Historical and Egyptological problems of chronology concerning Egypt's 18th and
19th dynasty (c. 1550-1300 BC), are continuously coming up.
This being of relevance,
too, to a growing demand for an easy access to the information given by of the
original text of Ove von Spaeth's analysis and report: "Dating the Oldest
Egyptian Star Map". The paper was published in "Centaurus International Magazine
of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology", July-August 2000 (more
information concerning the publication will follow).
When publishing this
treatise concerning its new orientating discoveries of the content of the
ancient star map, the number of prints was relatively limited. The star map
demonstrates to be impressively well constructed by Queen Hatshepsut's gifted
'vizier' Senmut (or Senenmut), around 1.500 BC. And the need of acquiring the
new data of the map has exceeded more than it was expected.
The earlier situation
of not being able to obtain the text easily, seems, in a few cases, to
have caused some disadvantages, especially negligence or wrong
impressions of the content:
- For instance, an
international Newsgroup for the History of Astronomy has published
discussions on the internet among researchers, scholars, and scientists
concerning Ove von Spaeth's scientific treatise on dating the world's
oldest star map: - Around 25 different letters dealing with this matter,
were distributed world wide to all members of the group during the first
months of 2002. Unfortunately, solely based on accounts and comments,
the statements from members of the group contain also certain
misunderstandings, as scholars and scientist involved admittedly
neglected to consult the primary source, i.e. the original text of the
treatise. - Cf.
Debate on Dating the Star Map .
From article-bases at the libraries: xerox copies of the treatise can be
required - the reference-No. is: ISSN 0008-8994, Centaurus, Vol. 42;3, 2000, pp.
However, in many cases
this line of action proved to be too slow a procedure to obtain the information
at the moment it was needed.
! Now, it is has been arranged that it is possible (in connection with the
special Moses-research, cf. permission below) - for free and without the delay -
to receive the treatise directly, in an new electronic version..
Orientation For Also Non-specialists
An evaluation of the present work must be made on the whole, as many
circumstances connected with these star maps have been put together coherently
for the first time.
The present thesis has been based on a long series of
indications, and not on isolated presumptions; and as such it should be regarded
as "suggestions" to be further explored.
The researches into the
material concerned combines especially two branches of science, i.e. astronomy
and Egyptology. It has also been the intention to make the knowledge available
to other researchers e.g. historians and archaeologists, besides the
Egyptologists, astronomers and historians of astronomy.
Therefore, it was
necessary to explain, en route, a few astronomic and Egyptological concepts. In
some cases Egyptian terms will be indicated, out of consideration for
non-Egyptologist readers, by generally accepted or used pronunciation.
As a whole the analysis
has been formed in such a way that the readers do not need to have special
knowledge within the special fields. And even in principle for the text in
question, a throughout understanding is not necessarily needed when reading to
obtain a satisfactorily orientation.
Free download & free of conditions: You can
get the original text (emended) from Ove von Spaeth's treatise
"Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map".
According to Centaurus' (by Munksgaard
/Blackwell International Publishers Ltd.) written permission, 18 July 2000, the Centaurus-publisher's part of copyright to publish
the treatise has most kindly been excluded for the benefit of the
cases when the text should be presented in connection with Ove von Spaeth's Moses-research. - Again, it must be emphasized that the
analysis and its results concern solely the star map and were
accomplished completely independent of any other objective or
You may download the treatise (file size: 357 KB, pdf) by clicking on the link
below - and depending on the quality of your internet connection it may take a
few seconds, in which case please be patient:
Important: To avoid a few widespread technical
misunderstandings it is highly recommended that the reading of the treatise is
combined with reading web page: FAQ
In order to download the treatise (pdf format) your computer uses the
tool Acrobat Reader. The Acrobat Reader is normally installed with
Netscape or Internet Explorer and is useful on numerous occasions.
Free download & free of
conditions: If you do not have this tool on your computer already, you
can download it for FREE without giving any information about you. You
will receive the most recent version: Click on the Acrobat Reader link
(the download file size is unavailable) and follow the instructions: Acrobat
According to the permission stated, the treatise was thus allowed to
be published also in connection with Ove von Spaeth's research
concerning the historical Moses. It is therefore also published as a
special appendix in vol. 2 of Ove von Spaeth's book-series
"Assassinating Moses" (C.A. Reitzel Publisher, Copenhagen). Editions in English are under preparation..
Concering C.A. Reitzel Bookseller and Publisher, Ltd.: Established 1819 - Soeren Kierkegaard
and Hans Christian Andersen's original publishing house - The oldest
bookstore in Denmark, - after 2008: order Ove von Spaeth's books on Moses (in Danish) by e-mail: email@example.com
OVE VON SPAETH: INTRO, THE MOSES-VOL.2's APPENDIX "SENMUTS' STAR MAP -
DATED BY ASTRONOMY"
Ove von Spaeth's
- concerning the author's Book-series on the historical Moses - this for
introducing the Vol. 2's Appendix.
Documentation of the dating of Senmut's star map. The scientific treatise by Ove
von Spaeth published in "Centaurus" (Vol.42;3, 2000, pp. 159-179) was later
re-edited to be used by readers without "professional" astronomical knowledge.
This to be presented in connection with Ove von Spaeth's Moses-research - then being added as a special Appendix to vol. 2 of his present book-series on
From a hitherto unknown
level of the astronomical knowledge by ancient Egyptians, in a high-level era of
1550-1450 BC, an opportunity now turns out concerning the ability of discovering
new and surprising information contained in Egypt's oldest star map. The star
map in question constitutes the adornment of a tomb construction which belonged
to the grand vizier and calendar chief of Queen Hatshepsut, approx. 3,500 years
ago, under the 18th dynasty. Also, it is the world's oldest star map.
According to the
presented analysis, the star-map reveals to contain information of an actual
celestial event of its time. This recent discovery uncovers thus the earliest
exact scientific description of an otherwise rare but not unknown celestial
phenomenon. The findings can be exposed, for instance, as the following summary:
"The study concludes as follows: The Senmut map depicts an exceptional
event in the sky. This seems to have produced a prototype for all later
pictures of similar celestial events - but with one exception: In the
first depiction, in the time of Senmut, Mars is retrograde in the west
when the other planets assemble around Sirius in the east.
So far has been
demonstrated: 1) The Senmut maps contain a cosmological and
astro-mythological expression not only as decoration - as hitherto
assumed - but also as a picture of a particular and unique situation in the sky. - 2) This configuration of the sky can be exactly dated: 1534
In addition the star maps
may contribute to a much better dating of their creator Senmut and also
of the contemporary Egyptian pharaohs."
D.I. Loizos, Professor in History, Editor-in-Chief, -
Anistoriton Journal of History, Archaeology, & ArtHistory, Vol.
6/2002 (ISSN 1108-4081), - Anistoriton History Library, Athens, Greece
The further achievements of the research yields twofold:
a) presenting an
able method of dating other similar star maps produced through the ages of
b) the very
discovery that other star maps, too, e.g. by Ramses II, are constructed
according to similar systems containing information reflecting their exact
As an extra gain the
especially important era of ancient history (Egypt's 18th dynasty period) is now
to be set free of the limbo of non-fixation of its exact time.
By these results it is
our wish to offer special thanks for the consultations concerning original
corrections for respectively the astronomy concept and the Egyptian texts:
- Kristian Peder Moesgaard, D.Sc., Professor, History of Science Department,
Aarhus University; - Director of the Steno Museum, Denmark's National Museum for the History of Science, Aarhus;
- Erik Iversen, Dr.Phil.h.c., Egyptology, formerly of the University of
Ove von Spaeth
CONCERNING THE CENTAURUS MAGAZINE
"Centaurus International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology" (established 1950/51) being most esteemed as only comparable to the
world's oldest and largest journal in this field: "Isis Journal of the History
of Science" (established 1913). Some information about Centaurus may be of use:
The treatise of Ove von Spaeth: "Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map", was published in "Centaurus
International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology",
Vol. 42;3, 2000, pp. 159-179, - by Aarhus University, the History of Science
Department, Denmark; - and issued by Munksgaard /Blackwell International
Publishers, Copenhagen. - (ISSN 0008-8984).
Abstracted or indexed in:
Social Sciences Citation Index, Arts & Humanities Citation Index, Research
Social & Behavioral Sciences, Historical Abstracts.
The Centaurus editorial staff, consultants, addresses, conditions, and subscriptions: In the following data some few changes may have been made since
the Centaurus Magazine published the issue/volume in question -
July-August 2000 :
Editorial staff: Editor in chief: KURT MØLLER PEDERSEN, History of Science Department
Aarhus University, Denmark. Assistant Editors: KIRSTI ANDERSEN, OLE
KNUDSEN, & HENRY NIELSEN, History of Science Department. Aarhus University. Book Review Editor: HELGE KRAGH, History of Science Department. Aarhus
University. Secretary to the Editors: LOUIS KLOSTERGAARD, History
of Science Department. Aarhus University, Denmark.
ASGER AABOE, YaIe University, USA. € J.M. HENK BOS, University of
Utrecht, The Netherlands. € LIS BRACK-BERNSEN, Universität
Regensburg, Germany. € MARK CLARK, Oregon Institute of Technology,
USA. € MENSO FOLKERTS, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany. €
DAVID FOWLER, University of Warwick, United Kingdom. ROBERT MARC FRIEDMAN,
University of Oslo, Norway. € JEREMY JOHN GRAY, The Open University,
Milton Keynes, United Kingdom. € JAN PETER HOGENDIJK, University of
Utrecht, The Netherlands. € ARNE KAIJSER, Royal Institute of
Technology, Sweden. € JESPER LUTZEN, University of Copenhagen,
Denmark. € ROBERTO DE ANDRADE MARTINS, State University of Campinas.
Brazil. € CHRISTOPH MEINEL, Universität Regensburg, Deutschland.
€ KRISTIAN P. MOESGAARD, StenoMuseum, Aarhus, Denmark. € JOHN
D. NORTH, Oxford, United Kingdom. € JOAN RICHARDS, Brown University,
Providence. USA. € ALAN E. SHAPIRO, Tate Laboratory of Physics,
Minneapolis, USA. € DONALD B. WAGNER, University of Copenhagen,
Denmark. € ANDREW WARWICK, Imperial College of Science, Technology
and Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
Manuscripts, review copies of books, and editorial communications should be sent
to: Centaurus, History of Science Department. Aarhus University. Ny
Munkegade, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark, Phone: +45 8942 35 12, Fax: +45 8942
35 10. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Subscription orders may
be placed with: Head office: MUNKSGAARD International Publishers Ltd., 35 Nørre Søgade. Postbox 2148, DK-1016 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel: +45773333 33, Fax: +45
77 3333 77, e-mail: email@example.com
or Regional office in USA: MUNKSGAARD International Publishers
Ltd., Commerce Place. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148-5018, USA, Tel:
+1(781)3888273, Fax: +1(781)3888274 or with any subscription agent.
0008-8994] is published quarterly by Munksgaard International Publishers
Ltd., 35 Nørre Søgade, P.O. Box 2148, DK-1016 Copenhagen K, Denmark. (Printed in
Denmark by P.J. Schmidt A/S, Vojens).
USA subscription price is
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The treatise on "Dating the Oldest Egyptian
Star Map" was, by permission, also published (in a form adapted for
non-scientifical readers) as a special appendix in the Volume 2 of Ove
von Spaeth's book-series about the research on the historical Moses. (Cf.
address can be used, concerning the book:
A special treasure of knowledge and wisdom
of Greece, Rome, and the Renaissance had originated in Ancient Egypt -
and was here known to connect also with the historical Moses' dramatic
fate and mystery.
Ove von Spaeth has
written an intriguing, new-orientating work presenting this still
influential background of our civilization. • His interdisciplinary
research on history, archaeology, and anthropology goes deeply into
Egyptian tradition, history of religion, initiation cults, star-knowledge,
and mythology - relating to biblical studies, the Rabbinical Writings,
and the authors of Antiquity. • Each volume offers unique insights not
Special information is
presented by clicking on the individual cover illustrations: