Astromythological details on Senmut's carefully drawn star map


The Senmut Star Map Decoded
1:  Accessing the Treatise
2:  Ove von Spaeth's introduction to special issue
3:  Concerning The Centaurus Magazine
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Ove von Spaeth
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The Senmut Star Map Decoded

Historical and Egyptological problems of chronology concerning Egypt's 18th and 19th dynasty (c. 1550-1300 BC), are continuously coming up.
          This being of relevance, too, to a growing demand for an easy access to the information given by of the original text of Ove von Spaeth's analysis and report: "Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map". The paper was published in "Centaurus International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology", July-August 2000 (more information concerning the publication will follow).
          When publishing this treatise concerning its new orientating discoveries of the content of the ancient star map, the number of prints was relatively limited. The star map demonstrates to be impressively well constructed by Queen Hatshepsut's gifted 'vizier' Senmut (or Senenmut), around 1.500 BC. And the need of acquiring the new data of the map has exceeded more than it was expected.

          The earlier situation of not being able to obtain the text easily, seems, in a few cases, to have caused some disadvantages, especially negligence or wrong impressions of the content:
          - For instance, an international Newsgroup for the History of Astronomy has published discussions on the internet among researchers, scholars, and scientists concerning Ove von Spaeth's scientific treatise on dating the world's oldest star map: - Around 25 different letters dealing with this matter, were distributed world wide to all members of the group during the first months of 2002. Unfortunately, solely based on accounts and comments, the statements from members of the group contain also certain misunderstandings, as scholars and scientist involved admittedly neglected to consult the primary source, i.e. the original text of the treatise. - Cf.  Debate on Dating the Star Map .

From article-bases at the libraries: xerox copies of the treatise can be required - the reference-No. is: ISSN 0008-8994, Centaurus, Vol. 42;3, 2000, pp. 159-179.
          However, in many cases this line of action proved to be too slow a procedure to obtain the information at the moment it was needed.

!  Now, it is has been arranged that it is possible (in connection with the special Moses-research, cf. permission below) - for free and without the delay - to receive the treatise directly, in an new electronic version..

Orientation For Also Non-specialists

An evaluation of the present work must be made on the whole, as many circumstances connected with these star maps have been put together coherently for the first time.
          The present thesis has been based on a long series of indications, and not on isolated presumptions; and as such it should be regarded as "suggestions" to be further explored.

          The researches into the material concerned combines especially two branches of science, i.e. astronomy and Egyptology. It has also been the intention to make the knowledge available to other researchers e.g. historians and archaeologists, besides the Egyptologists, astronomers and historians of astronomy.
          Therefore, it was necessary to explain, en route, a few astronomic and Egyptological concepts. In some cases Egyptian terms will be indicated, out of consideration for non-Egyptologist readers, by generally accepted or used pronunciation.

          As a whole the analysis has been formed in such a way that the readers do not need to have special knowledge within the special fields. And even in principle for the text in question, a throughout understanding is not necessarily needed when reading to obtain a satisfactorily orientation.

Free download & free of conditions: You can get the original text (emended) from Ove von Spaeth's treatise "Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map".
According to Centaurus' (by Munksgaard /Blackwell International Publishers Ltd.) written permission, 18 July 2000, the Centaurus-publisher's part of copyright to publish the treatise has most kindly been excluded for the benefit of the cases when the text should be presented in connection with Ove von Spaeth's Moses-research. - Again, it must be emphasized that the analysis and its results concern solely the star map and were accomplished completely independent of any other objective or purpose.
You may download the treatise (file size: 357 KB, pdf) by clicking on the link below - and depending on the quality of your internet connection it may take a few seconds, in which case please be patient:


  THE TREATISE  "Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map"

Important:  To avoid a few widespread technical misunderstandings it is highly recommended that the reading of the treatise is combined with reading web page:  FAQ

In order to download the treatise (pdf format) your computer uses the tool Acrobat Reader. The Acrobat Reader is normally installed with Netscape or Internet Explorer and is useful on numerous occasions.
          Free download & free of conditions: If you do not have this tool on your computer already, you can download it for FREE without giving any information about you. You will receive the most recent version: Click on the Acrobat Reader link (the download file size is unavailable) and follow the instructions:  Acrobat Reader .


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According to the permission stated, the treatise was thus allowed to be published also in connection with Ove von Spaeth's research concerning the historical Moses. It is therefore also published as a special appendix in vol. 2 of Ove von Spaeth's book-series "Assassinating Moses" (C.A. Reitzel Publisher, Copenhagen). Editions in English are under preparation..
          Concering C.A. Reitzel Bookseller and Publisher, Ltd.: Established 1819 - Soeren Kierkegaard and Hans Christian Andersen's original publishing house - The oldest bookstore in Denmark, - after 2008:  order Ove von Spaeth's books on Moses (in Danish) by e-mail: .

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Ove von Spaeth's introduction
- concerning the author's Book-series on the historical Moses - this for introducing the Vol. 2's Appendix.

Documentation of the dating of Senmut's star map. The scientific treatise by Ove von Spaeth published in "Centaurus" (Vol.42;3, 2000, pp. 159-179) was later re-edited to be used by readers without "professional" astronomical knowledge. This to be presented in connection with Ove von Spaeth's  Moses-research - then being added as a special Appendix to vol. 2 of his present book-series on Moses.
          From a hitherto unknown level of the astronomical knowledge by ancient Egyptians, in a high-level era of 1550-1450 BC, an opportunity now turns out concerning the ability of discovering new and surprising information contained in Egypt's oldest star map. The star map in question constitutes the adornment of a tomb construction which belonged to the grand vizier and calendar chief of Queen Hatshepsut, approx. 3,500 years ago, under the 18th dynasty. Also, it is the world's oldest star map.
          According to the presented analysis, the star-map reveals to contain information of an actual celestial event of its time. This recent discovery uncovers thus the earliest exact scientific description of an otherwise rare but not unknown celestial phenomenon. The findings can be exposed, for instance, as the following summary:

"The study concludes as follows: The Senmut map depicts an exceptional event in the sky. This seems to have produced a prototype for all later pictures of similar celestial events - but with one exception: In the first depiction, in the time of Senmut, Mars is retrograde in the west when the other planets assemble around Sirius in the east.
          So far, it has been demonstrated:  1) The Senmut maps contain a cosmological and astro-mythological expression not only as decoration - as hitherto assumed - but also as a picture of a particular and unique situation in the sky. -  2) This configuration of the sky can be exactly dated: 1534 BC.
          In addition the star maps may contribute to a much better dating of their creator Senmut and also of the contemporary Egyptian pharaohs."

D.I. Loizos, Professor in History, Editor-in-Chief, - Anistoriton Journal of History, Archaeology, & ArtHistory, Vol. 6/2002 (ISSN 1108-4081), - Anistoriton History Library, Athens, Greece

The further achievements of the research yields twofold: 
          a)  presenting an able method of dating other similar star maps produced through the ages of Egypt; 
          b)  the very discovery that other star maps, too, e.g. by Ramses II, are constructed according to similar systems containing information reflecting their exact dating.
          As an extra gain the especially important era of ancient history (Egypt's 18th dynasty period) is now to be set free of the limbo of non-fixation of its exact time.

          By these results it is our wish to offer special thanks for the consultations concerning original corrections for respectively the astronomy concept and the Egyptian texts:
- Kristian Peder Moesgaard, D.Sc., Professor, History of Science Department, Aarhus University; - Director of the Steno Museum, Denmark's National Museum for the History of Science, Aarhus;
          and to:
- Erik Iversen, Dr.Phil.h.c., Egyptology, formerly of the University of Copenhagen.

          Ove von Spaeth

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"Centaurus International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology" (established 1950/51) being most esteemed as only comparable to the world's oldest and largest journal in this field:  "Isis Journal of the History of Science" (established 1913). Some information about Centaurus may be of use:

          The treatise of Ove von Spaeth: "Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map", was published in "Centaurus International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology", Vol. 42;3, 2000, pp. 159-179, - by Aarhus University, the History of Science Department, Denmark; - and issued by Munksgaard /Blackwell International Publishers, Copenhagen. - (ISSN 0008-8984).

          Abstracted or indexed in:  Social Sciences Citation Index, Arts & Humanities Citation Index, Research Alert.
          Current Contents:  Social & Behavioral Sciences, Historical Abstracts.

Star map constructor Senmut, one of ancient Egypt's most outstanding personalities

The Centaurus editorial staff, consultants, addresses, conditions, and subscriptions: In the following data some few changes may have been made since the Centaurus Magazine published the issue/volume in question - July-August 2000 :

Editorial staff:
Editor in chief: KURT MØLLER PEDERSEN, History of Science Department Aarhus University, Denmark. Assistant Editors:  KIRSTI ANDERSEN, OLE KNUDSEN, & HENRY NIELSEN, History of Science Department. Aarhus University. Book Review Editor:  HELGE KRAGH, History of Science Department. Aarhus University. Secretary to the Editors:  LOUIS KLOSTERGAARD, History of Science Department. Aarhus University, Denmark.

Consulting Editors:
ASGER AABOE, YaIe University, USA.  €  J.M. HENK BOS, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.  €  LIS BRACK-BERNSEN, Universität Regensburg, Germany.  €  MARK CLARK, Oregon Institute of Technology, USA. € MENSO FOLKERTS, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.  €  DAVID FOWLER, University of Warwick, United Kingdom. ROBERT MARC FRIEDMAN, University of Oslo, Norway.  €  JEREMY JOHN GRAY, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.  €  JAN PETER HOGENDIJK, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.  €  ARNE KAIJSER, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.  €  JESPER LUTZEN, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.  €  ROBERTO DE ANDRADE MARTINS, State University of Campinas. Brazil.  €  CHRISTOPH MEINEL, Universität Regensburg, Deutschland.  €  KRISTIAN P. MOESGAARD, StenoMuseum, Aarhus, Denmark.  €  JOHN D. NORTH, Oxford, United Kingdom.  €  JOAN RICHARDS, Brown University, Providence. USA.  €  ALAN E. SHAPIRO, Tate Laboratory of Physics, Minneapolis, USA.  €  DONALD B. WAGNER, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.  €  ANDREW WARWICK, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Manuscripts, review copies of books, and editorial communications should be sent to: Centaurus, History of Science Department. Aarhus University. Ny Munkegade, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark, Phone: +45 8942 35 12, Fax: +45 8942 35 10. e-mail: .
          Subscription orders may be placed with: Head office: MUNKSGAARD International Publishers Ltd., 35 Nørre Søgade. Postbox 2148, DK-1016 Copenhagen K, Denmark, Tel: +45773333 33, Fax: +45 77 3333 77, e-mail:  or  Regional office in USA: MUNKSGAARD International Publishers Ltd., Commerce Place. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148-5018, USA, Tel: +1(781)3888273, Fax: +1(781)3888274 or with any subscription agent.

          CENTAURUS International Magazine of the History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology, © 2000 Munksgaard International Publishers Ltd.: - Authorization to photocopy items for internal and personal use, or the internal and personal use of specific clients, is granted by Munksgaard International Publishers Ltd. for libraries and other users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC).
          Transactional Reporting Service, provided that the base fee of US$ 12.00 per copy is paid directly to CCC, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers.  MA 01923 0008-8994/00/ US$ 12.00+0.00.
          In the United States prior to photocopying items for educational classroom use, please contact The Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Dr., Danvers, MA 01923, 508-750-8400.  All other rights including microfilm, electronic and optical storing, and/or copying reserved.

          Centaurus [ISSN 0008-8994] is published quarterly by Munksgaard International Publishers Ltd., 35 Nørre Søgade, P.O. Box 2148, DK-1016 Copenhagen K, Denmark. (Printed in Denmark by P.J. Schmidt A/S, Vojens).
          USA subscription price is US$ 246.00 including airspeed delivery.  (USPS 016-286) Periodicals postage paid at Champlain, NY and additional mailing offices. USA Postmaster for North American subscribers:  Send address changes to: IMS of NY, P.O. Box 1518, Champlain, NY12919.  Airspeed and mailing in the USA by INSA.  (&


The treatise on "Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map" was, by permission, also published (in a form adapted for non-scientifical readers) as a special appendix in the Volume 2 of Ove von Spaeth's book-series about the research on the historical Moses. (Cf. too "On History" ).
          This address can be used, concerning the book:

C.A. Reitzel Bookseller & Publisher, Ltd.,  - but after 2008  please order at: 
-  online store
Lemuel-Books,    -  or:  online bookshop Bog & Mystik, DK-2500 Valby, Denmark, - -


                      >>> Continue:

                                           Senmut Survey  (Base)

                                           Senmut page 1  (Reviews)
                                           Senmut page 2  (FAQ)

                                           Senmut page 3  (Treatise)

Senmut page 4  (History)

Senmut page 5  (Sky tradition)


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A special treasure of knowledge and wisdom of Greece, Rome, and the Renaissance had originated in Ancient Egypt - and was here known to connect also with the historical Moses' dramatic fate and mystery.
          Ove von Spaeth has written an intriguing, new-orientating work presenting this still influential background of our civilization. His interdisciplinary research on history, archaeology, and anthropology goes deeply into Egyptian tradition, history of religion, initiation cults, star-knowledge, and mythology - relating to biblical studies, the Rabbinical Writings, and the authors of Antiquity. Each volume offers unique insights not presented before.
          Special information is presented by clicking on the individual cover illustrations:

(ed.note: reading the orientation is highly recommended. The books are being translated into English)
News about the book-series: - & - Interest Group for The Ove von Spaeth Papers




You are invited to freely join:
Interest Group for The Ove von Spaeth Papers