This introduction is sufficient orientation; by reading it in full this
alone can be adequate.
However, in some cases,
e.g. studies, research, journalistic work, etc, more extensive orientation
will be required; such elaborated information has thus been carried out and
is presented below, divided into 7 main sections.
* * *
Source of Wealth - Extended Admission
In a modern society under rapid change it is of vital importance that
connections with the ancient cultures are maintained and appreciated, and
that perception is expanded, so both today and in future we can use and
further develop the surviving heritage of knowledge.
The Bible, the worldwide
basis of many religions and ecclesiastical lines is here at the beginning of the
new millennium subject to increasing debate.
Behind this, however,
a knowledge exists based on a rich culture of the past, which cannot be neglected
or lost - an immediate risk, because much of the ancient information
preserved till present times has often been confused with myths.
In the following the subjects
presented are exponents for Ove von Spaeth's books and articles;
they open up for - and document continuously - essential circumstances of
the cultural heritage and an adhering spiritual resource, i.e. a so far
often understated knowledge, but absolutely indispensable to our historical
insight. In order to present the knowledge of the many diversified subjects
the author has carried out his special project.
* * *
Different Guide Lines
Ove von Spaeth's research work on Moses went on for 25 years. Basically, the
main features of the results could be read in some of his articles those
many years before the entire project was published - but it proved worth
waiting for. It is remarkable that his gradual discoveries within the
individual subjects have surprised again and again, especially because many of the hitherto ideas, for instance about biblical circumstances, were accepted as facts but
without actually having been thoroughly examined. Beneath the surface it was
soon discovered that much - in fact revolutionarily much - proved to be
Therefore, an actual
hypothesis was not made out for the project (exceptionally, however, for a
few sub-subjects). The form of hypothesis is a practical theory of work,
model, or intellectual experiment; sometimes it may be less scientifically
sustainable as a serious basis for support or non-support for something
predetermined because such a targeted agenda may reduce the objectivity (the
risk of steering via expectations) and restrict the researcher's
observations in other possible lines.
In order to be able to
give all-round information about the Zenith Project and give a just
description of Ove von Spaeth's research work and its importance, a less
conventional project structure was established.
* * *
A typical disposition for dealing with an entire project at an elaborated
level would be a summary with the following elements: formulation of
problems, presentation of hypotheses, analysis based on sources, evaluation
of sources, criteria for target and evaluation, conclusions and abstracts.
However, these otherwise practical categories are not durable for the broad
interdisciplinary form of examination of the project in question - also
because the Zenith Project includes related projects comprised under the
categories mentioned will be commented upon with no exception - and even
further dealt with because the basis of the various subjects overlap and
will be once more source analysed in the relevant sections.
* * *
Because of the amazing amount of findings and discoveries and the better
possibilities of perspectives caused by the unusually long period of
research, a consistent, logical image appeared from this material. It can be
additionally tested by future researchers and thus further elaborated.
However, the fact that the vast material has been dug out at all - and
established in a genuine coherence - is most important.
This mine of new and
"lively" material - in reality often controversial - caused no really free
scope which again did not allow a planned long-term strategy, because each
new disclosure eventually created new patterns.
These conditions are also
the reason that the disposition does not follow any general project
description which is normally to be seen in academic coherences; the
present purpose is different - also because the results are known already,
thus making reflexive comments available together with the conclusive clues.
As a form of a hypothesis was difficult to use in this case, the results did
instead crystallize on their own terms along with the systematic elaboration
of the analysis work, which ended up in so to speak creating the project
from the inside out. According to the
writer and researcher himself, Ove von Spaeth: "… The
important rotation point of the project's idea is that its results are
presented in the optimum way so it can be read also without that
any specific qualifications
are necessary by the audience. ..."
In the following the
Zenith IC Project can be
accessed in its greater entirety and in the specifics.
Although we do not in general reflect on the
that on a daily basis we draw from a special kind of wealth, we all profit
by the fact that our modern society is firmly rooted in past high-level
cultures. A special knowledge and wisdom found in Greece, Rome, and later
the Renaissance, however, originate from the cultural source of Ancient
Egypt was also the
domicile of Moses. His life was extremely dramatic; however, as the leading
and active figure, his person contributed to the development of many
elements which even today influence western culture - i.e. the modern world.
Therefore, he is an inevitable present figure.
Through his interdisciplinary authorship Ove von Spaeth has opened up for an
otherwise neglected, often forgotten knowledge about our past historical
basis. Also in order to understand such foundation of our own culture, this
research and the consequent results are important. Without his necessary
research on innumerable sources and often ignored findings we, today,
would frequently lose major connections to
information in the past.
Today Moses is Claimed to be Non-Existent, Next Trend will be ...?
At the beginning of our new millennium we knew in fact more about the
surface of the Moon than about Moses, the early pioneer in our own history,
in the tradition of which we all live our everyday lives.
Content with the little
they believed to know about him, most researchers in general had terminated
their research on Moses. Mutual present-time ideas about him developed into
an agreement that he had not existed. Consensus ideas may be a practical
starting point, however, group adoptions and opinions are not facts per se.
In reality, almost nothing exact about Moses was known. Not until now!
Due to their denial and
frequent rejection of many important elements of the past, the researchers
in question do not notice what is really seen to be in existence. In his 5
volume work, "Assassinating Moses", Ove von Spaeth, however, presents
results from his own research on the dramatic fate, mystery, and not least
influence of the historical Moses. The material here is both very surprising
and especially provides new, determining knowledge about an essential part
of our own background and shows connecting lines all the way back to the
Egypt of Moses, the cultural and spiritual focal point of the past.
Our Cultural Past More Abundant than Expected
Our knowledge of the past is much more abundant and also even more
accessible than normally anticipated, and many concrete historical data
about what we frequently call myths are available in many of the world's
libraries and museums - often not studied or unknown dust traps, however.
While working on his
conspicuous, historical research project the writer often had to cross
traditional demarcations and simultaneously carry out in the old-fashioned
systematic and analytic way a thorough examination of all details, not least
neglected and unnoticed sources.
:: More about Results and
Dissemination: - shortly
after the publication of the first volume of the series on Moses, the
Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs recommended the books for use in the
Ministry's schools, where Egypt's history is a subject for development
aid experts. Already from this beginning the National and University
Library of Israel ordered the books. Also comprehensive translation into
English is initiated.
Since the start in 1999
when the book-series on Moses was presented on these books' own website,
there has been fabulous attention and interest from all over the world -
mails, debates, references, and discussion groups - in spite of the fact
that for several years the books were not yet issued in English.
Many of the most
important research libraries all over the world have
copies of the paper - from the Centaurus Magazine - of the special
edition of Ove von Spaeth's treatise on the world's oldest star map,
which as an extra value became important for the dating of Moses.
Series of lectures and
weekend courses should be mentioned as different, independent
initiatives founded on the book-series about the historical Moses;
series of lectures, and
classes, and special Moses trips to Egypt are arranged - based on
these books. Similarly, other arrangements take place in study groups of
freemasons and theosophists; they have the books about Moses in all
their own libraries.
Mainlines and Operation Base: - the project in general,
the results, analyses, summaries, and the writer's huge material
collection are an obvious invitation to other research initiatives. The
main lines of the activities mentioned outline the conceptual project -
a non-commercial operations base - can in short be characterized by the
following, 1) the
project comprises the maintaining of many collected data in jeopardy of
"disappearing" (cf. the protection of rare plants and historical sites
of the world environment). Important information included in the ancient
material will again be of use in future; 2) the
project also comprises the dissemination of knowledge of the valuable
findings and special recognition as presented in the writer's texts and
his demonstration of important mutual relations - as well as data from
the disclosure now placed and preserved in the substantial cohesion.
Supplemental Activities: - many results of Ove von
Spaeth's research are presented in numerous
articles; these results were achieved through many years' of
absorption in many subjects such as archaeology, Egyptian tradition,
religion, ancient languages, the Rabbinical Writings, anthropology,
cults, and cosmology. From ancient astronomy history and star
knowledge he has discovered hitherto unknown information about the
world's oldest star map.
Moses was an Egyptian - Not a Hebrew!
The new effort represented by the current project has resulted in a
disclosure of a much more varied picture of the past: - Moses is now brought
into the light as an exact historical figure and is to a wide extent
identified by his Egyptian basis. This background leads forward to the
natural answer to many previous enigmas. Here is the starting point for an
exciting and amazing journey into history.
Ove von Spaeth's
thoroughly analysing work brings Moses back into the factual history - in a
well-documented, precise determination of his time, based on
interdisciplinary research in ancient cultural history, religions,
languages, and sciences. The still existing concrete references in the
Rabbinical Writings and the Egyptians' records about Moses originally as an
Egyptian and heir to the throne, have by their now verified data dissolved
the later produced idea of making him a myth.
Never before have there
been so many universities and researchers as in this century, and from all
sides so many new treatises have been published that a single one can easily
remain unnoticed. Expeditions in knowledge are not easy today where so much
more knowledge than ever before is available - truly a jungle bound to lead
one astray. Even the very professionals must sharpen their attention; but
the most important is that access to the said knowledge on the historical Moses exists at all - at
this moment! Each year adds to the difficulties in finding and protecting
much of the old material. It is of inestimable importance that the writer's
discovering work was done in time.
Current, Disclosing Documentation
In addition to presentation of a natural amount of relevant counter
reflections one of the productive methods was here to let facts and
indications introduce themselves not letting the texts be dominated by one
long continued discussion on the predecessors' considerations. Older
discoveries as well as the newest are assessed in the broader context.
Inspiration for other authors' books and treatises: Ove von Spaeth has made his
book's historical material especially accessible to be read without specific
beforehand knowledge on the subjects. Von Spaeth's presented results in the
books have waked a considerable interest also among other authors - their texts
showing serious professional interest and in many cases even directly
inspiration and reproduction.
Specific circumstances in Egypt's 18th Dynasty - expressed in biblical texts
and the Rabbinical Writings, but recognized only by present historical research
- prove that the ancient texts in question cannot possibly be of a later date or
for instance constructed by Jewish learned scribes and priests. The substance of
the information from these old texts often proves correct and logically
concurrent also with modern Egyptological knowledge.
The writer's publications
of his characteristic, transverse historical research and the important
discoveries are currently borne along with a
disclosing documentation. His books and texts contain many unique insights
which could not possibly have been presented at an earlier stage. According to Hans Baron
Anckarstjerna, Historian, Editor-in-Chief, DJF: "... Regarding Ove
von Spaeth's book-series about the historical Moses and Egypt: it comprises
25 years of concentrated research and the results - released through 5
unique works and in addition a special dissertation, a pioneering work on
dating the world's oldest star map (Egyptian). In all, it is the most
ambitious undertaking of research in the genre of religious-cultural and
historical studies... it is also the most comprehensive interdisciplinary
science project in this field carried out by a single individual. ...".
Why Moses of all people? In antiquity Moses was perceived as a
multi-talented person. He was a prophet and a legislator. But he was also a
general, a philosopher, a learned in stars, and a mystic. And not least he
is known for having initiated a special religious legislation, which was
later both the basis and the inspiration for many world religions, where he
is still considered a leading figure.
Expedition into Moses' Egyptian Background
For the first time ever a huge material from ancient sources about Moses'
unusual life has been accumulated in one place. This was done by Ove von
Spaeth's research, now published in his
books containing historically displaced parts of Moses' dramatic fate
and somewhat hidden background. Many mysterious circumstances from important
ancient documents are clarified through an unusual research effort at an
This is no less than a
pioneer work. The writer's comprehensive research of Moses involved contact
with innumerable texts from many eras and has contributed to the quite
bibliographic collection (cf. also section 7, below) - a must for all
The presentation is not
based on single sources and isolated decisions, but on presentation of a
huge number of indications; they can be considered an offer - for further
research. Despite the fact that all major, well-reputed encyclopaedias and
works of reference contain ample material on Moses, important parts are
missing, e.g. from ancient writers and Rabbinical Writings. This is why this
book-series is created as the very necessary expedition into the background
Highlighting Moses' Three Life Phases
The books also lead to an exciting knowledge of modern archaeology,
chronology research, and astronomy-related dating, and the presented results
place our hitherto knowledge of the related historical events in a
challenging new focus.
According to specialists
the book-series "Assassinating Moses" breaks new ground. These books shed
light on Moses' three life phases. Important Egyptian features behind the
Moses tradition are traced, and new surprising discoveries disclose more
about Moses' continued influence on cultural history - from the troubled
Middle East of the past until today.
One of the most important
results: it is exactly documented that a special episode can be seen in many
ancient cultures and is related to royal children - it is by the present
author termed "the ritual of the royal son", and Egyptian inscriptions show
that the episodes were concrete - and can also be related to Moses.
More results: based
on astronomical statements in the Rabbinical Writings and the oldest parts
of the Bible, the writer points out the fact that the episode of the Moses
infant being launched on the river, and the beginning of the exodus from
Egypt, as well as the conquest of Jericho - now finally can be dated
Also, it is finally
stated that the hitherto perception of the biblical narrative about the
Israelites' killing of the first-born children in Egypt, is proved wrong.
The Hebrew Bible and tradition show exactly that children were never
involved, but that this event seems merely a strategy to limit homicides to
apply to leaders only, because the first-born was the head of the family.
Especially it is shown by Ove
von Spaeth that the Bible, although being the most well-researched book in
the world, has never been submitted to a veritable military strategy
historical-analysis concerning if it was realistically possible at all to
carry out the Israelite exodus from Egypt. Thus, it was important progress
that he, at Denmark's Academy of Defence, consulted an expert in military
strategy history, Cand.Phil., Michael H. Clemmesen, Brigade General,. The
outcome proves that very much information (and correcting the wrongly
translated number of the Israelites) about this in the ancient texts
contains a high degree of reliability.
:: Background Knowledge:
- today, Moses is often perceived as a myth, or his historical existence
is rejected. Original narratives about Moses were dispersed at an early
time - some parts became the Torah (the books of Pentateuch) and their
parts were gathered in the Rabbis' oldest "Talmud" writings. They show
about the unknown life of Moses in Egypt that he was a highly educated
Egyptian crown prince. He created a timeless legislation; his other
revolutionizing new creations seem later to be ignored. Moses'
Legislation: - contains surprisingly modern
principles, e.g. legislation on environment, social matters, human
rights, asylum matters, rescheduling of debts, animal protection,
hygiene regulations, and military ethics. Moses is the first known
initiator of religion. An important order was "Thou shalt love thy
neighbour". Later, when Jesus used Moses' biblical texts, this order had
a great significance on Christianity.
Progress and Inventions: -
Moses is the originator of important commands - self-evident and
necessary for us: a legislative order to call witnesses in trials; to
use the alphabet instead of pictography; compulsory education for
children; and a division of time into 7-day-weeks; and a mandatory
weekly day off as "a human right"; today - 3,500 years later - all these
are still part of our daily life. At present it is hardly known that
Moses is related to the invention of the alphabet. This, however, is
stated by many ancient writers as well as the Rabbinical Writings.
Biblical Research Problems with Moses Sources
During the first two centuries of modern scientifically related research,
underestimation or down-right neglect of some important factors were among
the great obstacles for disclosing Moses' background - especially as regards
the below five facts: 1. In general research is done as if Moses
is only known in the biblical version. By and large all Egyptian, Greek,
Roman, Indian, and Arab traditions and relevant statements from the oldest
church fathers are neglected. 2. The oldest parts of the Rabbinical
Writings are as old as the oldest parts of the biblical Moses texts. 3. In theology and history studies the
Rabbinical Writings' preserved statements about Moses are only very rarely
studied - and are disregarded as "colourful stories". 4. "The Egyptian factor" is considered only
to a minor degree in the attempts to understand the many claimed
discrepancies of the Moses texts. 5. Ritual mystery plays, the practice of
which may almost be considered inaccessible today, should be considered as
something of vital importance and extremely significant in daily life of the
past and in the understanding of that way of life. The plays contain many
valuable, anthropologic data, which can lead to an understanding of these
Anthropologists were among the first to scientifically
expand the view on the contents of the ancient biblical texts, while
theological and linguistic researchers often were lead astray, for instance
via the entirely unfounded idea that late corrections in the Bible date
texts to stem from the time of these later interventions.
Reconsidering Repressed Sources
Reconsidering of repressed sources is required in order to see the relation
between real historical facts from antiquity and Moses. However, in order to
achieve a more exact dating of the birth of Moses, research tests of ancient
astronomical information have never been done (before now).
Within some of the involved branches of research, the
used working method is often in advance to consider nothing in the old
narratives to be true, until it has been proved. This is an excellent
precautionary measure, but was never the main objective of research. This
filter allows no research risk but may easily lead research work to
participate only in acknowledgement of the already acknowledged. Therefore,
informative, historical data hidden in ancient traditional accounts of the
Rabbinical Writings or "myths" may be paid no attention.
On the contrary - as a commencement the project
therefore deals without bias with narratives from the times and areas in
question thus considering them as relatively true, as long as they have not
been counter-proved or may appear absurd - all, of course, on a basis of
assessing the origin and chronology of the presented sources. Naturally,
such starting point only in a successful and recognized
practice was especially used
by the greatest biblical archaeological authorities, e.g. W.F. Albright,
Cyrus Gordon, and Yigael Yadin.
Five Super Volumes about Moses - An Achievement of World Importance
Five books on Moses and his history have never before been written - not
even a 2-volume work about Moses has existed. Ove von Spaeth's impressive
search and archive studies of both biblical and non-biblical sources make up
a picture of a historical figure living and acting under circumstances with
main features concretely and historically recognizable. For a very long time
in future many areas of interest and research will harvest informative data
from this living and fresh fountain of knowledge.
The writer's intensive research has required more than
25 years of study with research and testing of material and results leading
to a re-evaluation of Moses' status and time. Each book contains fine,
informative thrills - step by step increasing understanding. Many experts of
the most recent research have characterized the books as the best documented
disclosure and solution of the enigma of Moses. According
to Rune Engelbreth Larsen, Writer, M.A. in History of Ideas, & in
History of Religion, "... A cultural-historical Odyssey. Ove von Spaeth goes
over the numerous, historical threads with a fine-toothed comb and
'old-fashioned' spirit of research. ... The Project with its convincing
depth and the elementary exciting communication are carried through creating
an epoch-making landmark - and with innumerable subtleties; - a polymathic
tour de force that deserves a comprehensive readership of careful
readers and which definitely can and should serve as a source of inspiration
many generations ahead. ..."
TREATISE ON RESEARCH ABOUT IMPROVEMENT OF THE CHRONOLOGY
The World's Oldest Star Map
So far it has been a difficult problem exactly
to establish decisive years in possibly the most important historical period
of Egypt. i.e. the 18th Dynasty during 1500-1300 BC.
At an early stage this
fact caused an erroneous dating of for instance the historical pioneer
figure Moses, which consequently caused many scholars to conclude
that he had not existed. Often their factually imperfect chronology was to
some extent based only on weak fragments of the calendars of Ancient Egypt.
Egyptian Astronomic Knowledge More Substantial than Expected
Now it is more obvious that
astronomic knowledge was surprisingly more substantial than anticipated.
The world's oldest known star map decorates the ceiling of the tomb of
the vizier Senmut (Senenmut) at Luxor (Thebes) - and Ove von Spaeth's
analysis presents data disclosing a so far unknown level of astronomy in
Egypt 3,500 years ago.
In his books Ove von
Spaeth has also documented an exact dating of Moses - a chronology supported
by the information of time, which we are now able to interpret from the star
Discovery - Specifically: - the star map is made out by
Queen/Pharaoh Hatshepsut's vizier, during the country's 18th Dynasty,
and the decoded material can be objectively tested through modern,
astronomical computing. On this basis it became clear that the Senmut
map does not present an incidental collection of planets or a copied
pattern from possible predecessors.
Actually, the map - which
was only expected to show a star mythological arrangement - discloses in
detail an exact picture of a special accumulation of planets in a
defined part of the sky. In itself this establishes information about a
Special Elements and Patterns: - in connection with his
discovery on the star map Ove von Spaeth has also verified similar
characteristic features in other Egyptian star maps of the following
centuries. There seems to have been a now forgotten tradition, as these
younger star maps are only seen to be
produced/established in the reigns of those
certain pharaohs (e.g. Ramses II) where analogue arrangements of this
conjunction type actually appeared in the sky in the past.
Result and Unambiguity: - the main form of the graphic
arrangement of the planets on the Senmut map appears to be created in
and with his idolized, but unambiguous picture of a certain
configuration of planets in a certain part of the sky. More indications:
Mars retrogrades (a backwards movement) to the west, which in relation
to the special form of arrangement of planets as at the time of Senmut,
would appear only rarely.
The World's Oldest Scientific Report
Besides being a star map, the map projects an exact event in the sky. In addition, this is
the finding of the earliest exact report of a rare celestial phenomenon -
and thus the oldest astronomic-scientific
On the basis of these
results of Ove von Spaeth's research, his discovery was released as a
treatise and published in the "Centaurus
International Magazine on The History of Mathematics, Science, and
Technology" (Vol. 42:3, 2000, pp. 159-179), the distinguished scientific
In this treatise, Ove von
Spaeth thus introduced the astronomical method he formerly had developed
(and pre-published) in 1984 - in order to achieve an exact dating of
Senmut's star map.
In fact, the treatise
opens up for a new-orientation on the often disputed chronology of the epoch
in question which can now provide the era with a necessary precision. Many
scientific branches had to be taken into account in Ove von Spaeth's project
- especially astronomy and Egyptology (www.moses-egypt.net/star-map/senmut-files_survey_en.asp).
International Admiration and Respect
What is important, for the first time the star map can really be
interpreted. Ove von Spaeth's discovery of the information of the contents
in the Senmut star map and the untraditional observations and solution of
special, difficult problems in this connection, have gained international
admiration and respect
In addition to the
original, international publication about Senmut's star map in the "Centaurus",
a special edition of the treatise with a
FAQ list attached
is also accessible all over the world in many important, scientific
institutional libraries. The publication has paved the way for a broad debate,
recognition, protests, informative inquiries, and a great interest in the
recently found elements.
According to Owen Gingerich, Research Professor in
Astronomy and the History of Science,
Harvard-Smithsonian Institution, Astrophysical Observatory,
Cambridge Mass.: "...The findings are very ingenious and admirable, and
quite surprising considering the apparent lack of interest of the
Egyptians in this sort of astronomy. ...";
- Erik Hornung,
Professor Dr., Department of Egyptology,
University of Basel, Switzerland (Ägyptologisches Seminar der Universität
Basel, Schweiz): "...Your article on the Senmut ceiling, with so many
interesting observations. ...";
- Sir Patrick Moore,
D.Sc., Astronomer, CBE, FRAS, science editor for BBC: "...This important
and fascinating paper, many congratulations on the research - it is a
major advance. ...";
- Kristian Peder
Moesgaard, D.Sc., Professor, History of Science Department,
Aarhus University, - Director of the Steno Museum, Denmark's National
Museum for the History of Science: "... The resulting date of Senmut's
star map, objectively proven by the author on an astronomical basis,
adds, in my opinion, a considerable contribution to the debate
concerning the Egyptian chronology. ...";
- D.I. Loizos,
Professor in History, Editor-in Chief, "Anistoriton
History, Archaeology, & ArtHistory Journal": "... On the basis of
the treatise's research presented, the study concludes that this can be
demonstrated, as follows: - 1) The Senmut maps contain a
cosmological and astro-mythological expression not only as decoration -
as hitherto assumed - but also as a picture of a particular and unique
situation in the sky. - 2) This configuration of the sky
can be exactly dated: 1534 BC. ..."
Establishing Standards for all Later, Similar Maps
Indications found in the Senmut map establish that cohesion between a real
celestial conjunction and a reproduction of such a planet pattern was
apparently the basic form of the graphic arrangement of the planets of the
Senmut map was created with the idealized and yet unambiguous depiction of a
certain configuration of planets in a defined celestial sector.
Identification requires no more.
An extra identification
is if an extra factor is approved: namely a retrograde Mars (the
'backward' movement) - which was very rare, however, visible at the time of
Senmut as a special form of arrangement of the planets.
The map as a model:
in addition, it can be seen that later on in Egypt the principle of the
basic planet pattern of the map was setting standards for such astronomical
images. Many maps are in certain respects almost identical copies of
Senmut's model map. When similar conjunctions occurred, for instance during
the reign of other pharaohs, e.g. Amenhotep III, Seti I, and Ramses II, they also had
Valuable Results of the Project
The exceptional star map of the vizier Senmut who was also the calendar
manager of Egypt, is the very first precisely known individual scientific
conquest, for instance the exact celestial division with divisional
relations for positions of stars and planets.
As a fringe benefit the
star map can also contribute to an improved dating of its originator and the
contemporary pharaohs - at least within specific decades. These results are
further confirmed because the use of this proto-type for star maps in Egypt
also made out that such later reproductions were 'messengers' about
unambiguous points of time.
Besides identifying year
and month, even a certain day can be identified from the Senmut map, if a
marked solar eclipse is accepted as an additional indicator.
In other connections the
map dating also contributes to the first astronomical establishing of an
exact time of Moses. This is a consequence of the fact that, for the first
time, research includes information about astronomical data from the time of
Moses - presented through ancient Rabbis.
Additional Publications by the Writer
Before, during, and after the work with the books on Moses, a vast number of
Ove von Spaeth's historical articles have been published; they scrutinize
the many culture historical lines with exemplary meticulousness and the
"old-fashioned" research spirit.
Drawing from a
great number of research fields the writer has in his texts opened for new
angles and insights on celestial and religious subjects, initiation
mysteries behind history, and the form of spirituality in early science and
architecture - all presented with fascinating and detailed references.
- the writer has independently carried out his own ongoing, thorough
studies of ancient architecture, history, and astronomy. He is
especially fascinated by the often impressive ancient science (for
instance, the 2,200 year old archaeological finding from Antikythera, a
sophisticated Greek bronze toothed wheel calculator with gear shifts
meant for computing of lunar eclipses, planet orbits - and even elliptic
Propagation of Access: - his texts are rooted
especially in allowing a broad access to important and, by the way,
often tangibly exciting information about our historical heritage; a
vitalization letting us simultaneously feel how relevant and meaningful
this knowledge is also today. Important parts of the knowledge are now also accessible
through the author's
Also Important in History of Ideas A characteristic media description of the writer is that he has "a
polyhistoric background from where he presents informative investigations of
many essential biblical, Egyptian, Indian, and Greek historical circumstances
and events - and he makes them relevant!"
His work is not only spurred on by a huge knowledge, but also by an
inspiring enthusiasm and culture-historical horizon with far-reaching
perspectives - and the works are also mentioned as being important in relation
to decisive concepts and traditions within common religion phenomenology and the
very history of science and learning. Many of these subjects in the cultural history
he disseminates also through meticulously worked out e-books: According to Claus Houlberg, architect cand.arch., writer, astrology historian,
and exam. psychotherapist: "... a fantastic online library of relatively short
and deeply serious e-books available by free download. It consists of works by
author, astrologer, and historian Ove von Spaeth, and they can all be downloaded
here: http://www.moses-egypt.net/zenith-files_en/e-books_group 1_en.asp . This
is a treasure trove of collected knowledge also about
astrology and history. ..."
About Advanced Ancient Knowledge, Onward to New Knowledge Ove von Spaeth's presentation of valuable and often neglected materials -
often left behind by conventional research - makes this material a challenging
factor by its very existence. The profusion of the material results in a
critical mass with the effect of a comprising and strong confrontation against
common, habitually based theories. All this resulted in an open clinch with
ruling schools in these fields, e.g. the theologers.
According to the writer, the "two cultures" of the present - i.e. the
spiritual and the physical sciences - after their separation introduced during
the Age of Enlightenment as a necessity for the later modern development - now
have to get into interaction again and into redefinition on the basis of the new
knowledge of human beings. Acording to Jurij Moskvitin, philosopher, writer,
compositor, mathematician: "... the author is also able to prove a very close
connection between the ancient Egyptian perception of the world and a modern
perceived realistic initiation psychology, this breathing new life and meaning
into the gradually sectarian, petrified Christianity. In fact, via von Spaeth
the Moses of 3,500 years ago becomes a life-giving source for modern people; ...
... at all times von Spaeth will find his supporters among
psychologically and philosophically orientated cultural historians. "The
Egyptian factor" as von Spaeth calls it - as being also a fundamental element in
living Christianity - would have been acceptable to different history authors
such as Oswald Spengler and Egon Friedell. And the close relation between
Christianity and Buddhism - it is this relation Wagner deals with in "Parsifal".
Obviously, Carl G. Jung would have taken von Spaeth's side. - In today's England
a man like Colin Wilson would not feel alienated to von Spaeth's ideas. ..."
Propagation - the Zenith-Files, a Special Net Base
The portal, the ZENITH-files, is a net base
containing articles with Ove von Spaeth's texts especially about the ancient
knowledge treasure now as a rediscovered, reflected and renewed asset for
the beginning of the new millennium. His texts place an interdisciplinary
focus on ancient wisdom learnings, star knowledge related culture, and
secrets of the universe.
Transboundary Research - On the Net
In these fields it is important to obtain a more complete survey and easy
accessibility - therefore, the Zenith-files net portal presents a collection
of so far more than 60 articles by this internationally recognized,
independent researcher (many of these texts are also in English).
This is a presentation of
knowledge of a most valuable part of ancient cultures resonating via the
renaissance up till present times - fascinating information, and advanced
knowledge and experience, not least from Egypt. A central background is
opened up in our historical basis, presented as a well-documented
superstructure to the more traditional research of ancient cultures - a
vital, exciting acquaintance with an enlarged historical dimension.
knowledge, the multi-lingual Zenith Portal containing the author's
articles and in particular
e-books very soon became one of the Moses
site's most visited pages with daily users in great numbers -
Bridge between Spiritual and Physical Sciences
Concerning the propagation of the many Ove von Spaeth articles the early days’
internet was immediately used as a main track for canalizing this knowledge to
everybody also outside the world of universities. This was due to that this
writer's research is based on being carried out interdisciplinary, unbiased -
and in borderlands, not least between spiritual science and natural science. According to Erling
Haagensen, Writer and Film Director, Member of Danish Film
Directors: "... This (the borderlands between Humanities and spiritual studies)
is an area presenting an insatiable demand for comparative and cross-border
research. However, the area is a total desert in respect of established
scientific researchers' investigations. Not only has Ove von Spaeth devoted
his life to the research and communication of his discoveries in this field - he
has also been able to handle the task to such a degree where his research is
bound to result in occupying an important position in history. ..."
"The Finding of Moses", a romanticizing motif beautifully pictured in
oil, 1904, by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, the British-Dutch painter - a myth
not historically correct about the Egyptian pharaonic daughter with Moses as
the claimed Hebrew child found "coincidentally".
A veritable challenge for
the research project is a problem blocking the way for a better historical
understanding of the relations between the Bible and ancient Egypt - it
concerns the modern myths, so difficult to wipe out, appearing instead of
exact historical knowledge. For example, the unfounded ideas saying that the
Israelite Exodus took place as late as after Ramses II (mid-1100 BC) - or,
alternatively, that it is nothing more than a myth!
Another myth, also a
hindrance for disclosure, is the erroneous idea about the Israelites as
slaves when the Egyptians built the pyramids.
Ancient Core of the Bible more Correct and Truly Historical Rather than
The limited material and survey of the research 100 years ago have gradually
been substituted by substantial text findings, archaeological materials and
new, advanced investigation techniques. In the light of this, it may seem
strange that many traditional research institutions frequently maintain
their negative reactions to the results of the new insights. Often, it is
wished that Moses should still be considered a myth - even despite new
concrete knowledge clearly supporting the opposite. Many new data from
connected scientific areas are also rejected, e.g. about an exact dating
(cf. some simple examples in the text between the above illustrations).
The core of the oldest
narratives in the Bible as well as from other ancient cultures has often
proved to be more genuinely historical rather than simply mysteries
(although, of course not everything is plausible). On this background we may
often trust historical details of the biblical texts rather than trendy
biblical research theory, which may entirely neglect existing historical and
valid material (e.g. "the David stone" found in 1993 in Tel Dan; or for
instance the Tell El-Amarna letters found in 1887 mentioning the Hebrew
invasion of Canaan). However, a number of researchers seem to neglect the
* * *
Critical resistance to new theses as well as ancient, tested theses is
important in order to activate our knowledge leading to an increased
understanding. An actual unacknowledged problem is the fact that biblical
text research had before 1900 established the ways of understanding,
unfortunately long before correcting scientific archaeology was established
and an analytical criticism of sources was developed and disseminated.
At an early stage a
special hypothesis was 'canonized', i.e. the so-called "documentary" theory,
which is not any longer accepted in its previous forms, but was used at least
through a century. Almost from the beginning the hypothesis was linked to
undocumented claims that the Bible was invented by creative Jewish priests
in ca. 300 BC.
Although the hypothesis
has never been proved, many relating hypotheses were created through time,
e.g. about "Moses as a myth"; although with no historical support
whatsoever, these hypotheses were gradually surrounded by a wall of
supporting commentary literature. To accept the idea that Moses - the most
conspicuous personality of the Old Testament and one of the most fundamental
features of Jewish self-understanding - was a completely fictive figure,
would make the origin of the very Mosaic religion and the entire ancient
tradition an amazing mystery.
Thus, later generations
of researchers are confronted with a continuous up-generated system of
comments concerning the original basis of this very imperfect argumentation.
In this way they are frequently given the impression that also many new
hypotheses with lines from the previous, dubious background are to be
considered a kind of authoritative "truth".
* * *
A Huge Amount of Research Material Makes the Myth Statement
Many times during the Moses series project the writer faced the necessity of
going all the way back to sources containing immediate knowledge about
findings and discoveries, e.g. excavation reports and notes about how the
relevant research results were produced. This procedure proved to be of
decisive importance instead of only taking the later and further enlarged
versions of references for granted.
Collected in Ove von
Spaeth's books is a substantial amount of existing, historical sources about
Moses - in reality dispersed sources. For the first time the majority of
these are shown relating to modern archaeology and astronomical dating. The
considerable and relevant material about Moses makes it irrelevant to see
him as a mysterious figure - on the contrary it appears that historical and
biblical information about Moses as a concrete person is thoroughly
It should be mentioned
that as an extra challenge - somewhat unexpectedly - the work's
presentation of the ancient material in this broad coherence has - besides
the normally adhered counter-argumentational - sometimes caused an extreme,
direct counteraction from certain university circles trying to create public
disapproval because a number of real
authorities from different areas - also international ones - had granted
the writer their professional assistance and evaluation. This sequence gave
the writer an interesting experience and
value of the initially provided extraordinarily heavy documentation of
the project - the necessary project.
* * *
The Spiritual Cultural Dimension
The writer's disclosure of Moses' Egyptian background elaborates the
historical concept to the effect that along with other historical events, a
number of so-called magic and spiritual relations connected with religion,
royalty, military, etc, are also documented. It is only possible to
understand Moses' background and the culture of Egypt if much more attention
is paid to these elements also belonging to history.
The books point to the
mystery plays of ancient Egypt, i.e. "Freemasonic-like ceremonial, and
ritual healing, magic, astrology, as well as special aspects of religious
royal power, also for instance historical inscriptions about the use of
magic by the ancient kings and generals; in addition the oracles, divine
conception, star-knowledge mythology, and cosmology. Thus it can be observed
that these sublime impressions of a culture with a special spirit expressed
in spiritual architecture and art surpass almost everything of any
known civilization. Now, many thousand years later, we are still moved when
we meet it.
* * *
The Very Challenge
- is to open up for and circulate results of new findings despite negligence
or resistance against their significance. Often "schoolmaster myths" about
antiquity and Moses tend to block the clear view. During the project's more
than 25 years of thorough processing of the huge research material,
findings, sources, and descriptions and then after several meetings with an
existing recognizable pattern of unscientific research forms and
conclusions, it became necessary for the writer to be on guard. The general
form of such a pattern, also known in other professional lines, can be
demonstrated by the following:
Source Critics: - At an early
stage it was a challenge to the project to disclose the degree of
validity of materials of which, thereafter, many could not be used
because some writers of research works do not seem able to demonstrate
source criticism - and their results may contain many factual errors.
Although many sources of the working materials are publicly accessible
and for instance can be found free of charge on the internet, they are
frequently sought after in publicized results. For instance, this may
camouflage the fact that on the subject of the Israelite Exodus most
researchers as a matter of course operate with fictive dating with
absolutely no sources and documentation in existence - nevertheless on
the basis of this illusionary foundation they claim to prove that the
Exodus never took place.
Conformity: - Regarding circulation of results -
another challenge can often be seen as the conformity sometimes
influencing groups of researchers, among whom deviations from consensus
are seriously punished by automatic bias in certain professional
spheres. Many independent researchers have the mutual experience in many
cases of exposure with less "popular" results meticulously repeated in
collegiate media, which consider it unnecessary to get acquainted with
the matter and have no ambition to obtain an adequate, detailed
description. In this way conformity is safe-guarded.
Isolation: - Another challenge of the project work is
the fact that contrary to, for instance, the exact sciences (e.g.
mathematics, astronomy), in which interdisciplinary cooperation is
normal procedure, this is hitherto not so usual within the humanities
(e.g. theology, Egyptology), where some researchers may be isolated from
other environments and lines other than those based on their own
understanding. This may often explain tendencies towards
narrow-mindedness and lack of knowledge of sources being debated in
other forums - information that the researchers in question cannot or
will not deal with if it should appear. However, a supplement by the new
research may help remedy this and open up.
Transboundary research can reveal treasures of the past
A Non-Polemic Project
Of course the present Moses project is not 'authoritatively' above criticism
- neither is its purpose to criticize; on the contrary the task of the
challenges mentioned is to introduce the results of the project and the
valuable materials as incitements to necessary new breaks in the field of
research. This is not a case of dissolving, but of supplementing.
The aim of the project
was never to be polemic or rebellious towards previous research, which has
accomplished many impressive tasks through hard work and ingenuity; on the
contrary the aim includes also learning from the above-mentioned disastrous
research exercises which in fact can only block progress. Instead the
results of the project's independent research in new areas can contribute to
and supplement the already established knowledge.
There are two main areas
where research is easily tempted to turn a blind eye to its own negligence
regarding the use of scientific methods and approach: 1. - when research relies so much
on consensus - not unusual for 40-50 percent as a basis - the consensus is
easily considered a kind of "truth" but is actually a starting position with
some illusory value. The problem is that in many cases there may be almost
nothing useful to start with, a hitherto 'agreement' of an assumption is
then used - but it must not be confused with the real world. 2. - when for some time research have
used a somewhat helpful theory it happens thus that the people involved now
begin to consider this provisional working model to be a concrete reality,
and then they even defend and protect it blindly when something new comes
up, instead of being open for the oppurtunity on testing (not "warfaring") the
new against the previous assumptions.
These risks are
well-known as a problem which very many projects - including Zenith IC
Project - hardly can avoid being confronted with during the work of
research. However, the Zenith IC Project continues being aware of dealing
* * *
Displaced Information Brought out in the Open
Examples of the historical, displaced information in question: in texts
connected to the Bible - i.e. the old Rabbinical Writings and those of
ancient learned men - it is concretely mentioned that Moses was the son of
the daughter of Pharaoh. Many indications show that with his high initiation
and Egyptian education Moses brought several religious features and
"secrets" out of Egypt when he was in command of the Israelitic exodus.
Three times in
history attempts were made to destroy Moses, so "The Assassination of Moses"
is the title of series of Ove von Spaeth's books about Moses: 1)
- The first time was by the Egyptians, who ousted him as a candidate to the
throne and simultaneously removed his name(s) and other reminders about him
in order to make him "non-existent". 2) - Later by the
clerical bible editors, e.g. Ezra in ca. 350 BC, who reduced the Egyptian
background and status of Moses. 3) - Presently, by many
schools of theology rejecting the historical existence of Moses and
describing him as an artificially invented and mysterious figure.
The re-evaluation of the
identity of Moses, his background, fate, and the mystery surrounding him,
presents this ancient personality as the one who created - and in fact was the
personified representation of - the demarcation between our history and
prehistory; thus, a completely new orientation as a supplement to traditional
research, itself also inevitably on the road to transformation. Advanced ideas
in the ancient knowledge will inspire a higher level knowledge and perception of
the world, so that cosmological insight will again be generally included. Now
the time is about being ready for some hidden features behind the heritage from
Moses to be disclosed - several enigmas are to be solved.
According to L. Steen
Larsen, Ph.D. in History of Religions, Associate Professor at the
University of Lund, Sweden, - Department of History and Anthropology of
Religions: "... The project description presenting the structure and goals of
the entire huge project I find extremely successful, - elements and arguments
refreshingly clearly presented, in fact the points are very concretely defined.
As regards stylistic and structural implementing it is absolutely among some of
the very best textual works Ove von Spaeth has produced. On the whole well written, a
great appetizer so I got the urge to read more of his texts. ...".
Debate, News, and Reviews in Study Archives on the
Moses * Egypt * Spaeth - is the title
brand of the website of the book-series "Assassinating Moses" about the
re-evaluation of the mystery of Moses - a non-commercial, polyglot website
on which Ove von Spaeth presents an epoch-making historical project with a
special archive containing more than 160 pages of information and
documentation established on the basis of the writer's research and texts,
especially the five-volume series about the historical Moses, as well as the
treatise about exact dating of the world's oldest star map from Egypt.
The Moses-Series' Own Website
From the beginning it was considered more important than ever that the book-series
about the historical, re-evaluated Moses, and the project behind this, are
presented as being of current interest and on an easily accessible and
continuously up-dated website.
Thus, the website of
the book-series on Moses contains introductory abstracts on the versatile
contents of the work as well as the individual forewords of each book
written by researchers and scientific experts. The website also presents (in
English) three complete chapters of volume 1. Moreover, the website contains a special
library of all the author's e-books.
All this opens up for a
very comprehensive archive with all important book reviews and literature
features, debates, letters from the readers, recommendations, protests,
questions in the media and international reviews and statements; and also
briefings on the work's creator, editor, and writer Ove von Spaeth. Now, a
piece of controversial research history is made open to the future.
Unique Bibliography, Net-Accessibility
Each volume of the Moses-series contains an appendix with an extraordinarily
comprehensive bibliography with
120 years of scientific literature about
Moses - and on Egyptian astronomy - as well as about Egyptology, research of
biblical texts, religion history, archaeology, anthropology, and chronology.
Many thousands of titles of books and articles all of which will further
document the information in the works of the Moses-series, now unequalled
worldwide, collected from numerous international libraries during the
1970's-1990's, when it was more easily done.
A detailed table of
contents of the collection is established, and the complete collection is
also thoroughly specified in subject areas, thus more helpful to searching
The unique bibliography -
approx. 50 book-pages of literature lists from the volume 5 - has also been
included on the website of the Moses series. This is made further accessible
by search tools on the Net, the website, and the computer, also to be used
if only a fragmental part of either a book title or the name of a writer was
available. This is an incredible help in literature searching - also in old
scientific literature - and a true success inside the Moses-site ranging
among its most searched pages
Vital Archive - Key to Literature Studies
A concept like the website on the Moses series has not been seen previously
on projects concerning books or research. All interested readers can dig
deep, for instance when analysing reactions/phenomena pertaining to the
books' "launching" of a more original Moses in a historical coherence, now
re-established by means of fragmented 3,400 year-old sources.
A website presenting a
comprehensive overview via an archive had to be established quickly, i.e.
www.moses-egypt.net, as press and media published hundreds of book
reviews, references, and debates already during the first couple of years
after the initial publication of the series. Considerable international
attention arose in particular when Ove von Spaeth published his treatise on
the Egyptian star map (also added in volume 2 of the series).
All sequences of the
publication and spreading of the information are documented and elaborated
on in the text archive of the website - ideal for particular studies, e.g.
concerning media and readers' feed-back as well as literature history, and
the writer's reply to scientific questions.
Librarians and students
can find special book reviews and related texts on the website - in many
cases not retrievable or present elsewhere in newspaper Internet archives.
Website with Cult Status
The Moses-series own website,
was established in November, 1999 - a success in its own right in the world
of books. At an early stage this site gained an exclusive status on the Net
- not least the amount of factual research information on the site has
created an interest together with the information also provided via
reviewers, frequently professionals.
In addition to the level
of contents, the website is within two special categories - the graphic
design (by the author) is acknowledged for an expressed
historical-esthetical flair and superb layout in relation to the website's
extensivness - and for the carefully prepared technical functionality (by
MacroSystem Internet). According to Jacob
Ludvigsen, Journalist, DJF, Editor-in-Chief: "... On the Internet -
common property since 1990's and within the lifetime of this civilization
changing our lives completely - much exciting information regarding Ove von
Spaeth's book-series on Moses is now accessible. Interesting, because these
books' own homepage, www.moses-egypt.net , has become a cult site on the net. ...
... From every side it is
heard that this web-site and web-archives of the book-series on Moses -
already known to have created history on the stage of books in our
part of the world - is one of the Internet's top important sites, especially
as regarding new orientation on ancient history and on history of religions.
Pagina nueva 1
The presented articles and books were made possible by the support of readers
• This project for free scientific, historical research and information is
supported by donations.
The kind support from interested people creates the necessary possibility
for financing the ongoing task. OvS's independent, new-orientating work is an
appreciated supplement to traditional studies with their natural limitations.
We should not be without the project's
in the overall
• All contributions of any size are welcome, even the smallest amount goes a
long way All assistants are unpaid volunteers but, e.g. complex IT problems
require professional attention.
In case you would like to help, donations to Zenith IC NewScience can be submitted to account
SWIFT-BIC: SYBKDK22 - IBAN no. DK9367350001056220 - We thank you so very much!
Don't let this stop you reading,just go ahead with the many texts since
they are first and foremost intended to be used, disseminated and kept."Without
these discoveries and necessary explorations we would today often lose important
interconnection to valuable information and history ..."
You are most welcome to send comments or news about the
In case of public and private institutions, incl. libraries, schools, etc. or
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should be paid mandatorily, and copyright respected:
per book or article.
A special treasure of knowledge and wisdom
of Greece, Rome, and the Renaissance had originated in Ancient Egypt -
and was here known to connect also with the historical Moses' dramatic
fate and mystery.
Ove von Spaeth has
written an intriguing, new-orientating work presenting this still
influential background of our civilization. • His interdisciplinary
research on history, archaeology, and anthropology goes deeply into
Egyptian tradition, history of religion, initiation cults, star-knowledge,
and mythology - relating to biblical studies, the Rabbinical Writings,
and the authors of Antiquity. • Each volume offers unique insights not
Special information is
presented by clicking on the individual cover illustrations: