Encyclopedical. Ove von Spaeth (Copenhagen, Denmark),
- is a scholar, historian, writer, and researcher on the
history of science and ancient religious cultures. He is known for his
prolific and interdisciplinary
investigations, conducted through thousands of ancient sources and
references, about the historical Moses. This body of research
provides a material basis for bringing Moses back into history from realms
of myth, legend, and biblical 'revisionings' over millennia. The results are
presented in five volumes - the first time that a work of such length and
exactitude on Moses has been made.
Ove von Spaeth has been
acclaimed for his pioneering work of decoding information regarding dates in
the world's oldest star-map in Egypt (in Senmut's ancient tomb at Thebes,
Luxor). The author's methods and results of using astronomy for a more
accurate dating of the 18th dynasty of Egypt and its significant
turning-points 3,500 years ago have proved valuable to modern research. The
new insights shed light on difficult matters of ancient chronology and offer
new perspectives for the entire history of the Middle East during this era.
Over the years, the
author has published several articles and features related to his research
in the fields of historical astronomy, ancient world-cultures, history of
religions, myth, and anthropology. Together, these have contributed
significantly in expanding public interest in ancient history and aspects of
knowledge carried by ancient cultures.
Some details elaborated.
On the basis of research conducted over twenty-five years in tracking the
historical Moses, Ove von Spaeth has been able to share his results which point
to new and more concrete directions with regard, not only to Moses, but also to
related historical areas and biblical data. Culling materials from fragmentary
sources spread out in different places and expressed in different languages, he
has brought them together in ways that enable a coherent synthesis and whole. As
well, earlier research results were often found to be influenced by
unfounded hypotheses from previous centuries with less-developed textual
analyses and a rudimentary science of archaeology. These directions of research
tended to place Moses up to 250 years later than estimated now and, finding
little material evidence for his existence, often concluded that he was a
figment of mythic imagination.
In 1937/1939, Sigmund Freud, in his "Moses
and Monotheism", came up with his special contribution to an
earlier thesis that Moses was a high-ranking Egyptian. Ove von Spaeth's
hypothesis of Moses' high-ranking status in the Egyptian royal family -
meticulously researched from an impressive
display of sources
in the ancient Rabbinical Writings, archaeology, Egyptology and epigraphic
studies - is presented in his book-series. Scholars in the fields of Egyptology,
history of religions, and archaeology like G. Lefébure, V.H. Juvelius, J.
Garstang, J.J. Bimson and S. Ratié have contributed towards determinating a more
accurate status, place or
dating of the
historical Moses. However, an in-depth study of historical data regarding Moses
has never been carried out before and the results show the necessity for
continued investigation of
of existing and neglected material which could contribute significantly to
filling out displaced parts of the history of Moses and his crucial
contributions to the history of humankind.
A possible drawback in
Ove von Spaeth's hypothesis could be the analysis of so many different kinds of
source-materials and research lines - with their different methods of testing -
that are brought together in his work. Another weakness might be his
investigative approach which is characterized by an examination of many areas in
generally known and accepted fields of research study rather than of contesting
particular schools of thought with their assumptions and theses. By doing so,
the author might be excluding possibilities of providing a clearer picture with
a limited number of features to relate to.
The research methodology
used by von Spaeth is based on definite distinctions between description and
analysis. In this, he concurs with the principles of anthropology, among other
disciplinary sciences, in expanding a factual base to operate from in
explorations of ancient societies like Egypt. His clues and indications
regarding enigmas of ancient history have extended the range of access to information about
knowledge-systems of Antiquity. This seems quite essential for
establishing a still more accurate understanding of our cultural past. It is an
achievement for which von Spaeth has been widely recognized by
experts and scholars world-wide (credentials).
Ove von Spaeth's book-series on the historical Moses
appears to be the most comprehensive and exhaustive work in the field and is
based on detailed cultural research. It is also innovative as an
interdisciplinary project conducted across several scientific areas and thus
brings together an array of perspectives into an individual work on history. It
is perhaps significant that the book-series on Moses has evoked mixed reactions
and considered controversial by some theological scholars. However, given the
fact that von Spaeth's books are constituted of a vast collection of concrete
sources, he is able to document an important fact: that much of the available
information contained in ancient Rabbinical Writings and biblical Moses
connected texts concur, in exacting detail, with information contained in
Egyptian inscriptions of the
early 18th dynasty.
Furthermore, his books
support the fact that surviving ancient astronomical data can help to enhance
the accuracy of important chronological questions regarding the historical
Moses. All these sources have never heretofore been brought together on such a
large scale for the purposes of a systematic analysis - this collection is of
incommensurable value for ongoing research in this field.
Ove von Spaeth's treatise
on the world’s oldest star-map (Egyptian) was a pioneering scientific work
published in "Centaurus
International Magazine of The History of Mathematics, Science, and
Technology" in July 2000.
The fresh light brought
upon ancient historical subjects through these results has been widely
appreciated. For example, Ove von Spaeth's treatise also caught special interest
by the Editorial Board of the "Aristoriton
Journal of History, Archaeology, and ArtHistory" (March 2002)
who, independently, published (parts of) the original treatise and comments:
"... The study concludes as follows: The Senmut map depicts an
exceptional event in the sky. This seems to have produced a prototype
for all later pictures of similar celestial events - but with one
exception: In the first depiction, in the time of Senmut, Mars is
retrograde in the west when the other planets assemble around Sirius in
So far has been
demonstrated: - 1) The Senmut maps contain a cosmological and
astro-mythological expression not only as decoration - as hitherto
assumed - but also as a picture of a particular and unique situation in
the sky. - 2) This configuration of the sky can be exactly dated: 1534
In addition the star maps
may contribute to a much better dating of their creator Senmut and also
of the contemporary Egyptian pharaohs ..."
- D.I. Loizos,
Professor in History, Editor-in-Chief, - Anistoriton Journal of History,
Archaeology, & ArtHistory, Vol. 6/2002 (ISSN 1108-4081), - Anistoriton
History Library, Athens, Greece
This research yields
significant results for further development: - a) it presents a
critical methodology for dating similar star maps in ancient Egypt and,
b) it establishes the fact that other star maps - for example, of
Ramses II - are constructed according to similar systems containing
information that reflects an exact dating.
An additional consequence
is that an important era of ancient Egypt - the 18th dynasty - is now able
to be dated more accurately.
The configurations of the
Senmut star map, which have been viewed largely as mythological expressions
of ancient astronomy, were revealed through Ove von Spaeth's investigations
to be an accurate representation of a rare gathering of planets in clearly
defined celestial positions and, by this means, to be constitutive of a
specific, unambiguous, point of time.
The decoding of the
Senmut star map also points to an ancient meta-scientific tradition of
sky-recordings which the modern sciences of astronomy or Egyptology alone
could not have solved. Leading international scholars on the history of
astronomy and of Egyptology - Prof. Owen Gingerich of the
Harvard-Smithsonian Institute, Sir Patrick Moore, astronomer and
science-editor of BBC, and Prof. Erik Hornung, Egyptologist at Basel
University - have acknowledged the importance and significance of the star
map dating project. As documented by Ove von Spaeth, the system appears to
have been part of a forgotten astronomical tradition and he shows how the
new dating method, furthermore, fits other star maps of the era in question.
This discovery also
reveals that the astronomical knowledge of ancient Egypt was far more
advanced than has been previously acknowledged and exacting in detail. The
dating of the Senmut star map carries further implications - it may
contribute, for example, to a more precise determination of Moses' dates in
In addition to this, Ove
von Spaeth has been able to determine astronomical dates for some of the
Danish astronomer, Tycho Brahe's enigmatic writings.
Part of this research is added to a treatise by Peter Zeeberg, Ph.D. in Latin
Language and Literature at the University of Copenhagen (and published in
the 'Renaissance Studies' from the 'Museum Tusculanum', vol.7).
Ove von Spaeth's early
researching in cyclical phenomena, synchronicity, and 'pattern recognition'
- was supported by his connections with Clyde Tombaugh
(cf. New Mexico University Libraries),
astronomer and discoverer of the planet Pluto as well as of several thousand
asteroids, and with Glenn T. Seaborg
and Edwin M. McMillan,
both nuclear physicists and Nobel Prize Laureates who discovered two new
radioactive elements - plutonium and neptunium. He also corresponded with
Britian's Astronomer Royal, Sir Martin Ryle,
and George V. Coyne SJ,
director of the Vatican Observatory and research head at the University of
Arizona's Observatory. The results of OvS's innovative research were
published, however, in a broader context in order to make them accessible
and available to a more diverse audience (cf.propagation, next paragraph).
The publications include
presentation of the author's discovery of a formerly used coding system for
astronomical information - methods known from antiquity to the Renaissance.
A distinctive quality of Ove
von Spaeth's work is that he currently advocates for a more unprejudiced
approach to scientific research on ancient history. By distilling
information from special fields of ancient history and cultic religions with
enduring cultural value and significance, he has contributed to contemporary
awareness and recognition of the profound interrelations and intimate links
between past and present living history.
The author's researches
were significantly influenced by a prolific exchange of information and data
with contacts with international scientists and scholars - all important for
the development of innovative approaches to historical knowledge.
He has also served as
reviewer of the 'Astronomical Journal' (a now former Scandinavian magazine),
and consultant for 'The Steno Museum' - Denmark's National
Museum for History of the Exact Sciences.
He has also worked as referee/reviewer for the 'Isis
Journal of the History of Science', the world's oldest and
leading international magazine of the history of science.
To facilitate the usage
of research information for broader audiences, Ove von Spaeth's paper on the
Egyptian star map was adapted and is attached as an appendix to Vol. II of
his book-series on the historical Moses. It serves here as a means for
accurately dating of this era. In Scandinavia, the book-series has served as
a basis for specialty guided tours in Egypt designed for visiting places
related to Moses.
From the inception of the
book-series on Moses, the
Danish Ministry for
Foreign Affairs included these books among their
recommended literature about Egypt. They are in official use at the
Ministry's basic school for experts from the Department for Development Aid.
Later, with the growth of international interest in them, the book-series
have also been included in institutions such as the
National and University Library of
Israel in Jerusalem.
More recently, an
'Interest Group for the Ove von Spaeth Papers' - namely 'Papers on
History and Knowledge - Rediscovery, Insight, Renewal' has been established
on Facebook with its richly interactive networks worldwide. Debates and
discussions on dimensions of Ove von Spaeth's ongoing researches are an
integral aspect of this site:
(in English and Danish).
In connection with his
work in different ways, Ove von Spaeth has also been closely associated with Dr.
Kristian Peder Moesgaard, historian of science (ancient astronomy); Dr. Erik
Iversen, Egyptologist; Jens Jorgensen, (M.A.) historian, author; Dr. Erik Dal,
chief librarian at Denmark’s Royal Library; Leo Hjortsoe, associate professor
and author in classical Greek art and mythology; Marayat Rollet-Andriane (pen
name Emmanuelle Arsan), author and actress; Jurij Moskvitin, (M.A.)
philosopher, author, composer, and mathematician.
In order to make his
research results accessible to both general readers and experts, von Spaeth made
the books and articles designed for easy comprehension.
The pioneering research
and special historical materials in Ove von Spaeth's works have led to a
considerable interest and recognition from other authors world-wide. Often,
the works have been directly cited but have also served to inspire related
projects. For example, in the years between 2004-2008, one can note works by
Erling Haagensen, author and filmmaker ("The
Murder of the Word"), and by Annie Dunch, lecturer and author
after Life"), Erik Juul Clausen, journalist and author ("Pharaoh's
Eye") in Denmark - and in South Africa author and journalist
Lènor Tancred ("The
Herder Prince"), and in Yugoslavia astronomer Boran Novakovic
An Ancient Egyptian Astronomer"), - and a couple of others.
Book-series of research on the historical Moses:
On The Moses Book-series: - The series of five books on the biblical figure Moses, is an
interdisciplinary work based on ancient textual sources such as the ancient
‘Rabbinical Writings’, archaeological evidence, and astronomical data. Von
Spaeth attempts to develop a historical alternative view of Moses Egyptian
The Suppressed Record: Moses’
Unknown Egyptian Background. (1999, & 2004)
In the first book of a
series, von Spaeth suggests that Moses was an Egyptian prince and heir to the
throne who found himself disinherited and forced into exile as a result of
complex plots and intrigues at the royal court of the pharaohs Hatshepsut and
Thutmosis III (approx. 1500 BC). - Danish title: 'De Fortraengte Optegnelser',
C.A. Reitzel Publishers, Copenhagen, ISBN 887-7876-124-7.
The Enigmatic Son of Pharaoh’s Daughter: Moses’ Identity and Mystery
The second book suggests
that Moses was born to Queen Hatshepsut 3500 years ago, rose to power as a
high-ranking leader among the Egyptian elite, was ousted in a coup, along with
his mother, and records of his existence were systematically erased. Von Spaeth
devotes a significant portion of the book to draw attention to a great number of
parallels between Moses and Queen Hatshepsut's chief consul, Senmut. - Danish
title: 'Gaaden om Faraos Datters Son', C.A. Reitzel Publishers, Copenhagen, ISBN
The Vanished Successor: Rediscovering Moses’ Hidden War Leading to the Exodus.
In the third book Moses
is an exiled prince who repeatedly tries to regain his claim to the throne of
the pharaohs by coordinating a series of strategic uprisings in the margins of
the Egyptian empire and a rebellion of Hebrew migrant workers. As the rebellion
foils the workers start seeking their own land and sovereignty. - Danish title:
'Den Forsvundne Tronarving', C.A. Reitzel Publishers, Copenhagen, ISBN
The Secret Religion: Moses and the Egyptian Heritage in the Past and Present.
The fourth book in von
Spaeth's Moses-series deals with relations between ancient Egyptian mystery
cults and early Hebrew spiritual traditions. The book suggests that many of the
cults were politically active and intervening in specific historical events of
the ancient world leading to cultural consequences for the western world. -
Danish title: 'Den Hemmelige Religion', C.A. Reitzel Publishers, Copenhagen,
Prophet and Unknown Genius: Illuminating Moses the Advanced Pioneer. (2005)
The final book in the
series suggests that Moses skills derived from his legacy as a prince helped him
unify the Israelite people by providing them with philosophy, political science,
mathematics, and the development of a written system of language with its own
alphabet enabling a formation of the biblical texts. - Danish title: 'Profeten
som Ukendt Geni', C.A. Reitzel Publishers, Copenhagen, ISBN 87-7876-393-2.
Treaties and other Papers
Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map. (2000)
By using astronomical
approach on the ancient Senmut star map, Ove von Spaeth computed and verified
the presence of distinctive planetary conjunctions represented as a factual
occurrence in the sky. This allowed the calculation of an exact dating of its
time and thus the period in Egyptian history. - Centaurus International Magazine
of the History of Mathematics, Science and Technology, Vol. 42;3, (July-August)
2000, pp.159-179, ISSN 0008-8984.
Keys to the exact dates of Tycho Brahe's Urania Titani. (1994)
In a critical edition of
Tycho Brahe's poem, ‘Urania Titiani’, edited with translation, commentary and
introduction by Dr. Peter Zeeberg, Ove von Spaeth contributed a review article
and appendix in which he analyzed possibilities for a verification of relations
between astronomical references within the poem and actual available
astronomical data - and thus support the presented astro-mythological themes in
the poem. (Tycho Brahe's ‘Urania Titiani’: Et digt om Sophie Brahe). Copenhagen
University's ‘Renaissance Studies’, Vol.7, Museum Tusculanum Publishers, 1994,
pp.311-321, - ISBN-10: 87-7289-278-1).
Critical introduction to the Yoga Sutras. (1968)
In 1968, Ove von Spaeth
edited and wrote a critical introduction and compendium and dictionary to the
Danish yogi, Gunnar Raman's scholarly edition of Patanjali’s ‘Yoga Sutras’ with
critical notes and review of classical commentary of the ancient work. Von
Spaeth also designed the book lay-out and cover which went on to become an
iconic symbol of Indian spiritual influences in the alternative cultural mileux
of the 1960’s and ‘70’s in Denmark. - Strubes Publishers, Copenhagen, 1968.
Images of Cities. (1966)
The book is an experiment
in visual effects of images from cities around the world. Von Spaeth tries to
enhanced the emotional experience of urban environments by using long exposures
and typographic compositions containing multiple levels of printed text. -
Strubes Publishers, Copenhagen 1966, & reprint 1969.
Psychedelic ’67. (1967 & extend.ed.1969)
Von Spaeth's typographic
experimental book tried to capture a slice of contemporary history as it was
unfolding in Denmark. The book's psychedelic subject is formulated through the
author’s artistic layout and visual arrangement. - Strubes Publishers,
Copenhagen 1967, & extended ed. 1969.
Internet based: published more than
25 e-books on different subjects, 2009-2011, 2012, etc.
Dating the Oldest Egyptian Star Map, -
central parts published by ed. D.I. Loizos, Professor in History,
Editor-in-Chief, - Anistoriton Journal of History, Archaeology, &
ArtHistory, Vol. 6/2002 (ISSN 1108-4081), (7 March 2002) - Anistoriton
History Library, Athens, Greece -
The Enigma of the Son of Pharaoh's Daughter;
- Moses' Identity and Mystery Re-evaluated, "Assassinating Moses",
Vol. 2, (Danish title: Gåden om Faraos Datters Sön; Moses' Identitet og
Mysterium Revurderet, "Attentatet på Moses", II), Copenhagen 2000. -
The Vanished Successor; - Rediscovering the
Hidden War Leading to Exodus,
"Assassinating Moses", Vol. 3, (Danish title: Den Forsvundne Tronarving;
Moses' Skjulte Krig för og under Exodus Genopdaget, "Attentatet på
Moses", III), Copenhagen 2001. - Cf.:
The Secret Religion; - Moses and the Egyptian
Heritage in Past and Present, "Assassinating Moses", Vol.
4, (Danish title: Den Hemmelige Religion; Moses og Arven fra Egypten i Fortid og
Nutid, "Attentatet på Moses", IV), Copenhagen 2004. - Cf.:
Prophet and Unknown Genius; - Illuminating
Moses the Advanced Pioneer, "Assassinating Moses", Vol. 5, (Danish title: Profeten som Ukendt Geni; Nye Fakta om Moses' Avancerede
Pionergerning, "Attentatet på Moses", V), Copenhagen 2005. - Cf.:
Astronomical Dating Clue Inclosed In the Poem,
(Danish title: "Astronomisk Dateringsnøgle Skjult i Digtet"), an
Appendix for the book of Peter Zeeberg, cand.phil., Senior Researcher,
"Tycho Brahe's Urania Titania. A Poem About Sophie Brahe", the edition
in Danish (and Latin): "Tycho Brahes Urania Titania. Et Digt om
Sophie Brahe", - publ. in the series Renaessance-studies, Vol. 7, Museum
Tusculanum, Copenhagen University 1994, pp.311-321, incl. illus. - cf.
Review of: Deborah J. Warner's "The Sky
Explored. Celestial Cartography 1500-1800", Astronomisk Tidsskrift,
14th year, 1981, pp.177-179.
Definitions, & parts ofIntroduction
to "Patañjali's Yoga Sutras. With the Classical Commentaries"
(in Danish: "Patañjali's Yoga Sutras. Med de klassiske kommentarer",
collected, edited, and transl. into Danish by G. Raman), Copenhagen
1968, pp. 9-13 and 91-95.
Pattern, Universe and Ancient Knowledge,
as presented as an appendix in: Lynnclaire Dennis: "The Pattern", Vol. 2,
Lower Lake, Calif., 2001. Also publ. (updat. 2003 and later) by: Swedano
Journal, 3rd year, no.3, Mar.2004, pp.5-7; & - Aspiranten Journal,
(Norway), 2nd year, no.3, May 2004, pp.17-20; - Internet version:
The Light's Open Dimension in a New Era. An
Introduction to Ulla Runchel's Research of the Future, preword in: Ulla
Runchel: "The Age of Light", Universal Growth Publishing, Phoenix,
Arizona, USA, 2004, pp.7-10. - Internet version, article:
New Life and Meaning into the Study of History of Religion,
by Jurij Moskvitin, M.A. mathematician & M.A in Philosophy. As presented
to Weekendavisen (Newspaper Magazine of Culture), November 2004, & and
Information daily, May 2005 -
Literature Article: - Internet edition:
Remarks about the Appearance of Mars in the Tomb of Senenmut in
Western Thebes, by Christian Leitz, (Affiliations: 1: Seminar für
Ägyptologie, Universität zu Köln, 50923
Köln, Deutschland) - in: Centaurus, Volume 44, Numbers 1-2, July 2002,
pp. 140-142(3) - Blackwell Publishing, International Publishers Ltd.
- publ. on the Internet:
Looking Outside of
Biblical Traditions, (about New Research - done by a Danish scholar into
the historical Moses), by Ray Kaliss, The Genesis Letters, Public and
Private online Library, - distribution.moraff, (February 2002): -
Clyde W. Tombaugh Papers, Manuscript Collection, New Mexico
State University, Departement of Astronomy: (on p. 55 ff:) professional
correspondence, No. 90:14 Ove von Spaeth, Ch., 1975 & 1987. - Library
Archives and Special Collections Departement (Rio Grande Historical
Collections, MSC 3475, P.O. Box 30006, Las Cruces, New Mexico, NM 88003,
USA). (4.Apr.2004): -
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jewish National & University
Library: "NNL data - BkLocation - SYSNO 1926709 - Author:
Spaeth, Ove von - Title, Attentatet paa Moses / Ove von Spaeth - 1999
- (MOSHE) Bible - Biography - Moshe,Moses. - Base 99." : -
A special treasure of knowledge and wisdom
of Greece, Rome, and the Renaissance had originated in Ancient Egypt -
and was here known to connect also with the historical Moses' dramatic
fate and mystery.
Ove von Spaeth has
written an intriguing, new-orientating work presenting this still
influential background of our civilization. • His interdisciplinary
research on history, archaeology, and anthropology goes deeply into
Egyptian tradition, history of religion, initiation cults, star-knowledge,
and mythology - relating to biblical studies, the Rabbinical Writings,
and the authors of Antiquity. • Each volume offers unique insights not
Special information is
presented by clicking on the individual cover illustrations: