worship in Neoplatonism, in: J. Neuser et al: "Religion, Science, and Magic, Oxford 1989.

Lauring, Palle:  Danmarks Håb and Horn, København 1954.

Lewis, Brian:  The Sargon Legend: A Study of the Akkadian Text and the Tale of the Hero Who was Exposed at Birth, ASOR, Diss. Series, vol. 4, Cambridge, Mass., 1980, pp. 1-10.

McIntosh, Christopher:  Rosenkreuzerne, (trans.) København 1987.

Michel, Paul-Henri:  The Cosmology of Giordano Bruno, (La cosmologie de Giordano Bruno, Paris 1962), Cornell UP, New York 1973.

Pagels, Elaine:  Beyond Belief. The Sacred Gospel of Thomas, New York 2003.

Paracelsus:  Paracelsus. Essential Readings, ed. & trans by Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, Wellingborough 1990

Platon:  Timaios, trans. Povl Johs. Jensen, "Platons Skrifter" bd. 8, Carsten Høeg & Hans Ræder, København (1932-1941) 1953-1955.

Ratzinger, J.:  Stellvertretung, Handbuch theologischer Grundbegriffe (hgg. H. Fries), Band 2, München 1963.

Rose, Herbert Jennings:  Herakles and the Gospels, HTR, vol. 31, 1938, pp. 116ff.

Sakellarakis, Yannis, et al.:  Drama in a Minoan Temple, National Geographic Magazine, vol. 159, February 1981, pp. 205-221.

de Santillana, Giorgio, & Hertha von Dechend:  Hamlet's Mill, London (1960) 1970.

Smith, George:  Early History of Babylonia, Transactions of the Biblical Society, vol. 1, London 1872, pp. 28-51.

- -  :  The Chaldean Account of Genesis, Transactions of the Biblical Society, vol. 4, London 1876, pp. 295-301.

Smith, Morton:  The Secret Gospel. The Discovery and Interpretation of the Secret Gospel According to Mark, New York 1974

von Spaeth, Ove:  Definitioner, & (dele af) Introduktion, til "Patañjalis Yoga Sutras. Med de klassiske kommentarer" (oversat af G. Raman), København 1968, pp. 9-13, 91-95.

- -  :  Psychedeliske '67, 2. opl., udv. udgave, København (1967) 1969.

- -  :  Tycho Brahes Hemmelighed, Det Ukendte, 6. årg, nr. 3, maj/juni 1984, pp.123-129.

- -  :  Tycho Brahes and Shakespeares kodesprog - and egyptisk visdom, (org.1998) Stjernerne, 44. årg., jun., jul., aug. & okt. 2000, pp. 55-57, 58-61, 23-29 & 10-18.

- -  :  The Light's Open Dimension in a New Era. An introduction to Ulla Runchel's research of the future, in: Ulla Runchel: "The Age of Light", Universal Growth Publishing, Phoenix, Arizona, USA, 2004, pp. 7-10.

Talbot, H.F.:  A Fragment of Ancient Assyrian Mythology, Transactions of the Biblical Society, vol. 1, London 1872, pp. 271-280.

Temple, Robert K.G.:  The Sirius Mystery, New York 1976.

Thompson, Stith:  Motiv-Index of Folk-Literature, Indiana, ed. 1957.

Van Buren, E. Douglas:  Concerning the Horned Cap of the Mesopotamian Gods, Orientalia, vol. 12, Nova Series, Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, Roma 1943, pp. 318-327.

Walker, Benjamin:  Gnosticism, 1983.

Ward, J.S.M.:  Who was Hiram Abiff?, London, u.å.

Wellhausen, Julius:  Reste arabischen Heidentums, Berlin 1897, pp. 40-44 & 115.

Widengren, Geo:  Hieros gamos och underjordsvistelse, Religion och Bibel - Nathan Söderblom-Sällskapets årsbok, 7. årg., Lund 1948, pp. 17-46.

- -  :  Uppsala Universitetets Årsskrift, 4, Uppsala 1951.

Wittendorff, Alex:  Tyge Brahe, København 1994.

Woodroofe, Sir John:  The Garland of Letters, 7th ed., Pondicherry 1979, p. 4.

Woods, Florence & Kenneth:  Homers Secret Iliad; the Epic of the Night Skies Decoded, 1999.

Wundt, Wilhelm:  Völkerpsychologie, Band 2,3, Leipzig 1909.

Yasin, Mohammad:  Mysteries of Kashmir, Kesar Publications, Shrinagar 1972.

Yates, Frances A.:  Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition, Chicago University Press, 1970.

- -  :  The Rosicrucian Enlightenment, London 1972.

Zimmern, Heinrich:  Die Babylonische Neujahrsfest, Der Alte Orient, Band 25, 3, Leipzig 1926.




9:  Egyptology / Palestine Studies / Archaeology & History

a)  EGYPTOLOGY  (see also groups:  8, 9b, 9c, 11, and 12)

Arnold, Dieter:  Building in Egypt; Pharaonic Stone Masonry, Oxford U.P. 1991.

- -  :  Der Tempel des Königs Mentuhotep von Deir el-Bahari, I: Arkitechtur und Bedeutung, Archäologische Veröffentlichungen; Deutsches Archäologishe Institut, Mainz a.M. 1974.

- -  :  The Temple of Mentuhotep at Deir el-Bahari, BMMA Egyptian Expedition Publication, vol. 21, New York 1979.

Baines, John, & Jaromír Málek:  Atlas of Ancient Egypt, Oxford 1980, New York 1996.

Barguet, Paul:  Le temple d'Amon-Re a Karnak,, L'Institut francais d'archaéologie orientale du Caire, 1962.

Barns, John W.B.:  The Ostracon of Sinuhe, Griffith Institute/Ashmolean Museum, London 1952.

von Bissing, Fr.W.:  Denkmäler ägyptischer Sculptur, Band 1-3, München 1914.

van den Boorn, Guido:  The Duties of the Vizier: Civil Administrtion in the Early Kingdom, London 1988.

Breasted, James Henry:  Ancient Records of Egypt, 1-5, (Chicago 1906) New York 1962.

- -  :  A History of Egypt, New York 1919.

Brugsch, Heinrich:  Egypt Under the Pharaohs, reprint London 1996.

Brunner, Hellmut:  Der "Gottesvater" als Erzieher des Kronprinzen, ZÄS, 86, 1961, pp. 90-100.

Bryan, Betsy M.:  The Title "Foster Brother of the King", Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquites, vol. 9, Toronto 1978-1979, pp. 117-123.

Budge, E.A. Wallis:  An Egyptian Hieroglyphical Dictionary, vols. 1-2, New York 1960.

Cerny, Jaroslav:  Manetho, LA, Band 3, Wiesbaden 1980.

Chandler, David G.:  The Campaigns of Napoleon (in Egypt: pp. 219-245), London 1966.

Clagett, Marshall:  Ancient Egyptian Science, I: Knowledge and Order, American Philosophical Society, Memoirs 184, Philadelphia (1989) 1992.

David, R., & A.E. David:  Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, London 1992.

Davies, W. Vivian, & Louise Schofield (eds.):  Egypt, the Aegean and the Levant: Interconnections in the Second Millenium BC, (International Colloquium held at the British Museum 1992), British Museum Publications, London 1995.

Dodson, Aidan:  Messuy, Amasa, and Amenmesse, JARCE, 34, 1997, pp. 41-48.

Edel, Elmar:  Die ägyptisch-hethitische Korrespondenz aus Boghazköi, Band 1-2, Abhandlungen der Rheinish-Westfälischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 77, Band 1-2, Oplanen 1994.

Edwards, I.E.S.:  The Pyramids of Egypt, Penguin, London 1993.

Erman, Adolf, & Hermann Grapow:  Wörterbuch der Aegyptischen Sprache, Band 1-7, (Leipzig 1925-1931) Berlin 1971.

Frandsen, Paul John:  (on "brothers" and "sisters" in:) Prinsen, Skæbnen and Sprogvidenskaben, Festskrift til Johan Strange/60 år, Forum for Bibelsk Eksegese 5, Københavns Universitet 1994, p.76f.

Gardiner, Alan H.:  The Astarte Papyrus, Studies Presented to F.Ll. Griffith, London 1932, pp. 74-85.

- -  :  Egyptian Grammar, 3. rev. ed., London 1960.

- -  :  Egypt of the Pharaohs, Oxford 1961.

- -  :  The Memphite Tomb of the General Haremhab, JEA, vol. 39, 1953, pp. 3-12.

Habachi, Labib:  King Amenmesse and the Viziers Amenmesse and Kha'entore, MDAIK, 34, 1979, pp. 66-67.

Hayes, William C.:  A Statue of the Herald Yamu-Nedjed in the Egyptian Museum Cairo and Some Biographical Notes on Its Owner, ASAE, tome 32, 1932, pp. 6-16.

- -  :  The Scepter of Egypt, A Background for the Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, vols. 1-2, New York 1953/1959.

Helck, Hans Wolfgang:  Der Einfluss der Militärführer in der 18. ägyptischen Dynastie, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Altertumskunde Aegyptens, Band 14, Leipzig 1939.

- -  :  Zur Verwaltung des Mittleren und Neuen Reiches, Leiden 1958.

Holm-Rasmussen, Torben:  Det gamle Egypten, København 1980.

Iskander, Zaky, & Alexander Badaway:  Brief History of Ancient Egypt, Cairo 1949.

Iversen, Erik:  Canon and Proportions in Egyptian Art, rev. ed., Warminster 1975.

- -  :  Canon and Proportions in Egyptian Art - a Supplement and a Summary, Copenhagen 1996.

- -  :  The Myth of Egypt and Its Hieroglyhs - in European Tradition, (1961), Princeton U.P. 1993.

- -  :  Papyrus Carlsberg Nr. VII, Fragments of a Hieroglyphic Directory, Det Kgl. Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Historisk-Filologiske Skrifter, vol. 3, No. 2, København 1958.

James, T.G.H.:  An Introduction to Ancient Egypt, British Museum Publ., London 1979.

Kees, Hermann:  Ein Sonnenheiligtum im Amontempel in Karnak, Orientalia, 18, 1949, pp. 427-442.

Kemp, Perry J.:  Ancient Egypt. Anatomy of a Civilization, London and New York 1989.

Kitchen, Kenneth Anderson:  Amenmesses in Northern Egypt, Göttinger Miszellen, 1987, pp. 23-25.

- -  :  Pharaoh Triumphant; the Life and Times of Ramesses II, Missisauga/ Warminster 1982.

- -  :  The Twentieth Dynasty Revisited, JEA, 68, 1982, pp. 116-125.

Krauss, Rolf:  Untersuchungen zu König Amenmesse, 1. & 2. Teil, Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur, vol. 4: 1. Teil, 1976, pp. 161-199; vol. 5: 2. Teil. 1977, pp. 131-174.

Lange, K., & M. Hirmer:  Egypt, London 1961.

Lesko, Leonart H. (ed.):  Pharaoh's Workers: the Villagers of Deir el Medina, Cornell U.P., 1994.

Loprieno, A.:  Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge U.P., 1995.

Maspero, Gaston:  Le Musée Égyptien, tome 2, Le Caire 1907.

- -  :  Popular Stories of Ancient Egypt, London 1911.

- -  :  (tekxts in:) Recueil de Travaux Relatifs à la Philologie et à l'Archéologie Égyptiennes et Assyriennes pour servir de Bulletin à Mission Française du Caire, Paris (vedr. egyptisk i bibelteksterne, se i flg. årgange:) 1910-1918.

Meyer, Eduard:  Geschichte des Altertums, Band 2, (2. Ausg.), Stuttgart/Berlin 1928.

Moran, William L.:  The Tel el-Amarna Letters, John Hopkins U.P., Baltimore (repr.:) 1994.

Murnane, William J.:  Ancient Egyptian Coregencies, Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, The Oriental Institute, Chicago 1977, pp. 32-44.

- -  :  The Sed Festival: A Problem in Historical Method, Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Institut, Abteilung Kairo, 37, 1981, pp. 369-376.

Müller, Max:  Zeitschrift für Assyriologie, Band 9, 1894, p. 394f.

Néhret, Gilles (ed.).:  Description de l'Égypte, (1825) repr. Taschen Verlag, Köln 1984.

Nims, Charles F.:  Thebes of the Pharaohs: Patterns for Every City, London 1965.

Nunn, John F.:  Ancient Egyptian Medicine, British Museum Press, London 1996.

O'Connor, David (ed. Bruce Trigger):  Ancient Egypt. A Social History, Cambridge U.P. 1983.

- -  :  Egyptian Architecture, (ed. David P. Silverman) "Searching for Ancient Egypt", Seattle/Philadelphia 1997, pp. 155-161.

Otto, Eberhard:  Der Gebrauch des Königstitels "btjt", ZÄS, Band 85, 1960.

Peet, T. Eric:  Papyrus Harris 500, JEA, vol. 11, 1925 pp. 225ff.

Perry, B.E.:  The Egyptian Legend of Nectanebus, Transactions of the American Philological Association, vol. 97, 1966.

Petrie, William M. Flinders:  A History of Egypt, vols. 1-3, London 1894-1905.

Porter, Bertha, & Rosalind L.B. Moss:  Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings, II: 'Theban Temples', 2nd rev. ed., Oxford 1972.

Roeder, Günther:  Die Herstellung von Wachsmodellen zu ägyptischen Bronzefiguren, ZÄS, Band 69, 1933, pp. 45-67.

Römer, Malte:  Gottes- und Priesterherrschaft in Ägypten am Ende des Neuen Reiches, Ägypten und Altes Testament, 21, xxxvii, 1994.

Scott, J.W.:  Autopsy of an Egyptian Mummy, Canadian Medical Assoc. Journal, vol. 117, 5, 1977, pp. 464-479.

- -  :  Lessons Learned From the Autopsy of an Egyptian Mummy, Canadian Medical Assoc. Journal, vol. 117, 5, 1977, pp. 415-418.

Schmitz, Bettina:  Untersuchungen zum Titel S3-NJSWT "Königsohn", Dissertationsdruche, Reihe Ägyptologie, Band 2, Bonn 1976.

Sethe, Kurt:  Die aegyptischen Ausdrücke für rechts und links und die Hieroglyphenzeichen für Westen und Osten, Nachrichten von der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen 1922, Philologisch-historischer Klasse, Berlin 1923, pp. 197-243.

- -  :  Urkunden des ägyptischen Altertums, Band 1-4, Leipzig 1906-1910.

Spalinger, Anthony:  Aspects of the Military Documents of the Ancient Agyptians, Yale Near Eastern Researches, 9.

Spiegelberg, Wilhelm:  Studien und Materialien zum Rechtswesen des Pharaonenreiches, 1882.

Tompkins, Peter:  Secrets of the Pyramid, London 1973.

van Voss, Matthieu Herma:  Horuskinder, LA, vol. 3, 1986, col. 52-53.

West, John Anthony:  The Traveller's Key to Ancient Egypt, London 1985.

Wilson, John A.:  The Burden of Egypt: An Interpretation of Ancient Egypt Culture, Chicago U.P. 1951.

Winlock, Herbert E.:  The Rise And Fall of the Middle Kingdom in Thebes, New York 1942.

Yurco, Frank J.:  Was Amenmesse the Viceroy of Kush, Messuwy?, JARCE, 34, 1997, pp. 49-56.


Aksamit, Joanna:  Hatshepsut's Faience Offering Stand, KMT 9,4 (winter) 1998/1999, pp. 39-43.

Aldred, Cyril:  The Foreign Gifts Offered to Pharaoh, JEA, vol. 56, 1970, pp. 105-116.

Allen, T. George:  The Unique Statue of Senmut, AJSL, vol. 44, 1927-1928, pp. 49-55.

Altenmüller, Brigitte:  Horus, Herr der Harpunierstätte, LA, vol. 3, 1980, col. 36-37.

Arnold, Dieter:  Deir el-Bahari, III, LA, vol. 1, 1975, col. 1017-1025.

Barguet, Paul:  Une stauette de Senenmout au Musée du Louvre, Cronique d'Égypte, 28, 1953, pp. 23-28.

Berlandini-Grenier, Jocelyne:  Senemout, stoliste royal, sur une statue-cube avec Neferouré, Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 76, Le Caire 1976, pp. 111-132.

Bierbrier, M.L.:  How Old was Hatshepsut?, Göttinger Miszellen 144, 1995, pp. 15-19.

Bjorkman, G.:  Kings at Karnak; a Study of the Monuments of Royal Predecessors in the Early New Kingdom, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Uppsala 1971.

Bothmer, Bernard V.:  More Statues of Senmut, The Brooklyn Museum Annual, New York, vol. 11, 1969-1970, pp. 124-143.

Brovarski, Edward:  Cylinder Seal of Senenmut, "Egypt's Golden Age: The Art of Living in the New Kingdom", Boston Museum of Fine Arts, 319, Boston 1982, pp. 240, 308.

Bryan, Betsy M.:  The Reign of Thutmose IV, John Hopkins U.P., Baltimore 1991.

Callender, Gae:  Problems in the Reign of Hatshepsut, KMT 6,4 (winter) 1995/1996.

Carter, Howard:  A Tomb Prepared for Queen Hatshepsuit Discovered by the Earl of Carnavon Oct. 1916, ASAE, tome 16, 1916, pp. 179-182.

- -  :  A Tomb Prepared for Queen Hatshepsuit and Other Recent Discoveries at Thebes, JEA, vol. 4, 1917, pp. 107-118.

Dabrowski, Leszek:  Preliminary Report on the Reconstruction Works of the Hatshepsut Temple at Deir el Bahari (1961-1964), ASAE, tome 58, 1964, + tome 60, 1968.

Davies, Norman de Garis:  The Tomb of Puyemré, Egyptian Expedition Publications: Robb de Peyster Memorial Series; Metropolitan Museum of Art: vols. 2-3, New York 1922.

- -  :  The Tomb of Rekh-Mi-Ré at Thebes, I-II, Egyptian Expedition Publications; Metropolitan Museum of Art: vol. 11, New York 1943.

Dodson, A.:  Crown Prince Djhutmose and the Royal Sons of the Eighteenth Dynasty, JEA, 76, 1990, pp. 87-96.

- -  :  Hatshepsut and Her 'Father' Mentuhotpe II, JAE, 75, 1989, pp. 224-226.

Dorman, Peter F.:  The Monuments of Senenmut. Problems in Historical Methodology, London 1988.

- -  :  The Tombs of Senenmut. The Architecture and Decoration of Tombs 71 and 353, New York 1991.

- -  & Catharine Roehrig:  Senimen and Senemut: A Question of Brothers, Varia Aegyptiaca, vol. 3, 1987, pp. 127-134.

Drioton, Étienne:  Deux cryptogramme de Senenmout, ASAE, 38, 1938, pp. 239-246.

Faulkner, Raymond O.:  The Euphrates Campaign of Tuthmosis III, JEA, vol. 31, 1945, pp. 39ff.

Freed, Rita:  Pharaohs of the Sun. KMT 10,4 (winter) 1999/2000, pp. 33-47.

Forbes, Dennis C.:  Akheperure. The 2nd Amenhotep, KMT 8,3 (fall) 1997, pp. 36-52.

- -  :  Menkheperre Djehuthymes. Thutmoses III, A Pharaoh's Pharao, KMT 9,4 (winter) 1998/1999, pp. 44-65.

- -  :  The Queen's Minion Senenmut, KMT, 1,1, 1990, pp. 16ff

- -  :  Red Chapel Images, KMT 10,4 (winter) 1999/2000, pp. 66-71.

Gardiner, Alan H.:  The Tomb of Amenemhet, High-Priest of Amon, ZÄS, 47, 1910, pp. 87-99.

Gauthier, H., & Éd. Naville & Th. Davis:  The Tomb of Hatshopsitu, London 1906.

Gitton, Michel:  Le palais de Karnak, Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, tome 74, Le Caire 1974, pp. 63-73.

Giveon, Raphael:  Ancient Egyptian Mining Centers in South-Sinai, pp. 53-60 - see: Giveon, group 9c.

Graefe, Erhardt:  Das sogenannte Senenmut-Kryptogramm, Göttinger Miszellen, 38, Göttingen 1980, pp. 112-113.

Habachi, Labib:  Two Graffiti at Sehél from the Reign of Queen Hatshepsut, JNES, vol. 16, 1957, pp. 88-104.

Hall, H.R.:  The Statues of Sennenmut and Menkheperré'senb in British Museum, JEA, vol. 14, 1928, pp. 1-2.

Hansen, Kathy:  The Chariot in Egypt's Age of Chivalry, KMT 4,1 (spring) 1994, pp. 50-61 & 83.

Hansen, Scott Peter:  Thutmose III, KMT 3,1 (spring) 1992, p. 72.

Hari, Robert:  La vingt-cinquième statue de Senemout, JEA, vol. 70, 1984, pp. 140-141.

Hayes, William C.:  Egypt: Internal Affairs from Tuthmosis I to the Death of Amenhophis III, CAH, vol. 2, part 1, (3rd ed.) Cambridge 1973, pp. 313-416.

- -  :  Ostraca and Name Stones form the Tomb of Sen-Mût (No. 71) at Thebes, Egyptian Expedition Publications; Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 15, New York 1942.

- -  :  The Sarcophagus of Sennemût, JEA, vol. 36, 1950, pp. 19-23.

- -  :  Varia from the Time of Hatshepsut, Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologisches Institut Kairo, Band 15, Wiesbaden 1957, pp. 78-90.

- -  & Ambrose Lancing:  The Egyptian Expedition 1935-1936, Bulletin of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, vol. 32,II, New York 1937.

- -  & - -  :  Ra'mosi and Hatnefert, Scientific American, vol. 157, Nov. 1937, pp. 266-268.

Helck, Hans Wolfgang:  Die Opferstiftung des Sn-mwt, ZÄS, Band 85, 1960, pp. 23-34.

- -  :  (Review:) Suzanne Ratié: "La Reine Hatshepsout: Source et problèmes", Orientalisches Literaturzeitung, Band 79, 1984, pp. 24-26.

- -  :  Urkunden IV der 18. Dynastie. Übersetzung zu den Heften 17-22, Berlin 1961.

- -  :  Zum Thebanischen Grab Nr. 353, Göttinger Miszellen, 24, Göttingen 1977, pp. 35-40.

Hornung, Erik:  Das Grab Tuthmosis' II, Revue d'Égyptologie, 27, 1975, pp. 125-131.

Jaquet-Gordon, Helen:  Concerning a Statue of Senenmut, Bulletin d'Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, 71, Le Caire 1971, pp. 139-150.

Johnson, George B.:  Reconsideration of Kings' Valley Tomb 42, KMT 10,3 (fall) 1999, pp. 20-33.

Kitchen, K.A.:  Punt and How to Get There, The Orientalist, 40, 1971, pp. 184-207.

Larché, François:  The Reconstruction of the So-Called 'red Chapel' of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III, KMT 10,4 (winter 1999/2000), pp. 56-65.

Lesko, Barbara Switalski:  The Senmut Problem, JARCE, vol. 6, 1967, pp. 112-118.

Lipinska, Jadwiga:  Relief-Fragments From the Temple of Thutmose III at Deir el Bahari, KMT 7,2 (summer) 1996, pp. 47-51.

- -  :  Names and History on the Sanctuaries Built by Thutmoses III at Deir el-Bahari, JEA, vol. 53, 1967, pp. 25-33.

Lorton, David:  The Aswan/Philae inscription of Tuthmosis II, (Presented to Miriam Lichtheim), vol. II, Studies In Egyptology, II, Jerusalem 1990, pp. 669-679.

Marciniak, Marek:  Une nouvelle statue de Senenmout récenment découverte à Deir el-Bahari, BIFAO 63 1965, pp. 201-207.

Margetts, E.L.:  The Masculine Character of Hatshepsut, Queen of Egypt, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 25, 1951, pp. 559-661.

McNaught:  A Small Inscribed Vessel of Senenmut, JEA, vol. 65, 1979, pp. 163-164.

Meyer, Christine:  Senenmut:  Eine Prosopographische Untersuchung, Hamburger Ägyptologische Studien, 2, Hamburg 1982.

- -  :  Neferure, LA, vol. 4, 1980, col. 382-383.

Murray, Margaret:  Queen Hatshepsut, in W. Brunton: "Kings and Queens in Ancient Egypt", London 1923, pp. 63ff.

Müller, W. Max:  The Great List of Cities of Northern Syria, Conquered by Tuthmosis III, Karnak, Egyptological Researches, Washington DC 1906, pp. 39-40.

- -  :  The Tomb of Sen-mut in Western Thebes and the Earliest Representation of Aegean Ambassadors, Egyptological Researches, Washington DC 1906, pp. 12-18.

Naville, Édouard:  (The Temple of) Deir el-Bahari, I-VII, 12th Memoir of the Egypt Exploration Fund, London 1895-1908 (1913).

Nelson, Harold Hayden:  The Battle of Megiddo, Dissertation, University of Chicago, Chicago 1913.

Petty, William:  Hatshepsut & Thutmose III Reconsidered. Some Thoughts on the Nature of Their Relationship, KMT 8,1 (spring) 1997, pp. 44-53.

Redford, Donald B.:  Tuthmosis III, LA, vol. 6, Wiesbaden 1986, col. 540-548.

Reisner, G.A., & M.B. Reisner:  Inscribed Monuments From Gebel Barkal, ZÄS, Band 69, 1933.

Ratié, Suzanne:  La Reine-Pharaon, (deutsch, "Hatschepsut - die Frau auf dem Thron der Pharaonen", Wiesbaden 1976), Paris 1972.

-        -           :             La Reine Hatchepsout. Sources et problèmes, (diss.), Orientalia Monspeliensia, I, Leiden 1979.

Riecke, Herbert:  Ein Tempel mit Pfeilerumgang Thutmoses' III und Hatshepsuts in Karnak, ASAE, vol. 37, 1937, pp. 71-78.

- -  :  Das Katmutef-Heiligtum Hatshepsuts und Thutmoses' III in Karnak, Beiträge zur Altägyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde Kairo, 3, Glückstad 1954.

Romer, John:  Tuthmosis I and the BibÉn el-Molûk: Some Problems of Attribution, JEA, vol. 60, 1974, pp. 119-133.

Ryan, D.P.:  Who is Burried in KV60?, KMT, 1, 1990 pp. 34-63.

Schulman, Alan Richard:  Military Rank, Title, and Organization in the Egyptian New Kingdom, Münchner Ägyptologische Studien, 6, Berlin 1964.

- -  :  Some Remarks on the Alleged "Fall" of Senmut, JARCE, vol. 8, 1968-1970, pp. 29-48.

Simpson, William K.:  Senenmut, LA, Band 5, Wiesbaden 1984, p. 849-851.

Smith, Stuart Tyson:  Teh Theban Tomb of Hatnufer & Ramose, "They Did Take it With Them", KMT 2,3 (fall) 1991, pp. 34-37.

Soliman, Isabella, & George B. Johnson:  KV43 - the Tomb of Tuthmoses IV, KMT 3,1 (spring) 1993, pp. 40-49.

Van Siclen, Charles C. III:  A New Document for Senenmut, Varia Aegyptiaca, 2, 1986, pp. 151-154.

Teeter, Emily:  Hatshepsut, KMT 1,1 (spring) 1990.

Tefnin, Roland:  L'an 7 de Toutmosis III et d'Hatshepsout, Chronique d'Égypte, vol. 48, 1973, pp. 232-242.

- -  :  La statuaire d'Hatshepsut: Portrait royal et politique ous la 18e dynastie, Monuments Aegyptiaca; Fondation Égyptologique Reine Élisabeth, 4, 1979.

Tildesley, Joyce:  Hatchepsut, the Female Pharaoh, London 1996.

- -  :  Nefertiti. Egypts Sun Queen, New York 1998.

Vandier d'Abbadie, J.:  Une fresque civile de Deir el Médineh, Revue d'Egyptologie, tome 3, Le Caire 1938, pp. 27-35.

Weigall, Arthur E.P.:  A Report on the Excavation of the Funeral Temple of Thoutmosis III at Gurneh, ASAE, vol. 7, 1906, pp. 134-135.

Wells, Evelyn:  Hatshepsut, New York 1969.

Wente, Edward F.:  Genealogy of the Royal Family, "An X-Ray Atlas of The Royal Pharaohs", (ed. James E. Harris & Edward F. Wente), Chicago 1980, pp. 163-176.

- -  :  Some Graffiti from the Reign of Hatshepsut, JNES, vol. 43, 1984, pp. 47-54.

Werbrouck, Marcelle:  Le temple d'Hatshepsout à Deir el Bahari, Fondation Égyptologique Reine Élisabeth, Bruxelles 1949.

Winlock, Herbert E.:  Excavation at Deir El Bahari, 1911-1931, New York 1942.

- -  :  Notes on the Reburial of Tuthmosis I, JEA, vol. 15, 1929, pp. 56-68.

- -  :  The Egyptian Expedition, 1925-1927 / 1927-1928, BMMA, vol. 23 Section 2, 1928.

Woodward, Scott:  Genealogy of New Kingdom Pharaohs and Queens, Archaeological Institute of America, 1996.

Wysocki, Zygmunt:  The Temple of Queen Hatshepsut; Results of the Investigations and Conservations of the Polish-English Archaeological Mission, 1968-1970,, Warshaw 1979.

- -  :  The Temple of Queen Hatshepsut at Deir el Bahari; Its Original Form, Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologisches Institut Kairo, 42, 1986, pp. 213-228.


Death Cultic Traditions and Manifestations in Tomb Traditions of Valley of the Kings, 18th-20th dynasty:

Abitz, Friedrich:  Die religiöse Bedeutung der sogenannten Grabräuberschächte in den ägyptischen Köningsgräbern der 18 bis 20 Dynastie, Ägyptologische Abhandlungen 26, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1974.

Abitz, Friedrich: König und Gott:  Die Götterszenen in den ägyptischen Königsgräbern von Tuthmosis IV bis Ramses III, Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, 40, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1984.

Barguet, Paul:  L'Am-Douat et les funérailles royales, Revue d'Égyptologie, 24, 1972,  pp. 7-11.

- -  :  Le Livre des Portes et la transmission du pouvoir royal, Revue d'Égyptologie 27, 1975, pp. 30-36.

Barta, Winifried:  Zur Studenordnung des Amduat in den ramessidischen Königsgräbern, Bibliotheca Orientalis, 31, 1974, pp. 197-201.

Brock, Edwin C.:  Piecing it All Together: An Ongoing Study of Later New Kingdom Royal Sarcophagi, KMT A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt, 2 (1), 1991, pp. 42-49.

Dodson, Aidan M.:  The Tombs of the Kings of the Early Eighteenth Dynasty at Thebes, ZÄS, 115, 1988, pp. 110-123.

- -  :   The Sites of the Tombs of the Kings of the Early Eighteenth Dynasty, ZÄS, 116, 1989, p. 81.

Gabolde, Luc.:  La chronologie du règne de Thoutmosis II, ses conséquences sur la datation des momies royales et leurs répercussions sur l'histoire du développement de la Vallée des Rois, Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur, 14, 1987, pp. 61-81.

Grapow, Hermann:  Studien zu den thebanischen Königsgräben, ZÄS, 72, 1936, pp. 12-39.

Hayes, William Christopher:  Royal Sarcophagi of the XVIII Dynasty, Princeton Monographs in Art and Archaeolgy, Quarto Series, 19, Princeton University Press, 1935.

Hornung, Erik:  Auf den Spuren der Sonne: Gang durch ein ägyptisches Königsgrab, Eranos Jahrbuch, 50:, 1981, pp. 431-475.

- -  :   The Ancient Egyptian Books of the Afterlife, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1999.

James, T. G. H. Howard Carter:  The Path to Tutankhamun, Kegan Paul International, London 1992.

Piankoff, Alexandre:  Les tombeaux de la Vallée des Rois avant et après l'hérésie amarnienne, Bulletin de la Société française d'égyptologie, 28-29, 1959, pp. 7-14.

Reeves, Nicholas and Richard H. Wilkinson:  The Complete Valley of the Kings: Tombs and Treasures of Egypt's Greatest Pharaohs, Thames and Hudson, London 1996.

Roehrig, Catharine H.:  Gates to the Underworld: The Appearance of Wooden Doors in the Royal Tombs in the Valley of the Kings, "In Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs, Papers from The University of Arizona International Conference on the Valley of the Kings", ed. by Richard H. Wilkinson, Tucson, University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition, 1995, pp. 82-107.

Romer, John:   Tuthmosis I and the Bibân El-Molûk: Some Problems of Attribution, JEA, 60, 1974, pp. 119-133.

Ryan, Donald P.:   Further Observations Concerning the Valley of the Kings, "In Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs, Papers from The University of Arizona International Conference on the Valley of the Kings", ed. by Richard H. Wilkinson, Tucson, University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition, 1995, pp.157-163.

Schott, Siegfried:   Die Schrift der verborgenen Kammer in Königsgräbern der 18.Dynastie: Gliederung, Titel und Vermerke, 1958.

Thomas, Elizabeth:   The 'Well' in Kings' Tombs of Bibân el-Molûk, JEA, 64, 1978, pp. 80-83.

Vandersleyen, Claude:   Who was the First King in the Valley of the Kings?, "In Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs", ed. by Richard H. Wilkinson, Tucson, University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition, 1995, pp. 22-24.

Wilkinson, Richard H.:  Symbolic Orientation and Alignment in New Kingdom Royal Tombs, "In Valley of the Sun Kings: New Explorations in the Tombs of the Pharaohs, Papers from The University of Arizona International Conference on the Valley of the Kings", ed. by Richard H. Wilkinson, Tucson, University of Arizona Egyptian Expedition, 1995, pp.74-81.

Wilkinson, Richard H.:  The Motif of the Path of the Sun in Ramesside Royal Tombs: An Outline of Recent Research, Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities, 25, 1995, pp. 78-84.

c)   EGYPT AND BIBLICAL TEXTS  (see also groups:  4,II, 11, and 12,II)

Aling, Charles F.:  Egypt and Bible History: From Earliest Times to 1000 B.C., Michigan 1981.

Bimson, John J.:  Merneptah's Israel and Recent Theories of Israelite Origins JSOT, 49, 1991, pp. 20-23.

Gardiner, Alan H.:  The Delta Residence of the Ramesides, JEA, vol. 5, 1919, pp. 127-138, 179-200, 242-271.

- -  :  The Geography of the Exodus, JEA, vol. 10, 1924, pp. 87-96.

Giveon, Raphael:  The Impact of Egypt on Canaan: Iconographical and Related Studies, Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, vol. 20, Göttingen 1978.

Goedicke, Hans:  The Canaanite Illness, Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur (Festschrift Wolfgang Helck, 70. Geburtstag), Band 11, Hamburg 1984, pp. 91-105.

Griffiths, J.S.:  The Exodus in the Light of Archaeology, 1923.

Helck, Hans Wolfgang:  Die Beziehungen Ägyptens zu Vorderasien im 3. und 2. Jahrtausend v. Chr., Ägyptische Abhandlungen, Band 5, 2. verbess. Auflage, Wiesbaden 1971.

- -  :  Briefsammlung aus der Verwaltung des Amuntempels, JARCE, 7, 1976, pp. 119-128.

- -  :  Twk und die Ramses-Stadt, VT, vol. 15, Leiden 1965.

Hoch, James E.:  Semitic Words in Egyptian texts of the New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period, Princeton U.P., 1994.

Horn, S.H.:  Jericho in a Topographical List of Ramses II, JNES, 12, 1953, pp. 201-203.

James, T.G.H.:  Egypt: From the Expulsion of the Hyksos to Amenophis I, CAH, vol. 2, part 1, (3rd ed.), Cambridge 1973, pp. 289-312.

Kitchen, Kenneth Anderson:  The Bible in Its World, Exeter 1977.

- -  :  The Tabernacle - A Bronze Age Artefact, Eretz-Israel 24, The Avraham Malamat Volume, 1993, 119*-129*.

Knudtzon, J.A.:  Die el-Amarna Tafeln, Vorderasiatische Bibliothek, II, Band 1-2, Leipzig 1907-1915.

Labib, Pahor:  Die Herrschaft der Hyksos in Ägypten und ihr Sturz, Glückstadt 1937.

Lambdin, Thomas O.:  Egyptian Loan Words in the Old Testament, JAOS, 73, 1953, pp. 149ff.

Lepsius, Karl Richard:  Reise vom Theben..., Berlin 1845 (London 1853).

Modrzejewski, Joseph Mélèze:  The Jews of Egypt: From Rameses II to Emperor Hadrian, Philadelphia/Jerusalem 1995.

Naville, Édouard:  Archaeology of the Old Testament, London 1913.

- -  :  The Egyptian Name of Joseph, Society of Biblical Archaeology, 25, 1903, pp. 157-161.

- -  :  The Geography of Exodus, JEA, vol. 12, 1926, pp. 16-18.

Peet, T. Eric:  Egypt and the Old Testament, London 1922.

Petrie, William M. Flinders:  Egypt and Israel, London 1911.

Ranke, Hermann:  Die ägyptischen Personennamen, Glückstadt 1935.

Sourazian, Houris:  Qui est le pharaon de l'Exode?, Le Monde de la Bible, 41, 1985, pp. 35-38.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Galileos kikkert. Bag om et foredrag "Moses - en mytologisk figur?", Swedano Journal, 3. årg., nr. 8, aug. 2004, pp.31-34.

- -  :  Tracing the Moses Heritage From Egypt (På sporet af Moses' arv fra Egypten), Swedano Journal, 1.årg., nr.1, sep. 2002, pp.53-66.

- -  :  The Science And the Historical Moses (Videnskaben and den historiske Moses), Swedano Journal, 3. årg., nr. 2, feb. 2004, pp.12-14.

- -  :  Science Myths and Historical Facts (Videnskabsmyter and historiske realiteter), Swedano Journal, 2. årg., nr.9, sep. 2003, pp.34-36.

Stager, Lawrence E.:  Merenptah, Israel and the Sea Peoples: New Light on an Old Relief, Eretz-Israel, 18, 1985, pp. 61ff.

Steindorff, George, & Keith Seele:  When Egypt Ruled the East, 2. ed., Chicago 1957, pp. 41-46.


d)  PALESTINE STUDIES  (see also groups:  4 and 8,II)

Albright, William Foxwell:  Archaeology and Christian Humanism, in: "History, Archaeology and Christian Humanism", (New York 1964) London 1965.

- -  :  Archaeology and the Religion of Israel, (Baltimore 1946), 1953.

- -  :  Biblical Archaeologist, vol. 36, 1973, pp. 55ff.

- -  :  The Biblical Period from Abraham to Ezra, (1958) New York 1963.

Bimson, John J.:  The World of the Old Testament, London 1988.

Birhan (Biran), Avraham, & Joseph Neveh:  An Aramaic Stele Fragment from Tel Dan, Israel Exploration Journal, 43, no. 2-3, 1993, pp. 1-18.

- -  & - -  :  The Tel Dan Inscription: A New Fragment, Israel Exploration Journal, 45, 1995, pp. 1-15.

Callaway, Joseph A.:  New Evidence on the Conquest of 'Ai, JBL, vol. 87, 1968, pp. 312-320.

Caquot, A., & S. Lemaire:  Les textes Araméenne de Deir 'Alla, Syria, 54, 1977, pp. 189-208.

Cornfeld, Gaalyah:  Archaeology of the Bible, (ed. David Noel Freedman) San Fransisco, (1976) 1982.

Drews, Robert. The Coming of the Greeks:  Indo-European Conquests in the Aegean and the Near East, Princeton U.P. 1988.

Drower, Margaret S.:  Syria c. 1500-1400 B.C., CAH, vol. 2, part 1, 1973, pp. 417-525.

Eissfeldt, Otto:  The Hebrew Kingdom, CAH, vol. 2, part 2, (3rd ed.) 1975, pp. 537-606.

- -  & H.J. Franken:  Palestine in the Time of the Nineteenth Dynasty, CAH, vol. 2, Part 2, (3rd ed.) Cambridge 1975, pp. 307-337.

Fitzmeyer, J.A.:  (Rewiev:) Hoftijzer & Kooij: Aramaic Texts From Deir 'Alla, Catholic Biblical Quaterly, vol. 40, 1978, pp. 93-95.

Free, Joseph P.:  Archaeology and Bible History, Wheaton (Ilinois), 1950.

Garstang, J., & J.B.E. Garstang:  The Story of Jericho, London 1940.

Greenberg, Moshe:  The Hab/piru, American Oriental Society, New Haven, Connecticut, 1955, pp. 139-148.

Hannestad, Niels:  Tradition in Late Antique Sculpture, Acta Jutlandica, 69:2, Aarhus U.P. 1994.

Hoffmeier, James K.:  The Recently Discovered Tell Dan Inscription: Controversy and Confirmation, Archaeology in The Biblical World, 3, no. 1, 1995, pp. 12-15.

Hoftjizer, J., & G. van der Kooij:  Aramaic Texts from Deir 'Alla, Leiden 1976.

Kammerer, A.:  Pétra et la Nabatène, Paris 1929.

Kenyon, Kathleen M.:  Archaeology in the Holy Land, London 1960.

- -  :  The Bible and Recent Archaeology, British Museum Publications, London 1978.

- -  :  Digging Up Jericho, London 1957.

- -  :  Palestine in the Time of the Eighteenth Dynasty, CAH, vol. 2, Part 1, 1971, pp. 526-556.

Koening, J.:  La localisation du Sinaï et les traditions des scribes, Revue d'Histoire et de Philosophie Religieuses, 43, 1963, pp. 2-31.

Lapp, Paul W.:  The Tell Deir 'Allâ Challenge to Palestinian Archaeology, VT, vol. 20, 1970, pp. 243-256.

Lemaire, André:  House of David's Restored Moabite Inscription, Biblical Archaeologial Review, vol. 20, no. 3, 1994, pp. 30-37.

MacCarter Jr., P. Kyle:  The Balaam Texts From Deir 'Alla: The First Combination, BASOR, Num. 239, 1980, pp. 49-60.

Moscati, Sabatino:  The Phoenicians, New York 1989.

Noth, Martin:  The History of Israel, ("Geschichte Israels, 1954) 2. ed., London 1960.

Redford, Donald B.:  Contact Between Egypt and Jordan in the New Kingdom, Studies in the History and Archaeology of Jordan, vol. 1 (ed. A. Hadidi), Amman: Department of Antiquities, 1982.

Ringgren, H.:  Bileam och inskriften från Deir 'Alla', Religion och Bibel, 36, 1977, pp. 88ff.

Rhodius, Apollonius:  Argonautika, IV,1694-1698.

Schürer, Eduard:  The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ, rev. ed., I-III, ed. G. Vermes et al., Edinburgh 1973-1987.

Shryoch, Andrew J.:  Nationalism and the Genealogical Imagination. Oral History and Textual Authority in Tribal Jordan, University of California Press, 1997.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Mordet på historien, Kristeligt Dagblad daily, Featuring Article, 23.Jun.2004, p. 9; - & expanded version.: Swedano Journal, 3. year., nr. 6, Jun. 2004, pp. 55-57.

- -  :  When Archaeological Findings Fit Biblical Statements (Arkæologiske fund der passer med bibelske udsagn, Kristeligt Dagblad daily, Debating Article, 31 May 2005, p. 8

Stager, Lawrence E.:  The Philistines, Biblical Archaeological Review, May/June 1991.

Stubbings, Frank H.:  The Expansion of the Mycaean Civilization, CAH, vol. 2, part 1: "History of the Middle East and the Aegaean Religion c. 1800-1350 B.C.", (3rd ed.) Cambridge 1973.

Wainwright, G.A.:  Some Sea Peoples, JEA, vol. 47, 1961, pp. 71-90.

Yasin, Mohammad:  Mysteries of Kashmir, Shrinagar 1972.


Conditions of Law by Palestine/Israel and Its Neigbouring People:

Eger, Otto:  Die Strafklausulen in den Papyrusurkunden. En Beitrag zum gräko-ägyptischen Obligationensrecht, Leipzig und Berlin 1911.

Koschaker, Paul:  Forschungen und Ergebnisse in den keilschriftlichen Rechtsquellen, ZSS, 49, 1929, pp. 188f.

- -  :  Griechische Rechtsurkunden aus Dura in Mesopotamien, ZSS, 51, 1931, pp. 427f.

- -  :  Rechtsvergleichenden Studien zur Gesetzgebung Hammarabis, König von Babylon, Leipzig 1917.

Philips, Anthony:  Ancient Israel's Criminal Law, Oxford 1970.

Wieseman, D.J.:  The Laws of Hammurabi Again, Journal of Semetic Studies, vol. 8, 1962, pp.161-172.

e)   HISTORY OF STRATEGY  Ancient Warfare and Later Development

Churchill, Randolph, & Winston S.:  The Six Day War, London 1967.

von Clausewitz, Claus:  Vom Kriege, Theil I-III, (Eng. trans. "On War", Penguin 1968; Dan. trans. & red. Nils Berg: "Om krig", bind I-III, København 1986), Berlin 1832.

Fuller, J.F.C.:  The Conduct of War, 1789-1961: A Study of the French, Industrial, and Russian Revolutions on War and Its Conduct, London 1961.

- -  :  The Decisive Battles of the Western World and their Influence upon History, vol. I-II, 1975.

- -  :  The Dragon's Teeth: A Study of War and Peace, London 1932.

Fullic, Roy, & George Powell:  Suez: The Double War, London 1979.

Gat, Azar:  The Origins of Military Thought: From the Enlightenment to Clausewitz, Oxford U.P 1989.

- -  :  The Development of Military Thought: The Nineteenth Century, Oxford U.P. 1992.

Ghyczy, Tiha, &  Christopher Bassford, & Bolko von Oetinger (eds.):  Clausewitz on Strategy: Inspiration and Insight from a Master Strategist, New York 2001.

Hahlweg, Werner:  Clausewitz und die Französische Revolution. Die Methodishe Grundlage des Werkes "Wom Kriege", Zeitschrift für Religions- und Geistegeschichte, Band XXVII, Heft 1, 1975, pp. 240-251.

Hudson, LTC Walter M.:  The Continuing Influence of Clausewitz, (US) Military Review, March-April 2004, pp.60-62.

Hastings, Max:  The Korean War, London 1987.

Herzog, Chaim:  The War of Atonement, London 1975.

Kaufman, Burton I.: The Korean War: Challenges in Crisis, Credibility, and Command, New York 1986.

Keegan, John:  A History of Warfare, (transl. Ole Ventegodt: Krigens historie, København 2001), London 1993.

- -  :  Intelligence in War:  Knowledge of the Enemy from Napoleon to Al-Qaeda (2003).

- -  :  War and Our World:  The Reith Lectures 1998, London 1999.

- -   (ed.):  The Book of War, Viking Press, 1999.

Lawrence, T.E.:  Seven Pillars of Wisdom. A Triumph, London (1926), repr. 1946, pp. 358-386.

Liddell Hart, B.H.:  History of the First World War, London and Sidney 1975.

- -  :  History of the Second World War, London and Sidney 1975.

- -  :  Strategy, 1967.

Luttwak, Edward N.:  Strategy, the Logic of War and Peace, Harvard U.P. Cambridge Mass. 1987.

- -   & Dan Horowitz:  The Israeli Army, London 1975.

Luvaas, Jay:  Clausewitz, Fuller and Liddell Hart, in Michael Handel (ed.):  "Clausewitz and Modern Strategy", London 1986.

Paret, Peter (ed.):  Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age, Princeton U.P. 1986.

Rapoport, Anatol:  Clausewitz on War, Penguin 1968.

Summers, Jr., Harry G.:  On Strategy:  A Critical Analysis of the Vietnam War, Novato, CA 1982.

Sun Tzu:  The Art of War, trans, & introd. Samuel B. Grifftith, foreword by B.H. Liddell Hart, Oxford U.P. 1963.

- -  :  (Sunzi):  The Art of Strategy: A New Translation of Sun Tzu's Classic The Art of War by R.L. Wing,  New York 2000.

Vagts, Alfred :  A History of Militarism: Civilian and Military, rev. ed., New York (1937) 1959.

Wheeler-Bennett, John :  The Nemesis of Power: The German Army in Politics, 1918-1945, London 1964.

Woods, Michael:  In Search of the Trojan War, British Broadcasting Corporation, London 1985.



10:  The Sinai Inscriptions

Albright, William Foxwell:  The Early Alphabetic Inscriptions from Sinai and their Decipherment, BASOR, 110, 1948, pp. 6-22.

- -  :  The Early Evolution of the Hebrew Alphabet, BASOR, 63, 1936, pp. 8-12.

- -  :  Exploring Sinai with the University of California, BASOR, 109, 1949, pp. 5-20.

- -  :  The Proto-Sinaitic Inscriptions and their Decipherment, 2nd ed. additional, Cambridge, Mass., 1969.

- -  :  Review of Grimme: Altsinaitische Forschungen, 1937, Jewish Quarterly Review, 28, 1937-1938, pp. 333-335.

- -  :  Some Observations on the New Material for the History of the Alphabet, BASOR, 134, 1954, p. 26.

- -  :  Some Suggestions for the Decipherment of the Proto-Sianitic Inscriptions, Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society, 15, 1935, pp. 334-340.

Bernal, Martin:  Cadmean Letters - The Transmission of the Alphabet to the Aegaen and Further West Before 1400 BC, Wiona Lake 1991.

- -  :  On the Transmission of the Canaanite Alphabet to Greece before 1500 B.C., Abstracts of the 193rd Meeting of the American Oriental Society, Baltimore 1983, pp. 2-3.

Birnbaum, S.A.:  The Hebrew Scripts, vol. I (text), Leiden 1971.

van den Branden, A.:  Nouvel d'essai d'interprétation des inscriptions protosinaitic, Biblia e Oriente, 21, 1979, pp. 155-252.

Butin, Ralph F.:  Some Egyptian Hieroglyphs of Sinai and their Relationship to the Hieroglyphs of the Proto-Sinaitic Semitic Alphabet, Mizraim II, 1936, pp. 52-56.

- -  & K. Lake & R.P. Blake:  The Serabit Inscriptions, Harvard Theological Review, 21, 1928, pp. 1-67.

- -  & R.S.F. Starr:  Excavations and Proto-Sinaitic Inscriptions at the Serabit el Khadem, Studies and Dokuments VI, London 1936.

Cerny, Jaroslav:  Semites in Egyptian Mining Expeditions to Sinai, Archive Orientální, 7, 1935, pp. 384-389.

Coldstream, J.N.:  Greeks and Phoenicians in the Aegean, Phönizier im Westen (ed. H.G. Niemeyer), (Madrider Beiträge 8), Mainz 1982, pp. 261-275.

Cross, Frank More:  The Evolution of the Proto-Canaanite Alphabet, BASOR, 134, 1954, pp. 15-24.

- -  :  The Origin and Early Evolution of the Alphabet, Eretz-Israel, 8, 1967, pp. 8*-24*.

- -  :  Early Alphabetic Scripts, Symposia Celebrating the Seventy Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the American Schools of Oriental Research (1900-1975), Cambridge, Mass. 1979, pp. 97-123.

- -  :  Phoenician in the West: The Early Epigraphic Evidence, Studies in Sardinian Archaeology II: Sardinia in the Mediterranean (ed. M.S. Barlmuth), Ann Arbor 1986, pp. 116-131.

- -  & Thomas O. Lambdin:  A Ugaritic Abecedary and the Origins of the Proto-Canaanite Alphabet, BASOR, 160, 1960, pp. 21-26.

Demsky, Aaron:  A Proto-Canaanite Abecedary Dating from the Period of the Judges and Its Implications for the History of the Alphabet, Tel Aviv, 4, 1977, pp. 14-27.

Eisler, Robert:  Die kenitischen Weih-Inschriften der Hyksoszeit im Bergbaugebiet der Sinaihalbinsel, Freiburg im Breisgau 1919.

Gardiner, Alan H.:  The Egyptian Origin of the Semitic Alphabet, JEA, vol. 3, 1916, pp. 1-16.

- -  :  Once Again the Proto-Sinaitic Inscriptions, JEA, 48, 1962, pp. 45-48.

- -  & T. Eric Peet & J. Cerny:  The Inscriptions of Sinai, I-II, 2. ed., London 1952.

Gelb, I.J.:  A Study of Writing, 2nd ed., Chicago 1963.

Giveon, Raphael:  A New Kingdom Stela from Sinai, Israel Exploration Journal 31, 1981, pp. 168-171.

Gomme, A.W.:  The Legend of Cadmus and the Logograph, The Journal of Hellenic Studies, vol. 33, London 1913, pp. 53-72 and 223-245.

Gordon, Cyrus H.:  Evidence for the Minoan Language, Ventnor, N.J., 1966.

- -  :  The Ugaritic ABC, Orientalia, 19, 1950, pp. 374-376.

Greenstein, E.L.:  A Phoenician Inscription in Ugaritic Script?, Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society of Colombia University, 8, 1976, 49-57.

Grimme, Hubert:  Althebräische Inschriften vom Sinai, Darmstadt/Hannover 1923.

- -  :  Die altkanaanäische Buchstabenschrift zwischen 1500 und 1200 v.Chr., Archiv für Orientforschung, 10, pp. 267-281.

- -  :  Die altsinaitischen Buchstaben-Inschriften auf Grund einer Untersuchung der Originale, Berlin 1929.

- -  :  Altsinaitische Forschungen, epigraphisches und historisches, Paderborn 1937.

- -  :  Zu der altsinaitischen Inschrift Nr. 363, Archiv für Orientforschung, 12, 1939, pp. 59-61.

- -  :  Südpalästinische Inschriften in altpalästinischer Schriftform, Le Muséon 55, 1942, pp.48-55.

Helck, Hans Wolfgang:  Zur Herkunft der sog. 'phönizischen' Schrift, Ugarit-Forschungen, 4, 1972, pp.41-45.

Luckenbill, Daniel D.:  Babylonian Contribution to the Phoenician Alphabet, American Journal of Semitic Languages, vol. 36, 1919.

May, H.G.:  Moses and the Sinai Inscriptions, The Bibical Acheologist, 8, 1945, pp. 33-99.

Mendelhall, George A.:  A New Chapter in the History of the Alphabet, Bulletin du Musée de Beyrouth, 24, 1971, pp. 13-18.

Millard, A.R.:  The Canaanite Linear Alphabet and Its Passage to the Greeks, Kadmos, 15, 1976, pp. 459-460.

Naveh, J.:  Early History of the Alphabet, Jerusalem 1982.

- -  :  Proto-Canaanite, Achaic Greek, and the Script of the Aramaic Text on the Tell Fakhariyan Statue, Ancient Israelite Religion, Essays in Honor of F.M. Cross (eds. Miller, Hanson & McBride) Philadelphia 1987, pp. 101-113.

- -  :  Thamudic Inscriptions from the Negev, Eretz-Israel, 12, 1975, pp. 129-131.

Petrie, William M. Flinders:  The Alphabet in the XIIth Dynasty, Ancient Egypt, 6, 1921, pp. 1-3.

- -  :  Researches in Sinai, London & New York 1906.

Sass, Benjamin:  The Date of the Proto-Sinaitic Inscriptions, Seventh Archaeological Conference in Israel: Abstracts of Lectures, Jerusalem 1980, p. 23.

- -  :  The Genesis of the Alphabet and Its Development in the Second Millenium B.C., Ägypten und Altes Testament, Band 13, Wiesbaden 1988.

- -  :  Notes on Some Proto-Sinaitic and Egyptian Inscriptions from Sinai, Egyptological Studies (ed. S.I. Groll), Scripta Hierosolymitana Xxviii, Jerusalem 1982, pp. 360-370.

- -  :  Sinai 527 - A Proto-Sinaitic Inscription?, Bibliche Notizen, 26, 1985, pp. 18-21.

- -  :  Two Previously Unknown Proto-Sinaitc inscriptions, Tel Aviv, 5, 1978, pp. 183-187.

Sethe, Kurt:  Die neuendeckte Sinai-Schrift und die Entstehung der semitischen Schrift, Nachrichten der königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, philologisch-historische Klasse, 1917, pp. 437-465.

- -  :  Der Ursprung des Alphabets, Nachrichten der königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, geschäftliche Mitteilungen, 1916, pp. 88-161.

- -  :  Vom Bilde zum Buchstaben. Die Entstehungsgeschichte der Schrift, Leipzig 1928.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Alfabetet - brugt som kode af Moses and hans allierede?, selvst. afhandl., tillæg i: Ove von Spaeth: "Den Forsvundne Tronarving", Attentatet på Moses, bind 3, København 2001, pp. 183-191.

- -  :  Moses and the Invention of the Alphabet (Moses som alfabetets opfinder), 3-part treatise in: Ove von Spaeth: "Profeten som Ukendt Geni", Attentatet på Moses, bind 5, København 2005, pp. 144-187. 

Ventris, M., & J. Chadwick:  Documents in Mycenean Greek, Cambridge 1956.

Wallenfels, R.:  Redating the Egyptian Inscriptions, Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society of Columbia University, 15, 1983, pp. 79-118.

Yeivin, S.:  The Canaanite Inscriptions and the Story of the Alphabet, The World History of the Jewish People:  Patriarchs (ed. B. Mazar), Tel Aviv, 8, 1979, 24-34.


- evt. praktisk at kunne læse teksten off-line


11:  Ancient Astronomy and Star Mythology  (see also groups:  8 and 12)


Abraham, George:  The Motion of Mars in Egyptian Planetary Tables, Archive for the History of Exact Sciences, 30, 1984, pp. 1-6.

Allen, David H.:  An Astronomer's Impression of Ancient Egyptian Constellations, Sky & Telescope, 54, 1977, pp. 15-19.

Allen, E. Brown:  A Coptic Solar Eclipse Record, JAOS, 67, 1947, pp. 267-269. .

Anthes, Rudolf:   Orion, Fuss und Zehe, in: Festschrift: Siegfried Schott, 1968, pp. 1-6.  

Assmann, Jan:  Das Doppelgesicht der Zeit im altägyptischen Denken, in: Die Zeit, Schriften der Carl Friedrich von Siemens Stiftung, 6, (Oldenbourg), Wien, 1983, pp. 189-223.

Badawy, Alexander: The Stellar Destiny of Pharaoh and the So-Called Airshafts of the Cheops' Pyramid, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Orientforschung der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaft zu Berlin, Band 10, 1964, pp. 198-206.

Badawy Barguet, Paul:  Le cycle lunaire d'après deux textes d'Edfou, Revue d'Égyptologie, 29, 1977, pp. 14-20. .

Barta, Winifred:   Funktion und Lokalisierung der Zirkumpolarsterne in den Pyramidentexten, ZÄS, 107, 1980, pp. 1-4.

Barton, Tamsyn:  Ancient Astrology, Sciences of Antiquity, London 1994.

Bauval, Robert G.:  The Master Plan for the Three Pyramids of Giza based on the Configuration of the Three Stars of the Belt of Orion, Discussions in Egyptology, 13.

- -  & Adrian Gilbert:  The Orion Mystery, London/New York 1994.

Bigel, Rebekha Aleida:  Zur Astrognosie der Alten Ägypten, Inaugural-Dissertation, Zürich Universität, 1921.

Borchardt, Ludwig:  Altägyptische Sonnenuhren, ZÄS, vol. 48, 1911.

- -  :  Altegyptische Zeitmessung, Berlin 1920.

- -  :  Ein altägyptisches Instrument, ZÄS, vol. 37, 1899, pp. 10-17.

Brugsch, Heinrich:  Thesaurus inscriptorum aegyptiacarum, Abteilung 1: "Astronomische und astrologische Inschriften altägyptischer Denkmäler", Leipzig 1883.

- -  :  Über ein neu entdecktes astronomisches Denkmal aus der Thebanischen Nekropolis, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, 14, 1860, pp. 15-28.

Bruins, E.M.:  Egyptian Astronomy, Janus, 52, 1965, pp. 161-180.

Bull, Ludlow S.:  An Ancient Egyptian Ceiling-Decoration, BMMA, vol. 18, 1927, pp. 283-286.

Böker, R.: Über Namen und Identifizierung der ägyptischen Dekane, (After the author's death, edited by F. Schmeidler), Centaurus 27, 1984, pp. 189-217.

Capart, J.:  Tables astronomiques d'Assiout, Chronique d'Égypte, No. 15, Bruxelles 1933, pp. 69-77.

Cerny, Jaroslav:  A Possible Egyptian Word for "Astronomer", JEA, 49, 1963, p. 173.

Chadwick, Robert:  The So-Called 'Orion Mystery', KMT 7,3, (fall) 1996, pp. 74-83.

Chatley, Herbert:  Egyptian Astronomy, JEA, 26, 1940, pp. 120-126.

- -  :  The Egyptian Celestial Diagram, The Observatory, No. 790, May 1940, pp. 70-73.

Cook, Robin J.:  The Horizon of Khufu: The Pyramids of Giza and the Geometry of Heaven, London 1996.

- -  :  A Note on the Geometry of the Star-Shafts in the Pyramid of Khufu, Discussions in Egyptology, 36, 1996, pp. 21-23.

- -  :  The Stellar Geometry of the Great Pyramid, Discussions in Egyptology, 29, 1994.

Cumont, Frans:  L'Égypte des Astrologues, Bruxelles 1937.

Dalgas Christiansen, H.:  Decanal Star Tables for Lunar Houses in Egypt?, Centaurus, vol. 35, 1992, pp. 1-27.

Daressy, Georges:  Une ancienne liste de decans égyptiens, ASAE, vol. 1, Le Caire 1900, pp. 79-90.

- -  :  Deux clepsydres antiques, Bulletin de l'Institut d'Égypte, sér. 5,9, 1915, pp. 5-16.

- -  :  L'Égypte céleste, Bulletin de l'Institut francais d'archaéologie orientale du Caire, 12, 1915, pp. 1-34.

Davis, Virginia Lee:  Identifying Ancient Egyptian Constellations, Achaeo-Astronomy, No. 9 (The Journal of History of Astronomy, vol. 16), 1985, pp. S102-S104.

Desroches-Noblecourt, Christiane:  Le zodiaque de Pharaon, Archeologia, Dijon, 292, 1993, pp. 20-45.

Festugière, A.-J.:  L'Astrologie et les Sciences Occulte (La Révélation d'Hermès Trismégiste, vol. 1, 1950), see: group 8,I: Festugière: Corpus Hermeticum I-IV.

Flechenstein-Gallo, Joachim-Otto:  Papyrology and Sources in Astronomical History, Vistas In Astronomy, vol. 9, 1966, pp. 151-155.

Fourier, Jean-Baptiste Joseph:  Premier mémoire sur les monumens astronomique de l'Égypte, Description de l'Égypte, (tome 2, Paris 1818, pp. 71-86), 2. ed., vol. 9, Paris 1829, pp. 43-74.

Gensler, F.W.C.:  Thebanischen Tafeln Stündlicher Sternaufgänge, Leipzig 1872.

Gingerich, Owen:  Ancient Egyptian Sky Magic, Sky and Telescope, vol. 65, 1983, pp. 418-420.

Goyon, Georges:  Le grand cercle d'or du temple d'Osymandyas, BIFAO, 76, 1976, pp. 289-300.

Gundel, Wilhelm:  Dekane und Dekansternbilder. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Sternbilder der Kulturvölker, Studien der Bibliothek Warburg, 19, Glückstadt 1936.

- -  :  Neue astrologische Texte des Hermes Trismegistos, Abhandlung der Bayerische Akademie Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philologisch-historische Abteilung, Neue Folge: Heft 12, München 1936.

- -  :  Sirius, PW, 2. Reihe, Band II.A.1, Stuttgart 1927, col. 314-351.

Henne, Willibald:  Bemerkungen zum heliakischen Aufgang der Sothis, ZÄS, 119, 1992, pp. 10-21.

Hornung, Erik:  Zur Bedeutung der Ägyptischen Dekangestirne, Göttinger Miszellen, 17, 1975, pp. 33-37.

Hönig, Werner:  Cheopspyramide: Der Sonnenweg an 12 Stunden des Tages, Discussions in Egyptology, 36, 45-47.

Jones, Alexander:  More Papyrus Horoscopes, (from Egypt), (review: "Oroscopi Greci", Messina 1992), The Journal of History of Astronomy, vol. 28, 1997, pp. 89-90

Kàkosy, Làszlo:  Sothis, LA, vol. 5, 1984, col. 1110-1117.

Krauss, Rolf:  Astronomische Koncepte und Jenseitsvorstellungen in den Pyramidentexten, Wiesbaden 1997.

Krupp, Edwin:  Egyptian Astronomy: A Tale of Temples, Tradition, and Tombs, in: Edwin Krupp (Hrsg.): "Archaeoastronomy and the Roots of Science", AAAS Selected Symposium Series, 71, Westview Press, Boulder (CO), 1984, pp. 289-329.

Krupp, E.C.:  From Here to Eternity, Sky & Telescope, February 2000, pp. 87-89.

Lange, H.O., & Otto Neugebauer:  Papyrus Carlsberg No. 1. Ein hieratisch-demotischer kosmologischer Text, Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Historisk-filologiske Skrifter, Bind 1 Nr. 2, København 1940.

Lauer, Jean Phillipe:  Review of Zbynek Zába: L'orientation astronomique dans l'ancienne Égypte, et la précession de l'axe du monde, BIFAO, 60, 1960, pp. 171-183.

Legon, John A.R.:  The Orion Correlation and Air-Shaft Theories, Discussions in Egyptology, 33, 1995, pp. 45-56.

- -  :  Robin Cook: The Horizon of Khufu... the Geometry of Heaven, Discussions in Egyptology, 37, 1997, pp. 119-126.

Leitz, Christian:  Studien zur Ägyptischen Astronomie, Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, 2. verbesserte Auflage, Band 49, Wiesbaden (1989) 1991.

- -  :  Tagewälerei: Das Buch "h3t nhh ph dt" und verwandte Texte, Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, Band 55, Wiesbaden 1994.

Locher, Kurt:  A Conjecture Concerning the Early Egyptian Constellation of the Sheep, Archaeoastronomy, 3, - Suppl. to Journal for the History of Astronomy, 12, 1981, pp. 173-175.75-76.

- -  :  The Ecliptic in Ancient Egypt, (review: Rolf Krauss "Astronomische Koncepte..."), The Journal of History of Astronomy, vol. 30, 1999, pp. 75-76.

- -  :  A Further Coffin-Lid with a Diagonal Star-Clock from the Egyptian Middle Kingdom, Journal for the History of Astronomy, 14, 1983,  pp. 141-144.

- -  :  Probable Identifications of the Ancient Egyptian Circumpolar Constellations, Archaeo-Astronomy, No. 9,  -  Suppl. to The Journal of History of Astronomy, vol. 16, 1985, pp. S152-S153.

Luft, Ulrich:  Der Tagesbeginn in Ägypten, Der Tag begann bei Sonnenaufgang, ÄF, 14, 1987, pp. 3-11.

- -  :  Die chronologische Fixierung des ägyptischen Mittleren Reiches nach dem Tempelarchiv von Illahun, Veröffentlichungen der Ägyptischen Kommission, 2, - SÖAW, Phil.-hist. Klasse, 598), Wien, 1992.

Málek, Jaromír:  Orion and the Giza Pyramids, Discussions in Egyptology, 30, 1994, pp. 101-114.

Nagy, I.:  Remarques sur quelques dormules stellaires des textes religieux d'époque saïte, StudAeg, 3, 1977, pp. 99-117.

Neugebauer, Otto:  Astronomical Cuneiform Texts, vols. 1-3, London 1955.

- -  :  Astronomical Papyri and Ostraca: Biographical Notes, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 106, 1962, pp. 383-381.

- -  :  Astronomy and History, Selected Essays, Berlin/New York 1983.

- -  :  Demotic Horoscopes, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 63, 1943, pp. 115-127.

- -  :  The Egyptian Decans, in Arthur Beer (ed.): "Vistas In Astronomy", Vol. 1, (Pergamon), London, 1955, pp. 47-51.

- -  :  Egyptian Planetary Texts, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, NS vol. 32,II, Philadelphia 1942, pp. 205-250.

- -  :  The Exact Sciences of Antiquity, (Copenhagen 1951), 2nd ed., Brown U.P., Providence (Rhode Island) 1957.

- -  :  The History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy, vols. 1-3, Studies in the History of Mathematics and Physical Sciences, 1, (Springer), Berlin/New York 1975.

- -  :  On Some Astronomical Papers and Related Problems of Ancient Geography, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, NS vol. 32,II, Philadelphia 1942, pp. 251-263.

- -  & Richard A. Parker:  Egyptian Astronomical Texts, Vol. 1: The Early Decans, Brown Egyptological Studies 3, Providence (Rhode Island) 1960.

- -  &  - -  :  Egyptian Astronomical Texts, Vol. 2: The Ramesside Star Clocks, Brown Egyptological Studies 5, Providence (Rhode Island) 1964.

- -  &  - -  :  Egyptian Astronomical Texts, 3: Decans, Planets, Constellations and Zodiacs, Brown Egyptological Studies 6, Providence (Rhode Island) 1969. .

- -  &  - -  & Karl-Th. Zauzich:  A Demotic Lunar Eclipse Text of the First Century B.C., Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 125, 1981, pp. 312-327.

Osing, Jürgen:  Monat, Monatsgötter, LA, Band 4, 1982, col. 191-192.

Pannekoeck, A: ("Egypt" in:) A History of Astronomy, (1951/1961) Dover Publ. 1989, pp. 82-85.

Parker, Richard A.:  A Vienna Demotic Papyrus on Eclipse- and Lunar Omnia, Brown Egyptological Studies 3, Providence (Rhode Island), 1959.

- -  :  Ancient Egyptian Astronomy, in: F.R. Hodson (ed./publ.): "The Place of Astronomy in the Ancient World",  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, A, 276, Oxford University Press, 1974, pp. 51-65.

- -  :  Two Demotic Astronomical Papyri in the Carlsberg Collection, AcOr, 26, 1962, pp. 143-147. .

Plumley, J. Martin:  The Cosmology of Ancient Egypt, in: Carmen Blacker & Michael Loewe (eds.): "Ancient Cosmologies", (Allen and Unwin), London, 1975, pp. 17-41.

Pogo, Alexandre:  The Astronomical Ceiling-Decoration in the Tomb of Senmut, 18th Dynasty, Isis, vol. 14, 1930, pp. 301-325.

- -  :  Egyptian Waterclocks, Isis, vol. 25, 1936, pp. 403-425.

- -  :  Zum Problem der Identifikation der nördlichen Sternbilder der alten Ägypter, Isis, vol. 16, 1931, pp. 102-114.

Posener, Georges:  Sur l'orientation et l'ordre des points cardinaux chez les Égyptiens, NAWG, 2,. (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht), Göttingen 1965.. 403-425.

Renouf, Peter le Page:  Astronomical Observations in the Fifteenth Century Before Christ, "The Life-Work of Sir Peter le Page Renouf", vol. 3, Paris 1905, pp. 85-96.

- -  :  The Eclipse in Egyptian Texts, "The Life-Work of Sir Peter le Page Renouf", vol. 2, Paris 1903, pp. 295-303.

- -  :  The Bow in the Egyptian Sky, "The Life-Work of Sir Peter le Page Renouf", vol. 3, Paris 1905, pp. 289-293 & 278ff.

Reese, Ronald Lane:  Midwinter Sunrise at El Karnak, Sky & Telescope, March 1992, pp. 276-278. (- where the following book should  also be consulted: Paul Barguet:  Le temple d'Amon-Re a Karnak, French Institute of Oriental Archaeology, Cairo 1962).  

Roeder, Günther:  Eine neue Darstellung des gestirnten Himmels in Aegypten aus der Zeit um 1500 v.Chr., Das Weltall, 28. Jahrgang, Berlin-Treptow 1928, pp. 1-5.

- -  :  Sothis und Satis, ZAS, 45. Band, Leipzig 1908-1909, pp. 22-30.

Römer, Malte:  Auf dem Himmelgewässer: Den ägyptischen Astronomen war die Ekliptic schon be-kannt, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Mittwoch, 14. Dezember 1994, Nr. 290, Seite N6.

Sloley, R.W.:  Ancient Clepsydrae, Ancient Egypt, 1924, pp. 43-50.

- -  :  Primitive Methods of Mesuring Time, JEA, vol. 17, 1931, pp. 174-176.

Slosman, Albert:  L'astronomie selon les Égyptiens, Paris 1983.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Stjernekundskab i det gamle Egypten, Swedano Journal, nr. 6, 2. årg., feb. 2003, pp. 47-59.
 Spence, Kate:  Ancient Egyptian Chronology and the Astronomical Orientation of Pyramids, Nature, Vol. 408, 16 Nov. 2000, pp.320-324.
 Spiegelberg, W.:  Ein ägyptisches Verzeichnis der Planeten und Tierkreisbilder, Orientalische Literaturzeitung, 5, 1902, col. 6-9.
 - -  :  Die ägyptischen Namen und Zeichen der Tierkreisbilder in demotischer Schrift, ZÄS, 48, 1910, pp. 146-151.
- -  :  Ein neuer astronomischer Text auf einem demotischen Ostracon, ZÄS, 48, 1910, col. 223-225.
Stegemann, Victor:  Über Astronomisches in den koptischen Zaubertexten, Orientalia, Nova Series vol. 4, Roma 1935, pp. 391-410.

Thompson, H.:  Demotic Horoscopes, Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, 34, 1912, pp. 227-233 & Pl. 28.

Trimble, Virginia:  Astronomical Investigation Concerning the So-Called Airshafts of the Cheops' Pyramid, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Orientforschung der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaft zu Berlin, Band 10, 1964, pp. 183-187.

Ungnad, Arthur:  Ursprung und Wanderung der Sternnamen, Breslau 1923.

van der Waerden, B.L.:  Babylonische Methoden in ägyptischen Planetentafeln, Vierteljahrsschrift d. Naturf. Ges., Zürich, vol. 105, 1960, pp. 97-114.

Wainwright, G.A.:  Iron in Egypt, JEA, vol. 18, 1936, pp. 11-15.

- -  :  Letopolis, JEA, vol. 18, 1936, pp. 165ff.

- -  :  Orion and the Great Star, JEA, vol. 22, 1936, pp. 44-46.

- -  :  A Pair of Constellations, Studies Presented to F.Ll. Griffith, Egypt Exploration Society, London 1932, pp. 373-383.

Wells, Ronald A:  Some Astronomical Reflections on Parker's Contribution to Egyptian Chronology, in: Homage to Richard A. Parker, 1986, pp. 165-171.

- -  :  Sothis and the Satet Temple on Elephantine, (Observations of the temple plan and its axial correlations with astronomical results), SAK, 12, 1985, pp. 255-302.. 97-114.

Zinner, Ernst:  Die Sternbilder der alten Ägypter, Isis, vol. 16, 1933, pp. 92-101.



Hertz, H.:  The Astral Terms in Job 19, 9, and 38.31-33, Journal of Theological Studies 56, vol. 14, 1913.

Knox, Wilfred Lawrence:  Abraham and the Quest for God, HTR, vol. 28, 1935, pp. 50-56.

Maunder, Walter E.:  Astronomy of The Bible, (1908), repr. Ross & Perry, 2002. 

Schiaparelli, Giovanni V.:  Astronomie im Alten Testament, (übers. Willy Lüdtke) Gieszen 1904.

Stucken, Eduard:  Astralmythen; Religionsgeschichtliche Untersuchungen, Leipzig 1907, ("Moses" pp. 433-441).

Talbot, H.F.:  On the Mazzaroth of Job xxxviii,32, Transactions of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, vol. 1, London 1872, pp. 339-342.

Teres, S.J., Gustav:  The Bible and Astronomy. The Magi and the Star in the Gospel, 3rd. ed., (Springer) Budapest 1999.



Allen, Richard Hinckley:  Star Names, Their Lore and Meaning, (London 1899) rev. ed. Dover Books, New York 1963.

Barton, Tamsyn:  Ancient Astrology, Sciences of Antiquity Series, London 1994.

Bischoff, Erich:  Babylonisch-Astrales im Weltbilde des Thalmud und Midrash, Leipzig 1907.

Boll, Francis:  Astronomische Beobachtungen im Altertum, neue Jahrbücher für das klassische Altertum, PW, Band XXXIX,1, 1917, pp. 25-27.

- -  :  Fixsterne, PW, Band XII, 1909, col. 2416.

- -  :  Sphaera. Neue griechische Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Sternbilder, Leipzig 1903.

- -  & Wilhelm Gundel:  Sternbilder, Sternglaube und Sternsymbolik bei Griechen und Römern, Rocher-Lexicon der griechischen und römischen  
         Mythologie, vol. 6, Leipzig 1937, col. 867-1072.

Bouché-Leclercq, A.:  L'astrologie grecque, Paris 1899.

Christianson, John R.:  Tycho Brahe at the University of Copenhagen, Isis, vol. 38, 1967.

Cumont, Frans:  Astrology Among the Greeks and Romans, (1912) repr. New York 1963.

Dreyer, J.L.E.:  Tycho Brahe. A Picture of Scientific Life and Work in the Sixteenth Century, Edinburgh 1980.

Drower, Ethel Stefana S.:  Sfar Malwasia, ('The Book of the Zodiac of the Mandaeans'), Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund, vol. 36, London 1949.

Eisler, Robert:  The Royal Art of Astrology, London 1946.

- -  :  Weltenmantel und Himmelzelt, München 1910.

Gassendi, Pierre:  Tycho Brahe, mannen och verket, trans. Wilhelm Norlind, Lund 1951.

Gingerich, Owen:  The Origin of The Zodiac, Sky and Telescope, vol. 67, pp. 218-220, 1984.

Gressmann, Hugo:  Gilgamesh-Epos - und die Astral-Mythologie, Forschungen zur Religion und Literatur des Alten und Neuen Testaments, Göttingen 1911.

Gundel, Hans Georg:  Zodiakos. Die Tierkreis in der antiken Literatur und Kunst, München 1972, ("Zodiakos", PW, 2. Reihe Band 19 (Band X), München 1972, col. 462-709).

Gundel, Wilhelm, & Hans Georg Gundel:  Astrologumena, Die astrologische Literatur in der Antike und ihre Geschichte, Sudhoffs Archiv, Beiheft 5, Wiesbaden 1966.

Gössmann, Felix:  Planetarium Babylonicum, Scripta Pontificii Instituti Biblici, Roma 1950.

Hartner, Willy:  Oriens-Occidens. Ausgwählte Schriften zur Wissenschaft und Kulturgeschichte, Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstag, Band I-II, Hildesheim (I) 1968 & (II) 1984.

Hunger, Hermann und David Pingree:  MUL.APIN. An Astronomical Compendium in Cuneiform, Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 24, 1989.

Hunger, Hermann:  Astrologische Wettervorhersagen, Zeitschrift für Assyriologie, 66, 1976, pp. 234-260.

- -  :  Astrology and Other Predictions in Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian Astronomy in the Achaemid and Hellenistic Periods, Conference IsMEO 10, Roma 1997.

- -  :  Planetenstellungen bei der Geburt, Munuscula Mesopotamia, Festschrift für Johannes Renger, Münster 1999, pp. 2209-239.

- -  & L. Brack-Bernsen:  The Babylonian Zodiac. Speculations on Its Invention and Significance, Centaurus, 41, 1999, pp. 280-292.

Jensen, P:  Die Kosmologie der Babylonier; Studien und Materialen, Strassburg 1890.

King, L.W.:   Babylonian Boundary Stones and Memorial Tablets in the British Museum, London 1912.

Krupp, F.C.:  Beyond the Blue Horizon. Myth and Legends of the Sun, Moon, Stars and Planets, New York 1991.

- -  :  The Search of Ancient Astronomics, London 1979.

- -  :  Skywatchers, Shamans and Kings. Astronomy and Archaeology of Power, New York 1997.

Kugler, Franz Xavier:  Sternkunde und Sterndienst in Babel, I, Babylonische Planetenkunde, Münster 1907.

Lewy, Hans:  Aristoteles and the Jewish Sage, HTR, 31, 1938, pp. 216ff.

Lockyer, Norman:  The Dawn of Astronomy, London (1895), repr. 1964.

Manilius:  Astronomica, Loeb Classical Library, No. 469, London 1977.

Maternus, Firmicus:  Ancient Astrology - Theory and Practice, Matheseos Libri 8, Noyes Classical Studies, Park Ridge (New Jersey) 1975.

Moesgaard, Kristian Peder:  The Full Moon Serpent. A Founding Stone of Ancient Astronomy?, Centaurus, Honor of Olaf Pedersen 60th Birthday, vol. 24, 1980, pp. 51-96.

Neugebauer, Otto, & H.B. Van Hoesen:  Greek Horoscopes, Memoires of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 48, Philadelphia 1959.

Pingree, David, & Erica Reiner:  Enuma Anu Enlil Tablets, Malibu 1981.

Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy), Claudius:  (Almagest); Syntaxis Mathematica, ed. J.L. Heiberg, Band 1-2, Leipzig 1898-1903.

- -  :  Tetrabiblos, Loeb Classical Library, No. 435, London 1970.

Rosenberg, Roy A.:  The 'Star of the Messiah' Reconsidered, Biblica, 53, Roma 1972, pp. 105-109.

Sinton, William M.:  A Special Eclipse, Mauna Kea, Hawaii, Sky & Telescope, December 1981.

von Spaeth, Ove:  (Review:) Deborah J. Warner: "The Sky Explored. Celestial Cartography 1500-1800", Astronomisk Tidsskrift, Årg. 14, 1981, pp. 177-179.

- -  :  Løvens hjerte, Swedano Journal, 3. årg., nr. 5, maj 2004, pp. 11-13.

- -  :  Nostradamus - and the New Millennium, Aspiranten, Norway, 2. year., nr. 6, Nov. 2004, pp. 7-13.

Thiele, Georg:  Antike Himmelsbilder, Berlin 1898.

Thompson, Reginald Campbell:  Reports of the Magicians and Astrologers of Niniveh and Babylon in The British Museum, vols. 1-2, London 1900.

Thorndyke, Lynn:  The True Place of Astrology in the History of Science, Isis, vol. 46, 1955, pp. 273-278.

Unger, Arthur:  Besprechungskunst und Astrologie in Babylonien, Archiv für Orientforschung, Band 14, 1944, pp. 251-284.

van der Waerden, B.L.:  Die Anfänge der Astronomie, Erwachende Wissenschaft, II, Groeningen 1966 (English transl.: "Science Awakening, II: The Birth of Astronomy", New York 1974).

Werner, Helmut:  Problems and Results of Comparative Studies of the Celestial Constellations, Vistas In Astronomy, vol. 9, 1966, pp. 135-143.

de Wohl, Louis:  A Method in the Madness, (London 1946/1950?).

Yeomans, Donald K.:  The Long-term Motion of the Comet Halley, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, London 1981, pp. 637-644.

Zinner, Ernst:  Geschichte der Sternkunde, Berlin 1930.



12:  Chronology and Astronomical Dating  (see also group:  11)


Baillie, M.G.L.:  Difficulties Associated with any Radical Revision of Egyptian Chronology: A Reply to Bernard Newgrosh, Journal of Ancient Chronology Forum, vol. 3, 1989/1990, pp. 29-36.

Bakir, Abd el-Mohsen:  The Cairo Calendar No. 86637, (Government Press), Cairo1966.

Barta, Winfried:  Thronbesteigung und Krönungsfeier als unterschiedliche Zeugnisse königlicher Herrschaftsübernahme, Studien zur altägyptischer Kultur, 8, 1980, pp. 33-53.

von Becherath, Jürgen:  Chronologie den ägyptischen Neuen Reiches, Hildesheimer Ägyptologische Beiträge, 39, Hildesheim 1994.

- -  :  Die ägyptischen Königslisten des Manetho, Orientalischer Literatur Zeitung, 54, 1959, pp. 6-11.

- -  :  Nochmals zu den Thronbesteigungsdaten Ramses'V. und VII., Göttinger Miszellen, Heft 157, Göttingen 1997, pp. 7-10.

Bedier, S.:  Ein Stiftungsdekret Tuthmosis' III. aus Buto, Aspekte Spätägyptischer Kultur, Festschrift für Erich Winther zum 65. Geburtstag, (ed.:) M. Minas & J. Zeidler, Mainz am Rhein (Philip von Zaabern) 1994.

Berger, R.:  Ancient Egyptian Radiocarbon Chronology, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A 269, London 1970, pp. 23-36.

Boehme, R.M., & G. Dreyer, & B. Kromer:  Einige frühzeitliche 14C-Datierungen aus Abydos und Uruk, MDAIK, 49, 1993, pp. 63-68.

Borchardt, Ludwig:  Der zweite Papyrusfund von Kahun und die zeitliche Festlegung des mittleren Reiches der ägyptischen Geschichte, ZÄS, 37, 1899, pp. 91ff.

- -  :  Die Annalen und die zeitliche Festlegungen des alten Reiches der ägyptischen Geschichte, Berlin 1917.

- -  :  Die Mittel zur zeitlichen Festlegung von Punkten der ägyptischen Geschichte und ihre Anwendung, (Eigenveröffentlichung, Kairo 1935), reproduced on microfilm, (IDC), Leiden 1992.

- -  :  Versuche zu Zeitbestimmungen für die späte, grechisch-römische Zeit der ägyptischen Geschichte, Kairo 1938.  

Brugsch, Heinrich:  Materiaux pour servir à la reconstruction du calendrier des anciens Egyptiens, (Hinrichs), Leipzig (1864), repr. 1988.

Bruins, E.M.:  Egyptian Astronomy, Janus, 52, 1965, pp. 161-180.

- -  :  The Egyptian Shadowclock, Janus, 52, 1965, pp. 127-137.

Brunner, Hellmut:  Zeichendeutung aus Sternen und Winden in Ägypten, in: Hartmut Gese & H.P. Rüger (ed.): Festschrift für Karl Ellifer zum 70. Geburtstag, (Butzon), Kevelaer 1973, pp. 25-30.

Brunner-Traut, Emma:  Der ägyptische Ursprung des 45. Kapitels des Physiologus und seine Datierung, SAK, 11, 1984, pp. 559-568. .

Davis, Virginia L.:  Identifying Ancient Egyptian Constellations, Archaeoastronomy, 9, Suppl. to Journal for the History of Astronomy, 16, 1985, pp. 102-104.

Faulkner, Raymond O.:  The Battle of Megiddo, JEA, vol. 28, 1942, pp. 2-15.

Fermor, J.H., & A.E. Burgess, & V. Przyblinski:  The Timekeeping of Egyptian Outflow Clocks, Endeavour, Review of the Progress of Science, n.s., 7, 1983, pp. 133-136.

Borneer, Oscar:  Athens in the Late Bronze Age, Antiquity, vol. 30, 1956, pp. 16f.

Clayton, Peter A.:  Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of the Ancient Egypt, London 1994.

Clére, J.J.:  Un texte astronomique de Tanis, Kêmi, 10, 1949, pp. 3-27.

Coldstream, J.N.:  "The Rich Lady of Areiopagos, Hesperia: Journal of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, vol. 64, part 4, 1995, pp. 391-403.

Cotterell, B., & F.P. Dickson, & J. Kamminga:  Ancient Egyptian Waterclocks: A Reappraisal, Journal of Archaeological Science, 13, 1986, pp. 31-50.

Dorner, Josef:  Tagesuhr - Nachtuhr: Ein Beitrag zur altägyptischen Zeitmessung, Jahreshefte des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts in Wien, 56, 1985, pp. 27-37.

Edgerton, William F.:  Chronology of the 12th Dynasty, JNES, vol. 1, 1942, pp. 307-312.

- -  :  Critical Note: On the Chronology of the Early 18th Dynasty (Amenhotep I to Thutmose III), AJSL, vol. 53, 1937, pp. 188-197.

- -  :  The Thutmosid Succession, Chicago 1933.

Edwards, I.E.S.:  Absolute Dating from Egyptian Records and Comparison With Carbon-14 Dating, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A 269, London 1970, pp. 11-18.

Gabolde, Luc:  La chronologie du règne de Thoutmosis II, ses conséquences sur la datation des momies royales et leurs répercussions sur l'histoire du développement de la Vallée des Rois, Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur, 14, 1987, pp. 61-81.

Gauthier, Henri:  Encore le Problème de Hatchepsout, ASAE, tome 33, 1933, pp. 190-192.

- -  :  Les fêtes du dieu Min, Cairo 1931.

Harris, J.R.:  How Long Was the Reign of Horemheb, JEA, vol. 54, 1968, pp. 95-99.

Hassan, Fekri A.:  Radiocarbon Chronology of Archaic Egypt, JNES, 39, 1980, pp. 203-207.

Hayden:  Dictionary of Dates .

Hayes, William C.:  Chronology: Egypt - to the End of Twentieth Dynasty, CAH, vol. 1, part 1, (3rd ed.) Cambridge 1970, pp. 173-200.

Helck, Wolfgang:  Bemerkungen zu den Thronbesteigungsdaten im Neuen Reich, JBL, vol. 67, 1948, pp. 113-129.  

- -  :  Die Datierung der Gefässaufschriften aus der Djoserpyramide, ZÄS, 106, 1979, pp. 131ff.

- -  :  Das Datum der Schlacht von Megiddo, Mitteilungen des deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo, 28, 1972.

- -  :  Untersuchungen zur Manetho und den ägyptischen Königslisten, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Altertumskunde Ägyptens, 18. Band, Berlin 1956.

Hornung, Erik:  Untersuchungen zur Chronologie und Geschichte des Neuen Reiches, Ägyptologische Abhandlungen, Band 2, Wiesbaden 1964.

James, T.G.H.:  Egypt: From the Expulsion of the Hyksos to Amenophis I, CAH, 3rd. ed., vol. 2, part 1, 1973, pp. 289-313 (p. 308).

Kemp, Barry:  Egyptian Radiocarbon Dating: A Reply to James Mellaart, Antiquity, vol. 54, 210, 1980, pp. 25-28.

Kitchen, Kenneth A., & Wolfgang Helck & Erik Hornung et al.:  High, Middle or Low?, I-II, Acts of International Colloquium on Absolute Chronology Held at the University of Gothenburg 20th-22nd August 1987, Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology and Literature, Book 56, Gothenburg 1987.

Krauss, Rolf:  Das Kalendarium des Papyrus Ebers und seine chronologische Verwertbarkeit, Ägypten und Levante, 3, 1992, pp.75-96.

- -  :  Das Ende der Amarnerzeit: Beiträge der Geschichte und Chronologie des Neuen Reiches, Hildesheimer ägyptologische Beiträge, Nr. 7, Hildesheim 1978.

- -  :  Sothis- und Monddaten: Studien zur astronomischen und technischen Chronologie Altägyptens, HAB, 20, Hildesheim, 1985.

Krupp, Edwin:  Egyptian Astronomy: The Roots of Modern Timekeeping, New Scientist, 85, 1980, pp. 24-27.

Langmann, Gerhard, & Gunther Hölbl, & Maria Firneis: Die ägyptische Wasserauslaufuhr aus Ephesos, Jahreshefte des Österreichischen archäologischen Instituts, 55, 1984, pp. 4-67.

Leitz, Christian: Die Nacht des Kindes in seinem Nest in Denderah. ZÄS, 120, 1993, pp. 136-165 & 181..

Lepsius, Richard:  Chronologie der Aegypter, I, Berlin 1849, 58ff.

Long, Ronald D.:  Ancient Egyptian Chronology, Radiocarbon Dating and Calibration, ZÄS, Band 103, Berlin 1976, pp. 30-48.

Luft, Ulrich:  Die Chronologische Fixierung des ägyptischen Mittleren Reiches nach dem Tempelarchiv von Illahun, Wien 1992.

von Mackensen, Ludolf:  Neue Ergebnisse zur ägyptischen Zeitmessung: Die Inbetriebnahme und Berechnung der ältesten erhaltenen Wasseruhr, Alte Uhren, 1, München, 1978, pp. 13-18.

Macnaughton, Duncan:  A Scheme of Egyptian Chronology, London 1932.

Manetho:  Aegyptiaca, - see: Manetho, group 2a.

O'Mara, Patrick F.:  The Chronology of Palermo and Turin Canons, Studies in Structural Archaeology of Ancient Egypt, II, La Canada, Calif. 1980, pp. 55ff.

Mellaart, James:  Egyptian and Near Eastern Chronology: a Dilemma?, Antiquity, vol. 53, 207, 1979, pp. 6-18.

Meyer, Eduard:  Ägyptische Chronologie, Philosophische und Historische Abhandlungen der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin 1904.

Murnane, William J.:  Ancient Egyptian Coregencies, SAOC, 40, 1977, pp. 8-23, 117-123.

- -  :  Once Again the Dates for Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II, Journal of the Ancient Eastern Society of Columbia University, vol. 3, 1970-1971.

- -  :  On the Accession Date of Akhenaten, Studies in Honor of George R. Hughes, Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, No. 39, 1976-77, pp. 166-167.

Nims, Charles F.:  The Date of the Dishonoring of Hatshepsut, ZÄS, 93, 1966-1967, pp. 97-100.

Petty, William:  Redating the Reign of Hatshepsut, KMT,  A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt, vol. 13, No. 4, 2002-2003, pp.49-57.

Read, John G.:  Chronological Placement for Thutmose III, Amenhotep II, Rameses II, and the Third Dynasty, Discussions in Egyptology, 36, 1996, pp. 103-117.

- -  :  Placement of el-Lahun Lunar Dates and Resulting Chronology, Discussions in Egyptology, 33, 1995, pp. 87-113.

- -  :  Early Eighteenth Dynasty Chronology, JNES, vol. 29, 1970, pp. 1-11.

Redford, Donald B.:  The Coregency of Tuthmosis II and Amenhophis II, JEA, vol. 51, 1965, pp. 108-121.

- -  :  On the Chronology of the Egyptian 18th Dynasty, JNES, 25, 1966, pp. 113-114.

- -  :  History and Chronology of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, seven studies, Toronto 1967.

Rowton, M.B.:  Comparative Chronology of at the Time of Dynasty XIX, JNES, 19, 1960, pp. 15ff.

- -  :  Manetho's Date for Ramesses II, JEA, 34, 1948, pp. 69ff.

Schott, Siegfried:  Altägyptische Festdaten, Akademie der Wissenshaften und Literatur, Jahrg. 50, No. 10, Wiesbaden 1950.

- -  :  Zum Krönungstag der Königin Hatschepsut, Nachrichten der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, 1, Philologisch-historische Klasse Nr. 6, Göttingen 1955.

Sethe, Kurt:  Altes und Neues Geschichte der Thronstreitigkeiten unter den Nachfolgern Tuthmosis' I, ZÄS, Band 36, 1898, pp. 24-81.

- -  :  Das Hatschepsut-Problem noch einmal untersucht, ihr Verlauf und ihre Bedeutung, Abhandlungen der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Berlin, Philologisch-historische Klasse, Abhandlung 4, Berlin 1932.

- -  :  Sethos I. und die Erneuerung der Hundsternperiode, ZÄS, Band 66, 1931, pp. 1-7.

- -  :  Die Thronwirren unter den Nachfolgern Königs Tuthmosis' I, Leipzig 1896.

Spalinger, Anthony J.:  Dates in Ancient Egypt, Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur, Band 15, Hamburg 1988, pp. 255-276.

- -  :  Three Studies on Egyptian Feasts and Their Chronological Implications, Baltimore (Halgo, Inc.) 1992.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Egyptisk datering forbedres, selvst. afhandl., tillæg i: Ove von Spaeth: "Den Forsvundne Tronarving", Attentatet på Moses, bind 3, København 2001, pp. 194-203.

Van Siclen, Charles C.:  New Data on the Date of the Defacement of Hatshepsut's Name and Image on Chapelle Rouge, Goettinger Miszellen, 107, 1989, pp. 85-86.

Thomas, H.L.:  Historical Chronology and Radiocarbon Dating, Ägypten und Levante, Band II, Wien 1992, pp. 143-155.

Weill, Raymond:  Bases, méthodes et résultats de la chronologie égyptienne, Paris 1926.

Weinstein, James:  Palestinian Radiocarbon Dating: a Reply to James Melaart, Antiquity, vol. 54, 210, 1980, pp. 21-24.

Weisburd, S.:  Santorini Volcanic Ash Found in Egypt, Science News, vol. 128, 1985, pp. 294ff.

Uphill, E.S.:  A Joint Festival of Tuthmosis III and Queen Hatshepsut, JNES, 20, 1961, pp. 248-251.

Wente, Edward F.:  Tuthmosis III's Accession and the Beginning of the New Kingdom, JNES, vol. 34, 1975, pp. 265-272.

- -  :  & Charles C. Van Siclen III:  A Chronology of the New Kingdom, Studies in Honor of George R. Hughes, Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, No. 39, 1976-77, pp. 217-261.

Weisburd, S.:  Santorini Volcanic Ash Found in Egypt, Science News, vol. 128, 1985, pp. 294ff.

Yeivin, Shemuel:  Amenophis II's Asiatic Campaigns, JARCE, vol. 6, 1967, pp. 119-128.

Yoyotte, Jean:  La date supposée du couronnement d'Hatshesout, Kêmi, 18, 1968, pp. 85-91.

Zuhdi, Omar:  Manetho, KMT 3,1 (spring) 1992, pp. 22-30.



Barta, Winifred:  Der ägyptische Mondkalender und seine Schaltregulierung, Göttinger Miszellen, 47, 1981, pp. 7-13.

- -  :  Zur Entwicklung des ägyptischen Kalenderwesens, ZÄS, 110, 1983, pp. 16-26.

von Beckerath, Jürgen: Bemerkungen zum ägyptischen Kalender, 1: Zur Entstehung des 365-tätigen Kalenders; &  2: Zum Problem der    Monatsnamen, ZÄS, 120, 1, 1993, pp. 7-22.

- -  :  Der ägyptische Ursprung unseres Kalenders, Eine Studie des altägyptischen Kalendersystems, Saeculum, 4, 1, 1953, pp. 1-12.

- -  :  Neue Überlegungen zum ägyptischen Kalender, Saeculum, Jahrbuch für Universalgeschichte, Band 37, Freiburg 1986, pp. 1-7.

- -  :  Zum Kalendarium des Papyrus Ebers, ZÄS, 120, 2, 1993, pp. 131-136.

Casperson, Lee W.:  The Lunar Dates of Thutmose III, JNES, 37, 1986, pp. 143ff.

Clagett, Marshall:  Ancient Egyptian Science, II: Calendars, Clocks, and Astronomy, American Philosophical Society, Memoirs 214, Philadelphia 1995.

Christophe, Louis-A.:  Les fêtes agraires du calendrier d'Hathor à Edfou, CHE, 7, 1955, pp. 35-42.

Dawson, Warren R.:  Some Observations on the Egyptian Calendars of Lucky and Unlucky Days, JEA, 12, 1926, pp. 260-264.

Drenkhahn, Rosemarie:  Zur Anwendung der "Tagewählkalender", MDAIK, 28, 1972, pp. 85-94.

Fotheringham, D.R.:  Some Considerations Regarding Professor Petrie's Egyptian Chronology, PSBA, vol. 18, London 1896, pp. 99-102.

Gardiner, Alan H.:  Reginal Years and Civil Calender in Pharaonic Egypt, JEA, 31, 1945, pp. 11-28.

Gardiner, Alan H.:  The Problem of the Month-Names, Revue d'Égyptologie, 10, 1955, pp. 9-31.

Helck, Wolfgang:  Erneut das angebliche Sothis-datum des Pap. Ebers und die Chronologie der 18. Dynastie, Studien zum Altägyptichen Kultur, Band 15, Hamburg 1988, pp. 149-164.

Huber, Peter J.:  Dating by Lunar Eclipse Omina. With Speculations on the Birth of Omen Astrology, Essays on the Exact Sciences Presented to Asger Aaboe (ed. J.L. Berggren & B.R. Goldstein), Acta Historica Scientiarum Naturalium et Medicinalium, vol. 39, Copenhagen 1987, pp. 3-13.

Ingham, M.F.:  The Length of the Sotic Cycle, JEA, vol. 55, 1969, pp. 36-40.

Kral, J.:  Der Kalender des Papyrus Ebers, Recueil de Travaux, 6me ann., Paris 1885.

Krauss, Rolf:  Sothis, Elephantine und d. altägypt. Chronologie, Göttinger Miszellen, 50, pp. 71-80.

- -  :  Sothis- und Monddaten: Studien zur astronomischen und technischen Chronologie Altägyptens, Hildesheimer ägyptologische Beiträge, Nr. 20, Hildesheim 1985.

Krupp, Edwin C.:  Egyptian Astronomy: The Roots of Modern Timekeeping, New Scientist, 85, 1980, pp. 24-27.

Leitz, Christian:  (Datierung:) Das Grab des Senenmut - se group 11,I: Leitz' "Studien zur Ägyptischen Astronomie", 1991, pp. 327-320.

- -  :  Remarks about the Appearance of Mars in the Tomb of Senenmut in Western Thebes, Centaurus, 44 (1-2), 2002, pp. 140-142.

Lello, Glenn:  Tuthmosis III's First Lunar Date, JNES, vol. 37, 1978, pp. 327-330.

Long, Ronald D.:  A Re-examination of the Sotic Chronology of Egypt, Orientalia, NS vol. 43, Roma 1974, pp. 261-274.

Lortet, M.:  Calendrier Cophte, Mémoirs de l'Académie des Sciences... de Lyon, Nouvelle Série, Classe des Sciences, tome 2, Lyon 1852, pp. 25-49.

Luft, Ulrich:  Zur Chronologischen Verwertbarkeit des Sothisdatums aus Illahun, Illahunstudien IV, Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur, 16, 1989, pp. 226ff.

- -  :  Sothisperiode, LA, vol. 5, 1984, col. 1117-1124.

Mahler, E.:  Étude sur le calendrier égyptien, Paris 1907.

- -  :  Sothis und Monddaten der alten Aegypter, Actes du XIVe Congrès international des orientalistes, II, No. 4, Paris 1907, pp. 39-41.

Malinine, Michel:  Nouveaux fragments du calendrier égyptien des jours fastes et néfastes, Mél. Maspero, 1, 1961, pp. 879-899.

O'Mara, Patrick F.:  Can the Giza Pyramids be Dated Astronomically? Logical Fundations for an Old Kingdom Astronomical Chronology, Discussions in Egyptology, 1996, vol. 33: pp. 73-85, vol. 34: pp. 65-82, vol. 35: pp. 97-112.

Miosi, Frank T.:  A Possible Reference to the Non-Calendar Week, ZÄS, 101, 1974, pp. 150-152.

Murnane, William J.:  Ancient Egyptian Coregencies, SAOC, 40, 1977, pp. 8-23.

- -  :  Once Again the Dates for Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II, Journal of the Ancient Eastern Society of Columbia University, vol. 3, 1970-1971.

- -  :  On the Accession Date of Akhenaten, Studies in Honor of George R. Hughes, Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, No. 39, 1976-77, pp. 166-167.

O'Neil, W.M:  The Egyptian Civil Year: Its Possible Origins and the Sothic Cycle, Australian Journal of Biblical Archaeology, 2, 1973, pp. 3-15.

van Oosterhout, G. W.:  Sirius, Venus and the Egyptian Calendar. DE, 27, 1993, pp. 83-96

Nims, Charles F.:  The Date of the Dishonoring of Hatshepsut, ZÄS, 93, 1966-1967, pp. 97-100.

Neugebauer, Otto:  Die Bedeutungslosigkeit der 'Sothisperiode' für die älteste ägyptische Chronologie, Acta Orientalia, vol. 17, 1938, pp. 169-195.

- -  :  The Origin of the Egyptian Calendar, JNES, vol. 1, 1942, pp. 346-403.

van Oosterhout, G.W.:  Sirius, Venus and the Egyptian Calendar, Discussions in Egyptology, 27, 1993, pp. 83-96.

von Oppolzer, Theodor:  Über Sothisperiode und das Siriusjahr der Aegypter, Wien 1884.

Parker, Richard A.:  The beginning of the Lunar Month in Ancient Egypt, JNES, vol. 29, 1970, pp. 217-220.

- -  : The Calendars and Chronology, in: J.R. Harris (ed.): "The Legacy of Egypt", 2nd ed., (Clarendon), Oxford 1971, pp. 13-26.

- -  :  The Calendars of Ancient Egypt, Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilisation, vol. 26, Chicago 1950.

- -  :  The Lunar Dates of Tuthmosis III and Ramses II, JNES, vol. 16, 1957, pp. 37-43.

- -  :  The Name of the 16th Day of the Lunar Month, JNES, vol. 12, 1950.

- -  :  Once Again the Co-regency of Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II, Studies in Honor of John A. Wilson, Studies of Ancient Oriental Civilizations No. 35, Chicago 1969, pp. 75-82.

- -  : The Problem of the Month-Names: A Reply, Revue d'Égyptologie, 11, 1957, pp. 85-107.

- -  :  Sotic Dates and Calendar 'Ajustment', Revue Égyptologie, 9, 1952, pp. 101-108.

- -  :  The Sothic Dating of the Twelfth and Eighteenth Dynasties, Studies in Honor of George R. Hughes, Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, No. 39, 1976-77, pp. 177-189.

Pellat, Ch.:  Cinq calendriers égyptienes, Texte Arabes et Études Islamiques, 26, Le Caire 1986.

Pochan, André:  Les datations dans l'Égypte ancienne: Leur exploitation chronologique, Discussion of Egyptian Calendrical Systems, BSFE, 55, 1969, pp. 12-23.

Pogo, Alexandre:  Calendars on Coffin Lids From Asyut. (Second half of the third millennium), Isis, vol. 17, 1932, pp. 6-24.

- -  :  Der Kalender auf dem Sargdeckel des Idy in Tübingen, (W. Gundel:) "Dekane und Dekansternbilder", Studien der Bibliothek Warburg, 19, 1936, pp. 22-26.

- -  :  Three Unpublished Calendars From Asyut, Osiris, vol. 1, Brussel 1936, pp. 500-509.

Posener, Georges:  Sur quelques erreurs dans les calendriers des jours fastes et néfastes, Revue d'Égyptologie, 24, 1972, pp. 142-146.

Reese, Ronald Lane:  Midwinter Sunrise at El Karnak, Sky & Telescope, March 1992, pp. 276-278. 

Renouf, Peter le Page:  Calendar of Astronomical Observations Found in Royal Tombs of the XXth Dynasty, "The Life-Work of Sir Peter le Page Renouf", vol. 3, Paris 1905, pp. 97-119.

Rose, L.E.:  The Astronomical Evidence for Dating the End of The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt to the Early Second Millenium: A Reassesment, JNES, 53, 1994, pp. 237ff.

Schoch, Karl:  Die Länge der Sothisperiode, Berlin-Steiglitz 1928.

- -  :  Syzygientafeln von K. Schoch, (rev. P.V. Neugebauer), Astronomische Abhandlungen, Ergänzungshefte zu den Astromischen Nachrichten, Band 8, Nr. 2, Altona 1930.

Serjeant, R.B.:  Star-Calendars and an Almanach from South-West Arabia, Anthropos, 49, 1954, pp. 433-459.

Sethe, Kurt:  Die Zeitrechnung der alten Aegypter im Verhältnis zu der anderen Völker, Eine entwicklungsgeschichtliche Studie. NGWG, 1919, pp. 287-320;  & 1920, pp. 28-55, 97-141.

- -  :  Die Zeitrechnung der alten Aegypter im Verhältnis zu der anderen Völker, Quellen und Forschungen zur Zeitbestimmung, II, Kairo 1935.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map, Centaurus International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology, vol. 42;3, 2000, pp. 159-179.

von Spalinger, Anthony:  Notes on the Ancient Egyptian Calendar, Or, 64, 1, 1995, pp. 17-32.

Till, Walter C.:  Die Wochentagsnamen im Koptischen, Publications de l'Institut d'Etudes orientales de la Bibliothèque patriarcale d'Alexandrie, 2, 1953, pp. 101-110.

van der Waerden, B.L.:  Aegyptische Planetenrechnung, Centaurus, vol. 16, 1974, pp. 65-91.

- -  :  Egyptian 'Eternal' Tables, Proceedings: Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wettenschappen, No. 50, 1947, pp. 536-547 & 782-788.

- -  :  Greek Astronomical Calendars. IV.: The Egyptians and Their 'Perpetual Tables', Archive for History of Exact Sciences, vol. 32,II, 1985.

- -  :  Tables for the Egyptian and Alexandrian Calendar, Isis International Review Devoted to the History of Science, 47, 4, 1956, pp. 387-390..

- -  :  The Motion of Venus in Greek, Egyptian and Indian Texts, Centaurus, 31,2, 1988, pp. 105-113.

Wassef, Cérès Wissa:  Le calendrier copte, de l'antiquité à nos jours, JNES, 30, 1971, pp. 1-48.

Weill, Raymond: "L'année dérangée" et "l'année correcté" dans la littérature, Revue d'Égyptologie, 5, 1946, pp. 255-256.

- -  :  Double datation calendérique, en année mobile et année sothiaque fixe, dans les documents religieux officiels de l'époque grecque, Revue d'Égyptologie, 6, 1951, pp. 224-225.

Winlock, Herbert E.:  The Origin of the Ancient Egyptian Calender, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 83, 1940, pp. 447-464.

Winter, E.:  Zur frühesten Nennung der Epagomenentag und deren Stellung am Anfang des Jahres, Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenländes, 56, 1960, pp. 262ff.



Abrabanel, Isaac:  Ma'ajnej haj-jeshu'ah, (1497), see: group 5.

Bimson, John J.:  Redating the Exodus and Conquest, JSOT Supplement Series, vol. 5, Sheffield (1978), 2. ed. 1981.

- -  :  & David Livingston:  Redating the Exodus, Biblical Archaeology Review, vol. 13, No. 5, 1987, pp. 40-68.

Bruins, H.J., & J. van der Plicht:  The Exodus Enigma, Nature, 382, 18 July 1996, pp. 213-214.

Jack, J.W.:  The Date of the Exodus, Edinburgh 1925.

Juvelius, Valter Henrik:  Judarnes tideräkning i ny belysning, Dissertation (Helsinki Universitet), Kuopia 1906.

Naveh, J.:  The Date of the Deir 'Alla in Aramaic Inscription, Israel Exploration Journal, 17, 1967, pp. 266ff.

Rasmusen, H. Quade:  Halleys komet and israelitternes udvandring af Ægypten, Astronomisk Tidsskrift, Årg. 17, 1984, 1, pp. 44.

Rowley, Harold Henry:  Israel's Sojourn in Egypt, Bulletin of The John Ryland Library, vol. 22, Manchester 1938, pp. 243-290.

Rutherford, Adam:  Hebrew Chronology, London 1939.

Shea, William H.:  Exodus, Date of the, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 2, 1982, pp. 233-237.

Stiebing, W.H.:  Should the Exodus and the Israelite Settlement be Redated?, B.A.R., Washington Jul.-Aug. 1985.

Weinstein, James:  Palestinian Radiocarbon Dating: a Reply to James Melaart, Antiquity, vol. 54, 210, 1980, pp. 21-24.

de Wit, Constant:  The Date and Route of the Exodus, London 1960.


Joshua and the solar phaenomena

Dietrich, M. & O. Loretz & J. Sanmartín:  Sonnenfinsternis in Ugarit, PRU 2,162, Das älteste Dokument über eine Totaleklipse, Ugarit-Forschungen, Band 6, Neukirschen-Vluyn 1974, pp. 464-465.

Dus, Jan:  Gibeon - eine Kultstätte des SMS (Sonne) und die Stadt des benjaminitischen Schicksals, VT, vol. 10, 1960, pp. 353-374.

Holladay, John S.:  The Day(s) the Moon Stood Still, JBL, vol. 87, March 1968, pp. 166-178.

Kleomedes:  Die Kreisbewegung der Gestirne, (Überz.: Dr. Arthur Czwalina), Leipzig 1927.

Larsson-Leander, Gunnar:  En morgon med två gryninger, Astronomisk Tidsskrift, Årg. 20, 1987, pp. 70-71.

Pritchard, James B.:  Gibeon, Where the Sun Stood Still. The Discovery of the Biblical City, Princeton U.P., 1962.

Sawyer, John F.A.:  Joshua 10:12-14 and the Solar Eclipse of 30 September 1131 B.C., Palestine Exploration Quarterly, 104th Year, January-June 1972, pp. 139-145.

Sinton, William M.:  Sun, Moon, Eclipse: All at Once, Sky & Telescope, vol. 62, 1981, No. 6, p.551.

Stephenson, F.R.:  Astronomical Verification and Dating of Old Testament Passage Referring to Solar Eclipses, Palestine Exploration Quarterly, 107th Year, January-June 1975, pp. 107-120.



Bretagnon, Pierre, & Jean-Louis Simon:  Planetary Programs and Tables from -4000 to +2800, Richmond (Virginia) 1986.

Ginzel, F.K.:  Handbuch der mathematischen Chronologie, Band 1-3, Berlin 1906-1914.

- -  :  Spezieller Canon der Sonnen- und Mondfinsternisse... 900 v.Chr. bis nach 600 n.Chr., Berlin 1899.

Hawkins, Gerald S., & Shosanna K. Rosenthal:  5,000- and 10,000-Year Star Catalogs, Smithsonian Contributions to Astrophysics, vol. 10, No. 2, Washington D.C. 1967.

Ideler, Christian L.:  Handbuch der matematischen und technischen Chronologie, I, 1825, pp. 124ff.

Kudlek, Manfred, & Eric H. Mickler:  Solar and Lunar Eclipses of the Ancient Near East From 3000 BC to 0 With Maps, Alter Orient und Altes Testament, Sonderreihe, Band 1, Neukirchen-Vluyn, 1971.

Liu, Bao-Lin, & Alan D. Fiala:  Canon of Lunar Eclipses 1500 B.C.-A.D. 3000, Richmond (Virg.) 1992.

Meeus, Jean:  Canon of Solar Eclipses, London and New York 1966.

- -  :  & Hermann Mucke:  Canon of Lunar Eclipses -2002 to +2526, Astron. Büro, Wien 1979.

Moesgaard, Kristian Peder:  Elements of Planetary-, Lunar- and Solar Orbits 1900 BC to AD 1900, Tabulated for Historical Use, Centaurus, vol. 19, 1975, pp. 157-181. 

- -  :  & (appendix:) Leif Kahl Kristensen:  The Bright Stars of the Zodiac. A Catalogue for Historical Use, Centaurus, 1976, vol. 20, pp. 129-158.

Neugebauer, Otto:  A Babylonian Lunar Ephemeris From Roman Egypt, "A Scientific Humanist; Studies in the Memory of Abraham Sachs", (ed. E. Leichty et al.), Occasional Publications of the Samuel Noah Cramer Fund, 9, Philadelphia 1988, pp. 301-304.

Neugebauer, Paul V.:  Astronomische Chronologie, I-II, Berlin 1929.

- -  :  Hilfstafeln zur technischen Chronologie, II: Das Wandeljahr und das gebundene Mondjahr, Astronomische Nachrichten 261, Nr. 6261, Kiel 1936-1937, pp. 377ff.

- -  :  Tafeln zur astronomischen Chronologie..., Band 1-3, Leipzig 1912-1925.

Stahlmann, William, & Owen Gingerich:  Solary and Planetary Longitudes for the Years -2500 to +2000 by 10-Day Intervals, Madison 1963.

Tuckerman, Brian:  Ephemeris (vol. 1:) 650 BC - 600 AD / (vol. 2:) 600-1650 AD, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia 1965-1975.



Hammer, Claus U., & H.B. Clausen & W.L. Friedrich & H. Taubert:  The Minoan Eruption of Santorini in Greece Dated to 1646 BC?, Nature, vol. 328, 1987, pp. 517-519.

Kunholm, Peter Ian, et al.:  Anatolian Tree Rings and the Absolute Chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean 2220-718 BC, Nature, 381, 17 June 1996, pp. 780-783.

Munn-Rankin, Margaret:  Mesopotamian Chronologie: A Reply to James Mellaart, Antiquity, vol. 54, 211, 1980, pp. 6-18.

Parker, Richard A., & W.H. Duberstein:  Babylonian Chronology 626 B.C. - A.D. 75, Brown University Studies, 19, Providence (Rhode Island) 1956.

Rasmusen, H. Quade:  Om komet Halley og andre periodiske kometer, Astronomisk Tidsskrift, Årg. 16, 1983, pp. 15-22.

Rosenberg, Roy A.:  The 'Star of the Messiah' Reconsidered, Biblica, 53, Roma 1972, pp. 105-109.

Sachs, A.J., & Hermann Hunger:  Astronomical Diaries and Related Texts from Babylonia, vol. 1: 652 BC-262 BC, Österreichsche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophische Klasse, Denkschrift 195, Wien 1988.

Sinnot, Roger W.:  How Long Is a Lunar Month?, Sky and Telescope, November 1993, pp. 76-77.

von Spaeth, Ove:  Astronomisk Dateringsnøgle Skjult i Digtet, Appendix for Peter Zeeberg: "Tycho Brahes Urania Titania. Et Digt om Sophie Brahe", Renæssancestudier, vol. 7, Museum Tusculanum/Københavns Universitet 1994, pp. 311-321, incl. diagrammer.

Yeomans, Donald K.:  The Long-term Motion of the Comet Halley, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, London 1981, pp. 637-644.

Zotenberg, H.:  Chronique de Abou-Djafar-Mohammed ben Djarir al-Tabari, tome 1-4, Paris 1867-1874.




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A special treasure of knowledge and wisdom of Greece, Rome, and the Renaissance had originated in Ancient Egypt - and was here known to connect also with the historical Moses' dramatic fate and mystery.
          Ove von Spaeth has written an intriguing, new-orientating work presenting this still influential background of our civilization. His interdisciplinary research on history, archaeology, and anthropology goes deeply into Egyptian tradition, history of religion, initiation cults, star-knowledge, and mythology - relating to biblical studies, the Rabbinical Writings, and the authors of Antiquity. Each volume offers unique insights not presented before.
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