Welcome to The
Genesis Papers - The results of a 30 year study of the first four narrations
of Genesis, the cosmogony of Moses. Studies That are Related to The Ennead
Structure of Genesis. - The following online sources do not necessarily
reflect the opinion of the of The Genesis Letters web site. They are given
in this section because they in some way reflect or relate to the ennead
cosmogony of Moses or to ancient cosmology in general:
Ove von Spaeth -
www.moses-egypt.net - New research and
investigation into the person of Moses. There have been dozens of candidates
for the historical Moses and Ove von Spaeth makes a compelling argument by
the correlation of a vast amount of ancient historical records that Moses
was an Egyptian, next in line to be Pharaoh, who was supplanted by a
relative. Moses was then exiled and his name removed from Egyptian records
as if he did not exist: -
- "... This work is
inter-disciplinary to an exceptional degree, based on extensive and thorough
studies within history, theology, archaeology, and history of religion as
well as history of astronomy... with zeal and flair Ove von Spaeth has
collected evidence from widely different sources to support his main thesis
regarding Moses and his status and place in history ...". Kristian Peder Moesgaard,
D.Sc., Professor, History of Science Department, Aarhus University; -
Director of the Steno Museum, Danish National Museum for the History of
www.merling.dk, permanent text, spring 2005
- supplementary info:
"... What is a
treasure? Most people think of gold and jewels. Few think of knowledge. But
knowledge is an even greater treasure than gold and jewels. With knowledge you
can have gold and jewels - and so much more. We have heard of the Arc of the
Covenant given to Moses and later placed in the Temple of Solomon. It is an
important religious relict.
Did the first Temple of
Solomon also hold an ancient archive - secret documents dating back to Moses and
Egypt? Historians find this hypothesis likely. If so - what knowledge was
contained in this archive? What happened to it? Could it be found? - Moses
supplied the archive with his own handwritten books - the Books of Moses. The
archive is the original Jewish "bible" - the original Old Testament. Only the
initiated - selected member of the priesthood - had access.
This archive contained
secret religious documents, which Moses got access to, when he plundered the
Egyptian temples prior to the exodus. (see:
www.moses-egypt.net ) ...".
This book was a
surprise. I certainly believe that Moses was to become pharaoh in Egypt. - Very
interesting is also the text about the oldest alphabet (pages 183-190) and to
read the entire book.
I wish you a continued
success with your research work.
Gustav Teres SJ, Bibel Exegetician lic.art., and Astronomer
Oslo, Norway - & - Vatican Observatory, Castel Gandolfo - (5.Nov.2001)
Comment, 5 January 2004 -
Parts of the 'Learned' World Regard Moses a Fictive
It made me very happy that I found your books about Moses at the library in
September -simultaneously, when ideas about Hatshepsut with a possible
connection to Moses were very much present in my thoughts. I did not know your
books, and a full filial relation had not entered my mind; I saw Hatshepsut only
as the biblical daughter of Pharaoh. Nor did I know that the majority of the
"learned" world considered Moses a fictive person.
In the bookshop I learnt
that the first book was sold out from the publishers; - and the publishers told
me that the first book and the book number four were soon to be published.
Volume one certainly contains material enough for consideration - but I do look
forward to volume four.
I know that you are more
than aware of the opposition because of the work you are doing, but you may also
know so well how to protect yourself, otherwise you would not have come this
far. "Popularity" is not necessarily a blessing, and even if it is positive you
should be better prepared than for war if you want to stick to the "track" all the way through. Thank you for your work.
Lena Rotenberg, - Educational Consultant and Deputy Chief Assessor
International Baccalaureate Organization's Theory of Knowledge Course - (5.Jan.2004)
Comment, 23 November 2004 -
Researching Level By Level
At a recent get-together in my home a small group of guests had read and were
now debating your fourth book, i.e. Volume four - "The Secret Religion". It was
particularly interesting how Ms. Inger Weidner, one of the guests, had made thorough studies. It is exciting how she has read your book (and notes that you
write in a language with accumulating sentences); and we all agree to her
observation that line by line, section or chapter you have researched level by
level way back through times and included all the time zones of the different
subjects you describe.
Everything is thoroughly
considered to the tiniest detail - your knowledge strikes us dumb. You comprise
everything, nothing has been neglected, well, perhaps in your eyes, but to the
reader this is a masterpiece.
(Editor's note: Ulla Runchel is the author of "The Crystal Universe", 2003,
- Universal Growth Publishing, Phoenix, Arizona)
Jewish Education Centre, web-site, November
2001 - presentation:
Knowledge and New Material about Moses
"... (Culture.) Ove von Spaeth - with a series of five books in which and based on history studies the
writer goes through with his aim to describe the Moses history. The writer
presents how he has succeeded in writing a work in which among other things the
knowledge of the Moses's status and time now is being re-established or in some
cases re-interpreted, all based on new material. ...
Volume II and Volume III
can also be found in the Centre's collection, which is especially determined for
studies. The Centre's aim is to inform about all aspects of Jewry - from
religion, culture, and history to politics. ..."
The Question and Answer Encyclopedia -
May 2010 - reference:
The special historical subjects concerning Moses?
Experts123.com - The Question
and Answer Encyclopedia, ...was founded on a very simple premise. We want to
have a great answer for every question. We want to build a community of
knowledge sharing that will benefit us all - a vibrant knowledge system
which we all benefit from.
Q: What was the reason for examining the special historical
subjects concerning Moses?
1 Answer - rank 1 :: Ove von Spaeth's reply. The re-evaluation of the
identity of Moses and his background was necessitated by the fact that a lot of
new knowledge had not been related to a number of relevant, ancient sources.
In some cases the new
knowledge had not been examined further as when, for instance, Egyptologists and
archaeologists are seen to perform - often more prestigious-giving - new
initiatives and excavations, rather than using the increased knowledge of their
professional field to give an important, necessary, and most valuable finishing
study to many of the previous discoveries.
Often, also many ancient
sources have not been thoroughly tested, because they may appear as "alienated"
compared to hitherto "canonized" knowledge. The impression of this shortage was
confirmed to the writer during his contact with many of the involved scientific
An early founded interest
by Ove von Spaeth for history and astronomy lead to the acquaintance of the
world's oldest star map ...
- more at:
PS, You have no idea how much I want to be able to read those books on the
historical Moses you have published. But, as I was informed, the first
volume is coming out in English soon. So very much looking forward to it.
(ed.note: Dianna Padgett is the author of the book: "V I AMR, Becoming
Manifest Transformation . A Qabalistic and Egyptian Analysis of the Formula
of Creation as Found in Genesis 1-4". Tiamat Press 2003, Denver, Colorado,
Introductory paper, 5 March -
With unusual insight and understanding
"It might as well be said
at once: This work probably renders the most original, and in various ways most
well supported offer for an answer to the (Moses)question within modern
research. - The author Ove von Spaeth has a rare aptitude for passing on
an extremely complex and sometimes not very accessible subject matter in a vivid
yet logically structured and easily understood manner. - One feels enriched as a
human being, not just intellectually enlightened, when he with unusual insight
and understanding explains the religious rationale behind innumerable phenomena
of history as well as present time. Having read this work nobody will doubt the
obvious relevance to modern people of studying antiquity".
Jens-André P. Herbener, M.A. in comparative religion and Semitic
philology; - Project leader at The Royal Library of Denmark, of the new
scholarly translation into Danish of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)
Reader's mail, 23 November 2001 -
When will the next book arrive?
Allow me here to inform you that I feel lucky to have had the opportunity to
read the new book about Moses, the Volume 3. And what a book. I am once again
deeply impressed by this book-series. I think that this book stands as the
strongest so far, although the other two even also are on the top.
What book of knowledge
have been written here, but how impressing that the author has read all the
literature involved and have collected and joined all the information? The
author of this book shows an ability of being very well writing,
well-formulating, and quite naturally - and all the time also updating readers
of the difficult material without being annoying repetitive - all of which is
formidable. It is a masterpiece - and it deserves the widest dissemination.
I have enjoyed every
minute of the book, when will the next arrive - that is, "The Secret Religion"?
I just had to send my tribute after reading and finishing the present book - and
give my congratulations to it. - Many friendly greetings,
(publication approved in writing
of November 23, 2001, by Gorm Eriksen)
Who.knows-everything.com, - February 2006
Zum Thema "Moses"
Moses. - From Wikipedia. - (See also: Exodus) Moses or Môses (משה 'drawn', Standard Hebrew M 161;e, Tiberian Hebrew
son of Amram and his wife, Jochebed, a Levite. Legendary Hebrew liberator,
leader, lawgiver, prophet, and historian. If he is a historical figure, he may
have lived between the 18th century BCE and the 13th century BCE.
According to the Hebrew Bible, Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt. He received the Torah Of Judaism from God on Mount Sinai. The Torah contains the
life story of Moses and his people till his death at the age of 120 years.
Moses' greatest legacy was probably expounding the doctrine of monotheism,
which was not widely accepted at the time, codifying it in Jewish religion with
the 1st (and most important) Commandment, and punishing polytheists. He is revered as a prophet in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
- - - -
Unsere Meta-Suche zum Thema "Moses" lieferte folgende Ergebnisse:
2: The Mystery of Moses Re-evaluated (
An Interpretion of the Moses Character and His Era on the Basis of
Interdisciplinary Studies on history, archaeology, religious History, theology,
An interpretation of Moses as a historical person and of the chronology of his
era, based on inter-scientifical research in history, Egyptology, theology,
archaeology, and historical astronomy. http://www.moses-egypt.net - More Information and Service...
معلومات و خدمات إضافية
Teosofisk Forening Stavanger, www.teosofi.no ,
November 2004 - info:
From a series of untraditional sources
A coup took place and prevented Moses from seizing the throne of Egypt which,
according to ancient Jewish texts, the Rabbinical Writings, he was acknowledged
to and highly educated for. From a series of untraditional sources it shows the
Moses from his exile during a long time skillfully interfered politically by
intrigues in order to regain the throne.
In connection with
astronomic phenomena a unique coherence of source material and dating is being
Archaeological finds enlighten the data from
the writings of antiquity indicating the traces of
important places where the Exodus people were hiding "in the desert" for more
than 30 years. In scale probably never seen before in a history work, there is
being included in a greater wholeness the political interfering mystery cults
and religious-magical customs. - Ove von Spaeth: "The Vanished Successor"
("Assassinating Moses", Vol. 3).
Reader's mail, 19 February 2002 - comments
Lectures and travelling - on the trail of Moses in
As it is apparently not uncommon among many other readers of the Moses
book-series, I also read these works several times, also because I have
discovered that each new review further gives considerable information and
because your books are bulging of exciting stories, a plethora of interesting
material. I am thrilled infinitely much, because of the content and also for a
talent of a storyteller far beyond the ordinary. I am simply deeply impressed.
I started soon to use
knowledge from books as the basis for parts of my travelling lecturing
activities. At the latest it is brought into reality that this information is
also included as the core of some specially arranged Egypt-travels in connection
my other travel business to this wonderful country with its rich uplifting
culture of the past; in other words - on the trail of Moses in Egypt.
It can be summarized here
that my background as a travel guide and course leader is that I for decades
have examined the history of older religions including having studied the
esoteric teachings, and I have many times travelled in Egypt where I have lived
for a long period of time to study the ancient culture in the light of these
For participants no
prerequisites are required beyond the desire to experience the ancient Egypt's
glory and mystery in a new light. The books of the Moses-series are, of course,
recommended among the central literature in a preliminary reading before
departure, when we realize the project.
(publication approved in writing
of February 22, 2002, by Erik Ansvang)
Museum Open Directory, Iraq Museum
International, April 2005 - info:
Museum Open Directory
Iraq Museum International: Museum Directory ...
http://www.moses-egypt.net. "New data concerning Moses as a historical person is based on Ove von Spaeth's
inter-scientifical research in history, Egyptology, theology, archaeology,
historical astronomy, ancient languages, religions, and cultic traditions. And
revealing Senmut as being contemporary with Moses, and making the chronology
more precise ..."
Baghdad Museum, Iraq Museum International, Museum Open Directory -
World/Dansk/Videnskab/Humaniora/Arkæologi/Ægyptologi/ - (April 2005)
Frankerne.dk - 6 September 2004 -
The Egyptian Legacy
There has been written a lot about the Knights Templar. Many questions have been
asked - and more and more appears from the shadows ofv the past. - Cf.
Spaeth's articles and
his books - it also concerns the question:
What did the Knights
Templar in reality brought with them home from the ruins of King Salomon's
castle in Jerusalem? It was something which shocked the Roman Curch thoroughly
and made the Pope make the independent of any country and king, having only the
Pope as their superior. ...
One more subject is "the
lost dimension" which Ove von Spaeth writes about in his books about Moses, i.e.
the knowledge of the eternal soul always being on its way to its divine origin,
through experience, reincarnation.
Thorstein Mikael Frank, - Frankerne.dk - (6.Sep.2004)
Reader's mail, 28 January 2003 - comments and questions:
The historical background brought much closer
Mr Ove von Spaeth. The books are the most informative,
interesting and innovative books I've bought in the last years: THANKS. - I am
also very interested in knowing whether the star map can be purchased?
I reviewed your books for
a group of teachers at the Farsoe School, and some of the people immediately
went to the library. I hope this will result in purchase. My approach is: As an
experienced teacher of religion and history (also sub-headmaster, and the guide
at Aalborg Historical Museum and the Franciscan Monastery) I was often lacking -
if I may say so - "meat on the bones" in connection with some of our old main
figures from both religion and history as well.
My point about the
outcome of your major research is especially that our education concerning
religion can obtain a so far lack of knowledge in order to make our common
religion more present - and understandable - when teaching the oldest grades. I
have arranged a lecture in the city of Hadsund in the autumn, especially about
our oldest religions and with you as the source. Best greetings,
DISCUSSIONGROUPS & NEWSGROUPS, AND QUESTIONS -
CONCERNING VOL. 3
Newsgroups, The Byzantine Forum, Byzantine
Catholic Church in America, 11.Jan.2003 - opinion:
Fascinating research done on Moses
Genesis is a cosmogony. As such it is not history as we would write it or
read it. The irregularities we find in it - were well known by the earliest
Christians, especially within Alexandria (where Mark established the first
school of catechism).
Genesis is neither
historical fact in the way we today would write history - nor is it fable.
It is - cosmology - while even in the history of ancient cosmologies - it
stands far above others.
J-P-E-D (assuming this is the current J and P sources designation)…
poppy-cock… but it is quite understandable how scholars (who did not know
how to read what they were looking at) would come up with a theory to
. . . the original copies
of "The Ten Commandments" chiseled into stone slabs - were actually the
first four stories of Genesis written in the demotic text of the time (you
wanted your people to be able to read it - right?) - these original stones
were booty for Babylon when it conquered and looted the First Temple - and
were subsequently lost or broken up for the value of the stone (a
quartz-like and bluish topaz like material that was highly polished and
reminded one of looking at water) after spending years in the Babylonian
storage of looted treasures. What we have today (their written form) is
Chaldean (Babylonian) script - which rightly today is called "Hebrew".
Faithful reproductions of
these stones exist in Ethiopia of today and are known there as "The Ark of
The Covenant" or Ark 'container' of the governing agreement between the King
and the people governed. In the case of Israel it was an agreement between a
human king and his people but between a living Providence and his adopted
people. . . .
What IS unusual is the
cosmogony itself (we call Genesis). These narratives are a mosaic formed
along an ennead structure (now that was common) but their depth and
perfection of inner relation (so far beyond others) seems to indicate that
the whole thing (the first four narrations) were give to the seer's senses
during an ecstatic state (a 'vision' which included all the senses). And for
the first time the "view" that the cosmogony is written from is not one from
the stance of man trying to understand the gods (or god - as Moses was not
the first monotheism) but rather the narrations are written from the
perspective of God - viewing man. In this way these tablets which contained
the narrations in ten section - claimed to be revealed (give by the God
himself - to the seer while in ecstatic state) - and this had never happened
before nor after Moses in the anneals of cosmogony.
All other cosmogonies can
be read like the current vehicles of philosophy and theoplogy - which they
were. www.thegenesisletters.com - and here is fascinating research done on
of which I can personally vouch for the accuracy of his
(Ove von Spaeth's) research and conclusions
regarding who the historical Moses was. His books are not yet available in
May I remind you that the
subjects discussed above - are incidential to Church doctrine and this
message only reflects my own understanding.
Works of von Spaeth interesting considering Exodus
Hello and welcome to
TheologyWeb - theology debate with a serious dose of fun! It has been our
goal to create one of the best and most innovative discussion sites on the
What is your opinion on the Exodus?
...Where Moses meets Aaron (Ex. 4:27) is not of much help, because Aaron
would have had to travel more than a convenient distance no matter which Mt.
Sinai location is supposed (150 to 250 miles). But you are correct that these
verses favor Mt. Sinai being between Midian and Egypt, not at the south of
Midian where Moeller places it. You obviously do not favor the traditional
location at the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, so what mountain is your
Adam Captain Kirk - June 29th 2010 , 02:19 AM
- Male | Christian | Prohibitionist - Posts: 2,173 - Join Date:
June 22nd, 2005 - Spam: 1 | Anti-Spam: 1434 - Pearls: 509
It seems clear to me that you have some doubt about the accuracy of the
Bible. If this is the case how would you describe so many people crossing
the red sea? If you mentioned this on the web site I apologize for over
looking it? - Thanks,
:: OvS's reply: There is no greater problem
with the accuracy of the Bible on this point concerning plausible history.
The text informing of the 600,000 men joining the Exodus seems to have been
1000 = the Hebrew word
eleph (not aleph) which also means family relatives (cf. Semitic
philologist G.E. Mendelhall), thus the original meaning of the information
of the Bible is: about 600 great groups, i.e. battle-groups or clans. This
would most probably mean that there were a few hundred persons in every
tribe/clan, each of them further divided i.e. into smaller groups like
"family-tents" (households). Altogether about 6,000 men, not more.
According to one of the
Rabbinical Writings - Targum I, p 475 - at the time of the Exodus, the
persecuting pharaoh said: "The number of the Israelites is very low". In
addition, much more information inside and outside the Bible support this
result. - Thanks for your interest, Ove von Spaeth
Letter, 22 April 2003 -
Moses' official duties in Egypt recorded?
By studying Moses
the question came up: What was Moses taught as an adopted son of a pharaoh
and, thus, what were his responsibilities in Egypt? Was it recorded?
And what was the main
reason why Moses did not build the Tabernacle himself? - Somebody have said
he was a shepherd so he couldn't build. Others think he was able to do it,
because in Egypt he was in charge of the building of the pyramids. - Could
you help us out. Thanks,
:: OvS's reply. Being "child of the palace" -
i.e. officially belonging to that certain group at pharaoh's court - Moses
obligatorily has been educated by officials like "the teachers of the royal
children" and "the chief of the royal harem".
And because "Pharaoh's
Daughter" - exactly as the Bible's name of the princess who raised
Moses - was a royal title for the crown princeses only, Moses have soon
assumed the duties of a crown prince. It was a custom for most Egyptian
crown princes to be a governor (and leading government contractor) of the
Northern part of Egypt, Lower Egypt. And also the Bible indicates parts of this context,
by telling that Moses was in charge of the working Hebrews in Egypt and that
those groups were living in the Northern districts (Goshen).
Later on, Moses
constructed the Tabernacle. He gave his precise instructions in fine detail
to be effectuated the colleagues as any leader would do. Besides, it was just a sensible
thing to do because at that time he was more than 80 years old.
Moses was never in charge
of building the pyramids, which were constructed for more than 800 years
before his time. - (Forget everything you may have seen in the movie "Prince
of Egypt". Here they even used scaffolds of wood when building the pyramids
- in spite of the fact that wood was too scarce in ancient Egypt and not
normaly to be used for scaffolds. On numerous sites the archaeologists have
found the real scaffolds made out of mud bricks, easy to produce and easy to
pile or move). Ove von Spaeth
Newsgroups, FFI Discussion Forum (Faith
Freedom International Forum), 17.Jan.2004 - opinions:
Moses may have actually existed
wrote - Quote: Moses didn't exist either. - Well Bread you are probably right,
but there has been some new stuff, which indicated that he may have actually
existed and that the Exodus probably took place. It is fairly complex and is
explained in BAR (Biblical Archaeology Review) issue of about 2 months ago. They
believe the oldest writing of the OT took place with in 100 years of the Exodus
and it is called "The Song of Miriam". There is more new stuff that they have
translated which dates it with in 100 years or 5 generations of the happening
..." - (BAR Nov/Dec 2003, article: "Israelites in Exile" - and further
site the reference: www.moses-egypt.net ).
James Cameron, The New York Times, and the
Red Sea, 6 April 2007 - reflections:
Did the Red Sea part? Absence of evidence is not an
evidence of absence
Prior to Easter the following text appeared in The New York Times - and I
bring an excerpt here:
"... Did the Red Sea
Part? No Evidence, Archaeologists Say; - by Michael Slackman,
The New York Times, April 3, 2007: On the eve of Passover
... Egypt's chief archaeologist - Dr. Zahi Hawass - took a bus full of journalists
into the North Sinai to showcase his agency's latest discovery. It didn't look
like much - some ancient buried walls of a military fort and a few pieces of
volcanic lava. ... That prompted a reporter to ask about the Exodus, and if the
new evidence was linked in any way to the story of Passover? The archaeological
discoveries roughly coincided with the timing of the Israelites' biblical flight
from Egypt and the 40 years of wandering the desert in search of the Promised
Land. - "... Really, it's a myth," Dr. Hawass said of the story of the Exodus,
as he stood at the foot of a wall built during what is called the New Kingdom.
- But Egypt is also a spiritual center, where for centuries men have searched for the meaning of life.
Sometimes the two converge, and sometimes the archaeological record confirms the
history of the faithful. Often it does not, however, as Dr. Hawass said with
detached certainty - "... Sometimes as archaeologists we have to say that never
happened because there is no historical evidence, ..."
- Dr. Mohamed Abdel-Maqsoud, the head of this excavation, seemed to sense
that such a conclusion might disappoint some. - Then he offered another
theory, "... a pharaoh drowned and a whole army was killed," he said
(recounting the portion of the story that holds the parted Red Sea to allow
the Israelites to escape and closed the waters on the pursuing army), - "...
and Egyptians do not document their crises."
Few months ago
James Cameron on his movie on the Exodus proclaimed it
possible to find scientific evidence of biblical "Red Sea parting" - and he was
The biblical event might
not have happened as described, probably not. But what was it then that happened?
I think there is a core of truth in all myths of this carat.
3, "The Vanished Successor" you document meticulously in the chapter 10
that the Bible and the Rabbinical Writings contain enough data about the episode
to prove a natural and fine logical coherence - also with the geography and all
the archaeological facts - so, without any problem, the description can present
I have now re-read your
text in the book, i.e. the volume 3 of your Moses-series, and I must say that
what you have established is most convincing (as usual). The core of truth,
which has to exist, I think is really present here.
Bjorn Andersen, Journalist DJF, Lecturer and MA in Literary
criticism and Linguistic science at Copenhagen University, former Programme
Editor at the Danish National Television -
firstname.lastname@example.org - (6.Apr.2007)
The Jewish daily Forward -
23 July 2012 - archaeology news:
Archeologists Probe Torching of Caananite City of
News Clues to 3,400-Year-Old Mystery
Archeologists Probe Torching of Caananite City of Hatzor
Israeli archaeologists have recently unearthed a palace at the Tel Hatzor
National Park in Upper Galilee, revealing rare findings - jugs containing
scorched wheat from some 3,400 years ago.
The find provides still
more tangible evidence of the destruction of Canaanite city of Hatzor, an event
dated at the mid-13th century B.C.E.
The jugs were found
during the excavation of storerooms in what archaeologists say was a palace. In
addition to the jugs, many other artifacts found at the site testify to a large
fire that raged through the palace – sooty walls, bricks that burned and became
rock-hard from the extreme heat, a ceiling that collapsed and burnt cedar wood
The excavations are being
conducted by a team from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, headed by Prof.
Amnon Ben-Tor and Dr. Sharon Zuckerman.
"We're talking about a
very exciting discovery. This is a rare find, something very uncommon," said
Ben-Tor, who has been working at Tel Hatzor since 1958, when he joined a team
headed by Yigael Yadin since 1956.
"The archaeology of the
land of Israel was born of an effort to confront and verify the biblical
narrative with the findings in the field," he said. "One of the biggest stories
is the story of the [Jews'] conquest and settlement of the land. That's a
seminal story and that's why Yadin came here, to check the story."
The story of Hatzor's
destruction is told in Joshua 11:10-11: "At that time Joshua turned back and
captured Hatzor and put its king to the sword. Hatzor had been the head of all
these kingdoms. Everyone in it they put to the sword. They totally destroyed
them, not sparing anyone, and he burned Hatzor itself."
This battle was important
because it cleared the way for the Israelites to settle the land from the Arava
in the south to Mount Hermon in the north, as described a few verses later.
"If there was an
incredible destruction at Hatzor, then we've gotten to it," Ben-Tor continued. "There
was a huge blaze here that turned the bricks into concrete and melted ceramic
vessels. According to various tests, the heat of the fire reached 1,300 degrees
Centigrade (2,372 degrees Farenheit). Three factors contributed to this - the
quantity of wood used in the palace's construction, the large stocks of oil that
were stored here and the area's very strong winds."
Ben-Tor added that "when
one tries to confront the biblical story with archaeology in the field, there
are a lot of disagreements. I claim this destruction was carried out by nomads
or semi-nomadic tribes that were later called Israelites." He reached this
conclusion after eliminating other possible invaders, such as the Egyptians or
the Philistines or the residents of another city.
Zuckerman, Ben-Tor's excavation partner, has a different theory. She attributes
the destruction to internal tensions that were plaguing the town.
"It turns out that
there's a 100-150 year gap between the destruction of Hatzor and the settlement
of the Israelites. Whoever destroyed this city abandoned it and the Israelites
settled there only later," she says.
- - -
Hello, Ove von Spaeth, - Very exciting. It is fairly new - I've heard about
people who grew up in a kibbutz just next to Hazor and at that time excavations
at Hazor was not carried out. It was then just a huge hill often being used
bychildren as a playground! Bjorn Andersen,
- Journalist MDJ, and author, - 29 July 2012 14:32
Hello, Bjorn Andersen, - Again we see that the Book of Joshua is being confirmed
by the dating -as I earlier have presented that text regarding the dating of
Joshua's burning of Jericho, in "Assassinating Moses" vol. 3. However, the mad theory of Moses as a person being
placed later in history these researchers cannot escape completely and this
is causing some confusion among them. Ove von Spaeth, -
Man, 30 July 2012 10:11
Yes, it is in fact regretable that your books have not yet been published
internationally. It is out there where your work and your well-substantiated
theories belong. Bjorn Andersen,
- 30 July 2012 09:52
Book crisis and financial
crisis - and which
publisher abroad would invest in a relatively foreign author's works - but one
day a miracle will take place, I believe this. Ove von Spaeth, -
Man, 30 July 2012 10:11
And you also have reason for being faithful to that. Bjorn Andersen,
- 30 July 2012 10:21
Reader's mail - 26 November
2009 - question:
On the phenomena in the sky seen by the Israelites
Hej Ove von Spaeth, - Efter att ha hittat din hemsida om Moses så hoppas
jag att du är rätt person för att hjälpa mig med följande.
Det finns någon gammal
berättelse om att en "stjärna" blev synlig i samband med att Moses föddes.
Jag skulle vilja veta i vilken text denna "stjärna" finns omnämnd.
Dessutom undrar jag om en
annan sak. När israeliterna lämnade Egypten så följde de på dagen en
molnstod och på natten en eldstod. Är detta himlafenomen
eldstoden/molnstoden omnämnt i någon annan text än Bibeln? Jag menar
omnämnt med detaljer som inte kan vara tagna från Bibelns
berättelse. Jag får intrycket att inget finns angivet utöver vad som står i
Bibeln. - Tack på förhand. Vänliga hälsningar,
Göran Johansson, - 26. November 2009 18:43 -
PS, Om du undrar vem jag är så är jag astronom som forskar om
astronomiska fenomen som var synliga för några tusen år sedan. Jag
brukar besöka institutionen för astronomi vid Lunds universitet en gång
i veckan. Om du undrar över min forskning så kan du läsa följande.
Nature, 2007, 19 juli, sídan 251.
namnet på en stjärna som ibland ändrar ljusstyrka, och jag är personen
som identifierade att det finns en kinesisk uppteckning av den från år
77 f Kr. Världens äldsta exempel på en klassisk nova.
- - - -
The question from the astronomer of Sweden translates:
On the phenomena in the sky seen by the Israelites
Hi Ove von Spaeth, - After having found your website about Moses, I hope you
are the right person to help me with the following.
There is an old story
that "star" was visible in the context of the birth of Moses. I would like
to know in which text this "star" is mentioned.
Moreover, I wonder about
something else. When the Israelites left Egypt they watched in the daytime a
piller of cloud and a pillar of fire by night. Is this celestial phenomenon
pillar of fire/piller of cloud mentioned in any text other than the Bible?
By this I mean mentioned in detail which cannot have been taken from the
Bible story. I get the impression that nothing of this is given beyond what
is written in the Bible. - Thanks in advance. Best regards,
Goran Johansson, - 26th November 2009 18:43 -
PS, If you're wondering who I am, I am an astronomer who does
research on astronomical phenomenon which was visible for a few
thousand years ago. I usually visit the Department of Astronomy at
the University of Lund once a week. If you're wondering about my
research so you can read the following. Nature, 2007, July 19, page
Z-Camelopardalis is the name of a star that sometimes change its
brightness, and I am the person who identified that it exists in a
Chinese record of the year 77 BC. The world's oldest example of a
The pillars of the cloud and of fire, during Exodus
By OVE VON SPAETH
- Answering Goran Johansson (cf. above message:
"On the phenomena ..."):
- Concerning the star: There was no certain, sensational star in the sky at
the birth of Moses but the sources mention a very large planetary
conjunction, 3 years prior to this.
This information about
the big conjunction is not from the Bible but from the Rabbinical Writings
and can be astronomical proven as being of greatest probability. However,
all this is written in my book's first chapter which has been translated
into Swedish - you can read it here: http://www.moses-egypt.net/bok1/moses1-kap1_se.asp
http://www.moses-egypt.net/book1/moses1-cap1_en.asp ) -
chapter 1: The Lost Astronomical Record, - and in this paragraph: Is it
Possible to Use Astronomy to Date the Birth of Moses?
- Concerning the phenomenon at exodus: - A phenomenon mentioned in
connection with the sky is not necessarily something literarily taking place
(up there) in the sky but maybe just having the sky as background. The Bible
do not state that it was a celestial event. The text, below, from the Moses-series' vol.
3, where I explain the whole thing, may probably be sufficient?
From Ove von Spaeth's
book: "The Vanished Successor; Moses' Hidden War before and after Exodus
Rediscovered". Assassinating Moses, vol. 3 (Copenhagen, 2001). Some biblical expressions are quoted from the The King James edition.
Extracts from the vol. 3's
- The pillar of the cloud
during the day and the pillar of fire at night
Résumé: - Hypothesis about a pillar of cloud and a
pillar of fire and smoke coming from a volcanic eruption have proven
unrealistic in relation to time and geographically out of focus.
- In all ancient military history pillars of fire and smoke were
known as perfect means of directing large groups and were effective as
false signals or misleading the enemy. Besides, smoke was used to blur
the enemy's vision.
Strategic Abilities of Moses and his Use of Pyrotechnics
The biblical narratives about Moses report on a special phenomenon appearing
in the eastern sky during the first three days of the Moses and Israelite
exodus from Egypt - and it was a visible guide in the desolate and
desert-like landscape for the first 140 kilometres towards the Red Sea.
Once again Moses
benefitted from his military training as a young man. This was also
reflected in the admirable and ingenious tactics used during the exodus. In
Exodus (13:21 and 14:19-21) of the Hebrew Bible is stated that
"... by day in a pillar of a cloud to lead them the way; and by night a
pillar of fire to give them light; to go by day and night. By day the pillar
of the cloud was not taken away, nor the pillar of fire by night ..."
"... the pillar of the cloud came between the camp of the Egyptians and the
camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to the former and it gave
light by night to the latter; so that the one (group) came not near the
other all the night ..."
This practice is a
well-known warfare strategy of that time: smoke and fire signals often
directed large detachments. Along their borders the Egyptians had many
signal stations (in forts) - especially along the Nile; these signals were
in operation as late as until the year 1900 - when the first dam of the Nile
At a certain time another
interpretation might have been significant - at least for the later biblical
editing - because the fire phenomenon may also be interpreted as an
affirmative recurrence of a sign once appearing in relation to the Jahweh
prophecy regarding the stay in Egypt of Abraham's descendants and their
later exodus where Moses at Sinai entrusted them with the Covenant: because
- as described in Genesis (15:17) - and immediately prior to a previous
established pact between Jahweh and Abraham - Abraham had this vision:
"... a smoking furnace and a burning fire that passed between ..."
The Bible presents
special occurrences among the Israelites during the exodus as evoked by "an
act of Jahweh". However, before all important doings everywhere in Antiquity
- whether a great king or a low rank foreman initiating a work on a project - such actions
were mandatory and connected with that one or more gods were to be beseeched for
getting a support during
Inevitably, also Moses
must have made such
sacrifices or invocations of the divine powers as of Jahweh or Elohim, and
it was imperative for a good result that these powers were given the honour
- or part of it - the way primitive people of today still practice cultic magic.
As by his command
of the fire - the pyrotechnics - Moses has also been able to manoeuvre the
smoke. The simultaneous and unwanted side effect of both the fire and the
smoke as means of signals had the route of escape revealed to the pursuing
Egyptians. Not only does the text show that a necessary transposition of
smoke signals had been used to deceive the Egyptian army and mislead it from
the Israelite main position; but also that production of smoke by different
means had been arranged in order to create a wall of smoke, just like in
today's warfare when making a screen of artificial smoke (cf. the Bible's
A real sabotage to the
Egyptian chariots obviously took place in their camp under cover of the dark
smoke screen, and the collapse of the chariots was among the favourable opportunities
in the Israelite's escape to Sinai, according to Exodus (1:24-25) stating
"... he looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and
of the cloud he looked unto the host of the Egyptians camp and caused
confusion in the Egyptian camp. ... And took wheels of off their chariots so
that they (the Egyptians) could not drive them ..."
Due to lack of historical
knowledge many of these in militarily tactics rather banal teasing against
the enemy were later perceived as being glorified and miraculous.
Later many of the biblical events
were later as symbolic
significances used by Jewish Mystics and the Gnostics - and were also used
by the Church as religious
symbolism. Since the years after ca. 400 BC Christianity named recently baptized
persons illuminati, i.e. "the enlightened", referring to the appearing
pillar of fire at march out of Egypt during the Easter, and the
importance of which was integrated in a sentence of the Easter hymn of
thanksgiving saying that the doings of the Holy Spirit were incorporated in
columnae illuminatione, i.e. "by the light of the pillar of fire".
By means of his so-called knowledge
of alchemy demonstrated by Moses, for instance, in some of the "Ten plagues of
Egypt" he has also been able to make a fire flame like a pillar towards
Likewise, reports can be
read about a
sacrifice in the honour of Alexander at the altar of the
Jerusalem Temple where the fires apparently were directed by means of chemicals,
spirits of wine, and Babylonian naphtha, thus creating an impressive pillar
of fire towards the sky (well-known effects and means according to the
research of for instance Robert Eisler).
A similar example of this
once so well-known phenomenon 1,100 years later was reported from Alexander
the Great's conquering of
Babylon when the defenders of the
city tried to create horror by burning in all the streets of naphtha –
extracted from asphalt-oil deposits. There are also reports about a
sacrifice in the honour of Alexander at the altar of the Temple of
Jerusalem, where the fires apparently were directed by means of chemicals,
spirits of wine, and Babylonian naphtha, thus creating an impressive column
of fire towards the sky (well known effects and means according to the
research of for instance Robert Eisler).
An obvious development of
the pyrotechnics of Antiquity - a military secrecy monopolized by the Greeks
- was the terrifying "Greek fire" known for its ability "to set water on
fire". The oldest known report on this remedy is about the defense of Delphi
against the Celts in 279 BC, and the last time was as late as in 1453 AD
during the fruitless defense of Byzantium against the Islamic army. By the killing of the defenders of the city
of technical secrets became lost.
the Nile delta to the Red Sea, on an eastern route over the level countryside where only the
curving of the earth behind the horizon limits the view, a signal fire might
still only be visible at a distance of 10-15 kilometres despite the
optimum conditions. This fact supports that the number of Israelites was
limited, considering that people of many of the groups
should be able to see this signal simultaneously.
Historically recognisable use of fire
Not only signals by fire and smoke have been used during the Israelite
exodus but also, as mentioned, defence manoeuvres supported by the means of fire and smoke.
The latter form of tactics is likely to have been made by setting fire to
dry desert plants which appear so abundantly during springtime. Cordoning
fires have been established in front of the pursuing Egyptians, who had now
approached to a close nearness of the Israelites.
This condition is also
reported in the Rabbinical Writings, e.g. in Ginzberg's "Legends of the Jews",
(Vol. 3, p. 20, and Vol. 6, p. 6), mentioning that
"... the arrows and missiles of the foremost Egyptian troops seemed to be
caught by the fire and the smoke …" which "... made aiming impossible ..."
The Rabbinical Writings
amplify this by saying that the Israelites had created a "wall of fire".
Obviously these texts
present an exact report of the real event: Pharaoh had deliberately kept a
distance to the Israelites - a distance of 160-170 metres - carefully
worked out on strategic considerations.
The distance matches the distance of
a bowshot, however, a bowshot made by the Egyptian long-range so-called
composite bows. This is in exact accordance with the historical fact that
this new invention of laminated bows composed of layers of horn and
different types of wood - a war technical heritage (as the chariots) from the
expelled Hyksos occupants - had been introduced in the revitalized Egyptian
army during the first years of the 18th Dynasty. Thus the fire- and
smoke-"wall" was extremely necessary.
cannot possibly be assumed to have been equipped with such expensive,
modern and sophisticated weapons. The Israelites have been unable to
efficiently respond to the shooting with their ordinary, short-range
weapons. The Egyptians have had the advantage of keeping the calculated
distance, so that they alone were able to hit their enemies. Thus, the fire
and smoke "wall" was particularly necessary.
Moreover, the Egyptian
military had a firm and well-organized attack
pattern where first a shower of arrows and then the throwing of javelins would break up enemy
rows, among which the soldiers could intrude with drawn pointed weapons.
Based on such well-researched
circumstances it makes sense historically when the reports say that the
Israelites established the wall of fire towards the Egyptian arrows and
Important and exact
details of this situation rule out completely the present hypotheses that,
around 300 BC or later, Jewish
clergy and learned men wrote the
Rabbinical Writings' reports on the exodus. How should the Rabbis in
specific details have known about Egyptian war technical skills more than 1,000
years earlier of their own time where Egypt was ruled first by the Greeks and then
In Alexandria the
Jewish-Egyptian philosopher Philo had
access to Egypt's old temple archives and to the world's largest library as
accordance with the Rabbinical Writings he does not mention in his Moses
biography, written ca. 10 AD, that Jehovah interfered
immediately; instead he says that "an angel" launched the implementation of
the fire phenomena.
When time and again the
Rabbinical Writings about Egyptian circumstances in the era of Moses describe "an
angel" this figure is in no way corresponding to "angels" in the later
European-Christian tradition. The events were contextual rituals presenting
the participants dressed as gods acting according to their performance in
According to this, people
must have been stirred when some of Moses' most reliable men leading this
action of making confusion were, as not usual practice, dressed in a ritual way and acted
ahead of the army in order to exorcise the enemy. In addition, other action groups handling
the fire have been dressed in fire protecting leather and wool "armor"
well-known, e.g. from workers of the ancient metal casting. That the Rabbinical Writings
phenomena confirms the probability of these being in accordance with
historical facts of the ancient time.
- - -
INFORMATION: ON DATING THE PILLAR OF FIRE Comet or Vulcan as a Sign Post?
From time to time there has been attempts to explain the pillars of cloud
and of fire - in addition to the Bible's mentioning of fire and smoke at the
Sinai mountain top, when Moses later climbed this mountain - all to be as
certain natural phenomena.
In some of these
assumptions it is alleged that the pillars of cloud and of fire erupted
volcanically from Mount Sinai, and that this "sacred mountain" was the
eruption of smoke by day and fire by night. But on the Sinai Peninsula and
in the surrounding area in today's Arabia, there has been no volcanic
activity in the last 20-30.000 years or more. The Mount Sinai itself has
never been a volcano! However, it is still a characteristic climatic
phenomenon that these "West Arabian" mountains have frequent electrical
storms on top.
German Egyptologist Hans
Goedicke argues in his article "The Canaanite Illness," in Studien zur
Altägyptische Culture (Band 11, Hamburg, 1984) that the Israelites exodus
took place in 1495 BC when the volcano on the Greek island of Santorini (Thera) had a
violent outburst so that a part of the island disappeared. Atomized material
from this disaster has been found in Egypt and in that hypothesis this is
claimed to have caused some of the "Ten plagues of Egypt".
The actual eruption would
have formed an immense, 30-50 kilometres tall pillar of cloud and of pillar
of fire, but due to the Earth's curvature it could not be observed from
Lower Egypt. Substances from the eruption spread through the stratosphere
across the globe, including the ice cap of Greenland where Danish
glaciologists found traces of Santorini in the layer from about 1645 BC (cf.
"Nature", vol. 328, 1987, pp.1-3). It is in accordance with carbon-14 dating
measurements on the island, while dendrology is claimed to suggest the year
1628 BC. Both datings shows a much improved precision, defining eruption to
have taken place about 150 years behind from Goedikes figures.
Apart from the fact that
these years are different from 1455 BC., i.e. the year of the exodus, the
Goedike hypothesis about a volcanic eruption taking place as far away as 800
kilometres north of Egypt (where at least the curve of the earth would not
have allowed the observation – as mentioned) cannot explain how this
phenomenon could have been visible both in front of and behind the
Israelites - as stated in the Bible - i.e. visible both on their way East
through the desert in front of them and behind them in West.
Suggestions have been
made that instead of a better known phenomenon (and nothing extraordinarily
like the Velikovsky theory about a collision of planets), this could be the
tail of a very bright comet.
Many comets are shining
so brightly that even close to the sun they can be seen during daytime; - equally well-known are examples on comets with very long tails reaching from
the nightly sky in west and far into the daytime sky in east.
In these circumstances
such a comet would "show the way" by appearing bright or smoke-like during
night time as well as daytime and thus be seen in shifting positions in
front of the Israelites as well as behind them. This, however, implies a
comet with a retrograde orbit, i.e. an orbit opposite those of the moon and
the planets. The orbits of 50 per cent of all big comets are retrograde.
Reappearances of periodic
comets, i.e. comets with observed reappearances, can be computed; thus also
if the comet appeared in 1455 B.C., i.e. the year of the exodus, around the
vernal equinox (Easter) of this year. The Halley comet, the 1811 comet, and
the Aristotle comet would be the only periodic comets big and bright enough
to evoke the said phenomenon (the Aristotle comet divided into two comets -
and now, 2,300 years after Aristotle's observation - the orbits of these
comets can still be identified, today known as the 1843 and the 1888II
However, the appearances
of these periodic comets do not match the year 1455 BC., i.e. the time of
the exodus; and thus not either the Halley comet - although more than 3,000
years ago this comet also had a
significant brightness, besides having a retrograde orbit. But when Halley appeared
ca. in 1500 BC and
again approx. in 1424 BC, it was not during Easter, i.e. not at the beginning
of the exodus, but at other seasons of the years.
Around 50 per cent of all
comets are non-periodic comets only appearing once. It is very unlikely that
one comet among the 4-5 non-periodic comets normally appearing each
century, however rarely visible, should match the biblical description of
Chinese reports with the
oldest known observations of comets show that the only comet (here:
non-periodic) that appeared in the year of the exodus, was observed in 1495
B.C., i.e. 40 years before the exodus.
An explanation and dating
of the phenomenon by means of a comet can thus be excluded with reference to
the reasons mentioned.
- - -
The very implementation
of the difficult start of the exodus was monumental. That later the
phenomena have been described as miraculous is absolutely irrelevant. This,
however, has caused rejection of the narrative as pure superstition and myth.
Still, based on the texts
about Moses' clever leadership of the
armed emigrants - with everything so well under control - it is obvious that the
pillars of cloud/smoke and of fire as well as the
wall of fire were well-known remedies being used in the military tactics of that time.
without any military technological characteristics of myths.
Reader's mail, 14 April 2002 -
comments and questions:
The larger historical dimension
After now having read several of Ove von Spaeth's books about Moses, and I have noticed that
they could be said to on specific points extending the concept of history by
including a series of magical and spiritual circumstances. What has
caught my interest, is the ancient kings' and army chiefs' use of magic, all
of which in
the books is presented on an equal footing with the other historical events.
Here parts of the more obscure pages of ancient history are being
In connection with the
reference to the background of Moses, I have followed with interest in particular
ancient Egyptian mystery play, "Freemasons' rituals", ritual healing, magic, and
special ideas behind the religious royal power. And further on: oracles, divine
conception, star knowledge, and cosmology. It has provided a relevance
which, considering what we have read about it here, seems to have lacked until now, when
we in other cased are being informed of
the history of ancient times.
Today, when we can speak
more openly about new "insights", many feel that also some of
the ancient knowledge is aroused to life again - perhaps to a kind of "awareness" here in
our 21st century. It makes relevance to ask whether some of
these topics may have contributed by the incentive to write these books?
J. Casper Andersen, Valby Langgade 6, DK-2500 Valby -
(publication approved in writing of 16.4.2002, by J.C. Andersen)
:: OvS's reply. - Moses' and Egypt's
history can hardly be understood in the larger perspective, if these
elements in question are omitted. Inevitably Moses has also been trained in
the Egyptian traditions' legacy of spiritual
knowledge. Thus, it was a culture also being expressed through a spiritual architecture and art,
everything we know of by any civilization. Many people are being influenced by
the encounter, even so many thousand years after its presence.
Several previous reviews of the books may in some cases have given the impression that
it mostly concerned the history of religions. However, the special material
presented by the books
is really the most exciting by itself and in the depth it becomes further
clear that often the people of those times showed to be of a general awareness of
issues such as: the interaction between the heavenly and earthly forces.
Spirit, soul, the cosmos, life and vital power are all built into the
ancient knowledge of the celestial world and various natural forces on Earth.
Here the ancient people concerned operated by a concept on multiple dimensions of
psychological levels; and now in our own time a particular trend is to be
which such forms of knowledge eventually - beyond among the
implied only - reaches much further out:
- A reviewer wrote about his impression of the books: "... Moses was born to be
a pharaoh in the mighty Egypt of those days, inaugurated in the ancient esoteric wisdom, and
in regards to
intelligence standing well above his contemporaries. He was clearly a
highly refined soul that could lead the people a step further in development.
Also, as another of the reviewers argued: "... Moreover, Ove von
Spaeths works about Moses provide new and exciting approaches to ancient Egyptian mystery
relevant initiation rituals - and contribute to the understanding of the
special spiritual character of architecture and of the pictorial arts' laws and
History offers at
this level especially an important resource that can supply the hitherto general
or customary understanding.
Ove von Spaeth
Letter, 2 October 2002 -
concerning the Moses-problem:
Via the Internet I read about your books and read the English version of
Chapter 1 and 2. I wonder, whether there would be a similar résumé in
English or German of succeeding books? I am sorry, but I am not able to read
Danish, but I would even be willing to pay for a manuscript or a résumé of
your researches in English. As an author of a biography about Martin Buber
(Herder, Freiburg), the points you made are of high interest for me.
If the above mentioned
publications are not available in one of the two languages, would you be
kind enough to answer the following questions in short:
Moses was the son of pharaoh's daughter (the queen Hatshepsut), who was his
father? How do you construct his connection with the Hebrews/Israelites?
was the reason for the "assassination" you mention in chapter 1. Why could
Hatshepsut not protect him?
you see any connection between Moses and Amenhotep IV (Iknaton)? Or to put
the question in another way: Do you see the roots for Moses' monotheism in
the sun cult(s) in Egypt?
With kind regards and
good wishes for your researches,
:: OvS's reply. For the moment,
unfortunately, no books are available in other languages. - Concerning the
1) In the
hieros-gamos ritual Jethro (a relative to the royal family) was used as a
stand in for the 12-year-old prince Tuthmosis (II). Jethro was then exiled.
The Egyptian name Jethro (Iteru) is his religious title and means (God of)
the Nile-river, and even in Hebrew it has the contextual meaning: flood or
high-ranking Egyptian prince) used the Hebrews (now being a mixed group, the
Israelites) as his supporters in an Egyptian civil war, according to the
Egyptian-Greek historian Manetho, ca. 280 BC.
2) There were
ongoing plots against Hatshepsut when she became the ruling queen - and more
so when she was crowned to be pharaoh. If her son, prince Moses, should
became pharaoh one day, her status would then be the Queenmother, the most
secure, high-ranking position at all for a woman at court.
When she and her son
would oppose the powerful priesthood, the latter wanted to destroy her
position, a task beginning by destroying her son's position.
Hebrew historians quoting
the Rabbinical Writings - and the early Fathers of Church quoting Egyptian
sources - all telling about a set up to get rid of Moses from the court. My books show and disclose important historical details from the Rabbinical
Writings, placed in relation to modern Egyptian archaeology and epigraphical
3) Even before the era of the pyramids, 2500 BC, the ancient Egyptians had a
doctrine expressing "only one creator-god". This type of "monotheism" is also
documented to have been known at the time of Amenhotep II who, actually, was
"the evil pharaoh" mentioned in the Bible. 100-150 years later, Amenhotep IV
(Akhenaten) may have been inspired by Moses' religious reform.
Yet, in contrast to
Moses' religion, the concept of the new religion of pharaoh Amenhotep IV
contained e.g. a non-invisible god, and was also expressing a special
political aim: to oppose the Amon-priests' organization.
OTHER MANIFESTATIONS -
CONCERNING OVE VON SPAETH'S BOOK-SERIES ON MOSES
Kristeligt Dagblad (Danish daily), 31 May
2005 (p.8) - Debate:
When Archaeological Discoveries Fit Biblical Statements
By OVE VON SPAETH
THE OLD TESTAMENT. The special branch of
biblical research, The "Copenhagen School", ought to look a bit closer at the archaeological
before the Bible to a large extend is rejected as a historical source.
A certain attention was emphasized by Nicolai Winther-Nielsen, Doctor of Theology - in the Kristeligt Dagblad (Danish daily),
May 23, 2005 - that due regard should be taken
to the historical statements of biblical texts. At this connection, he attacks what he calls the
"one-sided truth" proclaimed by the Theological Faculty of the University of
Copenhagen. However, Niels Peter Lemche, Doctor of Theology and Professor in the
said faculty, replies - on May 25, in the Kristeligt Dagblad - that Winther-Nielsen's ideas will "lead to limited reading
and understanding". The gentlemen have flown
to each other's throats and are mutually accusing each other of narrow
one-sidedness and even of a kind of fundamentalism.
How can we trust these
gentlemen's scientific abilities on the basis of ideas being presented as subjective, emotional
statements? Nevertheless, it is
relieving to know the existence of several and more diversified views at the
biblical history than the massive rejection of the Bible as a historical source,
which the faculty, the so-called "Copenhagen School", is representing - often
very autocratically - and where the idea for instance is that Joshua's invasion
of Canaan is a myth only.
But is it? The Tell
el-Amarna letters of the archives of Pharaoh Amenhotep III and Akhenaton (found
in 1887) state that the city princes and
governors in Canaan - at that time Egyptian dominated - for a period of some 20 years asked Egypt for help against
the intruding Apiru people, i.e. the Hebrews. The number of years is in
accordance with the biblical description stating that the invasion took place
for approx. 21 years. The Tell el-Amarna
letters and the Bible are also in accordance when it comes to names of all these
leaders and their exact localities, literally repeated in the biblical "Book of
Joshua". The corresponding
probable time of the invasion has also been rejected, however on a scarce basis.
Even though the name of Joshua can be found in these letters, the objection has
been "the lack of proof that Joshua is identical to the biblical Joshua".
From an isolated position this may of course be true, but it does lack an overall
view. - At least, the very existence of the name has to be taken into
consideration and not just being ignored as it has been the practice hitherto.
And why was it - the ignorance - done so thoroughly?
These Tell el-Amarna
letters are only a minor part of the indications. There exists a vast amount of more.
instance the excavation of Jericho done by John Garstang, the British
Archaeologist, disclosing the collapse of city walls (with evident traces of an
earth quake) - exactly as in the biblical narrative, which is also mentioning
the house of Rahab on top of the wall, and a burning down of the city, and the
prior looting of all metal items. Garstang did in fact find
houses on top of the wall and remains of actual fires arranged to burn down the
city, together with fact that only this city - among a number of other Jerichos
built on top of each other - was totally robbed of all kinds of metal. The Israelites were not
allowed to take other things, according to the Bible, and the excavation of
precisely this city-layer shows that here the stocks were full of grain,
although the rambling tribal people most necessarily could have used it. In
the same time it further confirms the Bible's statement that the attack was
early in the summer, thus with the springtime harvest just gathered in. An
additional confirmation is that it was not normally a strategic time to
besiege a city where the food stocks were full - but the actual
wall-tumbling earthquake was thus the helper.
A later dating, suggested
via Kathleen Kenyon, another British archaeologist - however, contradicting
at some points, but also partly influenced by errors - has no effect,
because modern, objective, chemical analyses of ceramic coating (found in
this specific city-layer) prove that the Garstang dating - which,
furthermore, is supported by findings, in this stratum, of Amenhotep III's
seal marks - exactly is the most probable date.
Kenyon's results per se
were quite reasonable, and she should be quoted from these only. But the
prevailing view influenced the interpretation, so even still it is claimed
that she "has proven" that the Israelites had not besieged Jericho in 1200
BC, because at that time the city was a ruin and deserted, and "that is why
the invasion by the Israelites is a myth". - However, the matter is instead
precisely the fact that an overwhelming documentation indicates
unambiguously that they arrived around 200 years earlier, while the city
still existed intact.
I do not intend to state that most of the texts in the Bible are scientific-historically true - for
instance, there seems to be some omissions created by ancient editors among the
copying priestly scribes, however, this is not the point here at all. But it should be noted in
this connection that not long ago the established research stated similarly
that even Buddha himself was a myth, and that for instance the Hittites, the
city of Troy, and King Midas were all myth, too. But, all of this had to been
withdrawn again following archaeological disclosures of unavoidable hard core
Such a form of rejection
as a principle is known as late as up till 1960, when the Viking bases in
America 500 years prior to Columbus were alleged to be "anecdotic narratives" of
the sagas; however, in the said year 1960 archaeologists found at Newfoundland, and
at other east coast sites decisive traces, which to the tiniest local details are
corresponding with the 1,000 year old tales.
Although a few researchers
in the 19th century had dug in the sand and by coincidence found the possible
site of Babylonia, they did not find anything to justify the brilliant Babylonia
of reality. Hereby, the academic critics never doubted their own judgment, so
Herodotus' narrative, 450 BC, about Babylonia was considered as not only
generally unreliable, but very untrustworthy.
And when also the Bible
mentions the very Nebuchadnezzar, this king was claimed to be a myth. In 1899,
however, Robert Kaldewey, the German archaeologist, arrived - and during the
next 20 years he found what Herodotus (and the Bible) informed about:
Nebuchadnezzar's palace, the Ishtar Gate, the foundations of the Babel Tower
and, in 1913, a huge, special terrace area, which in all probability should be the famous
Also the fact that
the Israelites for many years as a people's army were wandering in the
desert, was definitely claimed to be a myth, because this was being
considered to have been a completely unlikely way of surviving, and it left
no traces. Even the fact that Mao Zedong and his huge army - more than a
hundred thousand rebel troops and their families - did exactly the same in
the deserted areas of China, from 1934 and forward, do not at all change a
bit concerning the many theologians' rejection of Moses and the Israelite
Exodus which they claim to be a biblical "myth".
The phenomenon by itself
is well-known and appears sooner or later at most institutions and
workplaces. When some researchers or employees who are 'dogmatic' opponents
of any change and then from other colleagues receive information about that
things may also be implemented in new ways, then much effort will be
directed to prove that the new concept is inferior and that it cannot be
done - and also to get things not to work as intended so that those
colleagues' lack of competence can be demonstrated. Yet, concerning new
theories or approaches it is often forgotten take into account that
simultaneously there must also be created better conditions for presenting
Regarding ancient history
of relevance here, the interested reader can find further comprehensive
archaeological and textual proofs in my book, "The
Vanished Successor" (Assassinating Moses, Vol. 3), in which several
chapters deals with the so often debated Israelite invasion of Canaan, the
traces of which being closely documented in details - to an extent never
published before as a total presentation.
Many researchers believe that biblical texts cannot be used
as source material for historical purposes, although the problem often stems
from insufficient knowledge.
Also, a screwy position is to
be observed among not so few scientists lacking limits to how much a researcher
can assert without documentation. Our problem is to inform on avoiding that
theories, as has happened, become monopolizing dictates often making it
extremely difficult for other new knowledge to be heard.
It is highly essential
that we are more conscious about our rich history, cultural roots and values -
also regarding responsible freedom in science dissemination.
Academic Theories Contra Historical Reality
Many researchers believe that biblical texts cannot be used as source material
for historical purposes. However, the problem more likely stems from
insufficient historical knowledge.
Around the late 1800's,
theological researchers and historians began experimenting by making "models"
and reconstructing a creation and development of the texts - and to when their
formation might have taken place. But it was derived from hypotheses and
assumptions mainly based on textual material alone. This - rarely recognized -
one-sidedness naturally made sufficiently critical and qualified judgment of the
then-available data almost impossible. The problem is that this background was
forgotten little by little and many ideas from these provisional models almost
became assumed as "the truth".
Thus, it was fatal to the
study of the Bible's specific information about Moses that, especially in
philological research, academic hypotheses as to how the biblical texts were
created were developed prior to scientific archaeological excavations, analyses,
and conclusive findings. As a consequence this unfortunate starting point led in
an increasingly mistaken direction. (All this is further elaborated on in a 'The
70-Item Catalogue on Biblical Research' - in my book, "The Secret Religion", pp.
Research Rested Too Long
It was claimed by the German theologian, Orientalist, and Semitic scholar,
Julius Wellhausen (1844-1918) that the biblical texts had been subjected to
alterations or had been adapted and, in particular, pieced together from old
sources (the "documentary" theory) which were often myth material revised or
even written by many authors.
As a downright fashion
wave the Wellhausen ideas quickly spread also to other areas, i.e. non-biblical
disciplines of text research. This can for instance be seen in some of the later
analyses of Nordic sagas.
For more than hundred
years an extreme version of Wellhausen's hypothesis on such alleged text
division - later represented as the so-called Berlin School or the German School -
continued to have quite a dominating influence on the many researchers' and
non-researchers' perception of the texts. In various ways it still influences
much biblical information in encyclopaedias and literature - for instance, a
claim that the Bible contained six Books of the Pentateuch, established by
including the Book of Joshua, became also a fashionable "truth" for many years.
This German School's
increasingly complex method of classifying the biblical texts, the so-called
"documentary"theory, is based on, among other things, the idea that because that
double names and descriptions of the Israelite god appear in the texts as well
as double versions of events, territories, and laws, these texts must
necessarily stem from different sources. As this seemed very convincing viewed
from that angle, the problem was that much of the biblical research on such
points found repose to some degree through the succeeding century.
A similar contradiction
can be observed with some theological schools and branches of Egyptology, where
new and improved data of the research on Moses are being ignored or rejected,
because it is preferred that the hitherto picture should not be changed or
Thus, with several
thousand years of distance, some influential schools of research allege to know
much better about the texts than the ancient authors who wrote them. It is an
indisputable fact that none of the learned men in antiquity, not even those who
were opponents to the Bible or the Jews, has denied the existence of Moses. The
denial proclaimed among today's researchers would have been considered arrogant.
And the conclusive point:
obviously, good knowledge of history and history-literary matters is in short
supply - not only in general but also among many experts.
Culture of the western
world has changed with express speed during the latest decades of the 20th
century, so it is only natural if much of ancient knowledge now is considered
less relevant. But is it realistic and useful to do this to such an extent? But
this is further encouraged by the fact that many theorists with their obviously
limited insight and their attitudes to the past, are judging in a way as if they
wanted to abolish history.
The Claimed Myths and Concrete History
A problem appears to occur when from their present time related positions many
researchers of ancient texts obviously having difficulties in perceiving
circumstances concerning some of famous authorships of antiquity. Instead of
respecting the factual distance of several thousands of years concerning
knowledge and insight, and admit that these qualities have only partly been
achieved, some important ancient writers are now being claimed to be myths and
the texts being written and pieced together by many other writers - and always
at a time much later than indicated in the texts.
Also, it is claimed that
events mentioned in the texts have never taken place - and likewise they are
also myths. As an example, the recounts presented in the Moses texts from about
1400 BC are claimed to have been written in around 300 BC.
Based on their contents
of narratives, rules, and poems, numerous attempts have been made to demonstrate
that the Pentateuch, the Books of Moses, have been written by many different
writers - as if writers can only write in one style although it is elementary
that a writer, who writes poems, can also write prose; likewise that a lawyer
can formulate texts for legal documents and change his style when, for instance,
private circumstances are being described.
History presents many
writers who have written in distinctively different styles in their epos, poems,
and political texts, respectively. Generally, world history can hardly present a
major literary document which can be characterized as having an unfailing,
consistently pure style. Nevertheless, study of sources is guided by armchair
theories with a Utopian, stylistic ideal of uniformity.
That the Moses texts
should be a conglomerate from many writers will, however - on this complex
background - still reflect the same lunacy as "placing a thousand monkeys in
front of typewriters in order to reproduce Shakespeare" through millions of
Many researchers adopted
the attitude that Abraham and Moses are pure fiction, and that the exodus never
took place - and most of the Bible consists of fictional, national-ideological
narratives set in a 'patchwork' of religious backgrounds; everything claimed to
have been invented by
the Jewish priests ca. 300 BC.
A 'knowledge filter' making the Egyptian Factor invisible
The Bible does not identify itself as a being historically-critical account, but
may yet be a real source. On many occasions the theologians' research has only
rarely been able to analyse archaeology and history in a sufficiently
professional way. For instance, they have firmly maintained that double names
and descriptions - like Yahweh/El, Jacob/Israel and double reproductions of
events, territories, and law texts - should prove that quite many sources have
been incorporated into one.
If only the researchers
in question had known that double forms were common and appreciated already in
the oldest texts of the Middle East in names, references of events, and in songs
- as proved e.g. by Lévi-Strauss, the structuralist: in Babylonia and Egypt and
among the Hittites the names of kings and gods are very often seen in double
contradicted by many new findings and discoveries, it is still often being
claimed that the Bible should only be seen as a purely literary poem or work of
fiction. But many times in the Pentateuch it is clearly stated that Moses
himself is the writer. The assumed later alterations and additions do not
necessarily deprive Moses of this authorship of the basic texts. But many
researchers have considered text alterations and possible modifications of older
expressions as confirmation that the entire text stemmed from the much later
times of the modernized expressions.
As for historical
plausibility of the oldest parts of the Bible, i.e. the Pentateuch, biblical
research has generally neglected the fact that these texts can give specific
information about individuals, times and sites - i.e. exactly as required for
legal evidence in court - contrary to legends and folk-tales, where these
factors are unclear. Some researchers who at an early stage were on a better track
which often was in better agreement with archaeology can still be seen
rejected with the non-argument that "they are obsolete".
The Rabbinical Writings -
with their vast, ancient collection of biblically related texts of which the
oldest parts are of the same age as the oldest parts the Bible - are an absolute
necessity for the understanding of so many, also Egyptian circumstances referred
to in the Bible, all of which is often ignored by researchers of the Bible and
of history as well.
Offshoots of the German
School - also in an Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian framework, as for instance the
so-called "the Copenhagen School" which deprives Moses of all historical
identity - have omitted to observe the Egyptian factor although it is among the
most important elements in the understanding of many claimed textual
discrepancies. A "knowledge filter" has been created that automatically filters
everything out which is not in accordance with prevailing theories; but
down-to-earth critics would call it 'killing history'!
But the huge material
published in the book-series "Assassinating Moses" - in contrast to the orthodox
research's more extreme view with a non-historical Moses - has factually all the
way through been able clearly to demonstrate Moses' intimate connection with
especially the Egyptian universe.
Consensus and myth-theory about Moses The achievements of the historical Moses are known as a milestone of the
early part of our cultural history. So we may really wonder why some modern
scholars without solid proof try to establish theories which are cutting
off an important background of our common ancient history.
Some of the influential
academic circles internationally have presented the strange theories which, for
instance, reject totally the existence of Moses and the Israelites' exodus from
Egypt. By lack of firm scientific evidence for myth-theories about Moses the
mentioned groups often use the artificial "argument" that there is a majority, a
consensus, for this decision concerning history. In fact, this is an
illusion and not unusual when few researchers set the picture while a larger
number who have not researched details, then just follow based on various other
reasons, if any.
Consensus in itself can
be very handy as a temporary platform. But we have every right to be
properly informed on all matters, including on existing evidence material which
contradicts consensus about the unfounded ideas of claiming many historical
events to be simply myths.
However, the attempt
being executed to eliminate the presence of another, even reinforced concrete
image - as being presented in my books - is not the same as having solved the
problem concerning the enigmatic ancient events of Moses.
The research results
achieved and published in my books were, unfortunately, at first kept away from normal
procedure of being debated but instead, as documented, they were by some mysterious
causes treated with exquisite ignorance by the learned circles in question. Also
this conduct will rapidly become old cases, so why bother publishing such
academic disputes? Because it is currently of great importance to provide
information about such kind of academic absurdities that even in modern
enlightened time are creating hindrances for bringing new knowledge through.
Where are the much-needed science standards and ethics?
From a row of surprising examples it is easy to observe how outrageously some
researchers are struggling more for faith than for knowledge. Without
wanting to see the ethical problem of violating other researchers' right to have
another seriously substantiated opinion, the scholars in question insist on
over-protecting their own ideas and perceptions, whether insufficient and
unclear. In science a giant misunderstanding; ideas must be challenged.
particular sequence of events after the release of my book-series on the
historical Moses discloses a large group of academics' shocking actions by
their actual suppression of a rich heritage of knowledge they obviously do not want to
be known. This influenced their colleagues and the press into silence. It
worked because it is so grotesque that no one would believe it is true. The
curious academic reactions towards much of the new information will be used
As a starting point the
attempts of repression and dictatorship of opinions became a catalyst and main
reason to convey an acquaintance with important historical information as well
as, from public practice, a number of interesting and very necessary scientific
standards. And in addition, a reminder of the existence of the often invisible
but indispensable science ethics. The standards were developed to limit the
risks of science astray and misconduct and should therefore have a very
Where is the much-needed documentation?
It is a true art to be in doubt, a noble gift for a researcher. Scientists
should continuously be in doubt about their own judgments and predictions, and
the insufficient knowledge of all the interaction components on which judgments
and predictions are founded.
An example. After years
of silence on a particular topic the American secret service CIA published in
2005 some detailed aerial photographs from the Turkish-Russian border with views
of Mount Ararat. By seeing this very high mountain, often mostly know from the
Bible story of Noah's ark, some people got inspired to prepare an expedition
leading up to the mountain's eternal snow to look for possible permafrost
remains of some tracks from that time. Do they not find such they could find
something else new. A curiosity and interest most praiseworthy. Perhaps inspired
by the discovery of the through 5,300 years preserved Oetzi man mummified in
the permafrost up in the Austrian Alps .
But typically, a comment
from docent dr. divine John Strange from the Faculty of Theology, University of
Copenhagen, in Kristeligt Dagblad, daily (26.May,2005), on the Noah's
Ark-inspiration: "You cannot find evidence of a narrative" and "historic support
of the Bible through archaeology is at best naive and at worst untruthful."
Strange does not use documentation - to bear in mind when reading about
other scholars having the same habitude.
Modern archaeology has won
the prestigious achievements in ancient Egypt and Babylonia - and has enriched
our knowledge enormously about our history. But, now it is told us here that
similar findings do not count when it concerns the Bible. It has been agreed
upon by himself.
Another example is on a
disastrous episode at the preparations of Thor Heyerdahl's later so famous
Kon-Tiki expedition across the South Pacific in 1947. Various U.S. funds and big
banks would be funding with major donations. The New York Academy of Sciences is
the third oldest scientific society in the U.S. and the most powerful and
significant - an independent, non-profit organization with more than 25,000
members extending to 140 countries. But the Academy's president, a renowned
scientist, was negatively outraged by the media's preoccupation with the
exciting, upcoming research voyage - and he swore to the press that the
expedition's raft of balsa-wood would sink when being more than a week at sea.
The fact that this
authority thus pre-judged the case to failure, caused the whole of the
promised financiering now being rejected, and the expedition had to be
abandoned. It was rescued only because a Norwegian shipping company finally
stepped in and paid. The balsa raft sailed on the Pacific Ocean in altogether 101 days from Peru to the Tuamotu Islands in French Polynesia.
The mysterious destructive actions
What makes such a scientist to harm other people's research work? His word alone
are of power, so he does not use the documentation. Why he did he not
avoid his embarrassing unintelligent response and instead from the beginning
made some tests with concrete facts, for example, simply by throwing some balsa
wood into a full bath tub for a week just to see what happens?
On 17th November 2009
some Russians hacked the server at the University of East Anglia. Here, from the
archives of the major international climate research, was stolen over 1,000 of
the researchers' e-mails: A special selection was published and revealed
illusory consensus, mutual shocking harassments and intrigues, and skeptics were
systematically scorned and swindled with their rebuttals. Why? Here we lose
And what makes an Egyptologist at the University of Copenhagen to write a
hate letter about Ove von Spaeth's books researching Moses and Egypt? The
letter was sent to C.A. Reitzel Publishers, Copenhagen, dated 15th June
1999, exactly the same day when Berlingske Tidende (daily) published a full
page very enthusiastic review. The Egyptologist (whom I have never met or
seen) was strongly opposing that academic professionals had recommended my
books, and he claimed, as a natural cause, without documentation to
the fact that
their statements are lies.
By using the Copenhagen
University's official correspondence letters this subdirector and
Egyptologist Paul John Frandsen wrote a hate letter to the author's
publishing house, claiming:
"... It is tragically that C.A. Reitzel Publishers Ltd. have sunk so low
that they will even publish this kind of insanity, and that the publisher
dares to print statements purportedly written by people who have been dead
for a long time, and by researchers who have never written what they are
quoted having written. The entire publication is deeply disgraceful and
deeply deceptive. (Without greetings:) Paul John Frandsen (Carsten Niebuhr
Institute, University of Copenhagen) ..."
It should surely be
allowed to take the credit for the fact that my books seem to be of
particular class since they have been such a subject of an unprecedented
attention which only happens to very few works. It is obviously proven by
the peculiar action by some academics and others through the press, in
letters, and even by telephone creating a pressure directed against a whole
range of researchers and scholars who have been helpful to the book project.
In none of these cases
has there been observed any compliance with any minimum standard of seriousness
and legitimate science. The pathetic effort in approach and motivation comprises
some involuntary comedy, and has in addition resulted in fine effects of
publicity for the books.
None of the books are
directed to controversy or provocation. But the contents' new-orientation
concerning Moses is here found so markedly that the opposition has tried to
"fight the messenger", although it is an existing often suppressed material
which in itself actually can be seen as being undermining some special studies at the universities: "... it is a book that we are going to fight with
for many years ... " (as expressed by Kim Ryholt and Karen Jensen, the Carsten Niebuhr
Institute at the Copenhagen University, - in Berlingske Tidende (daily) 3.Aug.1999,
section Universe p.10). Again, why this "fight with"? Why not work with? Now, instead
it has to be about transforming it into something constructive and forward
Unscientific treatment of important parts of history
Modern test formulas might be in use here - Rudolf Carnap's verification
principle, Karl Popper's falsification formula, Thomas S. Kuhn's paradigm shift
discovering with important criteria for basic definitions and acceptable
theory-establishing, and we have structuralism models (systems analysis and
technical objectivity), etc., etc.
bringing 11 articles about a 4.4 mill. year old remains of a prehistoric woman
unearthed in 1994 in Ethiopia. 47 scientists from 9 nations have sent detailed
fossil analysis to be checked in laboratories around the world. So reliably
during 15 years, without displeasure!
mathematician must be equally careful when hypotheses for solving a practical
problem, for example, a calculated prediction to a current action. He can
include as many factors as possible, all sorts of discrepancies,
contradictions, and barriers even those with only minimal impact on the final
outcome. From these facts and data algorithms are established to be included in
the total formula in order to achieve as near a realistic result as possible.
Insurance companies are using such formulas for risk assessment.
Therefore, in the
humanities the involved research groups concerning the historical Moses it is
strange to see when they course important factors to be directly left out
just in case these could oppose the groups' hypothesis and they believe this
action to be legitimized by naming these left parts as 'myths'. One can for
clarity causes cut off small non-significant details, but here we are talking
about main lines too. Science would be a very misunderstood designation
A showdown with the Society of Know-all Attitudes
In any case, my books are - rather than with an exaggerated focus on
considerations and theories - instead based on getting the all most very
concrete historical facts presented. For example, the last volume of the Moses
series contains 50 dense pages of bibliography with data from 120 years of
research. The point is avoiding missing anything of relevance and thus not
risking reducing the value of the final result.
Although it is elementary
that the facts naturally should be in focus we constantly see surprisingly many
cases where researchers have fallen into the trap of being almost totally
preoccupied with the theories alone.
Should I then defend my
books against the Society of Know-all Attitudes? A counter-response is important
for research, and now this is implemented by marking the existence of important
alternatives. - Thus, in a broader perspective in modern archaeological
technology, astronomical dating, or when DNA tests from mummies are in use for
detection of inter-connected family groups, it is of greatest interest when we
have those cases where the data obtained may prove possible to be related to the
So, regarding research's
possibly changing considerations on certain historical facts, these in
themselves do not alter their existence, regardless of any temporary consensus
turning its back against this, but they retain their value for future benefit of
It should be in the
interpretation of such sometimes unique facts, we may disagree, but certainly
not that they should be ignored.
Ove von Spaeth, -
Zenith IC Project - www.moses-egypt.net - (21.Sep.2009)
Studies: catastrophic events -
21 January 2010 - History:
The catastrophic events of the Ten
Dear Mr. von Spaeth, - for your book perhaps you may contact
William Mullen, Languages and Literature Professor of Classical Studies at
Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York,
who dealt with the publication in U.S. of Felice Vinci book on Homer in the
Baltic (now available also in Russian, Estonian, Swedish... should be
available in Danish).
I have been concerned
with Moses in the last few years but mainly on the reasons of the
catastrophic events of the Ten Plagues, to be associated to Deucalion Flood
on basis of Orosius et at, and on the geography of his route in Sinai, where
you must identify Baal Sefon, what again no one has been able to do correctly,
and keep to the info in Josephus and Cosmas, what no one has considered in
the books I read.
Once you identify Baal
Seefon then you see also that canonical Gospels refer to Jesus having been
in India! Which I realized after reading the Gospels over twenty times in my
Do you have English
abstracts of your books? - Regards,
Professor of operations research at
the University of Bergamo, Department of Mathematics,
Università di Bergamo - (21.Jan.2010)
Phenomena in connection with the Exodus
- 21 January 2010 - History:
Enigmatic ages, years, cycles, and numbers
Ove von Spaeth's
response to some of the questions of prof. Spedicato's mail above.
Many thanks for what you have sent - it is all very interesting and
informative. You ask for abstracts of the books - if you click on the five
books' introduction pages - for example in this case vol. 1:
http://www.moses-egypt.net/book1/moses1-introduc_en.asp and then
you go to a section (normally Section 5 or 6) containing: "Summary - some
synoptic clues" - thus the Abstracts !
- - -
>>Jesus having been in India....
According to biblical-extern accounts Jesus also lived and taught in India
for some time. Anyhow, the grand opening of the Gospel of St. John is word
by word as in Sanskrit from India's more than 3,000 years old Veda
scriptures. According to the authority, Sir John Woodroofe's "The Garland of
Letters" (7th ed., Pondicherry 1979, p.4) those texts state that:
"... Prajapatir vai idam asit: 'In the beginning was Brahma',
tasya vag dvitiya asit: 'by whom was "vag" or the word', vag vai paramam Brahma: 'and the word is Brahma'...".
This text is recognized in the initiating lines of Gospel of St. John in
the original Greek version, where the lines are not inserted in random form
but placed in a particular linguistic lay-out which distributes words and
letters according to specific numbers.
By this the symmetries
are obtained - at that time attributed extraordinary significance. The
structure is forming this synergy effect with the three key concepts:
logos, light, and life:
"... In the beginning was the logos,
and the logos was with God,
and the logos was (as) God,
this (logos) was in the beginning with God.
- All things were made by it
and without it became nothing of that which has become.
- In it was life,
and life was human light.
The light shines in darkness,
and darkness did not grab (understood) it (the light) ...".
It has several layers of symmetries. For example, the first four lines'
number of Greek letters are symmetrically arranged as 15, 12, 12, 15.
After the fourth line,
the number of the actual Greek words has this symmetry 7, 12 (4 +8), 12 (4
The number of letters or
words in all the lines are numbers being also attached particular
significance, including as power (potency) numbers.
All the lines above are extracts from my vol. 4 about the
historical Moses, "The Secret Religion", 2004, pp. 140-141. (I look
forward to one day seeing it published in English).
A special treasure of knowledge and wisdom
of Greece, Rome, and the Renaissance had originated in Ancient Egypt -
and was here known to connect also with the historical Moses' dramatic
fate and mystery.
Ove von Spaeth has
written an intriguing, new-orientating work presenting this still
influential background of our civilization. • His interdisciplinary
research on history, archaeology, and anthropology goes deeply into
Egyptian tradition, history of religion, initiation cults, star-knowledge,
and mythology - relating to biblical studies, the Rabbinical Writings,
and the authors of Antiquity. • Each volume offers unique insights not
Special information is
presented by clicking on the individual cover illustrations: